Application Information

This drug has been submitted to the FDA under the reference 008107/001.

Names and composition

"LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM" is the commercial name of a drug composed of LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM.

Forms

ApplId/ProductId Drug name Active ingredient Form Strenght
008107/001 LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM INJECTABLE/INJECTION EQ 3MG BASE per ML **Federal Register determination that product was not discontinued or withdrawn for safety or efficacy reasons**
008107/002 LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM INJECTABLE/INJECTION EQ 50MG BASE per VIAL **Federal Register determination that product was not discontinued or withdrawn for safety or efficacy reasons**
008107/003 LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM FOR SOLUTION/ORAL EQ 60MG BASE per VIAL
008107/004 LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM INJECTABLE/INJECTION EQ 100MG BASE per VIAL **Federal Register determination that product was not discontinued or withdrawn for safety or efficacy reasons**
008107/005 LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM INJECTABLE/INJECTION EQ 350MG BASE per VIAL **Federal Register determination that product was not discontinued or withdrawn for safety or efficacy reasons**
018459/001 LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM TABLET/ORAL EQ 5MG BASE
040174/001 LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM INJECTABLE/INJECTION EQ 350MG BASE per VIAL
040262/001 LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM INJECTABLE/INJECTION EQ 350MG BASE per VIAL
070480/001 LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM INJECTABLE/INJECTION EQ 50MG BASE per VIAL
071104/001 LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM TABLET/ORAL EQ 15MG BASE
071198/001 LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM TABLET/ORAL EQ 5MG BASE
071199/001 LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM TABLET/ORAL EQ 25MG BASE
071598/001 LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM TABLET/ORAL EQ 25MG BASE
071600/001 LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM TABLET/ORAL EQ 5MG BASE
071962/001 LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM TABLET/ORAL EQ 10MG BASE
072733/001 LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM TABLET/ORAL EQ 5MG BASE
072734/001 LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM TABLET/ORAL EQ 10MG BASE
072735/001 LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM TABLET/ORAL EQ 15MG BASE
072736/001 LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM TABLET/ORAL EQ 25MG BASE
073099/001 LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM TABLET/ORAL EQ 5MG BASE
073101/001 LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM TABLET/ORAL EQ 25MG BASE
074544/001 LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM TABLET/ORAL EQ 5MG BASE
074544/002 LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM TABLET/ORAL EQ 25MG BASE
075327/001 LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM TABLET/ORAL EQ 15MG BASE
081224/001 LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM INJECTABLE/INJECTION EQ 100MG BASE per VIAL
081277/001 LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM INJECTABLE/INJECTION EQ 100MG BASE per VIAL
081278/001 LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM INJECTABLE/INJECTION EQ 50MG BASE per VIAL
088939/001 LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM INJECTABLE/INJECTION EQ 50MG BASE per VIAL
089352/001 LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM INJECTABLE/INJECTION EQ 3MG BASE per ML
089353/001 LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM INJECTABLE/INJECTION EQ 50MG BASE per VIAL
089384/001 LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM INJECTABLE/INJECTION EQ 50MG BASE per VIAL
089496/001 LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM Injectable/ Injection EQ 50MG BASE per VIAL
089503/001 LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM Injectable/ Injection EQ 5MG BASE per ML
089504/001 LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM Injectable/ Injection EQ 5MG BASE per ML
089628/001 LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM INJECTABLE/INJECTION EQ 50MG BASE per VIAL
089636/001 LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM Injectable/ Injection EQ 100MG BASE per VIAL
089717/001 LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM INJECTABLE/INJECTION EQ 100MG BASE per VIAL
089915/001 LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM INJECTABLE/INJECTION EQ 100MG BASE per VIAL

Similar Active Ingredient

ApplId/ProductId Drug name Active ingredient Form Strenght
008107/001 LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM INJECTABLE/INJECTION EQ 3MG BASE per ML **Federal Register determination that product was not discontinued or withdrawn for safety or efficacy reasons**
008107/002 LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM INJECTABLE/INJECTION EQ 50MG BASE per VIAL **Federal Register determination that product was not discontinued or withdrawn for safety or efficacy reasons**
008107/003 LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM FOR SOLUTION/ORAL EQ 60MG BASE per VIAL
008107/004 LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM INJECTABLE/INJECTION EQ 100MG BASE per VIAL **Federal Register determination that product was not discontinued or withdrawn for safety or efficacy reasons**
008107/005 LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM INJECTABLE/INJECTION EQ 350MG BASE per VIAL **Federal Register determination that product was not discontinued or withdrawn for safety or efficacy reasons**
018342/001 WELLCOVORIN LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM TABLET/ORAL EQ 5MG BASE **Federal Register determination that product was not discontinued or withdrawn for safety or efficacy reasons**
018342/002 WELLCOVORIN LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM TABLET/ORAL EQ 25MG BASE **Federal Register determination that product was not discontinued or withdrawn for safety or efficacy reasons**
018459/001 LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM TABLET/ORAL EQ 5MG BASE
040056/001 LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM PRESERVATIVE FREE LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM INJECTABLE/INJECTION EQ 200MG BASE per VIAL
040147/001 LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM PRESERVATIVE FREE LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM INJECTABLE/INJECTION EQ 10MG BASE per ML **Federal Register determination that product was not discontinued or withdrawn for safety or efficacy reasons**
040174/001 LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM INJECTABLE/INJECTION EQ 350MG BASE per VIAL
040258/001 LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM PRESERVATIVE FREE LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM INJECTABLE/INJECTION EQ 200MG BASE per VIAL
040262/001 LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM INJECTABLE/INJECTION EQ 350MG BASE per VIAL
040286/001 LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM PRESERVATIVE FREE LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM INJECTABLE/INJECTION EQ 500MG BASE per VIAL
040332/001 LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM PRESERVATIVE FREE LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM INJECTABLE/INJECTION EQ 10MG BASE per ML
040335/001 LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM PRESERVATIVE FREE LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM INJECTABLE/INJECTION EQ 350MG BASE per VIAL
040338/001 LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM PRESERVATIVE FREE LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM INJECTABLE/INJECTION EQ 50MG BASE per VIAL
040347/001 LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM PRESERVATIVE FREE LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM INJECTABLE/INJECTION EQ 10MG BASE per ML
070480/001 LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM INJECTABLE/INJECTION EQ 50MG BASE per VIAL
071104/001 LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM TABLET/ORAL EQ 15MG BASE
071198/001 LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM TABLET/ORAL EQ 5MG BASE
071199/001 LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM TABLET/ORAL EQ 25MG BASE
071598/001 LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM TABLET/ORAL EQ 25MG BASE
071600/001 LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM TABLET/ORAL EQ 5MG BASE
071962/001 LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM TABLET/ORAL EQ 10MG BASE
072733/001 LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM TABLET/ORAL EQ 5MG BASE
072734/001 LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM TABLET/ORAL EQ 10MG BASE
072735/001 LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM TABLET/ORAL EQ 15MG BASE
072736/001 LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM TABLET/ORAL EQ 25MG BASE
073099/001 LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM TABLET/ORAL EQ 5MG BASE
073101/001 LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM TABLET/ORAL EQ 25MG BASE
074544/001 LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM TABLET/ORAL EQ 5MG BASE
074544/002 LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM TABLET/ORAL EQ 25MG BASE
075327/001 LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM TABLET/ORAL EQ 15MG BASE
081224/001 LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM INJECTABLE/INJECTION EQ 100MG BASE per VIAL
081277/001 LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM INJECTABLE/INJECTION EQ 100MG BASE per VIAL
081278/001 LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM INJECTABLE/INJECTION EQ 50MG BASE per VIAL
087439/001 WELLCOVORIN LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM INJECTABLE/INJECTION EQ 5MG BASE per ML
088939/001 LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM INJECTABLE/INJECTION EQ 50MG BASE per VIAL
089352/001 LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM INJECTABLE/INJECTION EQ 3MG BASE per ML
089353/001 LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM INJECTABLE/INJECTION EQ 50MG BASE per VIAL
089384/001 LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM INJECTABLE/INJECTION EQ 50MG BASE per VIAL
089465/001 WELLCOVORIN LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM INJECTABLE/INJECTION EQ 50MG BASE per VIAL
089496/001 LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM Injectable/ Injection EQ 50MG BASE per VIAL
089503/001 LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM Injectable/ Injection EQ 5MG BASE per ML
089504/001 LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM Injectable/ Injection EQ 5MG BASE per ML
089628/001 LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM INJECTABLE/INJECTION EQ 50MG BASE per VIAL
089636/001 LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM Injectable/ Injection EQ 100MG BASE per VIAL
089717/001 LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM INJECTABLE/INJECTION EQ 100MG BASE per VIAL
089833/001 WELLCOVORIN LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM INJECTABLE/INJECTION EQ 25MG BASE per VIAL
089834/001 WELLCOVORIN LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM INJECTABLE/INJECTION EQ 100MG BASE per VIAL
089915/001 LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM INJECTABLE/INJECTION EQ 100MG BASE per VIAL
200753/001 LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM PRESERVATIVE FREE LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM INJECTABLE/INJECTION EQ 50MG BASE per VIAL
200753/002 LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM PRESERVATIVE FREE LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM INJECTABLE/INJECTION EQ 100MG BASE per VIAL
200753/003 LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM PRESERVATIVE FREE LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM INJECTABLE/INJECTION EQ 200MG BASE per VIAL
200855/001 LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM PRESERVATIVE FREE LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM INJECTABLE/INJECTION EQ 350MG BASE per VIAL
203800/001 LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM PRESERVATIVE FREE LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM INJECTABLE/INJECTION EQ 100MG BASE per VIAL
203800/002 LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM PRESERVATIVE FREE LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM INJECTABLE/INJECTION EQ 200MG BASE per VIAL
203800/003 LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM PRESERVATIVE FREE LEUCOVORIN CALCIUM INJECTABLE/INJECTION EQ 350MG BASE per VIAL

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Answered questions

The order is for Leucovorin 20mg by mouth 6 hours after administration of the cancer drug methotrexate to prev?
The order is for Leucovorin 20mg by mouth 6 hours after administration of the cancer drug methotrexate to prevent toxicity. The child weights 70lb today and is 4ft 2in tall. The safe dose for this medication is 10mg/m2 . On hand you have 5mg Leucovorin Calcium tablets. If safe, how many tablets will you give? Asked by Walter Dark 1 year ago.

You can use the Du Bois formula for body surface area (BSA): W = Weight and H = Height BSA = 0.007184 x W^0.425 x H^0.725 W = 70lb x 0.453 = 31.7 kg H = 50" x 2.54 = 127 cm BSA = 0.007184 x 31.7^0.425 x 127^0.725 BSA = 0.007184 x 4.34 x 33.51 BSA = 1.04 (~ 1.0) Alternatively, the pediatric formula can be used: [4Wkg+7]/[90+Wkg] [(4 x 31.7) + 7]/[90 + 31.7] 133.8/121.7 = 1.1 So, we'll say for argument's sake that the child's BSA is 1.0 m^2 The safe dose is 10 mg/m^2. Therefore, the dose to give the child is 10 mg. You have 5mg tablets, so the child will get 2 tablets. Answered by Debra Deniken 1 year ago.

I don't forget myself 2 be verbally endowed, and attempt 2 apply so much 4thought 2 what comes out of my mouth prior 2 itz doing so. For this reason that occurs lovely rattling sometimes! Timothy :o) Answered by Lottie Aceret 1 year ago.


Can toxoplasma b cured.. ?
i had abortion few mnths ago... test report showd toxoplasma positive... I had been tkin medicine fr 6 mnths bt still its positive.. Doc askd me to cntinu 4 mnths mor...I hv no child til nw... Is there ny1 who had been suffrd by this disease..??M tkin rovamycin forte... 21 days 2 tyms per day den 15 days gap... Asked by Carolann Akbari 1 year ago.

i had abortion few mnths ago... test report showd toxoplasma positive... I had been tkin medicine fr 6 mnths bt still its positive.. Doc askd me to cntinu 4 mnths mor... I hv no child til nw... Is there ny1 who had been suffrd by this disease..?? M tkin rovamycin forte... 21 days 2 tyms per day den 15 days gap then again 21 days nd again 15 days gap nd so on.... lyk dis i had cmpletd 6 tyms nd its still positiv nd goin to cntinu 4 mnths mor... Answered by Yang Bussmann 1 year ago.

Toxoplasmosis can be treated (not completely) with combinations of pyrimethamine with either trisulfapyrimidines or sulfadiazine, plus folinic acid in the form of leucovorin calcium to protect the bone marrow from the toxic effects of pyrimethamine. If this treatment causes hypersensitivity reaction, then pyrimethamine and clindamycin can be used instead. If these drugs are not available, then a combination of sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim can be used. Pregnant women and babies can be treated but Toxoplasma gondii cannot be eliminated completely. The parasites can remain within tissue cells in a less active stage (cyst) in locations difficult for the medication to get to. A drug called spiramycin is recommended during the first four months whereas sulfadizaine/pyrimethamine and folinic acid for women that have been pregnant for more than four months. PCR (a method to discover parasite DNA) is often performed on the amniotic fluid to find out if the infant is infected. If the infant is likely to be infected, then treatment is done with drugs such as sulfadizaine, pyrimethamine and folinic acid. Congenitally infected babies are treated with sulfonamide and pyrimethamine. Treatment for persons with ocular disease depends on the size of the eye lesion, the characteristics (acute or chronic) and the location of the lesion. Persons with compromised immune systems (such as AIDS patients) need to be treated until their health improves significantly. Answered by Lilla Fishell 1 year ago.


How safe is methotrexate for rheumatoid arthritis?
Asked by Vinita Rodriguiz 1 year ago.

Hi, I also take methotrexate for RA and I've been taking it for a little longer than a year now. I know when I first starting taking it, it would upset my stomach and sometimes throw up. I also got blister on my tongue. And i only started with 3 pills once a week because I have low white blood cells and Methotrexate lowers your blood count. But after a few months my body got used to it and my doctor gave me Folic Acid to help with my blood count and other side effects as well as Leucovorin Calcium. Now I'm up to 5 pills of Methotrexate and I take blood test every month to monitor my blood cells. I did have pain in every joint even my jaw but after taking this drug, i was able to move again and be myself. I'm doing very well and I even take care of my 3 year old daughter by myself but it does get hard because of all the fatigue and lack of energy. But overall I haven't experienced anything too bad from this drug and it helps me be normal as well as being able to take care of my daughter. :) But everyone is different and their bodies or condition may not be the same so its really up to you if you want to try it. I think if you do start it, maybe you should start with a few pills and see how your body reacts to it. I hope this helps you and I know how u feel but I needed to live my life and raise my kid so I just to took it :) Answered by Nelle Kepley 1 year ago.

Hi.Well,I'm going to take a guess and say that your rheumatologist has given you a couple of other immune suppressant medications,and they didn't show much if any improvement(remission is the goal) in your RA.So,your rheumatologist has now put you on methotrexate hoping this medication(stronger immune suppressant) will get the results your doctor wants.As for how safe this specific medication is? It's basically the same as any other immune suppressant drug,and it will lower your immune system,which will make you susceptible to several contagious strains of colds,flu,etc.And,also may cause stomach upset,nausea,and ulcers.So,you should also be taking a prescribed(OTC) medication to help prevent any damage to your stomach,and also a calcium and vitamin D supplement as well.I suggest that you speak to your rheumatologist about any/all potential risks associated with this drug,and any other drug/medication you are taking for your RA.It's very important that you and your doctor both are well informed about any/all medication/s your currently taking whether it be prescription or over the counter(OTC).You should use caution when taking opiate pain killers for RA.Most times opiates don't offer much pain relief for RA,and can be habit forming over a long period of time.Best to take your doctors regime,and advice when it comes to your health.Take care. Answered by Jennifer Sheard 1 year ago.

Imagine for a moment your arthritis completely vanishing right now. If, in a moment, your pain and stiffness melted away. And your joints all of a sudden functioned like a well-oiled machine. Like a magic wand was waived, you'd be able to jump up from your chair and run around the room like a kid. And imagine that you'd never have to suffer as much as a pinch of arthritis stiffness or pain ever again. I know this sounds impossible right now, but bear with me, because sometimes miracles happen. It was a gift from a woman on the other side of the world. From the kindness of her heart, she took pity on my suffering and taught me how to completely reverse my arthritis. Today, I want to do the same for you! Answered by Elda Sittner 1 year ago.

Minocycline has been great for me for 16 years, no side effects to speak of. But now suddenly I am very sick with pericarditis, an inflammation around the sac of the heart. And tetracyclines can cause this, So I am grieving that my wonderful minocycline may have led to this, and have no idea what to switch to, and don t want to switch to anything. I am thinking plaquanil again, I was on it for many years with no ill effects. All the biologics say leukemia and lymphoma as side effects, so no way would I ever try them. I have had this since age 24 and will be 60 in 2015. so have had it for 35 years. Take the least dangerous ones, to live a long life with RA. Answered by Torri Hoskin 1 year ago.

I was diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis in 1993, at the age of 55. My rheumatologist started me on methotrexate at that time, with 3x2.5 mg tablets per week. Since that time, I've taken a total of 12,355 mg (I keep track of all the medications I take). Every three months, I have a liver panel and CBC to monitor the effects of methotrexate. I've been chronically anemic all during this time. In April 2006, I started taking Enbrel. Four years later, I suffered congestive heart failure (CHF) and stopped taking Enbrel. Enbrel really kept the arthritic pains down but CHF was thought to have been caused by it. Now I take 7x2.5 mg per week of methotrexate. I was also taking hydrocodone/acetaminophen (Vicodin) starting in 2006, to control pain, but have now stopped owing to the FDA restrictions on dispensing this medicine. My liver function is normal. I have always been able to tolerate methotrexate. Answered by Evan Nacion 1 year ago.

Is Methotrexate Safe Answered by Angie Devilliers 1 year ago.

Personally, I would say it isn't very safe. Opiates would be a lot safer. Its a shame how some doctors are so afraid of giving people pain killers that they would resort to using these poisons rather than treating your pain. I would ask your doctor to refer you to a pain specialist. Answered by Viva Cunard 1 year ago.

I know methotrexate was a death sentence for me. I told my doctor cancer ran in my family big time. 6 months later I had nodules on my lungs, ild, ctd, and cancer. I don t even trust my doctors now because I can t get a straight answer Answered by Allyson Corporon 1 year ago.


What is the major of chemotherapy agents in anti-cancer drugs ?
Asked by Josh Funes 1 year ago.

There are many different chemotherapy agents. Different drugs work for different cancers, and they are frequently used in combination. You need to be more specific. Here is a list of chemo drugs: 13-cis-Retinoic Acid 2-CdA 2-Chlorodeoxyadenosine 5-Fluorouracil 5-FU 6-Mercaptopurine 6-MP 6-TG 6-Thioguanine Abraxane Accutane ® Actinomycin-D Adriamycin ® Adrucil ® Agrylin ® Ala-Cort ® Aldesleukin Alemtuzumab ALIMTA Alitretinoin Alkaban-AQ ® Alkeran ® All-transretinoic acid Alpha interferon Altretamine Amethopterin Amifostine Aminoglutethimide Anagrelide Anandron ® Anastrozole Arabinosylcytosine Ara-C Aranesp ® Aredia ® Arimidex ® Aromasin ® Arranon ® Arsenic trioxide Asparaginase ATRA Avastin ® Azacitidine BCG BCNU Bevacizumab Bexarotene BEXXAR ® Bicalutamide BiCNU Blenoxane ® Bleomycin Bortezomib Busulfan Busulfex ® C225 Calcium Leucovorin Campath ® Camptosar ® Camptothecin-11 Capecitabine Carac ™ Carboplatin Carmustine Carmustine wafer Casodex ® CC-5013 CCNU CDDP CeeNU Cerubidine ® Cetuximab Chlorambucil Cisplatin Citrovorum Factor Cladribine Cortisone Cosmegen ® CPT-11 Cyclophosphamide Cytadren ® Cytarabine Cytarabine liposomal Cytosar-U ® Cytoxan ® Dacarbazine Dacogen Dactinomycin Darbepoetin alfa Daunomycin Daunorubicin Daunorubicin hydrochloride Daunorubicin liposomal DaunoXome ® Decadron Decitabine Delta-Cortef ® Deltasone ® Denileukin diftitox DepoCyt ™ Dexamethasone Dexamethasone acetate Dexamethasone Sodium Phosphate Dexasone Dexrazoxane DHAD DIC Diodex Docetaxel Doxil ® Doxorubicin Doxorubicin liposomal Droxia ™ DTIC DTIC-Dome ® Duralone ® Efudex ® Eligard ™ Ellence ™ Eloxatin ™ Elspar ® Emcyt ® Epirubicin Epoetin alfa Erbitux ™ Erlotinib Erwinia L-asparaginase Estramustine Ethyol Etopophos ® Etoposide Etoposide Phosphate Eulexin ® Evista ® Exemestane Fareston ® Faslodex ® Femara ® Filgrastim Floxuridine Fludara ® Fludarabine Fluoroplex ® Fluorouracil Fluorouracil (cream) Fluoxymesterone Flutamide Folinic Acid FUDR ® Fulvestrant G-CSF Gefitinib Gemcitabine Gemtuzumab ozogamicin Gemzar ® GleevecTM Gliadel wafer (t) GM-CSF Goserelin granulocyte - colony stimulating factor (t) Granulocyte macrophage colony stimulating factor (o) Halotestin (t) Herceptin (t) Hexadrol (t) Hexalen (t) Hexamethylmelamine (t) HMM (t) Hycamtin (t) Hydrea (t) Hydrocort Acetate (t) Hydrocortisone Hydrocortisone sodium phosphate Hydrocortisone sodium succinate Hydrocortone phosphate (t) Hydroxyurea Ibritumomab Ibritumomab Tiuxetan Idamycin ® Idarubicin Ifex ® IFN-alpha Ifosfamide IL-11 IL-2 Imatinib mesylate Imidazole Carboxamide Interferon alfa Interferon Alfa-2b (PEG conjugate) (o) Interleukin - 2 (t) Interleukin-11 (o) Intron A® (interferon alfa-2b) Iressa ® Irinotecan Isotretinoin Kidrolase (t) Lanacort (t) L-asparaginase (t) LCR (o) Lenalidomide Letrozole Leucovorin Leukeran (t) Leukine (t) Leuprolide Leurocristine (o) Leustatin (t) Liposomal Ara-C (t) Liquid Pred (t) Lomustine L-PAM (o) L-Sarcolysin (o) Lupron (t) Lupron Depot ® Matulane (t) Maxidex (t) Mechlorethamine Mechlorethamine Hydrochloride Medralone (t) Medrol ® Megace (t) Megestrol Megestrol Acetate (o) Melphalan Mercaptopurine Mesna Mesnex (t) Methotrexate Methotrexate Sodium (o) Methylprednisolone Meticorten (t) Mitomycin Mitomycin-C (o) Mitoxantrone M-Prednisol (t) MTC (o) MTX (o) Mustargen (t) Mustine Mutamycin (t) Myleran (t) Mylocel (t) Mylotarg (t) Navelbine ® Nelarabine Neosar (t) Neulasta (t) Neumega (t) Neupogen ® Nexavar ® Nilandron (t) Nilutamide Nipent ® Nitrogen Mustard (o) Novaldex (t) Novantrone (t) Octreotide Octreotide acetate (o) Oncospar (t) Oncovin (t) Ontak (t) Onxal (t) Oprevelkin Orapred (t) Orasone (t) Oxaliplatin Paclitaxel Paclitaxel Protein-bound Pamidronate Panretin (t) Paraplatin (t) Pediapred (t) PEG Interferon Pegaspargase Pegfilgrastim PEG-INTRON (t) PEG-L-asparaginase PEMETREXED Pentostatin Phenylalanine Mustard (o) Platinol (t) Platinol-AQ (t) Prednisolone Prednisone Prelone (t) Procarbazine PROCRIT ® Proleukin (t) Prolifeprospan 20 with Carmustine implant (t) Purinethol ® Raloxifene Revlimid ® Rheumatrex (t) Rituxan (t) Rituximab Roferon-A® (interferon alfa-2a) Rubex (t) Rubidomycin hydrochloride (t) Sandostatin ® Sandostatin LAR (t) Sargramostim Solu-Cortef (t) Solu-Medrol (t) Sorafenib STI-571 Streptozocin SU11248 Sunitinib Sutent ® Tamoxifen Tarceva ® Targretin (t) Taxol ® Taxotere ® Temodar ® Temozolomide Teniposide TESPA (o) Thalidomide Thalomid ® TheraCys (t) Thioguanine Thioguanine Tabloid ® Thiophosphoamide (o) Thioplex (t) Thiotepa TICE ® Toposar (t) Topotecan Toremifene Tositumomab Trastuzumab Tretinoin Trexall (t) Trisenox (t) TSPA (o) VCR (o) Velban (t) Velcade ® VePesid (t) Vesanoid (t) Viadur (t) Vidaza (t) Vinblastine Vinblastine Sulfate (o) Vincasar Pfs (t) Vincristine Vinorelbine Vinorelbine tartrate (o) VLB (o) VM-26 (o) VP-16 (t) Vumon (t) Xeloda ® Zanosar (t) Zevalin TM Zinecard (t) Zoladex ® Zoledronic acid Zometa ® See? There's a lot of them. Answered by Clint Taubert 1 year ago.

antineoplastics, monoclonal antibodies, Answered by Zack Merlin 1 year ago.

Please see the webpages for more details on Chemotherapy. Answered by Stephen Axley 1 year ago.


Can you list antidotes to the ff substances/drugs?
Anti cholinesterase (cholinergics) Cyanide Narcotics/opioid overdose Thrombolytics Iron Acetaminophen Anti depressants Methotrexate Digoxin Benzodiazepines Lead Warfarin Heparin Asked by Fredricka Macvane 1 year ago.

I believe yahoo answers should be the last resort a responsible student must consider in answering questions like this. Anyway, PEACE.... Anti cholinesterase (cholinergics) - atropine Cyanide - sodium thiosulfate Narcotics/opioid overdose - naloxone (Narcan) Thrombolytics - aminocaproic acid (Amicar) Iron - deferoxamine Acetaminophen - acetylcystein Anti depressants - phentolamine Methotrexate - leucovorin Digoxin - Digibind Benzodiazepines - flumenazil Lead - calcium EDTA Warfarin - vit. K Heparin - protamine sulfate Answered by Macie Douthett 1 year ago.


Can someone that has had chemotherapy for colon cancer (maybe stage 3) help me...?
Someone very dear to me has just had a foot of their colon removed with a large tumor and 15 of 18 of the surrounding lymphs showed positive for cancer from the pathology report, now the suggested treatment is 6 months of chemo, 3 days in a row (port surgically implanted) every other week. I have no idea what... Asked by Pierre Rackett 1 year ago.

Someone very dear to me has just had a foot of their colon removed with a large tumor and 15 of 18 of the surrounding lymphs showed positive for cancer from the pathology report, now the suggested treatment is 6 months of chemo, 3 days in a row (port surgically implanted) every other week. I have no idea what other kinds of treatments there are, i am just so worried about this regiment, and how hard it is going to be, has anyone gone through this that can help me? I want to know more about the subject so that i can help my loved one through this and help make sure this is the right decision on the chemo. Does chemo make you extremely ill? ANY insight will be much appreciated.... Answered by Eldora Medieros 1 year ago.

I just finished chemo for stage 3 colon cancer at the end of April, and I was lucky. I never got sick, and my oncologist said there wasn't any reason anybody should with all the anti-nausea medicines that are available now. I got two different types of anti-nausea medicines during chemo, and they gave me pills to take in case I needed them for the few days after treatment (I never did). The chemo will consist of 3 different medications: oxaliplatin, leucovorin, and 5-FU (Flouracil). 5-FU has been in use since the 1950's, and has a very good success rate. Leucovorin is a vitamin that helps the 5-FU work better, and oxaliplatin (Eloxatin) is a newer drug. The chemo usually takes about 4-6 hours. She should be given at least two anti-nausea medicines during treatment. I received an anti-nausea medicine first, then a second one at the same time as the Leucovorin and oxaliplatin, then the 5-FU, then calcium and potassium, which also helped prevent nausea. The worst symptom I had from the chemo was my hands hurt if they got cold, even from drinking cold drinks (many people wear cotton gloves when they have to do things like open the refrigerator). Other people also get mouth sores, but they can give you a medicine to gargle with, or you can just use salt water. You can lose you hair on rare occasions, but it only happens in about 5% of cases, and about 25% of people have thinning hair. Mine started thinning at the very end, but only because it stopped growing, and wasn't replacing itself. Make sure your friend goes to a good cancer center. I went to the Simon Cancer Center in Indianapolis, which is one of the best (Lance Armstrong went there when he had prostate cancer, even though he lives nowhere near Indy). If you go there, I would strongly recommend my oncologist, Dr. Paul Helft. He is an ethicist, which means he believes in including the patient and his family in every stage of treatment. He spent 3 hours with me and my family the first meeting, and met with me before every treatment, which my cousin, an oncology nurse, said was unheard of. Good luck to you and your friend. Answered by Darryl Mann 1 year ago.

Chemo affects cells that multiply rapidly: cancer cells and cells that are lining your stomach. So that is why chemo patients often have a lack of appetite and feel like throwing up. Chemo makes the person very fatigued, lose their hair, and have altered taste buds. The best way to help get through chemo and help your dear friend is to STAY/ BE POSITIVE, be helpful by helping them with things (only if they want...some are very sensitive to the fact that they have chemo and actually need help...depends on the person, so just be careful and sensitive), and making sure that they eat and get proper nutrition, and that they take their medication on time and as prescribed. Also allowing them to talk out their problems. I don't recommend being sad along with them. Just be attentive and let them spill their guts. Also try to provide hope, and a positive atmosphere as much as you can. Thanks Answered by Golda Mckesson 1 year ago.

Chemo is important in the treatment of colon cancer. I think it is called F4. It doesn't usually cause nasea or hair loss. Without it the cancer will run riot. It will cause fatigue. Just go with it. Cancer treatments can save lives. Answered by Marcy Magalong 1 year ago.

People react differently to chemo and a lot depends on what drugs they are on. Yes it can make you very ill, but so does cancer. If you really want to help them make the right decision then you really should be with them when this is discussed with their oncologist. Answered by Corina Ranildi 1 year ago.


Cancer of the pancrous?
Asked by Malcolm Bertus 1 year ago.

The pancreas is a gland, which is located in the back of the abdomen, lying almost on the spine. It produces Insulin, the hormone that controls the blood sugar, as well as many enzymes that are needed for digestion of food. Cancer of pancreas is now the fourth most common cause of cancer-related death in United States. The 5-year relative survival rate of patients with this cancer is only 3 to 5%. Roughly 28,000 new cases are diagnosed each year in the United States. This type of cancer is found most frequently in men and African-Americans. The average age at the time of diagnosis being 65 years. Unfortunately, most patients are diagnosed in advanced stages when cure is not possible. Cause: The actual cause of pancreas cancer is unknown. However, some environmental factors, especially cigarette smoking, play a role in the development of this cancer. Signs and symptoms: Cancer of the pancreas can grow for a long time without causing any problems. Most patients are diagnosed in advanced stages and present with any of the following signs: Abdominal pain Weight loss Nausea, vomiting Jaundice, as a result of obstruction of bile ducts Anemia Back pain due to invasion of nerves Diagnosis: When suspected, CT scan or Ultrasound examination of the abdomen may establish the diagnosis. A Fine needle aspiration of the pancreas may confirm the existence of the cancer. This cancer can also be detected by an endoscopy-assisted study of the pancreas, which allows taking a biopsy at the same time. Staging: Endoscopic ultrasound is a very sensitive study that should be done to determine the depth of invasion of the cancer into the tissues around the pancreas, as well as evaluation of the local lymph glands. CT scan of abdomen, as well as bone scans, may have to be done to complete the staging workup Treatment: Surgery: Management of this disease relies on surgery in an attempt to remove most or all of the Pancreas and to reconstruct the continuity of the bowels. This is a rather difficult procedure and carries a very high risk, even in the best hands. Indications for surgery are limited to younger patients with very small size tumors. Chemotherapy: Is appropriate for patients in whom the disease is not cured with surgery. Gemcitabine, VP-16, Cisplatinum, Mitomycin, Taxol, Taxotere, 5-FU and Leucovorin are among the most commonly used drugs for Pancreas cancer. These drugs are used in combination and can have moderate to severe toxic effects. A newer drug that has now become available is Radiation: For the most part, it is used to control the symptoms of the advanced disease. Radiation at the time of surgery, referred to as intra-operative radiation, has not proven to be more effective than external radiation, which can also be combined with chemotherapy. Pattern of Spread: If left untreated, or if it fails to respond to treatment, Pancreas cancer can spread to the liver, lymph glands in the abdomen, lungs and almost anywhere else. Prognosis: In most Americans, this cancer carries a very poor prognosis, which is due to the advanced stage of the illness at the time of diagnosis, and in such cases, survival is short. The disease can be cured only if it is caught very early. Special Situations Patients with advanced pancreas cancer may develop any of the following complications. Pleural effusion Bone metastasis Paraneoplastic syndromes High calcium level Blood clots in the legs and other organs Pain: Most patients with this cancer experience substantial pain, which can be debilitating. Control of pain is central to care of patients with this illness. Neurolytic Celiac Plexus Block can control the pain in great majority of such patients. Survival: Survival of patients with this cancer depends on the type and extent of the cancer at the time of initial diagnosis. One-third of patients with early stages may be cured with surgery alone. In the majority of patients in whom cure is not possible, survival could vary from months to years, depending on the extent of cancer, overall condition of the patient, as well as response to treatment and duration of the response Follow-up After completion of treatment, and in any combination that might have taken place, the patient needs to remain under surveillance for the possibility of recurrence of cancer. Follow-up should be scheduled on a regular basis (initially every one to three months for one to two years). The frequency of follow-up will depend on the condition of the patient and his disease. In each follow-up visit, the patient is examined and, normally, a CT scan of the abdomen is obtained at intervals. Treatment of advanced or recurrent disease will depend on the stage and extent of the recurring disease. Most patients are then treated with chemotherapy using the same agents mentioned above. Radiation therapy may be helpful in managing painful or symptomatic areas to which the cancer has spread. If patients experience pain, different pain medications may be used to alleviate the pain. For patients with advanced disease, where most treatments have failed, one could consider assistance from hospice. Answered by Renee Millbern 1 year ago.


The order is for Leucovorin 20mg by mouth 6 hours after administration of the cancer drug methotrexate to prev?
The order is for Leucovorin 20mg by mouth 6 hours after administration of the cancer drug methotrexate to prevent toxicity. The child weights 70lb today and is 4ft 2in tall. The safe dose for this medication is 10mg/m2 . On hand you have 5mg Leucovorin Calcium tablets. If safe, how many tablets will you give? Asked by Linwood Mehlhaff 1 year ago.

You can use the Du Bois formula for body surface area (BSA): W = Weight and H = Height BSA = 0.007184 x W^0.425 x H^0.725 W = 70lb x 0.453 = 31.7 kg H = 50" x 2.54 = 127 cm BSA = 0.007184 x 31.7^0.425 x 127^0.725 BSA = 0.007184 x 4.34 x 33.51 BSA = 1.04 (~ 1.0) Alternatively, the pediatric formula can be used: [4Wkg+7]/[90+Wkg] [(4 x 31.7) + 7]/[90 + 31.7] 133.8/121.7 = 1.1 So, we'll say for argument's sake that the child's BSA is 1.0 m^2 The safe dose is 10 mg/m^2. Therefore, the dose to give the child is 10 mg. You have 5mg tablets, so the child will get 2 tablets. Answered by Azalee Wubbena 1 year ago.

I don't forget myself 2 be verbally endowed, and attempt 2 apply so much 4thought 2 what comes out of my mouth prior 2 itz doing so. For this reason that occurs lovely rattling sometimes! Timothy :o) Answered by Breanne Destefano 1 year ago.


Can toxoplasma b cured.. ?
i had abortion few mnths ago... test report showd toxoplasma positive... I had been tkin medicine fr 6 mnths bt still its positive.. Doc askd me to cntinu 4 mnths mor...I hv no child til nw... Is there ny1 who had been suffrd by this disease..??M tkin rovamycin forte... 21 days 2 tyms per day den 15 days gap... Asked by Gabrielle Winzenried 1 year ago.

i had abortion few mnths ago... test report showd toxoplasma positive... I had been tkin medicine fr 6 mnths bt still its positive.. Doc askd me to cntinu 4 mnths mor... I hv no child til nw... Is there ny1 who had been suffrd by this disease..?? M tkin rovamycin forte... 21 days 2 tyms per day den 15 days gap then again 21 days nd again 15 days gap nd so on.... lyk dis i had cmpletd 6 tyms nd its still positiv nd goin to cntinu 4 mnths mor... Answered by Lanie Styron 1 year ago.

Toxoplasmosis can be treated (not completely) with combinations of pyrimethamine with either trisulfapyrimidines or sulfadiazine, plus folinic acid in the form of leucovorin calcium to protect the bone marrow from the toxic effects of pyrimethamine. If this treatment causes hypersensitivity reaction, then pyrimethamine and clindamycin can be used instead. If these drugs are not available, then a combination of sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim can be used. Pregnant women and babies can be treated but Toxoplasma gondii cannot be eliminated completely. The parasites can remain within tissue cells in a less active stage (cyst) in locations difficult for the medication to get to. A drug called spiramycin is recommended during the first four months whereas sulfadizaine/pyrimethamine and folinic acid for women that have been pregnant for more than four months. PCR (a method to discover parasite DNA) is often performed on the amniotic fluid to find out if the infant is infected. If the infant is likely to be infected, then treatment is done with drugs such as sulfadizaine, pyrimethamine and folinic acid. Congenitally infected babies are treated with sulfonamide and pyrimethamine. Treatment for persons with ocular disease depends on the size of the eye lesion, the characteristics (acute or chronic) and the location of the lesion. Persons with compromised immune systems (such as AIDS patients) need to be treated until their health improves significantly. Answered by Madison Kovach 1 year ago.


How safe is methotrexate for rheumatoid arthritis?
Asked by Velva Mcarthun 1 year ago.

Hi, I also take methotrexate for RA and I've been taking it for a little longer than a year now. I know when I first starting taking it, it would upset my stomach and sometimes throw up. I also got blister on my tongue. And i only started with 3 pills once a week because I have low white blood cells and Methotrexate lowers your blood count. But after a few months my body got used to it and my doctor gave me Folic Acid to help with my blood count and other side effects as well as Leucovorin Calcium. Now I'm up to 5 pills of Methotrexate and I take blood test every month to monitor my blood cells. I did have pain in every joint even my jaw but after taking this drug, i was able to move again and be myself. I'm doing very well and I even take care of my 3 year old daughter by myself but it does get hard because of all the fatigue and lack of energy. But overall I haven't experienced anything too bad from this drug and it helps me be normal as well as being able to take care of my daughter. :) But everyone is different and their bodies or condition may not be the same so its really up to you if you want to try it. I think if you do start it, maybe you should start with a few pills and see how your body reacts to it. I hope this helps you and I know how u feel but I needed to live my life and raise my kid so I just to took it :) Answered by Eryn Boutiette 1 year ago.

Hi.Well,I'm going to take a guess and say that your rheumatologist has given you a couple of other immune suppressant medications,and they didn't show much if any improvement(remission is the goal) in your RA.So,your rheumatologist has now put you on methotrexate hoping this medication(stronger immune suppressant) will get the results your doctor wants.As for how safe this specific medication is? It's basically the same as any other immune suppressant drug,and it will lower your immune system,which will make you susceptible to several contagious strains of colds,flu,etc.And,also may cause stomach upset,nausea,and ulcers.So,you should also be taking a prescribed(OTC) medication to help prevent any damage to your stomach,and also a calcium and vitamin D supplement as well.I suggest that you speak to your rheumatologist about any/all potential risks associated with this drug,and any other drug/medication you are taking for your RA.It's very important that you and your doctor both are well informed about any/all medication/s your currently taking whether it be prescription or over the counter(OTC).You should use caution when taking opiate pain killers for RA.Most times opiates don't offer much pain relief for RA,and can be habit forming over a long period of time.Best to take your doctors regime,and advice when it comes to your health.Take care. Answered by Henry Simkulet 1 year ago.

Imagine for a moment your arthritis completely vanishing right now. If, in a moment, your pain and stiffness melted away. And your joints all of a sudden functioned like a well-oiled machine. Like a magic wand was waived, you'd be able to jump up from your chair and run around the room like a kid. And imagine that you'd never have to suffer as much as a pinch of arthritis stiffness or pain ever again. I know this sounds impossible right now, but bear with me, because sometimes miracles happen. It was a gift from a woman on the other side of the world. From the kindness of her heart, she took pity on my suffering and taught me how to completely reverse my arthritis. Today, I want to do the same for you! Answered by Natalia Haeckel 1 year ago.

Minocycline has been great for me for 16 years, no side effects to speak of. But now suddenly I am very sick with pericarditis, an inflammation around the sac of the heart. And tetracyclines can cause this, So I am grieving that my wonderful minocycline may have led to this, and have no idea what to switch to, and don t want to switch to anything. I am thinking plaquanil again, I was on it for many years with no ill effects. All the biologics say leukemia and lymphoma as side effects, so no way would I ever try them. I have had this since age 24 and will be 60 in 2015. so have had it for 35 years. Take the least dangerous ones, to live a long life with RA. Answered by Matthew Pacquin 1 year ago.

I was diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis in 1993, at the age of 55. My rheumatologist started me on methotrexate at that time, with 3x2.5 mg tablets per week. Since that time, I've taken a total of 12,355 mg (I keep track of all the medications I take). Every three months, I have a liver panel and CBC to monitor the effects of methotrexate. I've been chronically anemic all during this time. In April 2006, I started taking Enbrel. Four years later, I suffered congestive heart failure (CHF) and stopped taking Enbrel. Enbrel really kept the arthritic pains down but CHF was thought to have been caused by it. Now I take 7x2.5 mg per week of methotrexate. I was also taking hydrocodone/acetaminophen (Vicodin) starting in 2006, to control pain, but have now stopped owing to the FDA restrictions on dispensing this medicine. My liver function is normal. I have always been able to tolerate methotrexate. Answered by Vincent Riccitelli 1 year ago.

Is Methotrexate Safe Answered by Cyndi Squiers 1 year ago.

Personally, I would say it isn't very safe. Opiates would be a lot safer. Its a shame how some doctors are so afraid of giving people pain killers that they would resort to using these poisons rather than treating your pain. I would ask your doctor to refer you to a pain specialist. Answered by Kelsey Jacobsohn 1 year ago.

I know methotrexate was a death sentence for me. I told my doctor cancer ran in my family big time. 6 months later I had nodules on my lungs, ild, ctd, and cancer. I don t even trust my doctors now because I can t get a straight answer Answered by Charise Wesolowski 1 year ago.


What is the major of chemotherapy agents in anti-cancer drugs ?
Asked by Carlena Foltz 1 year ago.

There are many different chemotherapy agents. Different drugs work for different cancers, and they are frequently used in combination. You need to be more specific. Here is a list of chemo drugs: 13-cis-Retinoic Acid 2-CdA 2-Chlorodeoxyadenosine 5-Fluorouracil 5-FU 6-Mercaptopurine 6-MP 6-TG 6-Thioguanine Abraxane Accutane ® Actinomycin-D Adriamycin ® Adrucil ® Agrylin ® Ala-Cort ® Aldesleukin Alemtuzumab ALIMTA Alitretinoin Alkaban-AQ ® Alkeran ® All-transretinoic acid Alpha interferon Altretamine Amethopterin Amifostine Aminoglutethimide Anagrelide Anandron ® Anastrozole Arabinosylcytosine Ara-C Aranesp ® Aredia ® Arimidex ® Aromasin ® Arranon ® Arsenic trioxide Asparaginase ATRA Avastin ® Azacitidine BCG BCNU Bevacizumab Bexarotene BEXXAR ® Bicalutamide BiCNU Blenoxane ® Bleomycin Bortezomib Busulfan Busulfex ® C225 Calcium Leucovorin Campath ® Camptosar ® Camptothecin-11 Capecitabine Carac ™ Carboplatin Carmustine Carmustine wafer Casodex ® CC-5013 CCNU CDDP CeeNU Cerubidine ® Cetuximab Chlorambucil Cisplatin Citrovorum Factor Cladribine Cortisone Cosmegen ® CPT-11 Cyclophosphamide Cytadren ® Cytarabine Cytarabine liposomal Cytosar-U ® Cytoxan ® Dacarbazine Dacogen Dactinomycin Darbepoetin alfa Daunomycin Daunorubicin Daunorubicin hydrochloride Daunorubicin liposomal DaunoXome ® Decadron Decitabine Delta-Cortef ® Deltasone ® Denileukin diftitox DepoCyt ™ Dexamethasone Dexamethasone acetate Dexamethasone Sodium Phosphate Dexasone Dexrazoxane DHAD DIC Diodex Docetaxel Doxil ® Doxorubicin Doxorubicin liposomal Droxia ™ DTIC DTIC-Dome ® Duralone ® Efudex ® Eligard ™ Ellence ™ Eloxatin ™ Elspar ® Emcyt ® Epirubicin Epoetin alfa Erbitux ™ Erlotinib Erwinia L-asparaginase Estramustine Ethyol Etopophos ® Etoposide Etoposide Phosphate Eulexin ® Evista ® Exemestane Fareston ® Faslodex ® Femara ® Filgrastim Floxuridine Fludara ® Fludarabine Fluoroplex ® Fluorouracil Fluorouracil (cream) Fluoxymesterone Flutamide Folinic Acid FUDR ® Fulvestrant G-CSF Gefitinib Gemcitabine Gemtuzumab ozogamicin Gemzar ® GleevecTM Gliadel wafer (t) GM-CSF Goserelin granulocyte - colony stimulating factor (t) Granulocyte macrophage colony stimulating factor (o) Halotestin (t) Herceptin (t) Hexadrol (t) Hexalen (t) Hexamethylmelamine (t) HMM (t) Hycamtin (t) Hydrea (t) Hydrocort Acetate (t) Hydrocortisone Hydrocortisone sodium phosphate Hydrocortisone sodium succinate Hydrocortone phosphate (t) Hydroxyurea Ibritumomab Ibritumomab Tiuxetan Idamycin ® Idarubicin Ifex ® IFN-alpha Ifosfamide IL-11 IL-2 Imatinib mesylate Imidazole Carboxamide Interferon alfa Interferon Alfa-2b (PEG conjugate) (o) Interleukin - 2 (t) Interleukin-11 (o) Intron A® (interferon alfa-2b) Iressa ® Irinotecan Isotretinoin Kidrolase (t) Lanacort (t) L-asparaginase (t) LCR (o) Lenalidomide Letrozole Leucovorin Leukeran (t) Leukine (t) Leuprolide Leurocristine (o) Leustatin (t) Liposomal Ara-C (t) Liquid Pred (t) Lomustine L-PAM (o) L-Sarcolysin (o) Lupron (t) Lupron Depot ® Matulane (t) Maxidex (t) Mechlorethamine Mechlorethamine Hydrochloride Medralone (t) Medrol ® Megace (t) Megestrol Megestrol Acetate (o) Melphalan Mercaptopurine Mesna Mesnex (t) Methotrexate Methotrexate Sodium (o) Methylprednisolone Meticorten (t) Mitomycin Mitomycin-C (o) Mitoxantrone M-Prednisol (t) MTC (o) MTX (o) Mustargen (t) Mustine Mutamycin (t) Myleran (t) Mylocel (t) Mylotarg (t) Navelbine ® Nelarabine Neosar (t) Neulasta (t) Neumega (t) Neupogen ® Nexavar ® Nilandron (t) Nilutamide Nipent ® Nitrogen Mustard (o) Novaldex (t) Novantrone (t) Octreotide Octreotide acetate (o) Oncospar (t) Oncovin (t) Ontak (t) Onxal (t) Oprevelkin Orapred (t) Orasone (t) Oxaliplatin Paclitaxel Paclitaxel Protein-bound Pamidronate Panretin (t) Paraplatin (t) Pediapred (t) PEG Interferon Pegaspargase Pegfilgrastim PEG-INTRON (t) PEG-L-asparaginase PEMETREXED Pentostatin Phenylalanine Mustard (o) Platinol (t) Platinol-AQ (t) Prednisolone Prednisone Prelone (t) Procarbazine PROCRIT ® Proleukin (t) Prolifeprospan 20 with Carmustine implant (t) Purinethol ® Raloxifene Revlimid ® Rheumatrex (t) Rituxan (t) Rituximab Roferon-A® (interferon alfa-2a) Rubex (t) Rubidomycin hydrochloride (t) Sandostatin ® Sandostatin LAR (t) Sargramostim Solu-Cortef (t) Solu-Medrol (t) Sorafenib STI-571 Streptozocin SU11248 Sunitinib Sutent ® Tamoxifen Tarceva ® Targretin (t) Taxol ® Taxotere ® Temodar ® Temozolomide Teniposide TESPA (o) Thalidomide Thalomid ® TheraCys (t) Thioguanine Thioguanine Tabloid ® Thiophosphoamide (o) Thioplex (t) Thiotepa TICE ® Toposar (t) Topotecan Toremifene Tositumomab Trastuzumab Tretinoin Trexall (t) Trisenox (t) TSPA (o) VCR (o) Velban (t) Velcade ® VePesid (t) Vesanoid (t) Viadur (t) Vidaza (t) Vinblastine Vinblastine Sulfate (o) Vincasar Pfs (t) Vincristine Vinorelbine Vinorelbine tartrate (o) VLB (o) VM-26 (o) VP-16 (t) Vumon (t) Xeloda ® Zanosar (t) Zevalin TM Zinecard (t) Zoladex ® Zoledronic acid Zometa ® See? There's a lot of them. Answered by Hermina Triplett 1 year ago.

antineoplastics, monoclonal antibodies, Answered by Lynsey Dekoning 1 year ago.

Please see the webpages for more details on Chemotherapy. Answered by Nelly Mcmellen 1 year ago.


Can you list antidotes to the ff substances/drugs?
Anti cholinesterase (cholinergics) Cyanide Narcotics/opioid overdose Thrombolytics Iron Acetaminophen Anti depressants Methotrexate Digoxin Benzodiazepines Lead Warfarin Heparin Asked by Mignon Turlich 1 year ago.

I believe yahoo answers should be the last resort a responsible student must consider in answering questions like this. Anyway, PEACE.... Anti cholinesterase (cholinergics) - atropine Cyanide - sodium thiosulfate Narcotics/opioid overdose - naloxone (Narcan) Thrombolytics - aminocaproic acid (Amicar) Iron - deferoxamine Acetaminophen - acetylcystein Anti depressants - phentolamine Methotrexate - leucovorin Digoxin - Digibind Benzodiazepines - flumenazil Lead - calcium EDTA Warfarin - vit. K Heparin - protamine sulfate Answered by Joaquin Warp 1 year ago.


Can someone that has had chemotherapy for colon cancer (maybe stage 3) help me...?
Someone very dear to me has just had a foot of their colon removed with a large tumor and 15 of 18 of the surrounding lymphs showed positive for cancer from the pathology report, now the suggested treatment is 6 months of chemo, 3 days in a row (port surgically implanted) every other week. I have no idea what... Asked by Willis Popke 1 year ago.

Someone very dear to me has just had a foot of their colon removed with a large tumor and 15 of 18 of the surrounding lymphs showed positive for cancer from the pathology report, now the suggested treatment is 6 months of chemo, 3 days in a row (port surgically implanted) every other week. I have no idea what other kinds of treatments there are, i am just so worried about this regiment, and how hard it is going to be, has anyone gone through this that can help me? I want to know more about the subject so that i can help my loved one through this and help make sure this is the right decision on the chemo. Does chemo make you extremely ill? ANY insight will be much appreciated.... Answered by Takisha Brotherson 1 year ago.

I just finished chemo for stage 3 colon cancer at the end of April, and I was lucky. I never got sick, and my oncologist said there wasn't any reason anybody should with all the anti-nausea medicines that are available now. I got two different types of anti-nausea medicines during chemo, and they gave me pills to take in case I needed them for the few days after treatment (I never did). The chemo will consist of 3 different medications: oxaliplatin, leucovorin, and 5-FU (Flouracil). 5-FU has been in use since the 1950's, and has a very good success rate. Leucovorin is a vitamin that helps the 5-FU work better, and oxaliplatin (Eloxatin) is a newer drug. The chemo usually takes about 4-6 hours. She should be given at least two anti-nausea medicines during treatment. I received an anti-nausea medicine first, then a second one at the same time as the Leucovorin and oxaliplatin, then the 5-FU, then calcium and potassium, which also helped prevent nausea. The worst symptom I had from the chemo was my hands hurt if they got cold, even from drinking cold drinks (many people wear cotton gloves when they have to do things like open the refrigerator). Other people also get mouth sores, but they can give you a medicine to gargle with, or you can just use salt water. You can lose you hair on rare occasions, but it only happens in about 5% of cases, and about 25% of people have thinning hair. Mine started thinning at the very end, but only because it stopped growing, and wasn't replacing itself. Make sure your friend goes to a good cancer center. I went to the Simon Cancer Center in Indianapolis, which is one of the best (Lance Armstrong went there when he had prostate cancer, even though he lives nowhere near Indy). If you go there, I would strongly recommend my oncologist, Dr. Paul Helft. He is an ethicist, which means he believes in including the patient and his family in every stage of treatment. He spent 3 hours with me and my family the first meeting, and met with me before every treatment, which my cousin, an oncology nurse, said was unheard of. Good luck to you and your friend. Answered by Francisca Monserrate 1 year ago.

Chemo affects cells that multiply rapidly: cancer cells and cells that are lining your stomach. So that is why chemo patients often have a lack of appetite and feel like throwing up. Chemo makes the person very fatigued, lose their hair, and have altered taste buds. The best way to help get through chemo and help your dear friend is to STAY/ BE POSITIVE, be helpful by helping them with things (only if they want...some are very sensitive to the fact that they have chemo and actually need help...depends on the person, so just be careful and sensitive), and making sure that they eat and get proper nutrition, and that they take their medication on time and as prescribed. Also allowing them to talk out their problems. I don't recommend being sad along with them. Just be attentive and let them spill their guts. Also try to provide hope, and a positive atmosphere as much as you can. Thanks Answered by Glayds Rulli 1 year ago.

Chemo is important in the treatment of colon cancer. I think it is called F4. It doesn't usually cause nasea or hair loss. Without it the cancer will run riot. It will cause fatigue. Just go with it. Cancer treatments can save lives. Answered by Dorinda Pyfrom 1 year ago.

People react differently to chemo and a lot depends on what drugs they are on. Yes it can make you very ill, but so does cancer. If you really want to help them make the right decision then you really should be with them when this is discussed with their oncologist. Answered by Margareta Bourek 1 year ago.


Cancer of the pancrous?
Asked by Nakita Macgillivray 1 year ago.

The pancreas is a gland, which is located in the back of the abdomen, lying almost on the spine. It produces Insulin, the hormone that controls the blood sugar, as well as many enzymes that are needed for digestion of food. Cancer of pancreas is now the fourth most common cause of cancer-related death in United States. The 5-year relative survival rate of patients with this cancer is only 3 to 5%. Roughly 28,000 new cases are diagnosed each year in the United States. This type of cancer is found most frequently in men and African-Americans. The average age at the time of diagnosis being 65 years. Unfortunately, most patients are diagnosed in advanced stages when cure is not possible. Cause: The actual cause of pancreas cancer is unknown. However, some environmental factors, especially cigarette smoking, play a role in the development of this cancer. Signs and symptoms: Cancer of the pancreas can grow for a long time without causing any problems. Most patients are diagnosed in advanced stages and present with any of the following signs: Abdominal pain Weight loss Nausea, vomiting Jaundice, as a result of obstruction of bile ducts Anemia Back pain due to invasion of nerves Diagnosis: When suspected, CT scan or Ultrasound examination of the abdomen may establish the diagnosis. A Fine needle aspiration of the pancreas may confirm the existence of the cancer. This cancer can also be detected by an endoscopy-assisted study of the pancreas, which allows taking a biopsy at the same time. Staging: Endoscopic ultrasound is a very sensitive study that should be done to determine the depth of invasion of the cancer into the tissues around the pancreas, as well as evaluation of the local lymph glands. CT scan of abdomen, as well as bone scans, may have to be done to complete the staging workup Treatment: Surgery: Management of this disease relies on surgery in an attempt to remove most or all of the Pancreas and to reconstruct the continuity of the bowels. This is a rather difficult procedure and carries a very high risk, even in the best hands. Indications for surgery are limited to younger patients with very small size tumors. Chemotherapy: Is appropriate for patients in whom the disease is not cured with surgery. Gemcitabine, VP-16, Cisplatinum, Mitomycin, Taxol, Taxotere, 5-FU and Leucovorin are among the most commonly used drugs for Pancreas cancer. These drugs are used in combination and can have moderate to severe toxic effects. A newer drug that has now become available is Radiation: For the most part, it is used to control the symptoms of the advanced disease. Radiation at the time of surgery, referred to as intra-operative radiation, has not proven to be more effective than external radiation, which can also be combined with chemotherapy. Pattern of Spread: If left untreated, or if it fails to respond to treatment, Pancreas cancer can spread to the liver, lymph glands in the abdomen, lungs and almost anywhere else. Prognosis: In most Americans, this cancer carries a very poor prognosis, which is due to the advanced stage of the illness at the time of diagnosis, and in such cases, survival is short. The disease can be cured only if it is caught very early. Special Situations Patients with advanced pancreas cancer may develop any of the following complications. Pleural effusion Bone metastasis Paraneoplastic syndromes High calcium level Blood clots in the legs and other organs Pain: Most patients with this cancer experience substantial pain, which can be debilitating. Control of pain is central to care of patients with this illness. Neurolytic Celiac Plexus Block can control the pain in great majority of such patients. Survival: Survival of patients with this cancer depends on the type and extent of the cancer at the time of initial diagnosis. One-third of patients with early stages may be cured with surgery alone. In the majority of patients in whom cure is not possible, survival could vary from months to years, depending on the extent of cancer, overall condition of the patient, as well as response to treatment and duration of the response Follow-up After completion of treatment, and in any combination that might have taken place, the patient needs to remain under surveillance for the possibility of recurrence of cancer. Follow-up should be scheduled on a regular basis (initially every one to three months for one to two years). The frequency of follow-up will depend on the condition of the patient and his disease. In each follow-up visit, the patient is examined and, normally, a CT scan of the abdomen is obtained at intervals. Treatment of advanced or recurrent disease will depend on the stage and extent of the recurring disease. Most patients are then treated with chemotherapy using the same agents mentioned above. Radiation therapy may be helpful in managing painful or symptomatic areas to which the cancer has spread. If patients experience pain, different pain medications may be used to alleviate the pain. For patients with advanced disease, where most treatments have failed, one could consider assistance from hospice. Answered by Jeane Hyter 1 year ago.


The order is for Leucovorin 20mg by mouth 6 hours after administration of the cancer drug methotrexate to prev?
The order is for Leucovorin 20mg by mouth 6 hours after administration of the cancer drug methotrexate to prevent toxicity. The child weights 70lb today and is 4ft 2in tall. The safe dose for this medication is 10mg/m2 . On hand you have 5mg Leucovorin Calcium tablets. If safe, how many tablets will you give? Asked by Myrtis Maulin 1 year ago.

You can use the Du Bois formula for body surface area (BSA): W = Weight and H = Height BSA = 0.007184 x W^0.425 x H^0.725 W = 70lb x 0.453 = 31.7 kg H = 50" x 2.54 = 127 cm BSA = 0.007184 x 31.7^0.425 x 127^0.725 BSA = 0.007184 x 4.34 x 33.51 BSA = 1.04 (~ 1.0) Alternatively, the pediatric formula can be used: [4Wkg+7]/[90+Wkg] [(4 x 31.7) + 7]/[90 + 31.7] 133.8/121.7 = 1.1 So, we'll say for argument's sake that the child's BSA is 1.0 m^2 The safe dose is 10 mg/m^2. Therefore, the dose to give the child is 10 mg. You have 5mg tablets, so the child will get 2 tablets. Answered by Genny Ziola 1 year ago.

I don't forget myself 2 be verbally endowed, and attempt 2 apply so much 4thought 2 what comes out of my mouth prior 2 itz doing so. For this reason that occurs lovely rattling sometimes! Timothy :o) Answered by Marty Patino 1 year ago.


Can toxoplasma b cured.. ?
i had abortion few mnths ago... test report showd toxoplasma positive... I had been tkin medicine fr 6 mnths bt still its positive.. Doc askd me to cntinu 4 mnths mor...I hv no child til nw... Is there ny1 who had been suffrd by this disease..??M tkin rovamycin forte... 21 days 2 tyms per day den 15 days gap... Asked by Deborah Leadman 1 year ago.

i had abortion few mnths ago... test report showd toxoplasma positive... I had been tkin medicine fr 6 mnths bt still its positive.. Doc askd me to cntinu 4 mnths mor... I hv no child til nw... Is there ny1 who had been suffrd by this disease..?? M tkin rovamycin forte... 21 days 2 tyms per day den 15 days gap then again 21 days nd again 15 days gap nd so on.... lyk dis i had cmpletd 6 tyms nd its still positiv nd goin to cntinu 4 mnths mor... Answered by Luis Toft 1 year ago.

Toxoplasmosis can be treated (not completely) with combinations of pyrimethamine with either trisulfapyrimidines or sulfadiazine, plus folinic acid in the form of leucovorin calcium to protect the bone marrow from the toxic effects of pyrimethamine. If this treatment causes hypersensitivity reaction, then pyrimethamine and clindamycin can be used instead. If these drugs are not available, then a combination of sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim can be used. Pregnant women and babies can be treated but Toxoplasma gondii cannot be eliminated completely. The parasites can remain within tissue cells in a less active stage (cyst) in locations difficult for the medication to get to. A drug called spiramycin is recommended during the first four months whereas sulfadizaine/pyrimethamine and folinic acid for women that have been pregnant for more than four months. PCR (a method to discover parasite DNA) is often performed on the amniotic fluid to find out if the infant is infected. If the infant is likely to be infected, then treatment is done with drugs such as sulfadizaine, pyrimethamine and folinic acid. Congenitally infected babies are treated with sulfonamide and pyrimethamine. Treatment for persons with ocular disease depends on the size of the eye lesion, the characteristics (acute or chronic) and the location of the lesion. Persons with compromised immune systems (such as AIDS patients) need to be treated until their health improves significantly. Answered by Tony Egans 1 year ago.


How safe is methotrexate for rheumatoid arthritis?
Asked by Claude Kristy 1 year ago.

Hi, I also take methotrexate for RA and I've been taking it for a little longer than a year now. I know when I first starting taking it, it would upset my stomach and sometimes throw up. I also got blister on my tongue. And i only started with 3 pills once a week because I have low white blood cells and Methotrexate lowers your blood count. But after a few months my body got used to it and my doctor gave me Folic Acid to help with my blood count and other side effects as well as Leucovorin Calcium. Now I'm up to 5 pills of Methotrexate and I take blood test every month to monitor my blood cells. I did have pain in every joint even my jaw but after taking this drug, i was able to move again and be myself. I'm doing very well and I even take care of my 3 year old daughter by myself but it does get hard because of all the fatigue and lack of energy. But overall I haven't experienced anything too bad from this drug and it helps me be normal as well as being able to take care of my daughter. :) But everyone is different and their bodies or condition may not be the same so its really up to you if you want to try it. I think if you do start it, maybe you should start with a few pills and see how your body reacts to it. I hope this helps you and I know how u feel but I needed to live my life and raise my kid so I just to took it :) Answered by Berna Cardella 1 year ago.

Hi.Well,I'm going to take a guess and say that your rheumatologist has given you a couple of other immune suppressant medications,and they didn't show much if any improvement(remission is the goal) in your RA.So,your rheumatologist has now put you on methotrexate hoping this medication(stronger immune suppressant) will get the results your doctor wants.As for how safe this specific medication is? It's basically the same as any other immune suppressant drug,and it will lower your immune system,which will make you susceptible to several contagious strains of colds,flu,etc.And,also may cause stomach upset,nausea,and ulcers.So,you should also be taking a prescribed(OTC) medication to help prevent any damage to your stomach,and also a calcium and vitamin D supplement as well.I suggest that you speak to your rheumatologist about any/all potential risks associated with this drug,and any other drug/medication you are taking for your RA.It's very important that you and your doctor both are well informed about any/all medication/s your currently taking whether it be prescription or over the counter(OTC).You should use caution when taking opiate pain killers for RA.Most times opiates don't offer much pain relief for RA,and can be habit forming over a long period of time.Best to take your doctors regime,and advice when it comes to your health.Take care. Answered by Sheryl Buehl 1 year ago.

Imagine for a moment your arthritis completely vanishing right now. If, in a moment, your pain and stiffness melted away. And your joints all of a sudden functioned like a well-oiled machine. Like a magic wand was waived, you'd be able to jump up from your chair and run around the room like a kid. And imagine that you'd never have to suffer as much as a pinch of arthritis stiffness or pain ever again. I know this sounds impossible right now, but bear with me, because sometimes miracles happen. It was a gift from a woman on the other side of the world. From the kindness of her heart, she took pity on my suffering and taught me how to completely reverse my arthritis. Today, I want to do the same for you! Answered by Shaunda Maddox 1 year ago.

Minocycline has been great for me for 16 years, no side effects to speak of. But now suddenly I am very sick with pericarditis, an inflammation around the sac of the heart. And tetracyclines can cause this, So I am grieving that my wonderful minocycline may have led to this, and have no idea what to switch to, and don t want to switch to anything. I am thinking plaquanil again, I was on it for many years with no ill effects. All the biologics say leukemia and lymphoma as side effects, so no way would I ever try them. I have had this since age 24 and will be 60 in 2015. so have had it for 35 years. Take the least dangerous ones, to live a long life with RA. Answered by Janise Easterlin 1 year ago.

I was diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis in 1993, at the age of 55. My rheumatologist started me on methotrexate at that time, with 3x2.5 mg tablets per week. Since that time, I've taken a total of 12,355 mg (I keep track of all the medications I take). Every three months, I have a liver panel and CBC to monitor the effects of methotrexate. I've been chronically anemic all during this time. In April 2006, I started taking Enbrel. Four years later, I suffered congestive heart failure (CHF) and stopped taking Enbrel. Enbrel really kept the arthritic pains down but CHF was thought to have been caused by it. Now I take 7x2.5 mg per week of methotrexate. I was also taking hydrocodone/acetaminophen (Vicodin) starting in 2006, to control pain, but have now stopped owing to the FDA restrictions on dispensing this medicine. My liver function is normal. I have always been able to tolerate methotrexate. Answered by Emmaline Meneses 1 year ago.

Is Methotrexate Safe Answered by Buck Dumire 1 year ago.

Personally, I would say it isn't very safe. Opiates would be a lot safer. Its a shame how some doctors are so afraid of giving people pain killers that they would resort to using these poisons rather than treating your pain. I would ask your doctor to refer you to a pain specialist. Answered by Shelby Walentoski 1 year ago.

I know methotrexate was a death sentence for me. I told my doctor cancer ran in my family big time. 6 months later I had nodules on my lungs, ild, ctd, and cancer. I don t even trust my doctors now because I can t get a straight answer Answered by Nancy Mainord 1 year ago.


What is the major of chemotherapy agents in anti-cancer drugs ?
Asked by Cleotilde Langen 1 year ago.

There are many different chemotherapy agents. Different drugs work for different cancers, and they are frequently used in combination. You need to be more specific. Here is a list of chemo drugs: 13-cis-Retinoic Acid 2-CdA 2-Chlorodeoxyadenosine 5-Fluorouracil 5-FU 6-Mercaptopurine 6-MP 6-TG 6-Thioguanine Abraxane Accutane ® Actinomycin-D Adriamycin ® Adrucil ® Agrylin ® Ala-Cort ® Aldesleukin Alemtuzumab ALIMTA Alitretinoin Alkaban-AQ ® Alkeran ® All-transretinoic acid Alpha interferon Altretamine Amethopterin Amifostine Aminoglutethimide Anagrelide Anandron ® Anastrozole Arabinosylcytosine Ara-C Aranesp ® Aredia ® Arimidex ® Aromasin ® Arranon ® Arsenic trioxide Asparaginase ATRA Avastin ® Azacitidine BCG BCNU Bevacizumab Bexarotene BEXXAR ® Bicalutamide BiCNU Blenoxane ® Bleomycin Bortezomib Busulfan Busulfex ® C225 Calcium Leucovorin Campath ® Camptosar ® Camptothecin-11 Capecitabine Carac ™ Carboplatin Carmustine Carmustine wafer Casodex ® CC-5013 CCNU CDDP CeeNU Cerubidine ® Cetuximab Chlorambucil Cisplatin Citrovorum Factor Cladribine Cortisone Cosmegen ® CPT-11 Cyclophosphamide Cytadren ® Cytarabine Cytarabine liposomal Cytosar-U ® Cytoxan ® Dacarbazine Dacogen Dactinomycin Darbepoetin alfa Daunomycin Daunorubicin Daunorubicin hydrochloride Daunorubicin liposomal DaunoXome ® Decadron Decitabine Delta-Cortef ® Deltasone ® Denileukin diftitox DepoCyt ™ Dexamethasone Dexamethasone acetate Dexamethasone Sodium Phosphate Dexasone Dexrazoxane DHAD DIC Diodex Docetaxel Doxil ® Doxorubicin Doxorubicin liposomal Droxia ™ DTIC DTIC-Dome ® Duralone ® Efudex ® Eligard ™ Ellence ™ Eloxatin ™ Elspar ® Emcyt ® Epirubicin Epoetin alfa Erbitux ™ Erlotinib Erwinia L-asparaginase Estramustine Ethyol Etopophos ® Etoposide Etoposide Phosphate Eulexin ® Evista ® Exemestane Fareston ® Faslodex ® Femara ® Filgrastim Floxuridine Fludara ® Fludarabine Fluoroplex ® Fluorouracil Fluorouracil (cream) Fluoxymesterone Flutamide Folinic Acid FUDR ® Fulvestrant G-CSF Gefitinib Gemcitabine Gemtuzumab ozogamicin Gemzar ® GleevecTM Gliadel wafer (t) GM-CSF Goserelin granulocyte - colony stimulating factor (t) Granulocyte macrophage colony stimulating factor (o) Halotestin (t) Herceptin (t) Hexadrol (t) Hexalen (t) Hexamethylmelamine (t) HMM (t) Hycamtin (t) Hydrea (t) Hydrocort Acetate (t) Hydrocortisone Hydrocortisone sodium phosphate Hydrocortisone sodium succinate Hydrocortone phosphate (t) Hydroxyurea Ibritumomab Ibritumomab Tiuxetan Idamycin ® Idarubicin Ifex ® IFN-alpha Ifosfamide IL-11 IL-2 Imatinib mesylate Imidazole Carboxamide Interferon alfa Interferon Alfa-2b (PEG conjugate) (o) Interleukin - 2 (t) Interleukin-11 (o) Intron A® (interferon alfa-2b) Iressa ® Irinotecan Isotretinoin Kidrolase (t) Lanacort (t) L-asparaginase (t) LCR (o) Lenalidomide Letrozole Leucovorin Leukeran (t) Leukine (t) Leuprolide Leurocristine (o) Leustatin (t) Liposomal Ara-C (t) Liquid Pred (t) Lomustine L-PAM (o) L-Sarcolysin (o) Lupron (t) Lupron Depot ® Matulane (t) Maxidex (t) Mechlorethamine Mechlorethamine Hydrochloride Medralone (t) Medrol ® Megace (t) Megestrol Megestrol Acetate (o) Melphalan Mercaptopurine Mesna Mesnex (t) Methotrexate Methotrexate Sodium (o) Methylprednisolone Meticorten (t) Mitomycin Mitomycin-C (o) Mitoxantrone M-Prednisol (t) MTC (o) MTX (o) Mustargen (t) Mustine Mutamycin (t) Myleran (t) Mylocel (t) Mylotarg (t) Navelbine ® Nelarabine Neosar (t) Neulasta (t) Neumega (t) Neupogen ® Nexavar ® Nilandron (t) Nilutamide Nipent ® Nitrogen Mustard (o) Novaldex (t) Novantrone (t) Octreotide Octreotide acetate (o) Oncospar (t) Oncovin (t) Ontak (t) Onxal (t) Oprevelkin Orapred (t) Orasone (t) Oxaliplatin Paclitaxel Paclitaxel Protein-bound Pamidronate Panretin (t) Paraplatin (t) Pediapred (t) PEG Interferon Pegaspargase Pegfilgrastim PEG-INTRON (t) PEG-L-asparaginase PEMETREXED Pentostatin Phenylalanine Mustard (o) Platinol (t) Platinol-AQ (t) Prednisolone Prednisone Prelone (t) Procarbazine PROCRIT ® Proleukin (t) Prolifeprospan 20 with Carmustine implant (t) Purinethol ® Raloxifene Revlimid ® Rheumatrex (t) Rituxan (t) Rituximab Roferon-A® (interferon alfa-2a) Rubex (t) Rubidomycin hydrochloride (t) Sandostatin ® Sandostatin LAR (t) Sargramostim Solu-Cortef (t) Solu-Medrol (t) Sorafenib STI-571 Streptozocin SU11248 Sunitinib Sutent ® Tamoxifen Tarceva ® Targretin (t) Taxol ® Taxotere ® Temodar ® Temozolomide Teniposide TESPA (o) Thalidomide Thalomid ® TheraCys (t) Thioguanine Thioguanine Tabloid ® Thiophosphoamide (o) Thioplex (t) Thiotepa TICE ® Toposar (t) Topotecan Toremifene Tositumomab Trastuzumab Tretinoin Trexall (t) Trisenox (t) TSPA (o) VCR (o) Velban (t) Velcade ® VePesid (t) Vesanoid (t) Viadur (t) Vidaza (t) Vinblastine Vinblastine Sulfate (o) Vincasar Pfs (t) Vincristine Vinorelbine Vinorelbine tartrate (o) VLB (o) VM-26 (o) VP-16 (t) Vumon (t) Xeloda ® Zanosar (t) Zevalin TM Zinecard (t) Zoladex ® Zoledronic acid Zometa ® See? There's a lot of them. Answered by Jacquelin Poelman 1 year ago.

antineoplastics, monoclonal antibodies, Answered by Guillermo Scheu 1 year ago.

Please see the webpages for more details on Chemotherapy. Answered by Jan Nypaver 1 year ago.


Can you list antidotes to the ff substances/drugs?
Anti cholinesterase (cholinergics) Cyanide Narcotics/opioid overdose Thrombolytics Iron Acetaminophen Anti depressants Methotrexate Digoxin Benzodiazepines Lead Warfarin Heparin Asked by Berna Delossanto 1 year ago.

I believe yahoo answers should be the last resort a responsible student must consider in answering questions like this. Anyway, PEACE.... Anti cholinesterase (cholinergics) - atropine Cyanide - sodium thiosulfate Narcotics/opioid overdose - naloxone (Narcan) Thrombolytics - aminocaproic acid (Amicar) Iron - deferoxamine Acetaminophen - acetylcystein Anti depressants - phentolamine Methotrexate - leucovorin Digoxin - Digibind Benzodiazepines - flumenazil Lead - calcium EDTA Warfarin - vit. K Heparin - protamine sulfate Answered by Gonzalo Urioste 1 year ago.


Can someone that has had chemotherapy for colon cancer (maybe stage 3) help me...?
Someone very dear to me has just had a foot of their colon removed with a large tumor and 15 of 18 of the surrounding lymphs showed positive for cancer from the pathology report, now the suggested treatment is 6 months of chemo, 3 days in a row (port surgically implanted) every other week. I have no idea what... Asked by Setsuko Snooks 1 year ago.

Someone very dear to me has just had a foot of their colon removed with a large tumor and 15 of 18 of the surrounding lymphs showed positive for cancer from the pathology report, now the suggested treatment is 6 months of chemo, 3 days in a row (port surgically implanted) every other week. I have no idea what other kinds of treatments there are, i am just so worried about this regiment, and how hard it is going to be, has anyone gone through this that can help me? I want to know more about the subject so that i can help my loved one through this and help make sure this is the right decision on the chemo. Does chemo make you extremely ill? ANY insight will be much appreciated.... Answered by Roxana Giehl 1 year ago.

I just finished chemo for stage 3 colon cancer at the end of April, and I was lucky. I never got sick, and my oncologist said there wasn't any reason anybody should with all the anti-nausea medicines that are available now. I got two different types of anti-nausea medicines during chemo, and they gave me pills to take in case I needed them for the few days after treatment (I never did). The chemo will consist of 3 different medications: oxaliplatin, leucovorin, and 5-FU (Flouracil). 5-FU has been in use since the 1950's, and has a very good success rate. Leucovorin is a vitamin that helps the 5-FU work better, and oxaliplatin (Eloxatin) is a newer drug. The chemo usually takes about 4-6 hours. She should be given at least two anti-nausea medicines during treatment. I received an anti-nausea medicine first, then a second one at the same time as the Leucovorin and oxaliplatin, then the 5-FU, then calcium and potassium, which also helped prevent nausea. The worst symptom I had from the chemo was my hands hurt if they got cold, even from drinking cold drinks (many people wear cotton gloves when they have to do things like open the refrigerator). Other people also get mouth sores, but they can give you a medicine to gargle with, or you can just use salt water. You can lose you hair on rare occasions, but it only happens in about 5% of cases, and about 25% of people have thinning hair. Mine started thinning at the very end, but only because it stopped growing, and wasn't replacing itself. Make sure your friend goes to a good cancer center. I went to the Simon Cancer Center in Indianapolis, which is one of the best (Lance Armstrong went there when he had prostate cancer, even though he lives nowhere near Indy). If you go there, I would strongly recommend my oncologist, Dr. Paul Helft. He is an ethicist, which means he believes in including the patient and his family in every stage of treatment. He spent 3 hours with me and my family the first meeting, and met with me before every treatment, which my cousin, an oncology nurse, said was unheard of. Good luck to you and your friend. Answered by Darlene Cotreau 1 year ago.

Chemo affects cells that multiply rapidly: cancer cells and cells that are lining your stomach. So that is why chemo patients often have a lack of appetite and feel like throwing up. Chemo makes the person very fatigued, lose their hair, and have altered taste buds. The best way to help get through chemo and help your dear friend is to STAY/ BE POSITIVE, be helpful by helping them with things (only if they want...some are very sensitive to the fact that they have chemo and actually need help...depends on the person, so just be careful and sensitive), and making sure that they eat and get proper nutrition, and that they take their medication on time and as prescribed. Also allowing them to talk out their problems. I don't recommend being sad along with them. Just be attentive and let them spill their guts. Also try to provide hope, and a positive atmosphere as much as you can. Thanks Answered by Corazon Tellado 1 year ago.

Chemo is important in the treatment of colon cancer. I think it is called F4. It doesn't usually cause nasea or hair loss. Without it the cancer will run riot. It will cause fatigue. Just go with it. Cancer treatments can save lives. Answered by Armanda Bellott 1 year ago.

People react differently to chemo and a lot depends on what drugs they are on. Yes it can make you very ill, but so does cancer. If you really want to help them make the right decision then you really should be with them when this is discussed with their oncologist. Answered by Cristen Koestner 1 year ago.


Cancer of the pancrous?
Asked by Kimiko Jawad 1 year ago.

The pancreas is a gland, which is located in the back of the abdomen, lying almost on the spine. It produces Insulin, the hormone that controls the blood sugar, as well as many enzymes that are needed for digestion of food. Cancer of pancreas is now the fourth most common cause of cancer-related death in United States. The 5-year relative survival rate of patients with this cancer is only 3 to 5%. Roughly 28,000 new cases are diagnosed each year in the United States. This type of cancer is found most frequently in men and African-Americans. The average age at the time of diagnosis being 65 years. Unfortunately, most patients are diagnosed in advanced stages when cure is not possible. Cause: The actual cause of pancreas cancer is unknown. However, some environmental factors, especially cigarette smoking, play a role in the development of this cancer. Signs and symptoms: Cancer of the pancreas can grow for a long time without causing any problems. Most patients are diagnosed in advanced stages and present with any of the following signs: Abdominal pain Weight loss Nausea, vomiting Jaundice, as a result of obstruction of bile ducts Anemia Back pain due to invasion of nerves Diagnosis: When suspected, CT scan or Ultrasound examination of the abdomen may establish the diagnosis. A Fine needle aspiration of the pancreas may confirm the existence of the cancer. This cancer can also be detected by an endoscopy-assisted study of the pancreas, which allows taking a biopsy at the same time. Staging: Endoscopic ultrasound is a very sensitive study that should be done to determine the depth of invasion of the cancer into the tissues around the pancreas, as well as evaluation of the local lymph glands. CT scan of abdomen, as well as bone scans, may have to be done to complete the staging workup Treatment: Surgery: Management of this disease relies on surgery in an attempt to remove most or all of the Pancreas and to reconstruct the continuity of the bowels. This is a rather difficult procedure and carries a very high risk, even in the best hands. Indications for surgery are limited to younger patients with very small size tumors. Chemotherapy: Is appropriate for patients in whom the disease is not cured with surgery. Gemcitabine, VP-16, Cisplatinum, Mitomycin, Taxol, Taxotere, 5-FU and Leucovorin are among the most commonly used drugs for Pancreas cancer. These drugs are used in combination and can have moderate to severe toxic effects. A newer drug that has now become available is Radiation: For the most part, it is used to control the symptoms of the advanced disease. Radiation at the time of surgery, referred to as intra-operative radiation, has not proven to be more effective than external radiation, which can also be combined with chemotherapy. Pattern of Spread: If left untreated, or if it fails to respond to treatment, Pancreas cancer can spread to the liver, lymph glands in the abdomen, lungs and almost anywhere else. Prognosis: In most Americans, this cancer carries a very poor prognosis, which is due to the advanced stage of the illness at the time of diagnosis, and in such cases, survival is short. The disease can be cured only if it is caught very early. Special Situations Patients with advanced pancreas cancer may develop any of the following complications. Pleural effusion Bone metastasis Paraneoplastic syndromes High calcium level Blood clots in the legs and other organs Pain: Most patients with this cancer experience substantial pain, which can be debilitating. Control of pain is central to care of patients with this illness. Neurolytic Celiac Plexus Block can control the pain in great majority of such patients. Survival: Survival of patients with this cancer depends on the type and extent of the cancer at the time of initial diagnosis. One-third of patients with early stages may be cured with surgery alone. In the majority of patients in whom cure is not possible, survival could vary from months to years, depending on the extent of cancer, overall condition of the patient, as well as response to treatment and duration of the response Follow-up After completion of treatment, and in any combination that might have taken place, the patient needs to remain under surveillance for the possibility of recurrence of cancer. Follow-up should be scheduled on a regular basis (initially every one to three months for one to two years). The frequency of follow-up will depend on the condition of the patient and his disease. In each follow-up visit, the patient is examined and, normally, a CT scan of the abdomen is obtained at intervals. Treatment of advanced or recurrent disease will depend on the stage and extent of the recurring disease. Most patients are then treated with chemotherapy using the same agents mentioned above. Radiation therapy may be helpful in managing painful or symptomatic areas to which the cancer has spread. If patients experience pain, different pain medications may be used to alleviate the pain. For patients with advanced disease, where most treatments have failed, one could consider assistance from hospice. Answered by Magan Ebesu 1 year ago.


The order is for Leucovorin 20mg by mouth 6 hours after administration of the cancer drug methotrexate to prev?
The order is for Leucovorin 20mg by mouth 6 hours after administration of the cancer drug methotrexate to prevent toxicity. The child weights 70lb today and is 4ft 2in tall. The safe dose for this medication is 10mg/m2 . On hand you have 5mg Leucovorin Calcium tablets. If safe, how many tablets will you give? Asked by Veronika Pepka 1 year ago.

You can use the Du Bois formula for body surface area (BSA): W = Weight and H = Height BSA = 0.007184 x W^0.425 x H^0.725 W = 70lb x 0.453 = 31.7 kg H = 50" x 2.54 = 127 cm BSA = 0.007184 x 31.7^0.425 x 127^0.725 BSA = 0.007184 x 4.34 x 33.51 BSA = 1.04 (~ 1.0) Alternatively, the pediatric formula can be used: [4Wkg+7]/[90+Wkg] [(4 x 31.7) + 7]/[90 + 31.7] 133.8/121.7 = 1.1 So, we'll say for argument's sake that the child's BSA is 1.0 m^2 The safe dose is 10 mg/m^2. Therefore, the dose to give the child is 10 mg. You have 5mg tablets, so the child will get 2 tablets. Answered by Victor Schild 1 year ago.

I don't forget myself 2 be verbally endowed, and attempt 2 apply so much 4thought 2 what comes out of my mouth prior 2 itz doing so. For this reason that occurs lovely rattling sometimes! Timothy :o) Answered by Maybelle Swede 1 year ago.


Can toxoplasma b cured.. ?
i had abortion few mnths ago... test report showd toxoplasma positive... I had been tkin medicine fr 6 mnths bt still its positive.. Doc askd me to cntinu 4 mnths mor...I hv no child til nw... Is there ny1 who had been suffrd by this disease..??M tkin rovamycin forte... 21 days 2 tyms per day den 15 days gap... Asked by Angella Catillo 1 year ago.

i had abortion few mnths ago... test report showd toxoplasma positive... I had been tkin medicine fr 6 mnths bt still its positive.. Doc askd me to cntinu 4 mnths mor... I hv no child til nw... Is there ny1 who had been suffrd by this disease..?? M tkin rovamycin forte... 21 days 2 tyms per day den 15 days gap then again 21 days nd again 15 days gap nd so on.... lyk dis i had cmpletd 6 tyms nd its still positiv nd goin to cntinu 4 mnths mor... Answered by Ken Tingey 1 year ago.

Toxoplasmosis can be treated (not completely) with combinations of pyrimethamine with either trisulfapyrimidines or sulfadiazine, plus folinic acid in the form of leucovorin calcium to protect the bone marrow from the toxic effects of pyrimethamine. If this treatment causes hypersensitivity reaction, then pyrimethamine and clindamycin can be used instead. If these drugs are not available, then a combination of sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim can be used. Pregnant women and babies can be treated but Toxoplasma gondii cannot be eliminated completely. The parasites can remain within tissue cells in a less active stage (cyst) in locations difficult for the medication to get to. A drug called spiramycin is recommended during the first four months whereas sulfadizaine/pyrimethamine and folinic acid for women that have been pregnant for more than four months. PCR (a method to discover parasite DNA) is often performed on the amniotic fluid to find out if the infant is infected. If the infant is likely to be infected, then treatment is done with drugs such as sulfadizaine, pyrimethamine and folinic acid. Congenitally infected babies are treated with sulfonamide and pyrimethamine. Treatment for persons with ocular disease depends on the size of the eye lesion, the characteristics (acute or chronic) and the location of the lesion. Persons with compromised immune systems (such as AIDS patients) need to be treated until their health improves significantly. Answered by Zenia Bly 1 year ago.


How safe is methotrexate for rheumatoid arthritis?
Asked by Latricia Henneke 1 year ago.

Hi, I also take methotrexate for RA and I've been taking it for a little longer than a year now. I know when I first starting taking it, it would upset my stomach and sometimes throw up. I also got blister on my tongue. And i only started with 3 pills once a week because I have low white blood cells and Methotrexate lowers your blood count. But after a few months my body got used to it and my doctor gave me Folic Acid to help with my blood count and other side effects as well as Leucovorin Calcium. Now I'm up to 5 pills of Methotrexate and I take blood test every month to monitor my blood cells. I did have pain in every joint even my jaw but after taking this drug, i was able to move again and be myself. I'm doing very well and I even take care of my 3 year old daughter by myself but it does get hard because of all the fatigue and lack of energy. But overall I haven't experienced anything too bad from this drug and it helps me be normal as well as being able to take care of my daughter. :) But everyone is different and their bodies or condition may not be the same so its really up to you if you want to try it. I think if you do start it, maybe you should start with a few pills and see how your body reacts to it. I hope this helps you and I know how u feel but I needed to live my life and raise my kid so I just to took it :) Answered by Lida Goodnight 1 year ago.

Hi.Well,I'm going to take a guess and say that your rheumatologist has given you a couple of other immune suppressant medications,and they didn't show much if any improvement(remission is the goal) in your RA.So,your rheumatologist has now put you on methotrexate hoping this medication(stronger immune suppressant) will get the results your doctor wants.As for how safe this specific medication is? It's basically the same as any other immune suppressant drug,and it will lower your immune system,which will make you susceptible to several contagious strains of colds,flu,etc.And,also may cause stomach upset,nausea,and ulcers.So,you should also be taking a prescribed(OTC) medication to help prevent any damage to your stomach,and also a calcium and vitamin D supplement as well.I suggest that you speak to your rheumatologist about any/all potential risks associated with this drug,and any other drug/medication you are taking for your RA.It's very important that you and your doctor both are well informed about any/all medication/s your currently taking whether it be prescription or over the counter(OTC).You should use caution when taking opiate pain killers for RA.Most times opiates don't offer much pain relief for RA,and can be habit forming over a long period of time.Best to take your doctors regime,and advice when it comes to your health.Take care. Answered by Roselee Consorti 1 year ago.

Imagine for a moment your arthritis completely vanishing right now. If, in a moment, your pain and stiffness melted away. And your joints all of a sudden functioned like a well-oiled machine. Like a magic wand was waived, you'd be able to jump up from your chair and run around the room like a kid. And imagine that you'd never have to suffer as much as a pinch of arthritis stiffness or pain ever again. I know this sounds impossible right now, but bear with me, because sometimes miracles happen. It was a gift from a woman on the other side of the world. From the kindness of her heart, she took pity on my suffering and taught me how to completely reverse my arthritis. Today, I want to do the same for you! Answered by Sarita Schiro 1 year ago.

Minocycline has been great for me for 16 years, no side effects to speak of. But now suddenly I am very sick with pericarditis, an inflammation around the sac of the heart. And tetracyclines can cause this, So I am grieving that my wonderful minocycline may have led to this, and have no idea what to switch to, and don t want to switch to anything. I am thinking plaquanil again, I was on it for many years with no ill effects. All the biologics say leukemia and lymphoma as side effects, so no way would I ever try them. I have had this since age 24 and will be 60 in 2015. so have had it for 35 years. Take the least dangerous ones, to live a long life with RA. Answered by Kelsi Frohock 1 year ago.

I was diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis in 1993, at the age of 55. My rheumatologist started me on methotrexate at that time, with 3x2.5 mg tablets per week. Since that time, I've taken a total of 12,355 mg (I keep track of all the medications I take). Every three months, I have a liver panel and CBC to monitor the effects of methotrexate. I've been chronically anemic all during this time. In April 2006, I started taking Enbrel. Four years later, I suffered congestive heart failure (CHF) and stopped taking Enbrel. Enbrel really kept the arthritic pains down but CHF was thought to have been caused by it. Now I take 7x2.5 mg per week of methotrexate. I was also taking hydrocodone/acetaminophen (Vicodin) starting in 2006, to control pain, but have now stopped owing to the FDA restrictions on dispensing this medicine. My liver function is normal. I have always been able to tolerate methotrexate. Answered by Mica Erling 1 year ago.

Is Methotrexate Safe Answered by Raymond Vanhoutte 1 year ago.

Personally, I would say it isn't very safe. Opiates would be a lot safer. Its a shame how some doctors are so afraid of giving people pain killers that they would resort to using these poisons rather than treating your pain. I would ask your doctor to refer you to a pain specialist. Answered by Belkis Tello 1 year ago.

I know methotrexate was a death sentence for me. I told my doctor cancer ran in my family big time. 6 months later I had nodules on my lungs, ild, ctd, and cancer. I don t even trust my doctors now because I can t get a straight answer Answered by Nila Hersch 1 year ago.


What is the major of chemotherapy agents in anti-cancer drugs ?
Asked by Gia Nemeth 1 year ago.

There are many different chemotherapy agents. Different drugs work for different cancers, and they are frequently used in combination. You need to be more specific. Here is a list of chemo drugs: 13-cis-Retinoic Acid 2-CdA 2-Chlorodeoxyadenosine 5-Fluorouracil 5-FU 6-Mercaptopurine 6-MP 6-TG 6-Thioguanine Abraxane Accutane ® Actinomycin-D Adriamycin ® Adrucil ® Agrylin ® Ala-Cort ® Aldesleukin Alemtuzumab ALIMTA Alitretinoin Alkaban-AQ ® Alkeran ® All-transretinoic acid Alpha interferon Altretamine Amethopterin Amifostine Aminoglutethimide Anagrelide Anandron ® Anastrozole Arabinosylcytosine Ara-C Aranesp ® Aredia ® Arimidex ® Aromasin ® Arranon ® Arsenic trioxide Asparaginase ATRA Avastin ® Azacitidine BCG BCNU Bevacizumab Bexarotene BEXXAR ® Bicalutamide BiCNU Blenoxane ® Bleomycin Bortezomib Busulfan Busulfex ® C225 Calcium Leucovorin Campath ® Camptosar ® Camptothecin-11 Capecitabine Carac ™ Carboplatin Carmustine Carmustine wafer Casodex ® CC-5013 CCNU CDDP CeeNU Cerubidine ® Cetuximab Chlorambucil Cisplatin Citrovorum Factor Cladribine Cortisone Cosmegen ® CPT-11 Cyclophosphamide Cytadren ® Cytarabine Cytarabine liposomal Cytosar-U ® Cytoxan ® Dacarbazine Dacogen Dactinomycin Darbepoetin alfa Daunomycin Daunorubicin Daunorubicin hydrochloride Daunorubicin liposomal DaunoXome ® Decadron Decitabine Delta-Cortef ® Deltasone ® Denileukin diftitox DepoCyt ™ Dexamethasone Dexamethasone acetate Dexamethasone Sodium Phosphate Dexasone Dexrazoxane DHAD DIC Diodex Docetaxel Doxil ® Doxorubicin Doxorubicin liposomal Droxia ™ DTIC DTIC-Dome ® Duralone ® Efudex ® Eligard ™ Ellence ™ Eloxatin ™ Elspar ® Emcyt ® Epirubicin Epoetin alfa Erbitux ™ Erlotinib Erwinia L-asparaginase Estramustine Ethyol Etopophos ® Etoposide Etoposide Phosphate Eulexin ® Evista ® Exemestane Fareston ® Faslodex ® Femara ® Filgrastim Floxuridine Fludara ® Fludarabine Fluoroplex ® Fluorouracil Fluorouracil (cream) Fluoxymesterone Flutamide Folinic Acid FUDR ® Fulvestrant G-CSF Gefitinib Gemcitabine Gemtuzumab ozogamicin Gemzar ® GleevecTM Gliadel wafer (t) GM-CSF Goserelin granulocyte - colony stimulating factor (t) Granulocyte macrophage colony stimulating factor (o) Halotestin (t) Herceptin (t) Hexadrol (t) Hexalen (t) Hexamethylmelamine (t) HMM (t) Hycamtin (t) Hydrea (t) Hydrocort Acetate (t) Hydrocortisone Hydrocortisone sodium phosphate Hydrocortisone sodium succinate Hydrocortone phosphate (t) Hydroxyurea Ibritumomab Ibritumomab Tiuxetan Idamycin ® Idarubicin Ifex ® IFN-alpha Ifosfamide IL-11 IL-2 Imatinib mesylate Imidazole Carboxamide Interferon alfa Interferon Alfa-2b (PEG conjugate) (o) Interleukin - 2 (t) Interleukin-11 (o) Intron A® (interferon alfa-2b) Iressa ® Irinotecan Isotretinoin Kidrolase (t) Lanacort (t) L-asparaginase (t) LCR (o) Lenalidomide Letrozole Leucovorin Leukeran (t) Leukine (t) Leuprolide Leurocristine (o) Leustatin (t) Liposomal Ara-C (t) Liquid Pred (t) Lomustine L-PAM (o) L-Sarcolysin (o) Lupron (t) Lupron Depot ® Matulane (t) Maxidex (t) Mechlorethamine Mechlorethamine Hydrochloride Medralone (t) Medrol ® Megace (t) Megestrol Megestrol Acetate (o) Melphalan Mercaptopurine Mesna Mesnex (t) Methotrexate Methotrexate Sodium (o) Methylprednisolone Meticorten (t) Mitomycin Mitomycin-C (o) Mitoxantrone M-Prednisol (t) MTC (o) MTX (o) Mustargen (t) Mustine Mutamycin (t) Myleran (t) Mylocel (t) Mylotarg (t) Navelbine ® Nelarabine Neosar (t) Neulasta (t) Neumega (t) Neupogen ® Nexavar ® Nilandron (t) Nilutamide Nipent ® Nitrogen Mustard (o) Novaldex (t) Novantrone (t) Octreotide Octreotide acetate (o) Oncospar (t) Oncovin (t) Ontak (t) Onxal (t) Oprevelkin Orapred (t) Orasone (t) Oxaliplatin Paclitaxel Paclitaxel Protein-bound Pamidronate Panretin (t) Paraplatin (t) Pediapred (t) PEG Interferon Pegaspargase Pegfilgrastim PEG-INTRON (t) PEG-L-asparaginase PEMETREXED Pentostatin Phenylalanine Mustard (o) Platinol (t) Platinol-AQ (t) Prednisolone Prednisone Prelone (t) Procarbazine PROCRIT ® Proleukin (t) Prolifeprospan 20 with Carmustine implant (t) Purinethol ® Raloxifene Revlimid ® Rheumatrex (t) Rituxan (t) Rituximab Roferon-A® (interferon alfa-2a) Rubex (t) Rubidomycin hydrochloride (t) Sandostatin ® Sandostatin LAR (t) Sargramostim Solu-Cortef (t) Solu-Medrol (t) Sorafenib STI-571 Streptozocin SU11248 Sunitinib Sutent ® Tamoxifen Tarceva ® Targretin (t) Taxol ® Taxotere ® Temodar ® Temozolomide Teniposide TESPA (o) Thalidomide Thalomid ® TheraCys (t) Thioguanine Thioguanine Tabloid ® Thiophosphoamide (o) Thioplex (t) Thiotepa TICE ® Toposar (t) Topotecan Toremifene Tositumomab Trastuzumab Tretinoin Trexall (t) Trisenox (t) TSPA (o) VCR (o) Velban (t) Velcade ® VePesid (t) Vesanoid (t) Viadur (t) Vidaza (t) Vinblastine Vinblastine Sulfate (o) Vincasar Pfs (t) Vincristine Vinorelbine Vinorelbine tartrate (o) VLB (o) VM-26 (o) VP-16 (t) Vumon (t) Xeloda ® Zanosar (t) Zevalin TM Zinecard (t) Zoladex ® Zoledronic acid Zometa ® See? There's a lot of them. Answered by Dorian Jean 1 year ago.

antineoplastics, monoclonal antibodies, Answered by Aliza Ade 1 year ago.

Please see the webpages for more details on Chemotherapy. Answered by Eilene Setias 1 year ago.


Can you list antidotes to the ff substances/drugs?
Anti cholinesterase (cholinergics) Cyanide Narcotics/opioid overdose Thrombolytics Iron Acetaminophen Anti depressants Methotrexate Digoxin Benzodiazepines Lead Warfarin Heparin Asked by Joe Shillingburg 1 year ago.

I believe yahoo answers should be the last resort a responsible student must consider in answering questions like this. Anyway, PEACE.... Anti cholinesterase (cholinergics) - atropine Cyanide - sodium thiosulfate Narcotics/opioid overdose - naloxone (Narcan) Thrombolytics - aminocaproic acid (Amicar) Iron - deferoxamine Acetaminophen - acetylcystein Anti depressants - phentolamine Methotrexate - leucovorin Digoxin - Digibind Benzodiazepines - flumenazil Lead - calcium EDTA Warfarin - vit. K Heparin - protamine sulfate Answered by Milo Carmer 1 year ago.


Can someone that has had chemotherapy for colon cancer (maybe stage 3) help me...?
Someone very dear to me has just had a foot of their colon removed with a large tumor and 15 of 18 of the surrounding lymphs showed positive for cancer from the pathology report, now the suggested treatment is 6 months of chemo, 3 days in a row (port surgically implanted) every other week. I have no idea what... Asked by Toshia Demedeiros 1 year ago.

Someone very dear to me has just had a foot of their colon removed with a large tumor and 15 of 18 of the surrounding lymphs showed positive for cancer from the pathology report, now the suggested treatment is 6 months of chemo, 3 days in a row (port surgically implanted) every other week. I have no idea what other kinds of treatments there are, i am just so worried about this regiment, and how hard it is going to be, has anyone gone through this that can help me? I want to know more about the subject so that i can help my loved one through this and help make sure this is the right decision on the chemo. Does chemo make you extremely ill? ANY insight will be much appreciated.... Answered by Ahmed Mcsweeney 1 year ago.

I just finished chemo for stage 3 colon cancer at the end of April, and I was lucky. I never got sick, and my oncologist said there wasn't any reason anybody should with all the anti-nausea medicines that are available now. I got two different types of anti-nausea medicines during chemo, and they gave me pills to take in case I needed them for the few days after treatment (I never did). The chemo will consist of 3 different medications: oxaliplatin, leucovorin, and 5-FU (Flouracil). 5-FU has been in use since the 1950's, and has a very good success rate. Leucovorin is a vitamin that helps the 5-FU work better, and oxaliplatin (Eloxatin) is a newer drug. The chemo usually takes about 4-6 hours. She should be given at least two anti-nausea medicines during treatment. I received an anti-nausea medicine first, then a second one at the same time as the Leucovorin and oxaliplatin, then the 5-FU, then calcium and potassium, which also helped prevent nausea. The worst symptom I had from the chemo was my hands hurt if they got cold, even from drinking cold drinks (many people wear cotton gloves when they have to do things like open the refrigerator). Other people also get mouth sores, but they can give you a medicine to gargle with, or you can just use salt water. You can lose you hair on rare occasions, but it only happens in about 5% of cases, and about 25% of people have thinning hair. Mine started thinning at the very end, but only because it stopped growing, and wasn't replacing itself. Make sure your friend goes to a good cancer center. I went to the Simon Cancer Center in Indianapolis, which is one of the best (Lance Armstrong went there when he had prostate cancer, even though he lives nowhere near Indy). If you go there, I would strongly recommend my oncologist, Dr. Paul Helft. He is an ethicist, which means he believes in including the patient and his family in every stage of treatment. He spent 3 hours with me and my family the first meeting, and met with me before every treatment, which my cousin, an oncology nurse, said was unheard of. Good luck to you and your friend. Answered by Jess Panone 1 year ago.

Chemo affects cells that multiply rapidly: cancer cells and cells that are lining your stomach. So that is why chemo patients often have a lack of appetite and feel like throwing up. Chemo makes the person very fatigued, lose their hair, and have altered taste buds. The best way to help get through chemo and help your dear friend is to STAY/ BE POSITIVE, be helpful by helping them with things (only if they want...some are very sensitive to the fact that they have chemo and actually need help...depends on the person, so just be careful and sensitive), and making sure that they eat and get proper nutrition, and that they take their medication on time and as prescribed. Also allowing them to talk out their problems. I don't recommend being sad along with them. Just be attentive and let them spill their guts. Also try to provide hope, and a positive atmosphere as much as you can. Thanks Answered by Leona Hickson 1 year ago.

Chemo is important in the treatment of colon cancer. I think it is called F4. It doesn't usually cause nasea or hair loss. Without it the cancer will run riot. It will cause fatigue. Just go with it. Cancer treatments can save lives. Answered by Lisette Vevea 1 year ago.

People react differently to chemo and a lot depends on what drugs they are on. Yes it can make you very ill, but so does cancer. If you really want to help them make the right decision then you really should be with them when this is discussed with their oncologist. Answered by Miki Crowin 1 year ago.


Cancer of the pancrous?
Asked by Emilee Snedeker 1 year ago.

The pancreas is a gland, which is located in the back of the abdomen, lying almost on the spine. It produces Insulin, the hormone that controls the blood sugar, as well as many enzymes that are needed for digestion of food. Cancer of pancreas is now the fourth most common cause of cancer-related death in United States. The 5-year relative survival rate of patients with this cancer is only 3 to 5%. Roughly 28,000 new cases are diagnosed each year in the United States. This type of cancer is found most frequently in men and African-Americans. The average age at the time of diagnosis being 65 years. Unfortunately, most patients are diagnosed in advanced stages when cure is not possible. Cause: The actual cause of pancreas cancer is unknown. However, some environmental factors, especially cigarette smoking, play a role in the development of this cancer. Signs and symptoms: Cancer of the pancreas can grow for a long time without causing any problems. Most patients are diagnosed in advanced stages and present with any of the following signs: Abdominal pain Weight loss Nausea, vomiting Jaundice, as a result of obstruction of bile ducts Anemia Back pain due to invasion of nerves Diagnosis: When suspected, CT scan or Ultrasound examination of the abdomen may establish the diagnosis. A Fine needle aspiration of the pancreas may confirm the existence of the cancer. This cancer can also be detected by an endoscopy-assisted study of the pancreas, which allows taking a biopsy at the same time. Staging: Endoscopic ultrasound is a very sensitive study that should be done to determine the depth of invasion of the cancer into the tissues around the pancreas, as well as evaluation of the local lymph glands. CT scan of abdomen, as well as bone scans, may have to be done to complete the staging workup Treatment: Surgery: Management of this disease relies on surgery in an attempt to remove most or all of the Pancreas and to reconstruct the continuity of the bowels. This is a rather difficult procedure and carries a very high risk, even in the best hands. Indications for surgery are limited to younger patients with very small size tumors. Chemotherapy: Is appropriate for patients in whom the disease is not cured with surgery. Gemcitabine, VP-16, Cisplatinum, Mitomycin, Taxol, Taxotere, 5-FU and Leucovorin are among the most commonly used drugs for Pancreas cancer. These drugs are used in combination and can have moderate to severe toxic effects. A newer drug that has now become available is Radiation: For the most part, it is used to control the symptoms of the advanced disease. Radiation at the time of surgery, referred to as intra-operative radiation, has not proven to be more effective than external radiation, which can also be combined with chemotherapy. Pattern of Spread: If left untreated, or if it fails to respond to treatment, Pancreas cancer can spread to the liver, lymph glands in the abdomen, lungs and almost anywhere else. Prognosis: In most Americans, this cancer carries a very poor prognosis, which is due to the advanced stage of the illness at the time of diagnosis, and in such cases, survival is short. The disease can be cured only if it is caught very early. Special Situations Patients with advanced pancreas cancer may develop any of the following complications. Pleural effusion Bone metastasis Paraneoplastic syndromes High calcium level Blood clots in the legs and other organs Pain: Most patients with this cancer experience substantial pain, which can be debilitating. Control of pain is central to care of patients with this illness. Neurolytic Celiac Plexus Block can control the pain in great majority of such patients. Survival: Survival of patients with this cancer depends on the type and extent of the cancer at the time of initial diagnosis. One-third of patients with early stages may be cured with surgery alone. In the majority of patients in whom cure is not possible, survival could vary from months to years, depending on the extent of cancer, overall condition of the patient, as well as response to treatment and duration of the response Follow-up After completion of treatment, and in any combination that might have taken place, the patient needs to remain under surveillance for the possibility of recurrence of cancer. Follow-up should be scheduled on a regular basis (initially every one to three months for one to two years). The frequency of follow-up will depend on the condition of the patient and his disease. In each follow-up visit, the patient is examined and, normally, a CT scan of the abdomen is obtained at intervals. Treatment of advanced or recurrent disease will depend on the stage and extent of the recurring disease. Most patients are then treated with chemotherapy using the same agents mentioned above. Radiation therapy may be helpful in managing painful or symptomatic areas to which the cancer has spread. If patients experience pain, different pain medications may be used to alleviate the pain. For patients with advanced disease, where most treatments have failed, one could consider assistance from hospice. Answered by Kum Kryston 1 year ago.


The order is for Leucovorin 20mg by mouth 6 hours after administration of the cancer drug methotrexate to prev?
The order is for Leucovorin 20mg by mouth 6 hours after administration of the cancer drug methotrexate to prevent toxicity. The child weights 70lb today and is 4ft 2in tall. The safe dose for this medication is 10mg/m2 . On hand you have 5mg Leucovorin Calcium tablets. If safe, how many tablets will you give? Asked by Shantel Yamanoha 1 year ago.

You can use the Du Bois formula for body surface area (BSA): W = Weight and H = Height BSA = 0.007184 x W^0.425 x H^0.725 W = 70lb x 0.453 = 31.7 kg H = 50" x 2.54 = 127 cm BSA = 0.007184 x 31.7^0.425 x 127^0.725 BSA = 0.007184 x 4.34 x 33.51 BSA = 1.04 (~ 1.0) Alternatively, the pediatric formula can be used: [4Wkg+7]/[90+Wkg] [(4 x 31.7) + 7]/[90 + 31.7] 133.8/121.7 = 1.1 So, we'll say for argument's sake that the child's BSA is 1.0 m^2 The safe dose is 10 mg/m^2. Therefore, the dose to give the child is 10 mg. You have 5mg tablets, so the child will get 2 tablets. Answered by Shaunte Liceaga 1 year ago.

I don't forget myself 2 be verbally endowed, and attempt 2 apply so much 4thought 2 what comes out of my mouth prior 2 itz doing so. For this reason that occurs lovely rattling sometimes! Timothy :o) Answered by Nella Wirch 1 year ago.


Can toxoplasma b cured.. ?
i had abortion few mnths ago... test report showd toxoplasma positive... I had been tkin medicine fr 6 mnths bt still its positive.. Doc askd me to cntinu 4 mnths mor...I hv no child til nw... Is there ny1 who had been suffrd by this disease..??M tkin rovamycin forte... 21 days 2 tyms per day den 15 days gap... Asked by Corina Matchette 1 year ago.

i had abortion few mnths ago... test report showd toxoplasma positive... I had been tkin medicine fr 6 mnths bt still its positive.. Doc askd me to cntinu 4 mnths mor... I hv no child til nw... Is there ny1 who had been suffrd by this disease..?? M tkin rovamycin forte... 21 days 2 tyms per day den 15 days gap then again 21 days nd again 15 days gap nd so on.... lyk dis i had cmpletd 6 tyms nd its still positiv nd goin to cntinu 4 mnths mor... Answered by Tarah Ivie 1 year ago.

Toxoplasmosis can be treated (not completely) with combinations of pyrimethamine with either trisulfapyrimidines or sulfadiazine, plus folinic acid in the form of leucovorin calcium to protect the bone marrow from the toxic effects of pyrimethamine. If this treatment causes hypersensitivity reaction, then pyrimethamine and clindamycin can be used instead. If these drugs are not available, then a combination of sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim can be used. Pregnant women and babies can be treated but Toxoplasma gondii cannot be eliminated completely. The parasites can remain within tissue cells in a less active stage (cyst) in locations difficult for the medication to get to. A drug called spiramycin is recommended during the first four months whereas sulfadizaine/pyrimethamine and folinic acid for women that have been pregnant for more than four months. PCR (a method to discover parasite DNA) is often performed on the amniotic fluid to find out if the infant is infected. If the infant is likely to be infected, then treatment is done with drugs such as sulfadizaine, pyrimethamine and folinic acid. Congenitally infected babies are treated with sulfonamide and pyrimethamine. Treatment for persons with ocular disease depends on the size of the eye lesion, the characteristics (acute or chronic) and the location of the lesion. Persons with compromised immune systems (such as AIDS patients) need to be treated until their health improves significantly. Answered by Shavonne Yzquierdo 1 year ago.


How safe is methotrexate for rheumatoid arthritis?
Asked by Celina Chaudhry 1 year ago.

Hi, I also take methotrexate for RA and I've been taking it for a little longer than a year now. I know when I first starting taking it, it would upset my stomach and sometimes throw up. I also got blister on my tongue. And i only started with 3 pills once a week because I have low white blood cells and Methotrexate lowers your blood count. But after a few months my body got used to it and my doctor gave me Folic Acid to help with my blood count and other side effects as well as Leucovorin Calcium. Now I'm up to 5 pills of Methotrexate and I take blood test every month to monitor my blood cells. I did have pain in every joint even my jaw but after taking this drug, i was able to move again and be myself. I'm doing very well and I even take care of my 3 year old daughter by myself but it does get hard because of all the fatigue and lack of energy. But overall I haven't experienced anything too bad from this drug and it helps me be normal as well as being able to take care of my daughter. :) But everyone is different and their bodies or condition may not be the same so its really up to you if you want to try it. I think if you do start it, maybe you should start with a few pills and see how your body reacts to it. I hope this helps you and I know how u feel but I needed to live my life and raise my kid so I just to took it :) Answered by Theron Earle 1 year ago.

Hi.Well,I'm going to take a guess and say that your rheumatologist has given you a couple of other immune suppressant medications,and they didn't show much if any improvement(remission is the goal) in your RA.So,your rheumatologist has now put you on methotrexate hoping this medication(stronger immune suppressant) will get the results your doctor wants.As for how safe this specific medication is? It's basically the same as any other immune suppressant drug,and it will lower your immune system,which will make you susceptible to several contagious strains of colds,flu,etc.And,also may cause stomach upset,nausea,and ulcers.So,you should also be taking a prescribed(OTC) medication to help prevent any damage to your stomach,and also a calcium and vitamin D supplement as well.I suggest that you speak to your rheumatologist about any/all potential risks associated with this drug,and any other drug/medication you are taking for your RA.It's very important that you and your doctor both are well informed about any/all medication/s your currently taking whether it be prescription or over the counter(OTC).You should use caution when taking opiate pain killers for RA.Most times opiates don't offer much pain relief for RA,and can be habit forming over a long period of time.Best to take your doctors regime,and advice when it comes to your health.Take care. Answered by Barbara Crail 1 year ago.

Imagine for a moment your arthritis completely vanishing right now. If, in a moment, your pain and stiffness melted away. And your joints all of a sudden functioned like a well-oiled machine. Like a magic wand was waived, you'd be able to jump up from your chair and run around the room like a kid. And imagine that you'd never have to suffer as much as a pinch of arthritis stiffness or pain ever again. I know this sounds impossible right now, but bear with me, because sometimes miracles happen. It was a gift from a woman on the other side of the world. From the kindness of her heart, she took pity on my suffering and taught me how to completely reverse my arthritis. Today, I want to do the same for you! Answered by Dion Pothier 1 year ago.

Minocycline has been great for me for 16 years, no side effects to speak of. But now suddenly I am very sick with pericarditis, an inflammation around the sac of the heart. And tetracyclines can cause this, So I am grieving that my wonderful minocycline may have led to this, and have no idea what to switch to, and don t want to switch to anything. I am thinking plaquanil again, I was on it for many years with no ill effects. All the biologics say leukemia and lymphoma as side effects, so no way would I ever try them. I have had this since age 24 and will be 60 in 2015. so have had it for 35 years. Take the least dangerous ones, to live a long life with RA. Answered by Dayle Abaya 1 year ago.

I was diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis in 1993, at the age of 55. My rheumatologist started me on methotrexate at that time, with 3x2.5 mg tablets per week. Since that time, I've taken a total of 12,355 mg (I keep track of all the medications I take). Every three months, I have a liver panel and CBC to monitor the effects of methotrexate. I've been chronically anemic all during this time. In April 2006, I started taking Enbrel. Four years later, I suffered congestive heart failure (CHF) and stopped taking Enbrel. Enbrel really kept the arthritic pains down but CHF was thought to have been caused by it. Now I take 7x2.5 mg per week of methotrexate. I was also taking hydrocodone/acetaminophen (Vicodin) starting in 2006, to control pain, but have now stopped owing to the FDA restrictions on dispensing this medicine. My liver function is normal. I have always been able to tolerate methotrexate. Answered by Sau Stacy 1 year ago.

Is Methotrexate Safe Answered by Lizabeth Marcinkiewicz 1 year ago.

Personally, I would say it isn't very safe. Opiates would be a lot safer. Its a shame how some doctors are so afraid of giving people pain killers that they would resort to using these poisons rather than treating your pain. I would ask your doctor to refer you to a pain specialist. Answered by Charles Holdcraft 1 year ago.

I know methotrexate was a death sentence for me. I told my doctor cancer ran in my family big time. 6 months later I had nodules on my lungs, ild, ctd, and cancer. I don t even trust my doctors now because I can t get a straight answer Answered by Ezra Froneberger 1 year ago.


What is the major of chemotherapy agents in anti-cancer drugs ?
Asked by Jovan Mcelduff 1 year ago.

There are many different chemotherapy agents. Different drugs work for different cancers, and they are frequently used in combination. You need to be more specific. Here is a list of chemo drugs: 13-cis-Retinoic Acid 2-CdA 2-Chlorodeoxyadenosine 5-Fluorouracil 5-FU 6-Mercaptopurine 6-MP 6-TG 6-Thioguanine Abraxane Accutane ® Actinomycin-D Adriamycin ® Adrucil ® Agrylin ® Ala-Cort ® Aldesleukin Alemtuzumab ALIMTA Alitretinoin Alkaban-AQ ® Alkeran ® All-transretinoic acid Alpha interferon Altretamine Amethopterin Amifostine Aminoglutethimide Anagrelide Anandron ® Anastrozole Arabinosylcytosine Ara-C Aranesp ® Aredia ® Arimidex ® Aromasin ® Arranon ® Arsenic trioxide Asparaginase ATRA Avastin ® Azacitidine BCG BCNU Bevacizumab Bexarotene BEXXAR ® Bicalutamide BiCNU Blenoxane ® Bleomycin Bortezomib Busulfan Busulfex ® C225 Calcium Leucovorin Campath ® Camptosar ® Camptothecin-11 Capecitabine Carac ™ Carboplatin Carmustine Carmustine wafer Casodex ® CC-5013 CCNU CDDP CeeNU Cerubidine ® Cetuximab Chlorambucil Cisplatin Citrovorum Factor Cladribine Cortisone Cosmegen ® CPT-11 Cyclophosphamide Cytadren ® Cytarabine Cytarabine liposomal Cytosar-U ® Cytoxan ® Dacarbazine Dacogen Dactinomycin Darbepoetin alfa Daunomycin Daunorubicin Daunorubicin hydrochloride Daunorubicin liposomal DaunoXome ® Decadron Decitabine Delta-Cortef ® Deltasone ® Denileukin diftitox DepoCyt ™ Dexamethasone Dexamethasone acetate Dexamethasone Sodium Phosphate Dexasone Dexrazoxane DHAD DIC Diodex Docetaxel Doxil ® Doxorubicin Doxorubicin liposomal Droxia ™ DTIC DTIC-Dome ® Duralone ® Efudex ® Eligard ™ Ellence ™ Eloxatin ™ Elspar ® Emcyt ® Epirubicin Epoetin alfa Erbitux ™ Erlotinib Erwinia L-asparaginase Estramustine Ethyol Etopophos ® Etoposide Etoposide Phosphate Eulexin ® Evista ® Exemestane Fareston ® Faslodex ® Femara ® Filgrastim Floxuridine Fludara ® Fludarabine Fluoroplex ® Fluorouracil Fluorouracil (cream) Fluoxymesterone Flutamide Folinic Acid FUDR ® Fulvestrant G-CSF Gefitinib Gemcitabine Gemtuzumab ozogamicin Gemzar ® GleevecTM Gliadel wafer (t) GM-CSF Goserelin granulocyte - colony stimulating factor (t) Granulocyte macrophage colony stimulating factor (o) Halotestin (t) Herceptin (t) Hexadrol (t) Hexalen (t) Hexamethylmelamine (t) HMM (t) Hycamtin (t) Hydrea (t) Hydrocort Acetate (t) Hydrocortisone Hydrocortisone sodium phosphate Hydrocortisone sodium succinate Hydrocortone phosphate (t) Hydroxyurea Ibritumomab Ibritumomab Tiuxetan Idamycin ® Idarubicin Ifex ® IFN-alpha Ifosfamide IL-11 IL-2 Imatinib mesylate Imidazole Carboxamide Interferon alfa Interferon Alfa-2b (PEG conjugate) (o) Interleukin - 2 (t) Interleukin-11 (o) Intron A® (interferon alfa-2b) Iressa ® Irinotecan Isotretinoin Kidrolase (t) Lanacort (t) L-asparaginase (t) LCR (o) Lenalidomide Letrozole Leucovorin Leukeran (t) Leukine (t) Leuprolide Leurocristine (o) Leustatin (t) Liposomal Ara-C (t) Liquid Pred (t) Lomustine L-PAM (o) L-Sarcolysin (o) Lupron (t) Lupron Depot ® Matulane (t) Maxidex (t) Mechlorethamine Mechlorethamine Hydrochloride Medralone (t) Medrol ® Megace (t) Megestrol Megestrol Acetate (o) Melphalan Mercaptopurine Mesna Mesnex (t) Methotrexate Methotrexate Sodium (o) Methylprednisolone Meticorten (t) Mitomycin Mitomycin-C (o) Mitoxantrone M-Prednisol (t) MTC (o) MTX (o) Mustargen (t) Mustine Mutamycin (t) Myleran (t) Mylocel (t) Mylotarg (t) Navelbine ® Nelarabine Neosar (t) Neulasta (t) Neumega (t) Neupogen ® Nexavar ® Nilandron (t) Nilutamide Nipent ® Nitrogen Mustard (o) Novaldex (t) Novantrone (t) Octreotide Octreotide acetate (o) Oncospar (t) Oncovin (t) Ontak (t) Onxal (t) Oprevelkin Orapred (t) Orasone (t) Oxaliplatin Paclitaxel Paclitaxel Protein-bound Pamidronate Panretin (t) Paraplatin (t) Pediapred (t) PEG Interferon Pegaspargase Pegfilgrastim PEG-INTRON (t) PEG-L-asparaginase PEMETREXED Pentostatin Phenylalanine Mustard (o) Platinol (t) Platinol-AQ (t) Prednisolone Prednisone Prelone (t) Procarbazine PROCRIT ® Proleukin (t) Prolifeprospan 20 with Carmustine implant (t) Purinethol ® Raloxifene Revlimid ® Rheumatrex (t) Rituxan (t) Rituximab Roferon-A® (interferon alfa-2a) Rubex (t) Rubidomycin hydrochloride (t) Sandostatin ® Sandostatin LAR (t) Sargramostim Solu-Cortef (t) Solu-Medrol (t) Sorafenib STI-571 Streptozocin SU11248 Sunitinib Sutent ® Tamoxifen Tarceva ® Targretin (t) Taxol ® Taxotere ® Temodar ® Temozolomide Teniposide TESPA (o) Thalidomide Thalomid ® TheraCys (t) Thioguanine Thioguanine Tabloid ® Thiophosphoamide (o) Thioplex (t) Thiotepa TICE ® Toposar (t) Topotecan Toremifene Tositumomab Trastuzumab Tretinoin Trexall (t) Trisenox (t) TSPA (o) VCR (o) Velban (t) Velcade ® VePesid (t) Vesanoid (t) Viadur (t) Vidaza (t) Vinblastine Vinblastine Sulfate (o) Vincasar Pfs (t) Vincristine Vinorelbine Vinorelbine tartrate (o) VLB (o) VM-26 (o) VP-16 (t) Vumon (t) Xeloda ® Zanosar (t) Zevalin TM Zinecard (t) Zoladex ® Zoledronic acid Zometa ® See? There's a lot of them. Answered by Hazel Goudeau 1 year ago.

antineoplastics, monoclonal antibodies, Answered by Lashawna Ellis 1 year ago.

Please see the webpages for more details on Chemotherapy. Answered by Tamar Golebiowski 1 year ago.


Can you list antidotes to the ff substances/drugs?
Anti cholinesterase (cholinergics) Cyanide Narcotics/opioid overdose Thrombolytics Iron Acetaminophen Anti depressants Methotrexate Digoxin Benzodiazepines Lead Warfarin Heparin Asked by Jamison Muncie 1 year ago.

I believe yahoo answers should be the last resort a responsible student must consider in answering questions like this. Anyway, PEACE.... Anti cholinesterase (cholinergics) - atropine Cyanide - sodium thiosulfate Narcotics/opioid overdose - naloxone (Narcan) Thrombolytics - aminocaproic acid (Amicar) Iron - deferoxamine Acetaminophen - acetylcystein Anti depressants - phentolamine Methotrexate - leucovorin Digoxin - Digibind Benzodiazepines - flumenazil Lead - calcium EDTA Warfarin - vit. K Heparin - protamine sulfate Answered by Krystyna Schurkamp 1 year ago.


Can someone that has had chemotherapy for colon cancer (maybe stage 3) help me...?
Someone very dear to me has just had a foot of their colon removed with a large tumor and 15 of 18 of the surrounding lymphs showed positive for cancer from the pathology report, now the suggested treatment is 6 months of chemo, 3 days in a row (port surgically implanted) every other week. I have no idea what... Asked by Latanya Rasool 1 year ago.

Someone very dear to me has just had a foot of their colon removed with a large tumor and 15 of 18 of the surrounding lymphs showed positive for cancer from the pathology report, now the suggested treatment is 6 months of chemo, 3 days in a row (port surgically implanted) every other week. I have no idea what other kinds of treatments there are, i am just so worried about this regiment, and how hard it is going to be, has anyone gone through this that can help me? I want to know more about the subject so that i can help my loved one through this and help make sure this is the right decision on the chemo. Does chemo make you extremely ill? ANY insight will be much appreciated.... Answered by Sebrina Defazio 1 year ago.

I just finished chemo for stage 3 colon cancer at the end of April, and I was lucky. I never got sick, and my oncologist said there wasn't any reason anybody should with all the anti-nausea medicines that are available now. I got two different types of anti-nausea medicines during chemo, and they gave me pills to take in case I needed them for the few days after treatment (I never did). The chemo will consist of 3 different medications: oxaliplatin, leucovorin, and 5-FU (Flouracil). 5-FU has been in use since the 1950's, and has a very good success rate. Leucovorin is a vitamin that helps the 5-FU work better, and oxaliplatin (Eloxatin) is a newer drug. The chemo usually takes about 4-6 hours. She should be given at least two anti-nausea medicines during treatment. I received an anti-nausea medicine first, then a second one at the same time as the Leucovorin and oxaliplatin, then the 5-FU, then calcium and potassium, which also helped prevent nausea. The worst symptom I had from the chemo was my hands hurt if they got cold, even from drinking cold drinks (many people wear cotton gloves when they have to do things like open the refrigerator). Other people also get mouth sores, but they can give you a medicine to gargle with, or you can just use salt water. You can lose you hair on rare occasions, but it only happens in about 5% of cases, and about 25% of people have thinning hair. Mine started thinning at the very end, but only because it stopped growing, and wasn't replacing itself. Make sure your friend goes to a good cancer center. I went to the Simon Cancer Center in Indianapolis, which is one of the best (Lance Armstrong went there when he had prostate cancer, even though he lives nowhere near Indy). If you go there, I would strongly recommend my oncologist, Dr. Paul Helft. He is an ethicist, which means he believes in including the patient and his family in every stage of treatment. He spent 3 hours with me and my family the first meeting, and met with me before every treatment, which my cousin, an oncology nurse, said was unheard of. Good luck to you and your friend. Answered by Debrah Gustus 1 year ago.

Chemo affects cells that multiply rapidly: cancer cells and cells that are lining your stomach. So that is why chemo patients often have a lack of appetite and feel like throwing up. Chemo makes the person very fatigued, lose their hair, and have altered taste buds. The best way to help get through chemo and help your dear friend is to STAY/ BE POSITIVE, be helpful by helping them with things (only if they want...some are very sensitive to the fact that they have chemo and actually need help...depends on the person, so just be careful and sensitive), and making sure that they eat and get proper nutrition, and that they take their medication on time and as prescribed. Also allowing them to talk out their problems. I don't recommend being sad along with them. Just be attentive and let them spill their guts. Also try to provide hope, and a positive atmosphere as much as you can. Thanks Answered by Louetta Panny 1 year ago.

Chemo is important in the treatment of colon cancer. I think it is called F4. It doesn't usually cause nasea or hair loss. Without it the cancer will run riot. It will cause fatigue. Just go with it. Cancer treatments can save lives. Answered by Ilene Shippen 1 year ago.

People react differently to chemo and a lot depends on what drugs they are on. Yes it can make you very ill, but so does cancer. If you really want to help them make the right decision then you really should be with them when this is discussed with their oncologist. Answered by Coletta Cruthird 1 year ago.


Cancer of the pancrous?
Asked by Valene Boni 1 year ago.

The pancreas is a gland, which is located in the back of the abdomen, lying almost on the spine. It produces Insulin, the hormone that controls the blood sugar, as well as many enzymes that are needed for digestion of food. Cancer of pancreas is now the fourth most common cause of cancer-related death in United States. The 5-year relative survival rate of patients with this cancer is only 3 to 5%. Roughly 28,000 new cases are diagnosed each year in the United States. This type of cancer is found most frequently in men and African-Americans. The average age at the time of diagnosis being 65 years. Unfortunately, most patients are diagnosed in advanced stages when cure is not possible. Cause: The actual cause of pancreas cancer is unknown. However, some environmental factors, especially cigarette smoking, play a role in the development of this cancer. Signs and symptoms: Cancer of the pancreas can grow for a long time without causing any problems. Most patients are diagnosed in advanced stages and present with any of the following signs: Abdominal pain Weight loss Nausea, vomiting Jaundice, as a result of obstruction of bile ducts Anemia Back pain due to invasion of nerves Diagnosis: When suspected, CT scan or Ultrasound examination of the abdomen may establish the diagnosis. A Fine needle aspiration of the pancreas may confirm the existence of the cancer. This cancer can also be detected by an endoscopy-assisted study of the pancreas, which allows taking a biopsy at the same time. Staging: Endoscopic ultrasound is a very sensitive study that should be done to determine the depth of invasion of the cancer into the tissues around the pancreas, as well as evaluation of the local lymph glands. CT scan of abdomen, as well as bone scans, may have to be done to complete the staging workup Treatment: Surgery: Management of this disease relies on surgery in an attempt to remove most or all of the Pancreas and to reconstruct the continuity of the bowels. This is a rather difficult procedure and carries a very high risk, even in the best hands. Indications for surgery are limited to younger patients with very small size tumors. Chemotherapy: Is appropriate for patients in whom the disease is not cured with surgery. Gemcitabine, VP-16, Cisplatinum, Mitomycin, Taxol, Taxotere, 5-FU and Leucovorin are among the most commonly used drugs for Pancreas cancer. These drugs are used in combination and can have moderate to severe toxic effects. A newer drug that has now become available is Radiation: For the most part, it is used to control the symptoms of the advanced disease. Radiation at the time of surgery, referred to as intra-operative radiation, has not proven to be more effective than external radiation, which can also be combined with chemotherapy. Pattern of Spread: If left untreated, or if it fails to respond to treatment, Pancreas cancer can spread to the liver, lymph glands in the abdomen, lungs and almost anywhere else. Prognosis: In most Americans, this cancer carries a very poor prognosis, which is due to the advanced stage of the illness at the time of diagnosis, and in such cases, survival is short. The disease can be cured only if it is caught very early. Special Situations Patients with advanced pancreas cancer may develop any of the following complications. Pleural effusion Bone metastasis Paraneoplastic syndromes High calcium level Blood clots in the legs and other organs Pain: Most patients with this cancer experience substantial pain, which can be debilitating. Control of pain is central to care of patients with this illness. Neurolytic Celiac Plexus Block can control the pain in great majority of such patients. Survival: Survival of patients with this cancer depends on the type and extent of the cancer at the time of initial diagnosis. One-third of patients with early stages may be cured with surgery alone. In the majority of patients in whom cure is not possible, survival could vary from months to years, depending on the extent of cancer, overall condition of the patient, as well as response to treatment and duration of the response Follow-up After completion of treatment, and in any combination that might have taken place, the patient needs to remain under surveillance for the possibility of recurrence of cancer. Follow-up should be scheduled on a regular basis (initially every one to three months for one to two years). The frequency of follow-up will depend on the condition of the patient and his disease. In each follow-up visit, the patient is examined and, normally, a CT scan of the abdomen is obtained at intervals. Treatment of advanced or recurrent disease will depend on the stage and extent of the recurring disease. Most patients are then treated with chemotherapy using the same agents mentioned above. Radiation therapy may be helpful in managing painful or symptomatic areas to which the cancer has spread. If patients experience pain, different pain medications may be used to alleviate the pain. For patients with advanced disease, where most treatments have failed, one could consider assistance from hospice. Answered by Charity Mukherjee 1 year ago.


The order is for Leucovorin 20mg by mouth 6 hours after administration of the cancer drug methotrexate to prev?
The order is for Leucovorin 20mg by mouth 6 hours after administration of the cancer drug methotrexate to prevent toxicity. The child weights 70lb today and is 4ft 2in tall. The safe dose for this medication is 10mg/m2 . On hand you have 5mg Leucovorin Calcium tablets. If safe, how many tablets will you give? Asked by Lashell Savala 1 year ago.

You can use the Du Bois formula for body surface area (BSA): W = Weight and H = Height BSA = 0.007184 x W^0.425 x H^0.725 W = 70lb x 0.453 = 31.7 kg H = 50" x 2.54 = 127 cm BSA = 0.007184 x 31.7^0.425 x 127^0.725 BSA = 0.007184 x 4.34 x 33.51 BSA = 1.04 (~ 1.0) Alternatively, the pediatric formula can be used: [4Wkg+7]/[90+Wkg] [(4 x 31.7) + 7]/[90 + 31.7] 133.8/121.7 = 1.1 So, we'll say for argument's sake that the child's BSA is 1.0 m^2 The safe dose is 10 mg/m^2. Therefore, the dose to give the child is 10 mg. You have 5mg tablets, so the child will get 2 tablets. Answered by Iesha Aper 1 year ago.

I don't forget myself 2 be verbally endowed, and attempt 2 apply so much 4thought 2 what comes out of my mouth prior 2 itz doing so. For this reason that occurs lovely rattling sometimes! Timothy :o) Answered by Marianna Lisonbee 1 year ago.


Can toxoplasma b cured.. ?
i had abortion few mnths ago... test report showd toxoplasma positive... I had been tkin medicine fr 6 mnths bt still its positive.. Doc askd me to cntinu 4 mnths mor...I hv no child til nw... Is there ny1 who had been suffrd by this disease..??M tkin rovamycin forte... 21 days 2 tyms per day den 15 days gap... Asked by Simonne Marro 1 year ago.

i had abortion few mnths ago... test report showd toxoplasma positive... I had been tkin medicine fr 6 mnths bt still its positive.. Doc askd me to cntinu 4 mnths mor... I hv no child til nw... Is there ny1 who had been suffrd by this disease..?? M tkin rovamycin forte... 21 days 2 tyms per day den 15 days gap then again 21 days nd again 15 days gap nd so on.... lyk dis i had cmpletd 6 tyms nd its still positiv nd goin to cntinu 4 mnths mor... Answered by Scott Dipietro 1 year ago.

Toxoplasmosis can be treated (not completely) with combinations of pyrimethamine with either trisulfapyrimidines or sulfadiazine, plus folinic acid in the form of leucovorin calcium to protect the bone marrow from the toxic effects of pyrimethamine. If this treatment causes hypersensitivity reaction, then pyrimethamine and clindamycin can be used instead. If these drugs are not available, then a combination of sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim can be used. Pregnant women and babies can be treated but Toxoplasma gondii cannot be eliminated completely. The parasites can remain within tissue cells in a less active stage (cyst) in locations difficult for the medication to get to. A drug called spiramycin is recommended during the first four months whereas sulfadizaine/pyrimethamine and folinic acid for women that have been pregnant for more than four months. PCR (a method to discover parasite DNA) is often performed on the amniotic fluid to find out if the infant is infected. If the infant is likely to be infected, then treatment is done with drugs such as sulfadizaine, pyrimethamine and folinic acid. Congenitally infected babies are treated with sulfonamide and pyrimethamine. Treatment for persons with ocular disease depends on the size of the eye lesion, the characteristics (acute or chronic) and the location of the lesion. Persons with compromised immune systems (such as AIDS patients) need to be treated until their health improves significantly. Answered by Lorene Rokisky 1 year ago.


How safe is methotrexate for rheumatoid arthritis?
Asked by Kali Forker 1 year ago.

Hi, I also take methotrexate for RA and I've been taking it for a little longer than a year now. I know when I first starting taking it, it would upset my stomach and sometimes throw up. I also got blister on my tongue. And i only started with 3 pills once a week because I have low white blood cells and Methotrexate lowers your blood count. But after a few months my body got used to it and my doctor gave me Folic Acid to help with my blood count and other side effects as well as Leucovorin Calcium. Now I'm up to 5 pills of Methotrexate and I take blood test every month to monitor my blood cells. I did have pain in every joint even my jaw but after taking this drug, i was able to move again and be myself. I'm doing very well and I even take care of my 3 year old daughter by myself but it does get hard because of all the fatigue and lack of energy. But overall I haven't experienced anything too bad from this drug and it helps me be normal as well as being able to take care of my daughter. :) But everyone is different and their bodies or condition may not be the same so its really up to you if you want to try it. I think if you do start it, maybe you should start with a few pills and see how your body reacts to it. I hope this helps you and I know how u feel but I needed to live my life and raise my kid so I just to took it :) Answered by Jaymie Schaeffler 1 year ago.

Hi.Well,I'm going to take a guess and say that your rheumatologist has given you a couple of other immune suppressant medications,and they didn't show much if any improvement(remission is the goal) in your RA.So,your rheumatologist has now put you on methotrexate hoping this medication(stronger immune suppressant) will get the results your doctor wants.As for how safe this specific medication is? It's basically the same as any other immune suppressant drug,and it will lower your immune system,which will make you susceptible to several contagious strains of colds,flu,etc.And,also may cause stomach upset,nausea,and ulcers.So,you should also be taking a prescribed(OTC) medication to help prevent any damage to your stomach,and also a calcium and vitamin D supplement as well.I suggest that you speak to your rheumatologist about any/all potential risks associated with this drug,and any other drug/medication you are taking for your RA.It's very important that you and your doctor both are well informed about any/all medication/s your currently taking whether it be prescription or over the counter(OTC).You should use caution when taking opiate pain killers for RA.Most times opiates don't offer much pain relief for RA,and can be habit forming over a long period of time.Best to take your doctors regime,and advice when it comes to your health.Take care. Answered by Kayla Bartley 1 year ago.

Imagine for a moment your arthritis completely vanishing right now. If, in a moment, your pain and stiffness melted away. And your joints all of a sudden functioned like a well-oiled machine. Like a magic wand was waived, you'd be able to jump up from your chair and run around the room like a kid. And imagine that you'd never have to suffer as much as a pinch of arthritis stiffness or pain ever again. I know this sounds impossible right now, but bear with me, because sometimes miracles happen. It was a gift from a woman on the other side of the world. From the kindness of her heart, she took pity on my suffering and taught me how to completely reverse my arthritis. Today, I want to do the same for you! Answered by Migdalia Lorentz 1 year ago.

Minocycline has been great for me for 16 years, no side effects to speak of. But now suddenly I am very sick with pericarditis, an inflammation around the sac of the heart. And tetracyclines can cause this, So I am grieving that my wonderful minocycline may have led to this, and have no idea what to switch to, and don t want to switch to anything. I am thinking plaquanil again, I was on it for many years with no ill effects. All the biologics say leukemia and lymphoma as side effects, so no way would I ever try them. I have had this since age 24 and will be 60 in 2015. so have had it for 35 years. Take the least dangerous ones, to live a long life with RA. Answered by Luciana Gahl 1 year ago.

I was diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis in 1993, at the age of 55. My rheumatologist started me on methotrexate at that time, with 3x2.5 mg tablets per week. Since that time, I've taken a total of 12,355 mg (I keep track of all the medications I take). Every three months, I have a liver panel and CBC to monitor the effects of methotrexate. I've been chronically anemic all during this time. In April 2006, I started taking Enbrel. Four years later, I suffered congestive heart failure (CHF) and stopped taking Enbrel. Enbrel really kept the arthritic pains down but CHF was thought to have been caused by it. Now I take 7x2.5 mg per week of methotrexate. I was also taking hydrocodone/acetaminophen (Vicodin) starting in 2006, to control pain, but have now stopped owing to the FDA restrictions on dispensing this medicine. My liver function is normal. I have always been able to tolerate methotrexate. Answered by Hiroko Plikerd 1 year ago.

Is Methotrexate Safe Answered by Nicolle Goldkamp 1 year ago.

Personally, I would say it isn't very safe. Opiates would be a lot safer. Its a shame how some doctors are so afraid of giving people pain killers that they would resort to using these poisons rather than treating your pain. I would ask your doctor to refer you to a pain specialist. Answered by Lucie Swonke 1 year ago.

I know methotrexate was a death sentence for me. I told my doctor cancer ran in my family big time. 6 months later I had nodules on my lungs, ild, ctd, and cancer. I don t even trust my doctors now because I can t get a straight answer Answered by Carley Porter 1 year ago.


What is the major of chemotherapy agents in anti-cancer drugs ?
Asked by Roy Saeler 1 year ago.

There are many different chemotherapy agents. Different drugs work for different cancers, and they are frequently used in combination. You need to be more specific. Here is a list of chemo drugs: 13-cis-Retinoic Acid 2-CdA 2-Chlorodeoxyadenosine 5-Fluorouracil 5-FU 6-Mercaptopurine 6-MP 6-TG 6-Thioguanine Abraxane Accutane ® Actinomycin-D Adriamycin ® Adrucil ® Agrylin ® Ala-Cort ® Aldesleukin Alemtuzumab ALIMTA Alitretinoin Alkaban-AQ ® Alkeran ® All-transretinoic acid Alpha interferon Altretamine Amethopterin Amifostine Aminoglutethimide Anagrelide Anandron ® Anastrozole Arabinosylcytosine Ara-C Aranesp ® Aredia ® Arimidex ® Aromasin ® Arranon ® Arsenic trioxide Asparaginase ATRA Avastin ® Azacitidine BCG BCNU Bevacizumab Bexarotene BEXXAR ® Bicalutamide BiCNU Blenoxane ® Bleomycin Bortezomib Busulfan Busulfex ® C225 Calcium Leucovorin Campath ® Camptosar ® Camptothecin-11 Capecitabine Carac ™ Carboplatin Carmustine Carmustine wafer Casodex ® CC-5013 CCNU CDDP CeeNU Cerubidine ® Cetuximab Chlorambucil Cisplatin Citrovorum Factor Cladribine Cortisone Cosmegen ® CPT-11 Cyclophosphamide Cytadren ® Cytarabine Cytarabine liposomal Cytosar-U ® Cytoxan ® Dacarbazine Dacogen Dactinomycin Darbepoetin alfa Daunomycin Daunorubicin Daunorubicin hydrochloride Daunorubicin liposomal DaunoXome ® Decadron Decitabine Delta-Cortef ® Deltasone ® Denileukin diftitox DepoCyt ™ Dexamethasone Dexamethasone acetate Dexamethasone Sodium Phosphate Dexasone Dexrazoxane DHAD DIC Diodex Docetaxel Doxil ® Doxorubicin Doxorubicin liposomal Droxia ™ DTIC DTIC-Dome ® Duralone ® Efudex ® Eligard ™ Ellence ™ Eloxatin ™ Elspar ® Emcyt ® Epirubicin Epoetin alfa Erbitux ™ Erlotinib Erwinia L-asparaginase Estramustine Ethyol Etopophos ® Etoposide Etoposide Phosphate Eulexin ® Evista ® Exemestane Fareston ® Faslodex ® Femara ® Filgrastim Floxuridine Fludara ® Fludarabine Fluoroplex ® Fluorouracil Fluorouracil (cream) Fluoxymesterone Flutamide Folinic Acid FUDR ® Fulvestrant G-CSF Gefitinib Gemcitabine Gemtuzumab ozogamicin Gemzar ® GleevecTM Gliadel wafer (t) GM-CSF Goserelin granulocyte - colony stimulating factor (t) Granulocyte macrophage colony stimulating factor (o) Halotestin (t) Herceptin (t) Hexadrol (t) Hexalen (t) Hexamethylmelamine (t) HMM (t) Hycamtin (t) Hydrea (t) Hydrocort Acetate (t) Hydrocortisone Hydrocortisone sodium phosphate Hydrocortisone sodium succinate Hydrocortone phosphate (t) Hydroxyurea Ibritumomab Ibritumomab Tiuxetan Idamycin ® Idarubicin Ifex ® IFN-alpha Ifosfamide IL-11 IL-2 Imatinib mesylate Imidazole Carboxamide Interferon alfa Interferon Alfa-2b (PEG conjugate) (o) Interleukin - 2 (t) Interleukin-11 (o) Intron A® (interferon alfa-2b) Iressa ® Irinotecan Isotretinoin Kidrolase (t) Lanacort (t) L-asparaginase (t) LCR (o) Lenalidomide Letrozole Leucovorin Leukeran (t) Leukine (t) Leuprolide Leurocristine (o) Leustatin (t) Liposomal Ara-C (t) Liquid Pred (t) Lomustine L-PAM (o) L-Sarcolysin (o) Lupron (t) Lupron Depot ® Matulane (t) Maxidex (t) Mechlorethamine Mechlorethamine Hydrochloride Medralone (t) Medrol ® Megace (t) Megestrol Megestrol Acetate (o) Melphalan Mercaptopurine Mesna Mesnex (t) Methotrexate Methotrexate Sodium (o) Methylprednisolone Meticorten (t) Mitomycin Mitomycin-C (o) Mitoxantrone M-Prednisol (t) MTC (o) MTX (o) Mustargen (t) Mustine Mutamycin (t) Myleran (t) Mylocel (t) Mylotarg (t) Navelbine ® Nelarabine Neosar (t) Neulasta (t) Neumega (t) Neupogen ® Nexavar ® Nilandron (t) Nilutamide Nipent ® Nitrogen Mustard (o) Novaldex (t) Novantrone (t) Octreotide Octreotide acetate (o) Oncospar (t) Oncovin (t) Ontak (t) Onxal (t) Oprevelkin Orapred (t) Orasone (t) Oxaliplatin Paclitaxel Paclitaxel Protein-bound Pamidronate Panretin (t) Paraplatin (t) Pediapred (t) PEG Interferon Pegaspargase Pegfilgrastim PEG-INTRON (t) PEG-L-asparaginase PEMETREXED Pentostatin Phenylalanine Mustard (o) Platinol (t) Platinol-AQ (t) Prednisolone Prednisone Prelone (t) Procarbazine PROCRIT ® Proleukin (t) Prolifeprospan 20 with Carmustine implant (t) Purinethol ® Raloxifene Revlimid ® Rheumatrex (t) Rituxan (t) Rituximab Roferon-A® (interferon alfa-2a) Rubex (t) Rubidomycin hydrochloride (t) Sandostatin ® Sandostatin LAR (t) Sargramostim Solu-Cortef (t) Solu-Medrol (t) Sorafenib STI-571 Streptozocin SU11248 Sunitinib Sutent ® Tamoxifen Tarceva ® Targretin (t) Taxol ® Taxotere ® Temodar ® Temozolomide Teniposide TESPA (o) Thalidomide Thalomid ® TheraCys (t) Thioguanine Thioguanine Tabloid ® Thiophosphoamide (o) Thioplex (t) Thiotepa TICE ® Toposar (t) Topotecan Toremifene Tositumomab Trastuzumab Tretinoin Trexall (t) Trisenox (t) TSPA (o) VCR (o) Velban (t) Velcade ® VePesid (t) Vesanoid (t) Viadur (t) Vidaza (t) Vinblastine Vinblastine Sulfate (o) Vincasar Pfs (t) Vincristine Vinorelbine Vinorelbine tartrate (o) VLB (o) VM-26 (o) VP-16 (t) Vumon (t) Xeloda ® Zanosar (t) Zevalin TM Zinecard (t) Zoladex ® Zoledronic acid Zometa ® See? There's a lot of them. Answered by Wendy Cleal 1 year ago.

antineoplastics, monoclonal antibodies, Answered by Isabelle Meilleur 1 year ago.

Please see the webpages for more details on Chemotherapy. Answered by Dusty Bologna 1 year ago.


Can you list antidotes to the ff substances/drugs?
Anti cholinesterase (cholinergics) Cyanide Narcotics/opioid overdose Thrombolytics Iron Acetaminophen Anti depressants Methotrexate Digoxin Benzodiazepines Lead Warfarin Heparin Asked by Faustino Roderiquez 1 year ago.

I believe yahoo answers should be the last resort a responsible student must consider in answering questions like this. Anyway, PEACE.... Anti cholinesterase (cholinergics) - atropine Cyanide - sodium thiosulfate Narcotics/opioid overdose - naloxone (Narcan) Thrombolytics - aminocaproic acid (Amicar) Iron - deferoxamine Acetaminophen - acetylcystein Anti depressants - phentolamine Methotrexate - leucovorin Digoxin - Digibind Benzodiazepines - flumenazil Lead - calcium EDTA Warfarin - vit. K Heparin - protamine sulfate Answered by Bebe Hansbrough 1 year ago.


Can someone that has had chemotherapy for colon cancer (maybe stage 3) help me...?
Someone very dear to me has just had a foot of their colon removed with a large tumor and 15 of 18 of the surrounding lymphs showed positive for cancer from the pathology report, now the suggested treatment is 6 months of chemo, 3 days in a row (port surgically implanted) every other week. I have no idea what... Asked by Irving Baskin 1 year ago.

Someone very dear to me has just had a foot of their colon removed with a large tumor and 15 of 18 of the surrounding lymphs showed positive for cancer from the pathology report, now the suggested treatment is 6 months of chemo, 3 days in a row (port surgically implanted) every other week. I have no idea what other kinds of treatments there are, i am just so worried about this regiment, and how hard it is going to be, has anyone gone through this that can help me? I want to know more about the subject so that i can help my loved one through this and help make sure this is the right decision on the chemo. Does chemo make you extremely ill? ANY insight will be much appreciated.... Answered by Libby Kolek 1 year ago.

I just finished chemo for stage 3 colon cancer at the end of April, and I was lucky. I never got sick, and my oncologist said there wasn't any reason anybody should with all the anti-nausea medicines that are available now. I got two different types of anti-nausea medicines during chemo, and they gave me pills to take in case I needed them for the few days after treatment (I never did). The chemo will consist of 3 different medications: oxaliplatin, leucovorin, and 5-FU (Flouracil). 5-FU has been in use since the 1950's, and has a very good success rate. Leucovorin is a vitamin that helps the 5-FU work better, and oxaliplatin (Eloxatin) is a newer drug. The chemo usually takes about 4-6 hours. She should be given at least two anti-nausea medicines during treatment. I received an anti-nausea medicine first, then a second one at the same time as the Leucovorin and oxaliplatin, then the 5-FU, then calcium and potassium, which also helped prevent nausea. The worst symptom I had from the chemo was my hands hurt if they got cold, even from drinking cold drinks (many people wear cotton gloves when they have to do things like open the refrigerator). Other people also get mouth sores, but they can give you a medicine to gargle with, or you can just use salt water. You can lose you hair on rare occasions, but it only happens in about 5% of cases, and about 25% of people have thinning hair. Mine started thinning at the very end, but only because it stopped growing, and wasn't replacing itself. Make sure your friend goes to a good cancer center. I went to the Simon Cancer Center in Indianapolis, which is one of the best (Lance Armstrong went there when he had prostate cancer, even though he lives nowhere near Indy). If you go there, I would strongly recommend my oncologist, Dr. Paul Helft. He is an ethicist, which means he believes in including the patient and his family in every stage of treatment. He spent 3 hours with me and my family the first meeting, and met with me before every treatment, which my cousin, an oncology nurse, said was unheard of. Good luck to you and your friend. Answered by Glenn Beuse 1 year ago.

Chemo affects cells that multiply rapidly: cancer cells and cells that are lining your stomach. So that is why chemo patients often have a lack of appetite and feel like throwing up. Chemo makes the person very fatigued, lose their hair, and have altered taste buds. The best way to help get through chemo and help your dear friend is to STAY/ BE POSITIVE, be helpful by helping them with things (only if they want...some are very sensitive to the fact that they have chemo and actually need help...depends on the person, so just be careful and sensitive), and making sure that they eat and get proper nutrition, and that they take their medication on time and as prescribed. Also allowing them to talk out their problems. I don't recommend being sad along with them. Just be attentive and let them spill their guts. Also try to provide hope, and a positive atmosphere as much as you can. Thanks Answered by Titus Daleske 1 year ago.

Chemo is important in the treatment of colon cancer. I think it is called F4. It doesn't usually cause nasea or hair loss. Without it the cancer will run riot. It will cause fatigue. Just go with it. Cancer treatments can save lives. Answered by Noel Passi 1 year ago.

People react differently to chemo and a lot depends on what drugs they are on. Yes it can make you very ill, but so does cancer. If you really want to help them make the right decision then you really should be with them when this is discussed with their oncologist. Answered by Elizabeth Nye 1 year ago.


Cancer of the pancrous?
Asked by Edgardo Burget 1 year ago.

The pancreas is a gland, which is located in the back of the abdomen, lying almost on the spine. It produces Insulin, the hormone that controls the blood sugar, as well as many enzymes that are needed for digestion of food. Cancer of pancreas is now the fourth most common cause of cancer-related death in United States. The 5-year relative survival rate of patients with this cancer is only 3 to 5%. Roughly 28,000 new cases are diagnosed each year in the United States. This type of cancer is found most frequently in men and African-Americans. The average age at the time of diagnosis being 65 years. Unfortunately, most patients are diagnosed in advanced stages when cure is not possible. Cause: The actual cause of pancreas cancer is unknown. However, some environmental factors, especially cigarette smoking, play a role in the development of this cancer. Signs and symptoms: Cancer of the pancreas can grow for a long time without causing any problems. Most patients are diagnosed in advanced stages and present with any of the following signs: Abdominal pain Weight loss Nausea, vomiting Jaundice, as a result of obstruction of bile ducts Anemia Back pain due to invasion of nerves Diagnosis: When suspected, CT scan or Ultrasound examination of the abdomen may establish the diagnosis. A Fine needle aspiration of the pancreas may confirm the existence of the cancer. This cancer can also be detected by an endoscopy-assisted study of the pancreas, which allows taking a biopsy at the same time. Staging: Endoscopic ultrasound is a very sensitive study that should be done to determine the depth of invasion of the cancer into the tissues around the pancreas, as well as evaluation of the local lymph glands. CT scan of abdomen, as well as bone scans, may have to be done to complete the staging workup Treatment: Surgery: Management of this disease relies on surgery in an attempt to remove most or all of the Pancreas and to reconstruct the continuity of the bowels. This is a rather difficult procedure and carries a very high risk, even in the best hands. Indications for surgery are limited to younger patients with very small size tumors. Chemotherapy: Is appropriate for patients in whom the disease is not cured with surgery. Gemcitabine, VP-16, Cisplatinum, Mitomycin, Taxol, Taxotere, 5-FU and Leucovorin are among the most commonly used drugs for Pancreas cancer. These drugs are used in combination and can have moderate to severe toxic effects. A newer drug that has now become available is Radiation: For the most part, it is used to control the symptoms of the advanced disease. Radiation at the time of surgery, referred to as intra-operative radiation, has not proven to be more effective than external radiation, which can also be combined with chemotherapy. Pattern of Spread: If left untreated, or if it fails to respond to treatment, Pancreas cancer can spread to the liver, lymph glands in the abdomen, lungs and almost anywhere else. Prognosis: In most Americans, this cancer carries a very poor prognosis, which is due to the advanced stage of the illness at the time of diagnosis, and in such cases, survival is short. The disease can be cured only if it is caught very early. Special Situations Patients with advanced pancreas cancer may develop any of the following complications. Pleural effusion Bone metastasis Paraneoplastic syndromes High calcium level Blood clots in the legs and other organs Pain: Most patients with this cancer experience substantial pain, which can be debilitating. Control of pain is central to care of patients with this illness. Neurolytic Celiac Plexus Block can control the pain in great majority of such patients. Survival: Survival of patients with this cancer depends on the type and extent of the cancer at the time of initial diagnosis. One-third of patients with early stages may be cured with surgery alone. In the majority of patients in whom cure is not possible, survival could vary from months to years, depending on the extent of cancer, overall condition of the patient, as well as response to treatment and duration of the response Follow-up After completion of treatment, and in any combination that might have taken place, the patient needs to remain under surveillance for the possibility of recurrence of cancer. Follow-up should be scheduled on a regular basis (initially every one to three months for one to two years). The frequency of follow-up will depend on the condition of the patient and his disease. In each follow-up visit, the patient is examined and, normally, a CT scan of the abdomen is obtained at intervals. Treatment of advanced or recurrent disease will depend on the stage and extent of the recurring disease. Most patients are then treated with chemotherapy using the same agents mentioned above. Radiation therapy may be helpful in managing painful or symptomatic areas to which the cancer has spread. If patients experience pain, different pain medications may be used to alleviate the pain. For patients with advanced disease, where most treatments have failed, one could consider assistance from hospice. Answered by Eusebia Galgano 1 year ago.


The order is for Leucovorin 20mg by mouth 6 hours after administration of the cancer drug methotrexate to prev?
The order is for Leucovorin 20mg by mouth 6 hours after administration of the cancer drug methotrexate to prevent toxicity. The child weights 70lb today and is 4ft 2in tall. The safe dose for this medication is 10mg/m2 . On hand you have 5mg Leucovorin Calcium tablets. If safe, how many tablets will you give? Asked by Izetta Garbe 1 year ago.

You can use the Du Bois formula for body surface area (BSA): W = Weight and H = Height BSA = 0.007184 x W^0.425 x H^0.725 W = 70lb x 0.453 = 31.7 kg H = 50" x 2.54 = 127 cm BSA = 0.007184 x 31.7^0.425 x 127^0.725 BSA = 0.007184 x 4.34 x 33.51 BSA = 1.04 (~ 1.0) Alternatively, the pediatric formula can be used: [4Wkg+7]/[90+Wkg] [(4 x 31.7) + 7]/[90 + 31.7] 133.8/121.7 = 1.1 So, we'll say for argument's sake that the child's BSA is 1.0 m^2 The safe dose is 10 mg/m^2. Therefore, the dose to give the child is 10 mg. You have 5mg tablets, so the child will get 2 tablets. Answered by Odette Nicolette 1 year ago.

I don't forget myself 2 be verbally endowed, and attempt 2 apply so much 4thought 2 what comes out of my mouth prior 2 itz doing so. For this reason that occurs lovely rattling sometimes! Timothy :o) Answered by Deandrea Straight 1 year ago.


Can toxoplasma b cured.. ?
i had abortion few mnths ago... test report showd toxoplasma positive... I had been tkin medicine fr 6 mnths bt still its positive.. Doc askd me to cntinu 4 mnths mor...I hv no child til nw... Is there ny1 who had been suffrd by this disease..??M tkin rovamycin forte... 21 days 2 tyms per day den 15 days gap... Asked by Daisy Cooter 1 year ago.

i had abortion few mnths ago... test report showd toxoplasma positive... I had been tkin medicine fr 6 mnths bt still its positive.. Doc askd me to cntinu 4 mnths mor... I hv no child til nw... Is there ny1 who had been suffrd by this disease..?? M tkin rovamycin forte... 21 days 2 tyms per day den 15 days gap then again 21 days nd again 15 days gap nd so on.... lyk dis i had cmpletd 6 tyms nd its still positiv nd goin to cntinu 4 mnths mor... Answered by Odette Timus 1 year ago.

Toxoplasmosis can be treated (not completely) with combinations of pyrimethamine with either trisulfapyrimidines or sulfadiazine, plus folinic acid in the form of leucovorin calcium to protect the bone marrow from the toxic effects of pyrimethamine. If this treatment causes hypersensitivity reaction, then pyrimethamine and clindamycin can be used instead. If these drugs are not available, then a combination of sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim can be used. Pregnant women and babies can be treated but Toxoplasma gondii cannot be eliminated completely. The parasites can remain within tissue cells in a less active stage (cyst) in locations difficult for the medication to get to. A drug called spiramycin is recommended during the first four months whereas sulfadizaine/pyrimethamine and folinic acid for women that have been pregnant for more than four months. PCR (a method to discover parasite DNA) is often performed on the amniotic fluid to find out if the infant is infected. If the infant is likely to be infected, then treatment is done with drugs such as sulfadizaine, pyrimethamine and folinic acid. Congenitally infected babies are treated with sulfonamide and pyrimethamine. Treatment for persons with ocular disease depends on the size of the eye lesion, the characteristics (acute or chronic) and the location of the lesion. Persons with compromised immune systems (such as AIDS patients) need to be treated until their health improves significantly. Answered by Alex Rogado 1 year ago.


How safe is methotrexate for rheumatoid arthritis?
Asked by Tess Wik 1 year ago.

Hi, I also take methotrexate for RA and I've been taking it for a little longer than a year now. I know when I first starting taking it, it would upset my stomach and sometimes throw up. I also got blister on my tongue. And i only started with 3 pills once a week because I have low white blood cells and Methotrexate lowers your blood count. But after a few months my body got used to it and my doctor gave me Folic Acid to help with my blood count and other side effects as well as Leucovorin Calcium. Now I'm up to 5 pills of Methotrexate and I take blood test every month to monitor my blood cells. I did have pain in every joint even my jaw but after taking this drug, i was able to move again and be myself. I'm doing very well and I even take care of my 3 year old daughter by myself but it does get hard because of all the fatigue and lack of energy. But overall I haven't experienced anything too bad from this drug and it helps me be normal as well as being able to take care of my daughter. :) But everyone is different and their bodies or condition may not be the same so its really up to you if you want to try it. I think if you do start it, maybe you should start with a few pills and see how your body reacts to it. I hope this helps you and I know how u feel but I needed to live my life and raise my kid so I just to took it :) Answered by Ina Pratico 1 year ago.

Hi.Well,I'm going to take a guess and say that your rheumatologist has given you a couple of other immune suppressant medications,and they didn't show much if any improvement(remission is the goal) in your RA.So,your rheumatologist has now put you on methotrexate hoping this medication(stronger immune suppressant) will get the results your doctor wants.As for how safe this specific medication is? It's basically the same as any other immune suppressant drug,and it will lower your immune system,which will make you susceptible to several contagious strains of colds,flu,etc.And,also may cause stomach upset,nausea,and ulcers.So,you should also be taking a prescribed(OTC) medication to help prevent any damage to your stomach,and also a calcium and vitamin D supplement as well.I suggest that you speak to your rheumatologist about any/all potential risks associated with this drug,and any other drug/medication you are taking for your RA.It's very important that you and your doctor both are well informed about any/all medication/s your currently taking whether it be prescription or over the counter(OTC).You should use caution when taking opiate pain killers for RA.Most times opiates don't offer much pain relief for RA,and can be habit forming over a long period of time.Best to take your doctors regime,and advice when it comes to your health.Take care. Answered by Lavera Macione 1 year ago.

Imagine for a moment your arthritis completely vanishing right now. If, in a moment, your pain and stiffness melted away. And your joints all of a sudden functioned like a well-oiled machine. Like a magic wand was waived, you'd be able to jump up from your chair and run around the room like a kid. And imagine that you'd never have to suffer as much as a pinch of arthritis stiffness or pain ever again. I know this sounds impossible right now, but bear with me, because sometimes miracles happen. It was a gift from a woman on the other side of the world. From the kindness of her heart, she took pity on my suffering and taught me how to completely reverse my arthritis. Today, I want to do the same for you! Answered by Desire Belback 1 year ago.

Minocycline has been great for me for 16 years, no side effects to speak of. But now suddenly I am very sick with pericarditis, an inflammation around the sac of the heart. And tetracyclines can cause this, So I am grieving that my wonderful minocycline may have led to this, and have no idea what to switch to, and don t want to switch to anything. I am thinking plaquanil again, I was on it for many years with no ill effects. All the biologics say leukemia and lymphoma as side effects, so no way would I ever try them. I have had this since age 24 and will be 60 in 2015. so have had it for 35 years. Take the least dangerous ones, to live a long life with RA. Answered by Evon Storrs 1 year ago.

I was diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis in 1993, at the age of 55. My rheumatologist started me on methotrexate at that time, with 3x2.5 mg tablets per week. Since that time, I've taken a total of 12,355 mg (I keep track of all the medications I take). Every three months, I have a liver panel and CBC to monitor the effects of methotrexate. I've been chronically anemic all during this time. In April 2006, I started taking Enbrel. Four years later, I suffered congestive heart failure (CHF) and stopped taking Enbrel. Enbrel really kept the arthritic pains down but CHF was thought to have been caused by it. Now I take 7x2.5 mg per week of methotrexate. I was also taking hydrocodone/acetaminophen (Vicodin) starting in 2006, to control pain, but have now stopped owing to the FDA restrictions on dispensing this medicine. My liver function is normal. I have always been able to tolerate methotrexate. Answered by Marcel Mellard 1 year ago.

Is Methotrexate Safe Answered by Rickie Sharber 1 year ago.

Personally, I would say it isn't very safe. Opiates would be a lot safer. Its a shame how some doctors are so afraid of giving people pain killers that they would resort to using these poisons rather than treating your pain. I would ask your doctor to refer you to a pain specialist. Answered by Zenia Depaulis 1 year ago.

I know methotrexate was a death sentence for me. I told my doctor cancer ran in my family big time. 6 months later I had nodules on my lungs, ild, ctd, and cancer. I don t even trust my doctors now because I can t get a straight answer Answered by Lovetta Walker 1 year ago.


What is the major of chemotherapy agents in anti-cancer drugs ?
Asked by Tangela Granto 1 year ago.

There are many different chemotherapy agents. Different drugs work for different cancers, and they are frequently used in combination. You need to be more specific. Here is a list of chemo drugs: 13-cis-Retinoic Acid 2-CdA 2-Chlorodeoxyadenosine 5-Fluorouracil 5-FU 6-Mercaptopurine 6-MP 6-TG 6-Thioguanine Abraxane Accutane ® Actinomycin-D Adriamycin ® Adrucil ® Agrylin ® Ala-Cort ® Aldesleukin Alemtuzumab ALIMTA Alitretinoin Alkaban-AQ ® Alkeran ® All-transretinoic acid Alpha interferon Altretamine Amethopterin Amifostine Aminoglutethimide Anagrelide Anandron ® Anastrozole Arabinosylcytosine Ara-C Aranesp ® Aredia ® Arimidex ® Aromasin ® Arranon ® Arsenic trioxide Asparaginase ATRA Avastin ® Azacitidine BCG BCNU Bevacizumab Bexarotene BEXXAR ® Bicalutamide BiCNU Blenoxane ® Bleomycin Bortezomib Busulfan Busulfex ® C225 Calcium Leucovorin Campath ® Camptosar ® Camptothecin-11 Capecitabine Carac ™ Carboplatin Carmustine Carmustine wafer Casodex ® CC-5013 CCNU CDDP CeeNU Cerubidine ® Cetuximab Chlorambucil Cisplatin Citrovorum Factor Cladribine Cortisone Cosmegen ® CPT-11 Cyclophosphamide Cytadren ® Cytarabine Cytarabine liposomal Cytosar-U ® Cytoxan ® Dacarbazine Dacogen Dactinomycin Darbepoetin alfa Daunomycin Daunorubicin Daunorubicin hydrochloride Daunorubicin liposomal DaunoXome ® Decadron Decitabine Delta-Cortef ® Deltasone ® Denileukin diftitox DepoCyt ™ Dexamethasone Dexamethasone acetate Dexamethasone Sodium Phosphate Dexasone Dexrazoxane DHAD DIC Diodex Docetaxel Doxil ® Doxorubicin Doxorubicin liposomal Droxia ™ DTIC DTIC-Dome ® Duralone ® Efudex ® Eligard ™ Ellence ™ Eloxatin ™ Elspar ® Emcyt ® Epirubicin Epoetin alfa Erbitux ™ Erlotinib Erwinia L-asparaginase Estramustine Ethyol Etopophos ® Etoposide Etoposide Phosphate Eulexin ® Evista ® Exemestane Fareston ® Faslodex ® Femara ® Filgrastim Floxuridine Fludara ® Fludarabine Fluoroplex ® Fluorouracil Fluorouracil (cream) Fluoxymesterone Flutamide Folinic Acid FUDR ® Fulvestrant G-CSF Gefitinib Gemcitabine Gemtuzumab ozogamicin Gemzar ® GleevecTM Gliadel wafer (t) GM-CSF Goserelin granulocyte - colony stimulating factor (t) Granulocyte macrophage colony stimulating factor (o) Halotestin (t) Herceptin (t) Hexadrol (t) Hexalen (t) Hexamethylmelamine (t) HMM (t) Hycamtin (t) Hydrea (t) Hydrocort Acetate (t) Hydrocortisone Hydrocortisone sodium phosphate Hydrocortisone sodium succinate Hydrocortone phosphate (t) Hydroxyurea Ibritumomab Ibritumomab Tiuxetan Idamycin ® Idarubicin Ifex ® IFN-alpha Ifosfamide IL-11 IL-2 Imatinib mesylate Imidazole Carboxamide Interferon alfa Interferon Alfa-2b (PEG conjugate) (o) Interleukin - 2 (t) Interleukin-11 (o) Intron A® (interferon alfa-2b) Iressa ® Irinotecan Isotretinoin Kidrolase (t) Lanacort (t) L-asparaginase (t) LCR (o) Lenalidomide Letrozole Leucovorin Leukeran (t) Leukine (t) Leuprolide Leurocristine (o) Leustatin (t) Liposomal Ara-C (t) Liquid Pred (t) Lomustine L-PAM (o) L-Sarcolysin (o) Lupron (t) Lupron Depot ® Matulane (t) Maxidex (t) Mechlorethamine Mechlorethamine Hydrochloride Medralone (t) Medrol ® Megace (t) Megestrol Megestrol Acetate (o) Melphalan Mercaptopurine Mesna Mesnex (t) Methotrexate Methotrexate Sodium (o) Methylprednisolone Meticorten (t) Mitomycin Mitomycin-C (o) Mitoxantrone M-Prednisol (t) MTC (o) MTX (o) Mustargen (t) Mustine Mutamycin (t) Myleran (t) Mylocel (t) Mylotarg (t) Navelbine ® Nelarabine Neosar (t) Neulasta (t) Neumega (t) Neupogen ® Nexavar ® Nilandron (t) Nilutamide Nipent ® Nitrogen Mustard (o) Novaldex (t) Novantrone (t) Octreotide Octreotide acetate (o) Oncospar (t) Oncovin (t) Ontak (t) Onxal (t) Oprevelkin Orapred (t) Orasone (t) Oxaliplatin Paclitaxel Paclitaxel Protein-bound Pamidronate Panretin (t) Paraplatin (t) Pediapred (t) PEG Interferon Pegaspargase Pegfilgrastim PEG-INTRON (t) PEG-L-asparaginase PEMETREXED Pentostatin Phenylalanine Mustard (o) Platinol (t) Platinol-AQ (t) Prednisolone Prednisone Prelone (t) Procarbazine PROCRIT ® Proleukin (t) Prolifeprospan 20 with Carmustine implant (t) Purinethol ® Raloxifene Revlimid ® Rheumatrex (t) Rituxan (t) Rituximab Roferon-A® (interferon alfa-2a) Rubex (t) Rubidomycin hydrochloride (t) Sandostatin ® Sandostatin LAR (t) Sargramostim Solu-Cortef (t) Solu-Medrol (t) Sorafenib STI-571 Streptozocin SU11248 Sunitinib Sutent ® Tamoxifen Tarceva ® Targretin (t) Taxol ® Taxotere ® Temodar ® Temozolomide Teniposide TESPA (o) Thalidomide Thalomid ® TheraCys (t) Thioguanine Thioguanine Tabloid ® Thiophosphoamide (o) Thioplex (t) Thiotepa TICE ® Toposar (t) Topotecan Toremifene Tositumomab Trastuzumab Tretinoin Trexall (t) Trisenox (t) TSPA (o) VCR (o) Velban (t) Velcade ® VePesid (t) Vesanoid (t) Viadur (t) Vidaza (t) Vinblastine Vinblastine Sulfate (o) Vincasar Pfs (t) Vincristine Vinorelbine Vinorelbine tartrate (o) VLB (o) VM-26 (o) VP-16 (t) Vumon (t) Xeloda ® Zanosar (t) Zevalin TM Zinecard (t) Zoladex ® Zoledronic acid Zometa ® See? There's a lot of them. Answered by Lottie Coats 1 year ago.

antineoplastics, monoclonal antibodies, Answered by Elvin Markland 1 year ago.

Please see the webpages for more details on Chemotherapy. Answered by Mario Brockway 1 year ago.


Can you list antidotes to the ff substances/drugs?
Anti cholinesterase (cholinergics) Cyanide Narcotics/opioid overdose Thrombolytics Iron Acetaminophen Anti depressants Methotrexate Digoxin Benzodiazepines Lead Warfarin Heparin Asked by Flossie Ferdon 1 year ago.

I believe yahoo answers should be the last resort a responsible student must consider in answering questions like this. Anyway, PEACE.... Anti cholinesterase (cholinergics) - atropine Cyanide - sodium thiosulfate Narcotics/opioid overdose - naloxone (Narcan) Thrombolytics - aminocaproic acid (Amicar) Iron - deferoxamine Acetaminophen - acetylcystein Anti depressants - phentolamine Methotrexate - leucovorin Digoxin - Digibind Benzodiazepines - flumenazil Lead - calcium EDTA Warfarin - vit. K Heparin - protamine sulfate Answered by Sarai Olivier 1 year ago.


Can someone that has had chemotherapy for colon cancer (maybe stage 3) help me...?
Someone very dear to me has just had a foot of their colon removed with a large tumor and 15 of 18 of the surrounding lymphs showed positive for cancer from the pathology report, now the suggested treatment is 6 months of chemo, 3 days in a row (port surgically implanted) every other week. I have no idea what... Asked by Carlos Khalid 1 year ago.

Someone very dear to me has just had a foot of their colon removed with a large tumor and 15 of 18 of the surrounding lymphs showed positive for cancer from the pathology report, now the suggested treatment is 6 months of chemo, 3 days in a row (port surgically implanted) every other week. I have no idea what other kinds of treatments there are, i am just so worried about this regiment, and how hard it is going to be, has anyone gone through this that can help me? I want to know more about the subject so that i can help my loved one through this and help make sure this is the right decision on the chemo. Does chemo make you extremely ill? ANY insight will be much appreciated.... Answered by Josefine Beshear 1 year ago.

I just finished chemo for stage 3 colon cancer at the end of April, and I was lucky. I never got sick, and my oncologist said there wasn't any reason anybody should with all the anti-nausea medicines that are available now. I got two different types of anti-nausea medicines during chemo, and they gave me pills to take in case I needed them for the few days after treatment (I never did). The chemo will consist of 3 different medications: oxaliplatin, leucovorin, and 5-FU (Flouracil). 5-FU has been in use since the 1950's, and has a very good success rate. Leucovorin is a vitamin that helps the 5-FU work better, and oxaliplatin (Eloxatin) is a newer drug. The chemo usually takes about 4-6 hours. She should be given at least two anti-nausea medicines during treatment. I received an anti-nausea medicine first, then a second one at the same time as the Leucovorin and oxaliplatin, then the 5-FU, then calcium and potassium, which also helped prevent nausea. The worst symptom I had from the chemo was my hands hurt if they got cold, even from drinking cold drinks (many people wear cotton gloves when they have to do things like open the refrigerator). Other people also get mouth sores, but they can give you a medicine to gargle with, or you can just use salt water. You can lose you hair on rare occasions, but it only happens in about 5% of cases, and about 25% of people have thinning hair. Mine started thinning at the very end, but only because it stopped growing, and wasn't replacing itself. Make sure your friend goes to a good cancer center. I went to the Simon Cancer Center in Indianapolis, which is one of the best (Lance Armstrong went there when he had prostate cancer, even though he lives nowhere near Indy). If you go there, I would strongly recommend my oncologist, Dr. Paul Helft. He is an ethicist, which means he believes in including the patient and his family in every stage of treatment. He spent 3 hours with me and my family the first meeting, and met with me before every treatment, which my cousin, an oncology nurse, said was unheard of. Good luck to you and your friend. Answered by Joye Berhe 1 year ago.

Chemo affects cells that multiply rapidly: cancer cells and cells that are lining your stomach. So that is why chemo patients often have a lack of appetite and feel like throwing up. Chemo makes the person very fatigued, lose their hair, and have altered taste buds. The best way to help get through chemo and help your dear friend is to STAY/ BE POSITIVE, be helpful by helping them with things (only if they want...some are very sensitive to the fact that they have chemo and actually need help...depends on the person, so just be careful and sensitive), and making sure that they eat and get proper nutrition, and that they take their medication on time and as prescribed. Also allowing them to talk out their problems. I don't recommend being sad along with them. Just be attentive and let them spill their guts. Also try to provide hope, and a positive atmosphere as much as you can. Thanks Answered by Rickie Osinski 1 year ago.

Chemo is important in the treatment of colon cancer. I think it is called F4. It doesn't usually cause nasea or hair loss. Without it the cancer will run riot. It will cause fatigue. Just go with it. Cancer treatments can save lives. Answered by Adella Mcclee 1 year ago.

People react differently to chemo and a lot depends on what drugs they are on. Yes it can make you very ill, but so does cancer. If you really want to help them make the right decision then you really should be with them when this is discussed with their oncologist. Answered by Willard Cohagan 1 year ago.


Cancer of the pancrous?
Asked by Inocencia Zou 1 year ago.

The pancreas is a gland, which is located in the back of the abdomen, lying almost on the spine. It produces Insulin, the hormone that controls the blood sugar, as well as many enzymes that are needed for digestion of food. Cancer of pancreas is now the fourth most common cause of cancer-related death in United States. The 5-year relative survival rate of patients with this cancer is only 3 to 5%. Roughly 28,000 new cases are diagnosed each year in the United States. This type of cancer is found most frequently in men and African-Americans. The average age at the time of diagnosis being 65 years. Unfortunately, most patients are diagnosed in advanced stages when cure is not possible. Cause: The actual cause of pancreas cancer is unknown. However, some environmental factors, especially cigarette smoking, play a role in the development of this cancer. Signs and symptoms: Cancer of the pancreas can grow for a long time without causing any problems. Most patients are diagnosed in advanced stages and present with any of the following signs: Abdominal pain Weight loss Nausea, vomiting Jaundice, as a result of obstruction of bile ducts Anemia Back pain due to invasion of nerves Diagnosis: When suspected, CT scan or Ultrasound examination of the abdomen may establish the diagnosis. A Fine needle aspiration of the pancreas may confirm the existence of the cancer. This cancer can also be detected by an endoscopy-assisted study of the pancreas, which allows taking a biopsy at the same time. Staging: Endoscopic ultrasound is a very sensitive study that should be done to determine the depth of invasion of the cancer into the tissues around the pancreas, as well as evaluation of the local lymph glands. CT scan of abdomen, as well as bone scans, may have to be done to complete the staging workup Treatment: Surgery: Management of this disease relies on surgery in an attempt to remove most or all of the Pancreas and to reconstruct the continuity of the bowels. This is a rather difficult procedure and carries a very high risk, even in the best hands. Indications for surgery are limited to younger patients with very small size tumors. Chemotherapy: Is appropriate for patients in whom the disease is not cured with surgery. Gemcitabine, VP-16, Cisplatinum, Mitomycin, Taxol, Taxotere, 5-FU and Leucovorin are among the most commonly used drugs for Pancreas cancer. These drugs are used in combination and can have moderate to severe toxic effects. A newer drug that has now become available is Radiation: For the most part, it is used to control the symptoms of the advanced disease. Radiation at the time of surgery, referred to as intra-operative radiation, has not proven to be more effective than external radiation, which can also be combined with chemotherapy. Pattern of Spread: If left untreated, or if it fails to respond to treatment, Pancreas cancer can spread to the liver, lymph glands in the abdomen, lungs and almost anywhere else. Prognosis: In most Americans, this cancer carries a very poor prognosis, which is due to the advanced stage of the illness at the time of diagnosis, and in such cases, survival is short. The disease can be cured only if it is caught very early. Special Situations Patients with advanced pancreas cancer may develop any of the following complications. Pleural effusion Bone metastasis Paraneoplastic syndromes High calcium level Blood clots in the legs and other organs Pain: Most patients with this cancer experience substantial pain, which can be debilitating. Control of pain is central to care of patients with this illness. Neurolytic Celiac Plexus Block can control the pain in great majority of such patients. Survival: Survival of patients with this cancer depends on the type and extent of the cancer at the time of initial diagnosis. One-third of patients with early stages may be cured with surgery alone. In the majority of patients in whom cure is not possible, survival could vary from months to years, depending on the extent of cancer, overall condition of the patient, as well as response to treatment and duration of the response Follow-up After completion of treatment, and in any combination that might have taken place, the patient needs to remain under surveillance for the possibility of recurrence of cancer. Follow-up should be scheduled on a regular basis (initially every one to three months for one to two years). The frequency of follow-up will depend on the condition of the patient and his disease. In each follow-up visit, the patient is examined and, normally, a CT scan of the abdomen is obtained at intervals. Treatment of advanced or recurrent disease will depend on the stage and extent of the recurring disease. Most patients are then treated with chemotherapy using the same agents mentioned above. Radiation therapy may be helpful in managing painful or symptomatic areas to which the cancer has spread. If patients experience pain, different pain medications may be used to alleviate the pain. For patients with advanced disease, where most treatments have failed, one could consider assistance from hospice. Answered by Ying Bourassa 1 year ago.


The order is for Leucovorin 20mg by mouth 6 hours after administration of the cancer drug methotrexate to prev?
The order is for Leucovorin 20mg by mouth 6 hours after administration of the cancer drug methotrexate to prevent toxicity. The child weights 70lb today and is 4ft 2in tall. The safe dose for this medication is 10mg/m2 . On hand you have 5mg Leucovorin Calcium tablets. If safe, how many tablets will you give? Asked by Joellen Janeway 1 year ago.

You can use the Du Bois formula for body surface area (BSA): W = Weight and H = Height BSA = 0.007184 x W^0.425 x H^0.725 W = 70lb x 0.453 = 31.7 kg H = 50" x 2.54 = 127 cm BSA = 0.007184 x 31.7^0.425 x 127^0.725 BSA = 0.007184 x 4.34 x 33.51 BSA = 1.04 (~ 1.0) Alternatively, the pediatric formula can be used: [4Wkg+7]/[90+Wkg] [(4 x 31.7) + 7]/[90 + 31.7] 133.8/121.7 = 1.1 So, we'll say for argument's sake that the child's BSA is 1.0 m^2 The safe dose is 10 mg/m^2. Therefore, the dose to give the child is 10 mg. You have 5mg tablets, so the child will get 2 tablets. Answered by Nelia Menjes 1 year ago.

I don't forget myself 2 be verbally endowed, and attempt 2 apply so much 4thought 2 what comes out of my mouth prior 2 itz doing so. For this reason that occurs lovely rattling sometimes! Timothy :o) Answered by Josphine Michelotti 1 year ago.


Can toxoplasma b cured.. ?
i had abortion few mnths ago... test report showd toxoplasma positive... I had been tkin medicine fr 6 mnths bt still its positive.. Doc askd me to cntinu 4 mnths mor...I hv no child til nw... Is there ny1 who had been suffrd by this disease..??M tkin rovamycin forte... 21 days 2 tyms per day den 15 days gap... Asked by Barry Neeper 1 year ago.

i had abortion few mnths ago... test report showd toxoplasma positive... I had been tkin medicine fr 6 mnths bt still its positive.. Doc askd me to cntinu 4 mnths mor... I hv no child til nw... Is there ny1 who had been suffrd by this disease..?? M tkin rovamycin forte... 21 days 2 tyms per day den 15 days gap then again 21 days nd again 15 days gap nd so on.... lyk dis i had cmpletd 6 tyms nd its still positiv nd goin to cntinu 4 mnths mor... Answered by Clara Giarratano 1 year ago.

Toxoplasmosis can be treated (not completely) with combinations of pyrimethamine with either trisulfapyrimidines or sulfadiazine, plus folinic acid in the form of leucovorin calcium to protect the bone marrow from the toxic effects of pyrimethamine. If this treatment causes hypersensitivity reaction, then pyrimethamine and clindamycin can be used instead. If these drugs are not available, then a combination of sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim can be used. Pregnant women and babies can be treated but Toxoplasma gondii cannot be eliminated completely. The parasites can remain within tissue cells in a less active stage (cyst) in locations difficult for the medication to get to. A drug called spiramycin is recommended during the first four months whereas sulfadizaine/pyrimethamine and folinic acid for women that have been pregnant for more than four months. PCR (a method to discover parasite DNA) is often performed on the amniotic fluid to find out if the infant is infected. If the infant is likely to be infected, then treatment is done with drugs such as sulfadizaine, pyrimethamine and folinic acid. Congenitally infected babies are treated with sulfonamide and pyrimethamine. Treatment for persons with ocular disease depends on the size of the eye lesion, the characteristics (acute or chronic) and the location of the lesion. Persons with compromised immune systems (such as AIDS patients) need to be treated until their health improves significantly. Answered by Chadwick Panozzo 1 year ago.


How safe is methotrexate for rheumatoid arthritis?
Asked by Gia Barklow 1 year ago.

Hi, I also take methotrexate for RA and I've been taking it for a little longer than a year now. I know when I first starting taking it, it would upset my stomach and sometimes throw up. I also got blister on my tongue. And i only started with 3 pills once a week because I have low white blood cells and Methotrexate lowers your blood count. But after a few months my body got used to it and my doctor gave me Folic Acid to help with my blood count and other side effects as well as Leucovorin Calcium. Now I'm up to 5 pills of Methotrexate and I take blood test every month to monitor my blood cells. I did have pain in every joint even my jaw but after taking this drug, i was able to move again and be myself. I'm doing very well and I even take care of my 3 year old daughter by myself but it does get hard because of all the fatigue and lack of energy. But overall I haven't experienced anything too bad from this drug and it helps me be normal as well as being able to take care of my daughter. :) But everyone is different and their bodies or condition may not be the same so its really up to you if you want to try it. I think if you do start it, maybe you should start with a few pills and see how your body reacts to it. I hope this helps you and I know how u feel but I needed to live my life and raise my kid so I just to took it :) Answered by Viki Silverthorn 1 year ago.

Hi.Well,I'm going to take a guess and say that your rheumatologist has given you a couple of other immune suppressant medications,and they didn't show much if any improvement(remission is the goal) in your RA.So,your rheumatologist has now put you on methotrexate hoping this medication(stronger immune suppressant) will get the results your doctor wants.As for how safe this specific medication is? It's basically the same as any other immune suppressant drug,and it will lower your immune system,which will make you susceptible to several contagious strains of colds,flu,etc.And,also may cause stomach upset,nausea,and ulcers.So,you should also be taking a prescribed(OTC) medication to help prevent any damage to your stomach,and also a calcium and vitamin D supplement as well.I suggest that you speak to your rheumatologist about any/all potential risks associated with this drug,and any other drug/medication you are taking for your RA.It's very important that you and your doctor both are well informed about any/all medication/s your currently taking whether it be prescription or over the counter(OTC).You should use caution when taking opiate pain killers for RA.Most times opiates don't offer much pain relief for RA,and can be habit forming over a long period of time.Best to take your doctors regime,and advice when it comes to your health.Take care. Answered by Abdul Lightbody 1 year ago.

Imagine for a moment your arthritis completely vanishing right now. If, in a moment, your pain and stiffness melted away. And your joints all of a sudden functioned like a well-oiled machine. Like a magic wand was waived, you'd be able to jump up from your chair and run around the room like a kid. And imagine that you'd never have to suffer as much as a pinch of arthritis stiffness or pain ever again. I know this sounds impossible right now, but bear with me, because sometimes miracles happen. It was a gift from a woman on the other side of the world. From the kindness of her heart, she took pity on my suffering and taught me how to completely reverse my arthritis. Today, I want to do the same for you! Answered by Sybil Popovec 1 year ago.

Minocycline has been great for me for 16 years, no side effects to speak of. But now suddenly I am very sick with pericarditis, an inflammation around the sac of the heart. And tetracyclines can cause this, So I am grieving that my wonderful minocycline may have led to this, and have no idea what to switch to, and don t want to switch to anything. I am thinking plaquanil again, I was on it for many years with no ill effects. All the biologics say leukemia and lymphoma as side effects, so no way would I ever try them. I have had this since age 24 and will be 60 in 2015. so have had it for 35 years. Take the least dangerous ones, to live a long life with RA. Answered by Santana Bouthot 1 year ago.

I was diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis in 1993, at the age of 55. My rheumatologist started me on methotrexate at that time, with 3x2.5 mg tablets per week. Since that time, I've taken a total of 12,355 mg (I keep track of all the medications I take). Every three months, I have a liver panel and CBC to monitor the effects of methotrexate. I've been chronically anemic all during this time. In April 2006, I started taking Enbrel. Four years later, I suffered congestive heart failure (CHF) and stopped taking Enbrel. Enbrel really kept the arthritic pains down but CHF was thought to have been caused by it. Now I take 7x2.5 mg per week of methotrexate. I was also taking hydrocodone/acetaminophen (Vicodin) starting in 2006, to control pain, but have now stopped owing to the FDA restrictions on dispensing this medicine. My liver function is normal. I have always been able to tolerate methotrexate. Answered by Rory Sevilla 1 year ago.

Is Methotrexate Safe Answered by Sumiko Farmer 1 year ago.

Personally, I would say it isn't very safe. Opiates would be a lot safer. Its a shame how some doctors are so afraid of giving people pain killers that they would resort to using these poisons rather than treating your pain. I would ask your doctor to refer you to a pain specialist. Answered by Eusebia Rasor 1 year ago.

I know methotrexate was a death sentence for me. I told my doctor cancer ran in my family big time. 6 months later I had nodules on my lungs, ild, ctd, and cancer. I don t even trust my doctors now because I can t get a straight answer Answered by Chrissy Tolomeo 1 year ago.


What is the major of chemotherapy agents in anti-cancer drugs ?
Asked by Linnie Wrighton 1 year ago.

There are many different chemotherapy agents. Different drugs work for different cancers, and they are frequently used in combination. You need to be more specific. Here is a list of chemo drugs: 13-cis-Retinoic Acid 2-CdA 2-Chlorodeoxyadenosine 5-Fluorouracil 5-FU 6-Mercaptopurine 6-MP 6-TG 6-Thioguanine Abraxane Accutane ® Actinomycin-D Adriamycin ® Adrucil ® Agrylin ® Ala-Cort ® Aldesleukin Alemtuzumab ALIMTA Alitretinoin Alkaban-AQ ® Alkeran ® All-transretinoic acid Alpha interferon Altretamine Amethopterin Amifostine Aminoglutethimide Anagrelide Anandron ® Anastrozole Arabinosylcytosine Ara-C Aranesp ® Aredia ® Arimidex ® Aromasin ® Arranon ® Arsenic trioxide Asparaginase ATRA Avastin ® Azacitidine BCG BCNU Bevacizumab Bexarotene BEXXAR ® Bicalutamide BiCNU Blenoxane ® Bleomycin Bortezomib Busulfan Busulfex ® C225 Calcium Leucovorin Campath ® Camptosar ® Camptothecin-11 Capecitabine Carac ™ Carboplatin Carmustine Carmustine wafer Casodex ® CC-5013 CCNU CDDP CeeNU Cerubidine ® Cetuximab Chlorambucil Cisplatin Citrovorum Factor Cladribine Cortisone Cosmegen ® CPT-11 Cyclophosphamide Cytadren ® Cytarabine Cytarabine liposomal Cytosar-U ® Cytoxan ® Dacarbazine Dacogen Dactinomycin Darbepoetin alfa Daunomycin Daunorubicin Daunorubicin hydrochloride Daunorubicin liposomal DaunoXome ® Decadron Decitabine Delta-Cortef ® Deltasone ® Denileukin diftitox DepoCyt ™ Dexamethasone Dexamethasone acetate Dexamethasone Sodium Phosphate Dexasone Dexrazoxane DHAD DIC Diodex Docetaxel Doxil ® Doxorubicin Doxorubicin liposomal Droxia ™ DTIC DTIC-Dome ® Duralone ® Efudex ® Eligard ™ Ellence ™ Eloxatin ™ Elspar ® Emcyt ® Epirubicin Epoetin alfa Erbitux ™ Erlotinib Erwinia L-asparaginase Estramustine Ethyol Etopophos ® Etoposide Etoposide Phosphate Eulexin ® Evista ® Exemestane Fareston ® Faslodex ® Femara ® Filgrastim Floxuridine Fludara ® Fludarabine Fluoroplex ® Fluorouracil Fluorouracil (cream) Fluoxymesterone Flutamide Folinic Acid FUDR ® Fulvestrant G-CSF Gefitinib Gemcitabine Gemtuzumab ozogamicin Gemzar ® GleevecTM Gliadel wafer (t) GM-CSF Goserelin granulocyte - colony stimulating factor (t) Granulocyte macrophage colony stimulating factor (o) Halotestin (t) Herceptin (t) Hexadrol (t) Hexalen (t) Hexamethylmelamine (t) HMM (t) Hycamtin (t) Hydrea (t) Hydrocort Acetate (t) Hydrocortisone Hydrocortisone sodium phosphate Hydrocortisone sodium succinate Hydrocortone phosphate (t) Hydroxyurea Ibritumomab Ibritumomab Tiuxetan Idamycin ® Idarubicin Ifex ® IFN-alpha Ifosfamide IL-11 IL-2 Imatinib mesylate Imidazole Carboxamide Interferon alfa Interferon Alfa-2b (PEG conjugate) (o) Interleukin - 2 (t) Interleukin-11 (o) Intron A® (interferon alfa-2b) Iressa ® Irinotecan Isotretinoin Kidrolase (t) Lanacort (t) L-asparaginase (t) LCR (o) Lenalidomide Letrozole Leucovorin Leukeran (t) Leukine (t) Leuprolide Leurocristine (o) Leustatin (t) Liposomal Ara-C (t) Liquid Pred (t) Lomustine L-PAM (o) L-Sarcolysin (o) Lupron (t) Lupron Depot ® Matulane (t) Maxidex (t) Mechlorethamine Mechlorethamine Hydrochloride Medralone (t) Medrol ® Megace (t) Megestrol Megestrol Acetate (o) Melphalan Mercaptopurine Mesna Mesnex (t) Methotrexate Methotrexate Sodium (o) Methylprednisolone Meticorten (t) Mitomycin Mitomycin-C (o) Mitoxantrone M-Prednisol (t) MTC (o) MTX (o) Mustargen (t) Mustine Mutamycin (t) Myleran (t) Mylocel (t) Mylotarg (t) Navelbine ® Nelarabine Neosar (t) Neulasta (t) Neumega (t) Neupogen ® Nexavar ® Nilandron (t) Nilutamide Nipent ® Nitrogen Mustard (o) Novaldex (t) Novantrone (t) Octreotide Octreotide acetate (o) Oncospar (t) Oncovin (t) Ontak (t) Onxal (t) Oprevelkin Orapred (t) Orasone (t) Oxaliplatin Paclitaxel Paclitaxel Protein-bound Pamidronate Panretin (t) Paraplatin (t) Pediapred (t) PEG Interferon Pegaspargase Pegfilgrastim PEG-INTRON (t) PEG-L-asparaginase PEMETREXED Pentostatin Phenylalanine Mustard (o) Platinol (t) Platinol-AQ (t) Prednisolone Prednisone Prelone (t) Procarbazine PROCRIT ® Proleukin (t) Prolifeprospan 20 with Carmustine implant (t) Purinethol ® Raloxifene Revlimid ® Rheumatrex (t) Rituxan (t) Rituximab Roferon-A® (interferon alfa-2a) Rubex (t) Rubidomycin hydrochloride (t) Sandostatin ® Sandostatin LAR (t) Sargramostim Solu-Cortef (t) Solu-Medrol (t) Sorafenib STI-571 Streptozocin SU11248 Sunitinib Sutent ® Tamoxifen Tarceva ® Targretin (t) Taxol ® Taxotere ® Temodar ® Temozolomide Teniposide TESPA (o) Thalidomide Thalomid ® TheraCys (t) Thioguanine Thioguanine Tabloid ® Thiophosphoamide (o) Thioplex (t) Thiotepa TICE ® Toposar (t) Topotecan Toremifene Tositumomab Trastuzumab Tretinoin Trexall (t) Trisenox (t) TSPA (o) VCR (o) Velban (t) Velcade ® VePesid (t) Vesanoid (t) Viadur (t) Vidaza (t) Vinblastine Vinblastine Sulfate (o) Vincasar Pfs (t) Vincristine Vinorelbine Vinorelbine tartrate (o) VLB (o) VM-26 (o) VP-16 (t) Vumon (t) Xeloda ® Zanosar (t) Zevalin TM Zinecard (t) Zoladex ® Zoledronic acid Zometa ® See? There's a lot of them. Answered by Anissa Butz 1 year ago.

antineoplastics, monoclonal antibodies, Answered by Donnetta Boldul 1 year ago.

Please see the webpages for more details on Chemotherapy. Answered by Hanna Bolyard 1 year ago.


Can you list antidotes to the ff substances/drugs?
Anti cholinesterase (cholinergics) Cyanide Narcotics/opioid overdose Thrombolytics Iron Acetaminophen Anti depressants Methotrexate Digoxin Benzodiazepines Lead Warfarin Heparin Asked by Jennette Minner 1 year ago.

I believe yahoo answers should be the last resort a responsible student must consider in answering questions like this. Anyway, PEACE.... Anti cholinesterase (cholinergics) - atropine Cyanide - sodium thiosulfate Narcotics/opioid overdose - naloxone (Narcan) Thrombolytics - aminocaproic acid (Amicar) Iron - deferoxamine Acetaminophen - acetylcystein Anti depressants - phentolamine Methotrexate - leucovorin Digoxin - Digibind Benzodiazepines - flumenazil Lead - calcium EDTA Warfarin - vit. K Heparin - protamine sulfate Answered by Augusta Sengupta 1 year ago.


Can someone that has had chemotherapy for colon cancer (maybe stage 3) help me...?
Someone very dear to me has just had a foot of their colon removed with a large tumor and 15 of 18 of the surrounding lymphs showed positive for cancer from the pathology report, now the suggested treatment is 6 months of chemo, 3 days in a row (port surgically implanted) every other week. I have no idea what... Asked by Tequila Misik 1 year ago.

Someone very dear to me has just had a foot of their colon removed with a large tumor and 15 of 18 of the surrounding lymphs showed positive for cancer from the pathology report, now the suggested treatment is 6 months of chemo, 3 days in a row (port surgically implanted) every other week. I have no idea what other kinds of treatments there are, i am just so worried about this regiment, and how hard it is going to be, has anyone gone through this that can help me? I want to know more about the subject so that i can help my loved one through this and help make sure this is the right decision on the chemo. Does chemo make you extremely ill? ANY insight will be much appreciated.... Answered by Isa Ladtkow 1 year ago.

I just finished chemo for stage 3 colon cancer at the end of April, and I was lucky. I never got sick, and my oncologist said there wasn't any reason anybody should with all the anti-nausea medicines that are available now. I got two different types of anti-nausea medicines during chemo, and they gave me pills to take in case I needed them for the few days after treatment (I never did). The chemo will consist of 3 different medications: oxaliplatin, leucovorin, and 5-FU (Flouracil). 5-FU has been in use since the 1950's, and has a very good success rate. Leucovorin is a vitamin that helps the 5-FU work better, and oxaliplatin (Eloxatin) is a newer drug. The chemo usually takes about 4-6 hours. She should be given at least two anti-nausea medicines during treatment. I received an anti-nausea medicine first, then a second one at the same time as the Leucovorin and oxaliplatin, then the 5-FU, then calcium and potassium, which also helped prevent nausea. The worst symptom I had from the chemo was my hands hurt if they got cold, even from drinking cold drinks (many people wear cotton gloves when they have to do things like open the refrigerator). Other people also get mouth sores, but they can give you a medicine to gargle with, or you can just use salt water. You can lose you hair on rare occasions, but it only happens in about 5% of cases, and about 25% of people have thinning hair. Mine started thinning at the very end, but only because it stopped growing, and wasn't replacing itself. Make sure your friend goes to a good cancer center. I went to the Simon Cancer Center in Indianapolis, which is one of the best (Lance Armstrong went there when he had prostate cancer, even though he lives nowhere near Indy). If you go there, I would strongly recommend my oncologist, Dr. Paul Helft. He is an ethicist, which means he believes in including the patient and his family in every stage of treatment. He spent 3 hours with me and my family the first meeting, and met with me before every treatment, which my cousin, an oncology nurse, said was unheard of. Good luck to you and your friend. Answered by Virgen Scotten 1 year ago.

Chemo affects cells that multiply rapidly: cancer cells and cells that are lining your stomach. So that is why chemo patients often have a lack of appetite and feel like throwing up. Chemo makes the person very fatigued, lose their hair, and have altered taste buds. The best way to help get through chemo and help your dear friend is to STAY/ BE POSITIVE, be helpful by helping them with things (only if they want...some are very sensitive to the fact that they have chemo and actually need help...depends on the person, so just be careful and sensitive), and making sure that they eat and get proper nutrition, and that they take their medication on time and as prescribed. Also allowing them to talk out their problems. I don't recommend being sad along with them. Just be attentive and let them spill their guts. Also try to provide hope, and a positive atmosphere as much as you can. Thanks Answered by Veronique Whelehan 1 year ago.

Chemo is important in the treatment of colon cancer. I think it is called F4. It doesn't usually cause nasea or hair loss. Without it the cancer will run riot. It will cause fatigue. Just go with it. Cancer treatments can save lives. Answered by Ellis Ganguli 1 year ago.

People react differently to chemo and a lot depends on what drugs they are on. Yes it can make you very ill, but so does cancer. If you really want to help them make the right decision then you really should be with them when this is discussed with their oncologist. Answered by Elina Gushue 1 year ago.


Cancer of the pancrous?
Asked by Gerald Mandahl 1 year ago.

The pancreas is a gland, which is located in the back of the abdomen, lying almost on the spine. It produces Insulin, the hormone that controls the blood sugar, as well as many enzymes that are needed for digestion of food. Cancer of pancreas is now the fourth most common cause of cancer-related death in United States. The 5-year relative survival rate of patients with this cancer is only 3 to 5%. Roughly 28,000 new cases are diagnosed each year in the United States. This type of cancer is found most frequently in men and African-Americans. The average age at the time of diagnosis being 65 years. Unfortunately, most patients are diagnosed in advanced stages when cure is not possible. Cause: The actual cause of pancreas cancer is unknown. However, some environmental factors, especially cigarette smoking, play a role in the development of this cancer. Signs and symptoms: Cancer of the pancreas can grow for a long time without causing any problems. Most patients are diagnosed in advanced stages and present with any of the following signs: Abdominal pain Weight loss Nausea, vomiting Jaundice, as a result of obstruction of bile ducts Anemia Back pain due to invasion of nerves Diagnosis: When suspected, CT scan or Ultrasound examination of the abdomen may establish the diagnosis. A Fine needle aspiration of the pancreas may confirm the existence of the cancer. This cancer can also be detected by an endoscopy-assisted study of the pancreas, which allows taking a biopsy at the same time. Staging: Endoscopic ultrasound is a very sensitive study that should be done to determine the depth of invasion of the cancer into the tissues around the pancreas, as well as evaluation of the local lymph glands. CT scan of abdomen, as well as bone scans, may have to be done to complete the staging workup Treatment: Surgery: Management of this disease relies on surgery in an attempt to remove most or all of the Pancreas and to reconstruct the continuity of the bowels. This is a rather difficult procedure and carries a very high risk, even in the best hands. Indications for surgery are limited to younger patients with very small size tumors. Chemotherapy: Is appropriate for patients in whom the disease is not cured with surgery. Gemcitabine, VP-16, Cisplatinum, Mitomycin, Taxol, Taxotere, 5-FU and Leucovorin are among the most commonly used drugs for Pancreas cancer. These drugs are used in combination and can have moderate to severe toxic effects. A newer drug that has now become available is Radiation: For the most part, it is used to control the symptoms of the advanced disease. Radiation at the time of surgery, referred to as intra-operative radiation, has not proven to be more effective than external radiation, which can also be combined with chemotherapy. Pattern of Spread: If left untreated, or if it fails to respond to treatment, Pancreas cancer can spread to the liver, lymph glands in the abdomen, lungs and almost anywhere else. Prognosis: In most Americans, this cancer carries a very poor prognosis, which is due to the advanced stage of the illness at the time of diagnosis, and in such cases, survival is short. The disease can be cured only if it is caught very early. Special Situations Patients with advanced pancreas cancer may develop any of the following complications. Pleural effusion Bone metastasis Paraneoplastic syndromes High calcium level Blood clots in the legs and other organs Pain: Most patients with this cancer experience substantial pain, which can be debilitating. Control of pain is central to care of patients with this illness. Neurolytic Celiac Plexus Block can control the pain in great majority of such patients. Survival: Survival of patients with this cancer depends on the type and extent of the cancer at the time of initial diagnosis. One-third of patients with early stages may be cured with surgery alone. In the majority of patients in whom cure is not possible, survival could vary from months to years, depending on the extent of cancer, overall condition of the patient, as well as response to treatment and duration of the response Follow-up After completion of treatment, and in any combination that might have taken place, the patient needs to remain under surveillance for the possibility of recurrence of cancer. Follow-up should be scheduled on a regular basis (initially every one to three months for one to two years). The frequency of follow-up will depend on the condition of the patient and his disease. In each follow-up visit, the patient is examined and, normally, a CT scan of the abdomen is obtained at intervals. Treatment of advanced or recurrent disease will depend on the stage and extent of the recurring disease. Most patients are then treated with chemotherapy using the same agents mentioned above. Radiation therapy may be helpful in managing painful or symptomatic areas to which the cancer has spread. If patients experience pain, different pain medications may be used to alleviate the pain. For patients with advanced disease, where most treatments have failed, one could consider assistance from hospice. Answered by Hae Woltmann 1 year ago.


The order is for Leucovorin 20mg by mouth 6 hours after administration of the cancer drug methotrexate to prev?
The order is for Leucovorin 20mg by mouth 6 hours after administration of the cancer drug methotrexate to prevent toxicity. The child weights 70lb today and is 4ft 2in tall. The safe dose for this medication is 10mg/m2 . On hand you have 5mg Leucovorin Calcium tablets. If safe, how many tablets will you give? Asked by Cathie Corrieri 1 year ago.

You can use the Du Bois formula for body surface area (BSA): W = Weight and H = Height BSA = 0.007184 x W^0.425 x H^0.725 W = 70lb x 0.453 = 31.7 kg H = 50" x 2.54 = 127 cm BSA = 0.007184 x 31.7^0.425 x 127^0.725 BSA = 0.007184 x 4.34 x 33.51 BSA = 1.04 (~ 1.0) Alternatively, the pediatric formula can be used: [4Wkg+7]/[90+Wkg] [(4 x 31.7) + 7]/[90 + 31.7] 133.8/121.7 = 1.1 So, we'll say for argument's sake that the child's BSA is 1.0 m^2 The safe dose is 10 mg/m^2. Therefore, the dose to give the child is 10 mg. You have 5mg tablets, so the child will get 2 tablets. Answered by Benny Sheth 1 year ago.

I don't forget myself 2 be verbally endowed, and attempt 2 apply so much 4thought 2 what comes out of my mouth prior 2 itz doing so. For this reason that occurs lovely rattling sometimes! Timothy :o) Answered by Russ Etheridge 1 year ago.


Can toxoplasma b cured.. ?
i had abortion few mnths ago... test report showd toxoplasma positive... I had been tkin medicine fr 6 mnths bt still its positive.. Doc askd me to cntinu 4 mnths mor...I hv no child til nw... Is there ny1 who had been suffrd by this disease..??M tkin rovamycin forte... 21 days 2 tyms per day den 15 days gap... Asked by Doretha Gorringe 1 year ago.

i had abortion few mnths ago... test report showd toxoplasma positive... I had been tkin medicine fr 6 mnths bt still its positive.. Doc askd me to cntinu 4 mnths mor... I hv no child til nw... Is there ny1 who had been suffrd by this disease..?? M tkin rovamycin forte... 21 days 2 tyms per day den 15 days gap then again 21 days nd again 15 days gap nd so on.... lyk dis i had cmpletd 6 tyms nd its still positiv nd goin to cntinu 4 mnths mor... Answered by Fidela Siefferman 1 year ago.

Toxoplasmosis can be treated (not completely) with combinations of pyrimethamine with either trisulfapyrimidines or sulfadiazine, plus folinic acid in the form of leucovorin calcium to protect the bone marrow from the toxic effects of pyrimethamine. If this treatment causes hypersensitivity reaction, then pyrimethamine and clindamycin can be used instead. If these drugs are not available, then a combination of sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim can be used. Pregnant women and babies can be treated but Toxoplasma gondii cannot be eliminated completely. The parasites can remain within tissue cells in a less active stage (cyst) in locations difficult for the medication to get to. A drug called spiramycin is recommended during the first four months whereas sulfadizaine/pyrimethamine and folinic acid for women that have been pregnant for more than four months. PCR (a method to discover parasite DNA) is often performed on the amniotic fluid to find out if the infant is infected. If the infant is likely to be infected, then treatment is done with drugs such as sulfadizaine, pyrimethamine and folinic acid. Congenitally infected babies are treated with sulfonamide and pyrimethamine. Treatment for persons with ocular disease depends on the size of the eye lesion, the characteristics (acute or chronic) and the location of the lesion. Persons with compromised immune systems (such as AIDS patients) need to be treated until their health improves significantly. Answered by Cheree Peck 1 year ago.


How safe is methotrexate for rheumatoid arthritis?
Asked by Margarete Vanblaricum 1 year ago.

Hi, I also take methotrexate for RA and I've been taking it for a little longer than a year now. I know when I first starting taking it, it would upset my stomach and sometimes throw up. I also got blister on my tongue. And i only started with 3 pills once a week because I have low white blood cells and Methotrexate lowers your blood count. But after a few months my body got used to it and my doctor gave me Folic Acid to help with my blood count and other side effects as well as Leucovorin Calcium. Now I'm up to 5 pills of Methotrexate and I take blood test every month to monitor my blood cells. I did have pain in every joint even my jaw but after taking this drug, i was able to move again and be myself. I'm doing very well and I even take care of my 3 year old daughter by myself but it does get hard because of all the fatigue and lack of energy. But overall I haven't experienced anything too bad from this drug and it helps me be normal as well as being able to take care of my daughter. :) But everyone is different and their bodies or condition may not be the same so its really up to you if you want to try it. I think if you do start it, maybe you should start with a few pills and see how your body reacts to it. I hope this helps you and I know how u feel but I needed to live my life and raise my kid so I just to took it :) Answered by Sandi Kamai 1 year ago.

Hi.Well,I'm going to take a guess and say that your rheumatologist has given you a couple of other immune suppressant medications,and they didn't show much if any improvement(remission is the goal) in your RA.So,your rheumatologist has now put you on methotrexate hoping this medication(stronger immune suppressant) will get the results your doctor wants.As for how safe this specific medication is? It's basically the same as any other immune suppressant drug,and it will lower your immune system,which will make you susceptible to several contagious strains of colds,flu,etc.And,also may cause stomach upset,nausea,and ulcers.So,you should also be taking a prescribed(OTC) medication to help prevent any damage to your stomach,and also a calcium and vitamin D supplement as well.I suggest that you speak to your rheumatologist about any/all potential risks associated with this drug,and any other drug/medication you are taking for your RA.It's very important that you and your doctor both are well informed about any/all medication/s your currently taking whether it be prescription or over the counter(OTC).You should use caution when taking opiate pain killers for RA.Most times opiates don't offer much pain relief for RA,and can be habit forming over a long period of time.Best to take your doctors regime,and advice when it comes to your health.Take care. Answered by Mariam Makos 1 year ago.

Imagine for a moment your arthritis completely vanishing right now. If, in a moment, your pain and stiffness melted away. And your joints all of a sudden functioned like a well-oiled machine. Like a magic wand was waived, you'd be able to jump up from your chair and run around the room like a kid. And imagine that you'd never have to suffer as much as a pinch of arthritis stiffness or pain ever again. I know this sounds impossible right now, but bear with me, because sometimes miracles happen. It was a gift from a woman on the other side of the world. From the kindness of her heart, she took pity on my suffering and taught me how to completely reverse my arthritis. Today, I want to do the same for you! Answered by Katerine Gradillas 1 year ago.

Minocycline has been great for me for 16 years, no side effects to speak of. But now suddenly I am very sick with pericarditis, an inflammation around the sac of the heart. And tetracyclines can cause this, So I am grieving that my wonderful minocycline may have led to this, and have no idea what to switch to, and don t want to switch to anything. I am thinking plaquanil again, I was on it for many years with no ill effects. All the biologics say leukemia and lymphoma as side effects, so no way would I ever try them. I have had this since age 24 and will be 60 in 2015. so have had it for 35 years. Take the least dangerous ones, to live a long life with RA. Answered by Devon Hongeva 1 year ago.

I was diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis in 1993, at the age of 55. My rheumatologist started me on methotrexate at that time, with 3x2.5 mg tablets per week. Since that time, I've taken a total of 12,355 mg (I keep track of all the medications I take). Every three months, I have a liver panel and CBC to monitor the effects of methotrexate. I've been chronically anemic all during this time. In April 2006, I started taking Enbrel. Four years later, I suffered congestive heart failure (CHF) and stopped taking Enbrel. Enbrel really kept the arthritic pains down but CHF was thought to have been caused by it. Now I take 7x2.5 mg per week of methotrexate. I was also taking hydrocodone/acetaminophen (Vicodin) starting in 2006, to control pain, but have now stopped owing to the FDA restrictions on dispensing this medicine. My liver function is normal. I have always been able to tolerate methotrexate. Answered by Candra Lachley 1 year ago.

Is Methotrexate Safe Answered by Roberta Fullington 1 year ago.

Personally, I would say it isn't very safe. Opiates would be a lot safer. Its a shame how some doctors are so afraid of giving people pain killers that they would resort to using these poisons rather than treating your pain. I would ask your doctor to refer you to a pain specialist. Answered by Heriberto Katie 1 year ago.

I know methotrexate was a death sentence for me. I told my doctor cancer ran in my family big time. 6 months later I had nodules on my lungs, ild, ctd, and cancer. I don t even trust my doctors now because I can t get a straight answer Answered by Michelina Rutenberg 1 year ago.


What is the major of chemotherapy agents in anti-cancer drugs ?
Asked by Wayne Buvens 1 year ago.

There are many different chemotherapy agents. Different drugs work for different cancers, and they are frequently used in combination. You need to be more specific. Here is a list of chemo drugs: 13-cis-Retinoic Acid 2-CdA 2-Chlorodeoxyadenosine 5-Fluorouracil 5-FU 6-Mercaptopurine 6-MP 6-TG 6-Thioguanine Abraxane Accutane ® Actinomycin-D Adriamycin ® Adrucil ® Agrylin ® Ala-Cort ® Aldesleukin Alemtuzumab ALIMTA Alitretinoin Alkaban-AQ ® Alkeran ® All-transretinoic acid Alpha interferon Altretamine Amethopterin Amifostine Aminoglutethimide Anagrelide Anandron ® Anastrozole Arabinosylcytosine Ara-C Aranesp ® Aredia ® Arimidex ® Aromasin ® Arranon ® Arsenic trioxide Asparaginase ATRA Avastin ® Azacitidine BCG BCNU Bevacizumab Bexarotene BEXXAR ® Bicalutamide BiCNU Blenoxane ® Bleomycin Bortezomib Busulfan Busulfex ® C225 Calcium Leucovorin Campath ® Camptosar ® Camptothecin-11 Capecitabine Carac ™ Carboplatin Carmustine Carmustine wafer Casodex ® CC-5013 CCNU CDDP CeeNU Cerubidine ® Cetuximab Chlorambucil Cisplatin Citrovorum Factor Cladribine Cortisone Cosmegen ® CPT-11 Cyclophosphamide Cytadren ® Cytarabine Cytarabine liposomal Cytosar-U ® Cytoxan ® Dacarbazine Dacogen Dactinomycin Darbepoetin alfa Daunomycin Daunorubicin Daunorubicin hydrochloride Daunorubicin liposomal DaunoXome ® Decadron Decitabine Delta-Cortef ® Deltasone ® Denileukin diftitox DepoCyt ™ Dexamethasone Dexamethasone acetate Dexamethasone Sodium Phosphate Dexasone Dexrazoxane DHAD DIC Diodex Docetaxel Doxil ® Doxorubicin Doxorubicin liposomal Droxia ™ DTIC DTIC-Dome ® Duralone ® Efudex ® Eligard ™ Ellence ™ Eloxatin ™ Elspar ® Emcyt ® Epirubicin Epoetin alfa Erbitux ™ Erlotinib Erwinia L-asparaginase Estramustine Ethyol Etopophos ® Etoposide Etoposide Phosphate Eulexin ® Evista ® Exemestane Fareston ® Faslodex ® Femara ® Filgrastim Floxuridine Fludara ® Fludarabine Fluoroplex ® Fluorouracil Fluorouracil (cream) Fluoxymesterone Flutamide Folinic Acid FUDR ® Fulvestrant G-CSF Gefitinib Gemcitabine Gemtuzumab ozogamicin Gemzar ® GleevecTM Gliadel wafer (t) GM-CSF Goserelin granulocyte - colony stimulating factor (t) Granulocyte macrophage colony stimulating factor (o) Halotestin (t) Herceptin (t) Hexadrol (t) Hexalen (t) Hexamethylmelamine (t) HMM (t) Hycamtin (t) Hydrea (t) Hydrocort Acetate (t) Hydrocortisone Hydrocortisone sodium phosphate Hydrocortisone sodium succinate Hydrocortone phosphate (t) Hydroxyurea Ibritumomab Ibritumomab Tiuxetan Idamycin ® Idarubicin Ifex ® IFN-alpha Ifosfamide IL-11 IL-2 Imatinib mesylate Imidazole Carboxamide Interferon alfa Interferon Alfa-2b (PEG conjugate) (o) Interleukin - 2 (t) Interleukin-11 (o) Intron A® (interferon alfa-2b) Iressa ® Irinotecan Isotretinoin Kidrolase (t) Lanacort (t) L-asparaginase (t) LCR (o) Lenalidomide Letrozole Leucovorin Leukeran (t) Leukine (t) Leuprolide Leurocristine (o) Leustatin (t) Liposomal Ara-C (t) Liquid Pred (t) Lomustine L-PAM (o) L-Sarcolysin (o) Lupron (t) Lupron Depot ® Matulane (t) Maxidex (t) Mechlorethamine Mechlorethamine Hydrochloride Medralone (t) Medrol ® Megace (t) Megestrol Megestrol Acetate (o) Melphalan Mercaptopurine Mesna Mesnex (t) Methotrexate Methotrexate Sodium (o) Methylprednisolone Meticorten (t) Mitomycin Mitomycin-C (o) Mitoxantrone M-Prednisol (t) MTC (o) MTX (o) Mustargen (t) Mustine Mutamycin (t) Myleran (t) Mylocel (t) Mylotarg (t) Navelbine ® Nelarabine Neosar (t) Neulasta (t) Neumega (t) Neupogen ® Nexavar ® Nilandron (t) Nilutamide Nipent ® Nitrogen Mustard (o) Novaldex (t) Novantrone (t) Octreotide Octreotide acetate (o) Oncospar (t) Oncovin (t) Ontak (t) Onxal (t) Oprevelkin Orapred (t) Orasone (t) Oxaliplatin Paclitaxel Paclitaxel Protein-bound Pamidronate Panretin (t) Paraplatin (t) Pediapred (t) PEG Interferon Pegaspargase Pegfilgrastim PEG-INTRON (t) PEG-L-asparaginase PEMETREXED Pentostatin Phenylalanine Mustard (o) Platinol (t) Platinol-AQ (t) Prednisolone Prednisone Prelone (t) Procarbazine PROCRIT ® Proleukin (t) Prolifeprospan 20 with Carmustine implant (t) Purinethol ® Raloxifene Revlimid ® Rheumatrex (t) Rituxan (t) Rituximab Roferon-A® (interferon alfa-2a) Rubex (t) Rubidomycin hydrochloride (t) Sandostatin ® Sandostatin LAR (t) Sargramostim Solu-Cortef (t) Solu-Medrol (t) Sorafenib STI-571 Streptozocin SU11248 Sunitinib Sutent ® Tamoxifen Tarceva ® Targretin (t) Taxol ® Taxotere ® Temodar ® Temozolomide Teniposide TESPA (o) Thalidomide Thalomid ® TheraCys (t) Thioguanine Thioguanine Tabloid ® Thiophosphoamide (o) Thioplex (t) Thiotepa TICE ® Toposar (t) Topotecan Toremifene Tositumomab Trastuzumab Tretinoin Trexall (t) Trisenox (t) TSPA (o) VCR (o) Velban (t) Velcade ® VePesid (t) Vesanoid (t) Viadur (t) Vidaza (t) Vinblastine Vinblastine Sulfate (o) Vincasar Pfs (t) Vincristine Vinorelbine Vinorelbine tartrate (o) VLB (o) VM-26 (o) VP-16 (t) Vumon (t) Xeloda ® Zanosar (t) Zevalin TM Zinecard (t) Zoladex ® Zoledronic acid Zometa ® See? There's a lot of them. Answered by Gisele Coppens 1 year ago.

antineoplastics, monoclonal antibodies, Answered by Brigette Ablin 1 year ago.

Please see the webpages for more details on Chemotherapy. Answered by Aldo Neiger 1 year ago.


Can you list antidotes to the ff substances/drugs?
Anti cholinesterase (cholinergics) Cyanide Narcotics/opioid overdose Thrombolytics Iron Acetaminophen Anti depressants Methotrexate Digoxin Benzodiazepines Lead Warfarin Heparin Asked by Hermina Kuehl 1 year ago.

I believe yahoo answers should be the last resort a responsible student must consider in answering questions like this. Anyway, PEACE.... Anti cholinesterase (cholinergics) - atropine Cyanide - sodium thiosulfate Narcotics/opioid overdose - naloxone (Narcan) Thrombolytics - aminocaproic acid (Amicar) Iron - deferoxamine Acetaminophen - acetylcystein Anti depressants - phentolamine Methotrexate - leucovorin Digoxin - Digibind Benzodiazepines - flumenazil Lead - calcium EDTA Warfarin - vit. K Heparin - protamine sulfate Answered by Tammera Hagos 1 year ago.


Can someone that has had chemotherapy for colon cancer (maybe stage 3) help me...?
Someone very dear to me has just had a foot of their colon removed with a large tumor and 15 of 18 of the surrounding lymphs showed positive for cancer from the pathology report, now the suggested treatment is 6 months of chemo, 3 days in a row (port surgically implanted) every other week. I have no idea what... Asked by Jacki Jacobitz 1 year ago.

Someone very dear to me has just had a foot of their colon removed with a large tumor and 15 of 18 of the surrounding lymphs showed positive for cancer from the pathology report, now the suggested treatment is 6 months of chemo, 3 days in a row (port surgically implanted) every other week. I have no idea what other kinds of treatments there are, i am just so worried about this regiment, and how hard it is going to be, has anyone gone through this that can help me? I want to know more about the subject so that i can help my loved one through this and help make sure this is the right decision on the chemo. Does chemo make you extremely ill? ANY insight will be much appreciated.... Answered by Merrill Faulkenberry 1 year ago.

I just finished chemo for stage 3 colon cancer at the end of April, and I was lucky. I never got sick, and my oncologist said there wasn't any reason anybody should with all the anti-nausea medicines that are available now. I got two different types of anti-nausea medicines during chemo, and they gave me pills to take in case I needed them for the few days after treatment (I never did). The chemo will consist of 3 different medications: oxaliplatin, leucovorin, and 5-FU (Flouracil). 5-FU has been in use since the 1950's, and has a very good success rate. Leucovorin is a vitamin that helps the 5-FU work better, and oxaliplatin (Eloxatin) is a newer drug. The chemo usually takes about 4-6 hours. She should be given at least two anti-nausea medicines during treatment. I received an anti-nausea medicine first, then a second one at the same time as the Leucovorin and oxaliplatin, then the 5-FU, then calcium and potassium, which also helped prevent nausea. The worst symptom I had from the chemo was my hands hurt if they got cold, even from drinking cold drinks (many people wear cotton gloves when they have to do things like open the refrigerator). Other people also get mouth sores, but they can give you a medicine to gargle with, or you can just use salt water. You can lose you hair on rare occasions, but it only happens in about 5% of cases, and about 25% of people have thinning hair. Mine started thinning at the very end, but only because it stopped growing, and wasn't replacing itself. Make sure your friend goes to a good cancer center. I went to the Simon Cancer Center in Indianapolis, which is one of the best (Lance Armstrong went there when he had prostate cancer, even though he lives nowhere near Indy). If you go there, I would strongly recommend my oncologist, Dr. Paul Helft. He is an ethicist, which means he believes in including the patient and his family in every stage of treatment. He spent 3 hours with me and my family the first meeting, and met with me before every treatment, which my cousin, an oncology nurse, said was unheard of. Good luck to you and your friend. Answered by Dinorah Ohlsson 1 year ago.

Chemo affects cells that multiply rapidly: cancer cells and cells that are lining your stomach. So that is why chemo patients often have a lack of appetite and feel like throwing up. Chemo makes the person very fatigued, lose their hair, and have altered taste buds. The best way to help get through chemo and help your dear friend is to STAY/ BE POSITIVE, be helpful by helping them with things (only if they want...some are very sensitive to the fact that they have chemo and actually need help...depends on the person, so just be careful and sensitive), and making sure that they eat and get proper nutrition, and that they take their medication on time and as prescribed. Also allowing them to talk out their problems. I don't recommend being sad along with them. Just be attentive and let them spill their guts. Also try to provide hope, and a positive atmosphere as much as you can. Thanks Answered by Yolando Glossner 1 year ago.

Chemo is important in the treatment of colon cancer. I think it is called F4. It doesn't usually cause nasea or hair loss. Without it the cancer will run riot. It will cause fatigue. Just go with it. Cancer treatments can save lives. Answered by Lenard Whiteside 1 year ago.

People react differently to chemo and a lot depends on what drugs they are on. Yes it can make you very ill, but so does cancer. If you really want to help them make the right decision then you really should be with them when this is discussed with their oncologist. Answered by Rubie Gaucher 1 year ago.


Cancer of the pancrous?
Asked by Anastasia Huffmaster 1 year ago.

The pancreas is a gland, which is located in the back of the abdomen, lying almost on the spine. It produces Insulin, the hormone that controls the blood sugar, as well as many enzymes that are needed for digestion of food. Cancer of pancreas is now the fourth most common cause of cancer-related death in United States. The 5-year relative survival rate of patients with this cancer is only 3 to 5%. Roughly 28,000 new cases are diagnosed each year in the United States. This type of cancer is found most frequently in men and African-Americans. The average age at the time of diagnosis being 65 years. Unfortunately, most patients are diagnosed in advanced stages when cure is not possible. Cause: The actual cause of pancreas cancer is unknown. However, some environmental factors, especially cigarette smoking, play a role in the development of this cancer. Signs and symptoms: Cancer of the pancreas can grow for a long time without causing any problems. Most patients are diagnosed in advanced stages and present with any of the following signs: Abdominal pain Weight loss Nausea, vomiting Jaundice, as a result of obstruction of bile ducts Anemia Back pain due to invasion of nerves Diagnosis: When suspected, CT scan or Ultrasound examination of the abdomen may establish the diagnosis. A Fine needle aspiration of the pancreas may confirm the existence of the cancer. This cancer can also be detected by an endoscopy-assisted study of the pancreas, which allows taking a biopsy at the same time. Staging: Endoscopic ultrasound is a very sensitive study that should be done to determine the depth of invasion of the cancer into the tissues around the pancreas, as well as evaluation of the local lymph glands. CT scan of abdomen, as well as bone scans, may have to be done to complete the staging workup Treatment: Surgery: Management of this disease relies on surgery in an attempt to remove most or all of the Pancreas and to reconstruct the continuity of the bowels. This is a rather difficult procedure and carries a very high risk, even in the best hands. Indications for surgery are limited to younger patients with very small size tumors. Chemotherapy: Is appropriate for patients in whom the disease is not cured with surgery. Gemcitabine, VP-16, Cisplatinum, Mitomycin, Taxol, Taxotere, 5-FU and Leucovorin are among the most commonly used drugs for Pancreas cancer. These drugs are used in combination and can have moderate to severe toxic effects. A newer drug that has now become available is Radiation: For the most part, it is used to control the symptoms of the advanced disease. Radiation at the time of surgery, referred to as intra-operative radiation, has not proven to be more effective than external radiation, which can also be combined with chemotherapy. Pattern of Spread: If left untreated, or if it fails to respond to treatment, Pancreas cancer can spread to the liver, lymph glands in the abdomen, lungs and almost anywhere else. Prognosis: In most Americans, this cancer carries a very poor prognosis, which is due to the advanced stage of the illness at the time of diagnosis, and in such cases, survival is short. The disease can be cured only if it is caught very early. Special Situations Patients with advanced pancreas cancer may develop any of the following complications. Pleural effusion Bone metastasis Paraneoplastic syndromes High calcium level Blood clots in the legs and other organs Pain: Most patients with this cancer experience substantial pain, which can be debilitating. Control of pain is central to care of patients with this illness. Neurolytic Celiac Plexus Block can control the pain in great majority of such patients. Survival: Survival of patients with this cancer depends on the type and extent of the cancer at the time of initial diagnosis. One-third of patients with early stages may be cured with surgery alone. In the majority of patients in whom cure is not possible, survival could vary from months to years, depending on the extent of cancer, overall condition of the patient, as well as response to treatment and duration of the response Follow-up After completion of treatment, and in any combination that might have taken place, the patient needs to remain under surveillance for the possibility of recurrence of cancer. Follow-up should be scheduled on a regular basis (initially every one to three months for one to two years). The frequency of follow-up will depend on the condition of the patient and his disease. In each follow-up visit, the patient is examined and, normally, a CT scan of the abdomen is obtained at intervals. Treatment of advanced or recurrent disease will depend on the stage and extent of the recurring disease. Most patients are then treated with chemotherapy using the same agents mentioned above. Radiation therapy may be helpful in managing painful or symptomatic areas to which the cancer has spread. If patients experience pain, different pain medications may be used to alleviate the pain. For patients with advanced disease, where most treatments have failed, one could consider assistance from hospice. Answered by Jettie Kallenberger 1 year ago.


The order is for Leucovorin 20mg by mouth 6 hours after administration of the cancer drug methotrexate to prev?
The order is for Leucovorin 20mg by mouth 6 hours after administration of the cancer drug methotrexate to prevent toxicity. The child weights 70lb today and is 4ft 2in tall. The safe dose for this medication is 10mg/m2 . On hand you have 5mg Leucovorin Calcium tablets. If safe, how many tablets will you give? Asked by Apolonia Dumas 1 year ago.

You can use the Du Bois formula for body surface area (BSA): W = Weight and H = Height BSA = 0.007184 x W^0.425 x H^0.725 W = 70lb x 0.453 = 31.7 kg H = 50" x 2.54 = 127 cm BSA = 0.007184 x 31.7^0.425 x 127^0.725 BSA = 0.007184 x 4.34 x 33.51 BSA = 1.04 (~ 1.0) Alternatively, the pediatric formula can be used: [4Wkg+7]/[90+Wkg] [(4 x 31.7) + 7]/[90 + 31.7] 133.8/121.7 = 1.1 So, we'll say for argument's sake that the child's BSA is 1.0 m^2 The safe dose is 10 mg/m^2. Therefore, the dose to give the child is 10 mg. You have 5mg tablets, so the child will get 2 tablets. Answered by Renda Bievenue 1 year ago.

I don't forget myself 2 be verbally endowed, and attempt 2 apply so much 4thought 2 what comes out of my mouth prior 2 itz doing so. For this reason that occurs lovely rattling sometimes! Timothy :o) Answered by Hedwig Kimel 1 year ago.


Can toxoplasma b cured.. ?
i had abortion few mnths ago... test report showd toxoplasma positive... I had been tkin medicine fr 6 mnths bt still its positive.. Doc askd me to cntinu 4 mnths mor...I hv no child til nw... Is there ny1 who had been suffrd by this disease..??M tkin rovamycin forte... 21 days 2 tyms per day den 15 days gap... Asked by Myung Shigemi 1 year ago.

i had abortion few mnths ago... test report showd toxoplasma positive... I had been tkin medicine fr 6 mnths bt still its positive.. Doc askd me to cntinu 4 mnths mor... I hv no child til nw... Is there ny1 who had been suffrd by this disease..?? M tkin rovamycin forte... 21 days 2 tyms per day den 15 days gap then again 21 days nd again 15 days gap nd so on.... lyk dis i had cmpletd 6 tyms nd its still positiv nd goin to cntinu 4 mnths mor... Answered by Ardelia Mcculloh 1 year ago.

Toxoplasmosis can be treated (not completely) with combinations of pyrimethamine with either trisulfapyrimidines or sulfadiazine, plus folinic acid in the form of leucovorin calcium to protect the bone marrow from the toxic effects of pyrimethamine. If this treatment causes hypersensitivity reaction, then pyrimethamine and clindamycin can be used instead. If these drugs are not available, then a combination of sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim can be used. Pregnant women and babies can be treated but Toxoplasma gondii cannot be eliminated completely. The parasites can remain within tissue cells in a less active stage (cyst) in locations difficult for the medication to get to. A drug called spiramycin is recommended during the first four months whereas sulfadizaine/pyrimethamine and folinic acid for women that have been pregnant for more than four months. PCR (a method to discover parasite DNA) is often performed on the amniotic fluid to find out if the infant is infected. If the infant is likely to be infected, then treatment is done with drugs such as sulfadizaine, pyrimethamine and folinic acid. Congenitally infected babies are treated with sulfonamide and pyrimethamine. Treatment for persons with ocular disease depends on the size of the eye lesion, the characteristics (acute or chronic) and the location of the lesion. Persons with compromised immune systems (such as AIDS patients) need to be treated until their health improves significantly. Answered by Sharika Liebenthal 1 year ago.


How safe is methotrexate for rheumatoid arthritis?
Asked by Lynne Fillpot 1 year ago.

Hi, I also take methotrexate for RA and I've been taking it for a little longer than a year now. I know when I first starting taking it, it would upset my stomach and sometimes throw up. I also got blister on my tongue. And i only started with 3 pills once a week because I have low white blood cells and Methotrexate lowers your blood count. But after a few months my body got used to it and my doctor gave me Folic Acid to help with my blood count and other side effects as well as Leucovorin Calcium. Now I'm up to 5 pills of Methotrexate and I take blood test every month to monitor my blood cells. I did have pain in every joint even my jaw but after taking this drug, i was able to move again and be myself. I'm doing very well and I even take care of my 3 year old daughter by myself but it does get hard because of all the fatigue and lack of energy. But overall I haven't experienced anything too bad from this drug and it helps me be normal as well as being able to take care of my daughter. :) But everyone is different and their bodies or condition may not be the same so its really up to you if you want to try it. I think if you do start it, maybe you should start with a few pills and see how your body reacts to it. I hope this helps you and I know how u feel but I needed to live my life and raise my kid so I just to took it :) Answered by Renetta Visounnaraj 1 year ago.

Hi.Well,I'm going to take a guess and say that your rheumatologist has given you a couple of other immune suppressant medications,and they didn't show much if any improvement(remission is the goal) in your RA.So,your rheumatologist has now put you on methotrexate hoping this medication(stronger immune suppressant) will get the results your doctor wants.As for how safe this specific medication is? It's basically the same as any other immune suppressant drug,and it will lower your immune system,which will make you susceptible to several contagious strains of colds,flu,etc.And,also may cause stomach upset,nausea,and ulcers.So,you should also be taking a prescribed(OTC) medication to help prevent any damage to your stomach,and also a calcium and vitamin D supplement as well.I suggest that you speak to your rheumatologist about any/all potential risks associated with this drug,and any other drug/medication you are taking for your RA.It's very important that you and your doctor both are well informed about any/all medication/s your currently taking whether it be prescription or over the counter(OTC).You should use caution when taking opiate pain killers for RA.Most times opiates don't offer much pain relief for RA,and can be habit forming over a long period of time.Best to take your doctors regime,and advice when it comes to your health.Take care. Answered by Pablo Turnbow 1 year ago.

Imagine for a moment your arthritis completely vanishing right now. If, in a moment, your pain and stiffness melted away. And your joints all of a sudden functioned like a well-oiled machine. Like a magic wand was waived, you'd be able to jump up from your chair and run around the room like a kid. And imagine that you'd never have to suffer as much as a pinch of arthritis stiffness or pain ever again. I know this sounds impossible right now, but bear with me, because sometimes miracles happen. It was a gift from a woman on the other side of the world. From the kindness of her heart, she took pity on my suffering and taught me how to completely reverse my arthritis. Today, I want to do the same for you! Answered by Adeline Dutko 1 year ago.

Minocycline has been great for me for 16 years, no side effects to speak of. But now suddenly I am very sick with pericarditis, an inflammation around the sac of the heart. And tetracyclines can cause this, So I am grieving that my wonderful minocycline may have led to this, and have no idea what to switch to, and don t want to switch to anything. I am thinking plaquanil again, I was on it for many years with no ill effects. All the biologics say leukemia and lymphoma as side effects, so no way would I ever try them. I have had this since age 24 and will be 60 in 2015. so have had it for 35 years. Take the least dangerous ones, to live a long life with RA. Answered by Shantel Coral 1 year ago.

I was diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis in 1993, at the age of 55. My rheumatologist started me on methotrexate at that time, with 3x2.5 mg tablets per week. Since that time, I've taken a total of 12,355 mg (I keep track of all the medications I take). Every three months, I have a liver panel and CBC to monitor the effects of methotrexate. I've been chronically anemic all during this time. In April 2006, I started taking Enbrel. Four years later, I suffered congestive heart failure (CHF) and stopped taking Enbrel. Enbrel really kept the arthritic pains down but CHF was thought to have been caused by it. Now I take 7x2.5 mg per week of methotrexate. I was also taking hydrocodone/acetaminophen (Vicodin) starting in 2006, to control pain, but have now stopped owing to the FDA restrictions on dispensing this medicine. My liver function is normal. I have always been able to tolerate methotrexate. Answered by Jon Weisgerber 1 year ago.

Is Methotrexate Safe Answered by Tiffanie Girton 1 year ago.

Personally, I would say it isn't very safe. Opiates would be a lot safer. Its a shame how some doctors are so afraid of giving people pain killers that they would resort to using these poisons rather than treating your pain. I would ask your doctor to refer you to a pain specialist. Answered by Willis Helper 1 year ago.

I know methotrexate was a death sentence for me. I told my doctor cancer ran in my family big time. 6 months later I had nodules on my lungs, ild, ctd, and cancer. I don t even trust my doctors now because I can t get a straight answer Answered by Edward Kalland 1 year ago.


What is the major of chemotherapy agents in anti-cancer drugs ?
Asked by Arleen Leskovac 1 year ago.

There are many different chemotherapy agents. Different drugs work for different cancers, and they are frequently used in combination. You need to be more specific. Here is a list of chemo drugs: 13-cis-Retinoic Acid 2-CdA 2-Chlorodeoxyadenosine 5-Fluorouracil 5-FU 6-Mercaptopurine 6-MP 6-TG 6-Thioguanine Abraxane Accutane ® Actinomycin-D Adriamycin ® Adrucil ® Agrylin ® Ala-Cort ® Aldesleukin Alemtuzumab ALIMTA Alitretinoin Alkaban-AQ ® Alkeran ® All-transretinoic acid Alpha interferon Altretamine Amethopterin Amifostine Aminoglutethimide Anagrelide Anandron ® Anastrozole Arabinosylcytosine Ara-C Aranesp ® Aredia ® Arimidex ® Aromasin ® Arranon ® Arsenic trioxide Asparaginase ATRA Avastin ® Azacitidine BCG BCNU Bevacizumab Bexarotene BEXXAR ® Bicalutamide BiCNU Blenoxane ® Bleomycin Bortezomib Busulfan Busulfex ® C225 Calcium Leucovorin Campath ® Camptosar ® Camptothecin-11 Capecitabine Carac ™ Carboplatin Carmustine Carmustine wafer Casodex ® CC-5013 CCNU CDDP CeeNU Cerubidine ® Cetuximab Chlorambucil Cisplatin Citrovorum Factor Cladribine Cortisone Cosmegen ® CPT-11 Cyclophosphamide Cytadren ® Cytarabine Cytarabine liposomal Cytosar-U ® Cytoxan ® Dacarbazine Dacogen Dactinomycin Darbepoetin alfa Daunomycin Daunorubicin Daunorubicin hydrochloride Daunorubicin liposomal DaunoXome ® Decadron Decitabine Delta-Cortef ® Deltasone ® Denileukin diftitox DepoCyt ™ Dexamethasone Dexamethasone acetate Dexamethasone Sodium Phosphate Dexasone Dexrazoxane DHAD DIC Diodex Docetaxel Doxil ® Doxorubicin Doxorubicin liposomal Droxia ™ DTIC DTIC-Dome ® Duralone ® Efudex ® Eligard ™ Ellence ™ Eloxatin ™ Elspar ® Emcyt ® Epirubicin Epoetin alfa Erbitux ™ Erlotinib Erwinia L-asparaginase Estramustine Ethyol Etopophos ® Etoposide Etoposide Phosphate Eulexin ® Evista ® Exemestane Fareston ® Faslodex ® Femara ® Filgrastim Floxuridine Fludara ® Fludarabine Fluoroplex ® Fluorouracil Fluorouracil (cream) Fluoxymesterone Flutamide Folinic Acid FUDR ® Fulvestrant G-CSF Gefitinib Gemcitabine Gemtuzumab ozogamicin Gemzar ® GleevecTM Gliadel wafer (t) GM-CSF Goserelin granulocyte - colony stimulating factor (t) Granulocyte macrophage colony stimulating factor (o) Halotestin (t) Herceptin (t) Hexadrol (t) Hexalen (t) Hexamethylmelamine (t) HMM (t) Hycamtin (t) Hydrea (t) Hydrocort Acetate (t) Hydrocortisone Hydrocortisone sodium phosphate Hydrocortisone sodium succinate Hydrocortone phosphate (t) Hydroxyurea Ibritumomab Ibritumomab Tiuxetan Idamycin ® Idarubicin Ifex ® IFN-alpha Ifosfamide IL-11 IL-2 Imatinib mesylate Imidazole Carboxamide Interferon alfa Interferon Alfa-2b (PEG conjugate) (o) Interleukin - 2 (t) Interleukin-11 (o) Intron A® (interferon alfa-2b) Iressa ® Irinotecan Isotretinoin Kidrolase (t) Lanacort (t) L-asparaginase (t) LCR (o) Lenalidomide Letrozole Leucovorin Leukeran (t) Leukine (t) Leuprolide Leurocristine (o) Leustatin (t) Liposomal Ara-C (t) Liquid Pred (t) Lomustine L-PAM (o) L-Sarcolysin (o) Lupron (t) Lupron Depot ® Matulane (t) Maxidex (t) Mechlorethamine Mechlorethamine Hydrochloride Medralone (t) Medrol ® Megace (t) Megestrol Megestrol Acetate (o) Melphalan Mercaptopurine Mesna Mesnex (t) Methotrexate Methotrexate Sodium (o) Methylprednisolone Meticorten (t) Mitomycin Mitomycin-C (o) Mitoxantrone M-Prednisol (t) MTC (o) MTX (o) Mustargen (t) Mustine Mutamycin (t) Myleran (t) Mylocel (t) Mylotarg (t) Navelbine ® Nelarabine Neosar (t) Neulasta (t) Neumega (t) Neupogen ® Nexavar ® Nilandron (t) Nilutamide Nipent ® Nitrogen Mustard (o) Novaldex (t) Novantrone (t) Octreotide Octreotide acetate (o) Oncospar (t) Oncovin (t) Ontak (t) Onxal (t) Oprevelkin Orapred (t) Orasone (t) Oxaliplatin Paclitaxel Paclitaxel Protein-bound Pamidronate Panretin (t) Paraplatin (t) Pediapred (t) PEG Interferon Pegaspargase Pegfilgrastim PEG-INTRON (t) PEG-L-asparaginase PEMETREXED Pentostatin Phenylalanine Mustard (o) Platinol (t) Platinol-AQ (t) Prednisolone Prednisone Prelone (t) Procarbazine PROCRIT ® Proleukin (t) Prolifeprospan 20 with Carmustine implant (t) Purinethol ® Raloxifene Revlimid ® Rheumatrex (t) Rituxan (t) Rituximab Roferon-A® (interferon alfa-2a) Rubex (t) Rubidomycin hydrochloride (t) Sandostatin ® Sandostatin LAR (t) Sargramostim Solu-Cortef (t) Solu-Medrol (t) Sorafenib STI-571 Streptozocin SU11248 Sunitinib Sutent ® Tamoxifen Tarceva ® Targretin (t) Taxol ® Taxotere ® Temodar ® Temozolomide Teniposide TESPA (o) Thalidomide Thalomid ® TheraCys (t) Thioguanine Thioguanine Tabloid ® Thiophosphoamide (o) Thioplex (t) Thiotepa TICE ® Toposar (t) Topotecan Toremifene Tositumomab Trastuzumab Tretinoin Trexall (t) Trisenox (t) TSPA (o) VCR (o) Velban (t) Velcade ® VePesid (t) Vesanoid (t) Viadur (t) Vidaza (t) Vinblastine Vinblastine Sulfate (o) Vincasar Pfs (t) Vincristine Vinorelbine Vinorelbine tartrate (o) VLB (o) VM-26 (o) VP-16 (t) Vumon (t) Xeloda ® Zanosar (t) Zevalin TM Zinecard (t) Zoladex ® Zoledronic acid Zometa ® See? There's a lot of them. Answered by Scot Zakar 1 year ago.

antineoplastics, monoclonal antibodies, Answered by Young Sadorra 1 year ago.

Please see the webpages for more details on Chemotherapy. Answered by Linh Leibee 1 year ago.


Can you list antidotes to the ff substances/drugs?
Anti cholinesterase (cholinergics) Cyanide Narcotics/opioid overdose Thrombolytics Iron Acetaminophen Anti depressants Methotrexate Digoxin Benzodiazepines Lead Warfarin Heparin Asked by Eloise Shrawder 1 year ago.

I believe yahoo answers should be the last resort a responsible student must consider in answering questions like this. Anyway, PEACE.... Anti cholinesterase (cholinergics) - atropine Cyanide - sodium thiosulfate Narcotics/opioid overdose - naloxone (Narcan) Thrombolytics - aminocaproic acid (Amicar) Iron - deferoxamine Acetaminophen - acetylcystein Anti depressants - phentolamine Methotrexate - leucovorin Digoxin - Digibind Benzodiazepines - flumenazil Lead - calcium EDTA Warfarin - vit. K Heparin - protamine sulfate Answered by Bao Gutekunst 1 year ago.


Can someone that has had chemotherapy for colon cancer (maybe stage 3) help me...?
Someone very dear to me has just had a foot of their colon removed with a large tumor and 15 of 18 of the surrounding lymphs showed positive for cancer from the pathology report, now the suggested treatment is 6 months of chemo, 3 days in a row (port surgically implanted) every other week. I have no idea what... Asked by Sophie Hyrkas 1 year ago.

Someone very dear to me has just had a foot of their colon removed with a large tumor and 15 of 18 of the surrounding lymphs showed positive for cancer from the pathology report, now the suggested treatment is 6 months of chemo, 3 days in a row (port surgically implanted) every other week. I have no idea what other kinds of treatments there are, i am just so worried about this regiment, and how hard it is going to be, has anyone gone through this that can help me? I want to know more about the subject so that i can help my loved one through this and help make sure this is the right decision on the chemo. Does chemo make you extremely ill? ANY insight will be much appreciated.... Answered by Leslie Reuschel 1 year ago.

I just finished chemo for stage 3 colon cancer at the end of April, and I was lucky. I never got sick, and my oncologist said there wasn't any reason anybody should with all the anti-nausea medicines that are available now. I got two different types of anti-nausea medicines during chemo, and they gave me pills to take in case I needed them for the few days after treatment (I never did). The chemo will consist of 3 different medications: oxaliplatin, leucovorin, and 5-FU (Flouracil). 5-FU has been in use since the 1950's, and has a very good success rate. Leucovorin is a vitamin that helps the 5-FU work better, and oxaliplatin (Eloxatin) is a newer drug. The chemo usually takes about 4-6 hours. She should be given at least two anti-nausea medicines during treatment. I received an anti-nausea medicine first, then a second one at the same time as the Leucovorin and oxaliplatin, then the 5-FU, then calcium and potassium, which also helped prevent nausea. The worst symptom I had from the chemo was my hands hurt if they got cold, even from drinking cold drinks (many people wear cotton gloves when they have to do things like open the refrigerator). Other people also get mouth sores, but they can give you a medicine to gargle with, or you can just use salt water. You can lose you hair on rare occasions, but it only happens in about 5% of cases, and about 25% of people have thinning hair. Mine started thinning at the very end, but only because it stopped growing, and wasn't replacing itself. Make sure your friend goes to a good cancer center. I went to the Simon Cancer Center in Indianapolis, which is one of the best (Lance Armstrong went there when he had prostate cancer, even though he lives nowhere near Indy). If you go there, I would strongly recommend my oncologist, Dr. Paul Helft. He is an ethicist, which means he believes in including the patient and his family in every stage of treatment. He spent 3 hours with me and my family the first meeting, and met with me before every treatment, which my cousin, an oncology nurse, said was unheard of. Good luck to you and your friend. Answered by Evie Quinn 1 year ago.

Chemo affects cells that multiply rapidly: cancer cells and cells that are lining your stomach. So that is why chemo patients often have a lack of appetite and feel like throwing up. Chemo makes the person very fatigued, lose their hair, and have altered taste buds. The best way to help get through chemo and help your dear friend is to STAY/ BE POSITIVE, be helpful by helping them with things (only if they want...some are very sensitive to the fact that they have chemo and actually need help...depends on the person, so just be careful and sensitive), and making sure that they eat and get proper nutrition, and that they take their medication on time and as prescribed. Also allowing them to talk out their problems. I don't recommend being sad along with them. Just be attentive and let them spill their guts. Also try to provide hope, and a positive atmosphere as much as you can. Thanks Answered by Esteban Zacharia 1 year ago.

Chemo is important in the treatment of colon cancer. I think it is called F4. It doesn't usually cause nasea or hair loss. Without it the cancer will run riot. It will cause fatigue. Just go with it. Cancer treatments can save lives. Answered by Solange Merrill 1 year ago.

People react differently to chemo and a lot depends on what drugs they are on. Yes it can make you very ill, but so does cancer. If you really want to help them make the right decision then you really should be with them when this is discussed with their oncologist. Answered by Virgen Jamason 1 year ago.


Cancer of the pancrous?
Asked by Kayce Beckelhimer 1 year ago.

The pancreas is a gland, which is located in the back of the abdomen, lying almost on the spine. It produces Insulin, the hormone that controls the blood sugar, as well as many enzymes that are needed for digestion of food. Cancer of pancreas is now the fourth most common cause of cancer-related death in United States. The 5-year relative survival rate of patients with this cancer is only 3 to 5%. Roughly 28,000 new cases are diagnosed each year in the United States. This type of cancer is found most frequently in men and African-Americans. The average age at the time of diagnosis being 65 years. Unfortunately, most patients are diagnosed in advanced stages when cure is not possible. Cause: The actual cause of pancreas cancer is unknown. However, some environmental factors, especially cigarette smoking, play a role in the development of this cancer. Signs and symptoms: Cancer of the pancreas can grow for a long time without causing any problems. Most patients are diagnosed in advanced stages and present with any of the following signs: Abdominal pain Weight loss Nausea, vomiting Jaundice, as a result of obstruction of bile ducts Anemia Back pain due to invasion of nerves Diagnosis: When suspected, CT scan or Ultrasound examination of the abdomen may establish the diagnosis. A Fine needle aspiration of the pancreas may confirm the existence of the cancer. This cancer can also be detected by an endoscopy-assisted study of the pancreas, which allows taking a biopsy at the same time. Staging: Endoscopic ultrasound is a very sensitive study that should be done to determine the depth of invasion of the cancer into the tissues around the pancreas, as well as evaluation of the local lymph glands. CT scan of abdomen, as well as bone scans, may have to be done to complete the staging workup Treatment: Surgery: Management of this disease relies on surgery in an attempt to remove most or all of the Pancreas and to reconstruct the continuity of the bowels. This is a rather difficult procedure and carries a very high risk, even in the best hands. Indications for surgery are limited to younger patients with very small size tumors. Chemotherapy: Is appropriate for patients in whom the disease is not cured with surgery. Gemcitabine, VP-16, Cisplatinum, Mitomycin, Taxol, Taxotere, 5-FU and Leucovorin are among the most commonly used drugs for Pancreas cancer. These drugs are used in combination and can have moderate to severe toxic effects. A newer drug that has now become available is Radiation: For the most part, it is used to control the symptoms of the advanced disease. Radiation at the time of surgery, referred to as intra-operative radiation, has not proven to be more effective than external radiation, which can also be combined with chemotherapy. Pattern of Spread: If left untreated, or if it fails to respond to treatment, Pancreas cancer can spread to the liver, lymph glands in the abdomen, lungs and almost anywhere else. Prognosis: In most Americans, this cancer carries a very poor prognosis, which is due to the advanced stage of the illness at the time of diagnosis, and in such cases, survival is short. The disease can be cured only if it is caught very early. Special Situations Patients with advanced pancreas cancer may develop any of the following complications. Pleural effusion Bone metastasis Paraneoplastic syndromes High calcium level Blood clots in the legs and other organs Pain: Most patients with this cancer experience substantial pain, which can be debilitating. Control of pain is central to care of patients with this illness. Neurolytic Celiac Plexus Block can control the pain in great majority of such patients. Survival: Survival of patients with this cancer depends on the type and extent of the cancer at the time of initial diagnosis. One-third of patients with early stages may be cured with surgery alone. In the majority of patients in whom cure is not possible, survival could vary from months to years, depending on the extent of cancer, overall condition of the patient, as well as response to treatment and duration of the response Follow-up After completion of treatment, and in any combination that might have taken place, the patient needs to remain under surveillance for the possibility of recurrence of cancer. Follow-up should be scheduled on a regular basis (initially every one to three months for one to two years). The frequency of follow-up will depend on the condition of the patient and his disease. In each follow-up visit, the patient is examined and, normally, a CT scan of the abdomen is obtained at intervals. Treatment of advanced or recurrent disease will depend on the stage and extent of the recurring disease. Most patients are then treated with chemotherapy using the same agents mentioned above. Radiation therapy may be helpful in managing painful or symptomatic areas to which the cancer has spread. If patients experience pain, different pain medications may be used to alleviate the pain. For patients with advanced disease, where most treatments have failed, one could consider assistance from hospice. Answered by Norman Zondlo 1 year ago.


The order is for Leucovorin 20mg by mouth 6 hours after administration of the cancer drug methotrexate to prev?
The order is for Leucovorin 20mg by mouth 6 hours after administration of the cancer drug methotrexate to prevent toxicity. The child weights 70lb today and is 4ft 2in tall. The safe dose for this medication is 10mg/m2 . On hand you have 5mg Leucovorin Calcium tablets. If safe, how many tablets will you give? Asked by Esther Wernick 1 year ago.

You can use the Du Bois formula for body surface area (BSA): W = Weight and H = Height BSA = 0.007184 x W^0.425 x H^0.725 W = 70lb x 0.453 = 31.7 kg H = 50" x 2.54 = 127 cm BSA = 0.007184 x 31.7^0.425 x 127^0.725 BSA = 0.007184 x 4.34 x 33.51 BSA = 1.04 (~ 1.0) Alternatively, the pediatric formula can be used: [4Wkg+7]/[90+Wkg] [(4 x 31.7) + 7]/[90 + 31.7] 133.8/121.7 = 1.1 So, we'll say for argument's sake that the child's BSA is 1.0 m^2 The safe dose is 10 mg/m^2. Therefore, the dose to give the child is 10 mg. You have 5mg tablets, so the child will get 2 tablets. Answered by Leena Kaniecki 1 year ago.

I don't forget myself 2 be verbally endowed, and attempt 2 apply so much 4thought 2 what comes out of my mouth prior 2 itz doing so. For this reason that occurs lovely rattling sometimes! Timothy :o) Answered by Micaela Ranno 1 year ago.


Can toxoplasma b cured.. ?
i had abortion few mnths ago... test report showd toxoplasma positive... I had been tkin medicine fr 6 mnths bt still its positive.. Doc askd me to cntinu 4 mnths mor...I hv no child til nw... Is there ny1 who had been suffrd by this disease..??M tkin rovamycin forte... 21 days 2 tyms per day den 15 days gap... Asked by Maryanne Tervo 1 year ago.

i had abortion few mnths ago... test report showd toxoplasma positive... I had been tkin medicine fr 6 mnths bt still its positive.. Doc askd me to cntinu 4 mnths mor... I hv no child til nw... Is there ny1 who had been suffrd by this disease..?? M tkin rovamycin forte... 21 days 2 tyms per day den 15 days gap then again 21 days nd again 15 days gap nd so on.... lyk dis i had cmpletd 6 tyms nd its still positiv nd goin to cntinu 4 mnths mor... Answered by Dorthea Simonis 1 year ago.

Toxoplasmosis can be treated (not completely) with combinations of pyrimethamine with either trisulfapyrimidines or sulfadiazine, plus folinic acid in the form of leucovorin calcium to protect the bone marrow from the toxic effects of pyrimethamine. If this treatment causes hypersensitivity reaction, then pyrimethamine and clindamycin can be used instead. If these drugs are not available, then a combination of sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim can be used. Pregnant women and babies can be treated but Toxoplasma gondii cannot be eliminated completely. The parasites can remain within tissue cells in a less active stage (cyst) in locations difficult for the medication to get to. A drug called spiramycin is recommended during the first four months whereas sulfadizaine/pyrimethamine and folinic acid for women that have been pregnant for more than four months. PCR (a method to discover parasite DNA) is often performed on the amniotic fluid to find out if the infant is infected. If the infant is likely to be infected, then treatment is done with drugs such as sulfadizaine, pyrimethamine and folinic acid. Congenitally infected babies are treated with sulfonamide and pyrimethamine. Treatment for persons with ocular disease depends on the size of the eye lesion, the characteristics (acute or chronic) and the location of the lesion. Persons with compromised immune systems (such as AIDS patients) need to be treated until their health improves significantly. Answered by Darrel Frenz 1 year ago.


How safe is methotrexate for rheumatoid arthritis?
Asked by Jeanene Witczak 1 year ago.

Hi, I also take methotrexate for RA and I've been taking it for a little longer than a year now. I know when I first starting taking it, it would upset my stomach and sometimes throw up. I also got blister on my tongue. And i only started with 3 pills once a week because I have low white blood cells and Methotrexate lowers your blood count. But after a few months my body got used to it and my doctor gave me Folic Acid to help with my blood count and other side effects as well as Leucovorin Calcium. Now I'm up to 5 pills of Methotrexate and I take blood test every month to monitor my blood cells. I did have pain in every joint even my jaw but after taking this drug, i was able to move again and be myself. I'm doing very well and I even take care of my 3 year old daughter by myself but it does get hard because of all the fatigue and lack of energy. But overall I haven't experienced anything too bad from this drug and it helps me be normal as well as being able to take care of my daughter. :) But everyone is different and their bodies or condition may not be the same so its really up to you if you want to try it. I think if you do start it, maybe you should start with a few pills and see how your body reacts to it. I hope this helps you and I know how u feel but I needed to live my life and raise my kid so I just to took it :) Answered by Dori Engberson 1 year ago.

Hi.Well,I'm going to take a guess and say that your rheumatologist has given you a couple of other immune suppressant medications,and they didn't show much if any improvement(remission is the goal) in your RA.So,your rheumatologist has now put you on methotrexate hoping this medication(stronger immune suppressant) will get the results your doctor wants.As for how safe this specific medication is? It's basically the same as any other immune suppressant drug,and it will lower your immune system,which will make you susceptible to several contagious strains of colds,flu,etc.And,also may cause stomach upset,nausea,and ulcers.So,you should also be taking a prescribed(OTC) medication to help prevent any damage to your stomach,and also a calcium and vitamin D supplement as well.I suggest that you speak to your rheumatologist about any/all potential risks associated with this drug,and any other drug/medication you are taking for your RA.It's very important that you and your doctor both are well informed about any/all medication/s your currently taking whether it be prescription or over the counter(OTC).You should use caution when taking opiate pain killers for RA.Most times opiates don't offer much pain relief for RA,and can be habit forming over a long period of time.Best to take your doctors regime,and advice when it comes to your health.Take care. Answered by Alysa Reill 1 year ago.

Imagine for a moment your arthritis completely vanishing right now. If, in a moment, your pain and stiffness melted away. And your joints all of a sudden functioned like a well-oiled machine. Like a magic wand was waived, you'd be able to jump up from your chair and run around the room like a kid. And imagine that you'd never have to suffer as much as a pinch of arthritis stiffness or pain ever again. I know this sounds impossible right now, but bear with me, because sometimes miracles happen. It was a gift from a woman on the other side of the world. From the kindness of her heart, she took pity on my suffering and taught me how to completely reverse my arthritis. Today, I want to do the same for you! Answered by Dee Schlecter 1 year ago.

Minocycline has been great for me for 16 years, no side effects to speak of. But now suddenly I am very sick with pericarditis, an inflammation around the sac of the heart. And tetracyclines can cause this, So I am grieving that my wonderful minocycline may have led to this, and have no idea what to switch to, and don t want to switch to anything. I am thinking plaquanil again, I was on it for many years with no ill effects. All the biologics say leukemia and lymphoma as side effects, so no way would I ever try them. I have had this since age 24 and will be 60 in 2015. so have had it for 35 years. Take the least dangerous ones, to live a long life with RA. Answered by Winter Wilmer 1 year ago.

I was diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis in 1993, at the age of 55. My rheumatologist started me on methotrexate at that time, with 3x2.5 mg tablets per week. Since that time, I've taken a total of 12,355 mg (I keep track of all the medications I take). Every three months, I have a liver panel and CBC to monitor the effects of methotrexate. I've been chronically anemic all during this time. In April 2006, I started taking Enbrel. Four years later, I suffered congestive heart failure (CHF) and stopped taking Enbrel. Enbrel really kept the arthritic pains down but CHF was thought to have been caused by it. Now I take 7x2.5 mg per week of methotrexate. I was also taking hydrocodone/acetaminophen (Vicodin) starting in 2006, to control pain, but have now stopped owing to the FDA restrictions on dispensing this medicine. My liver function is normal. I have always been able to tolerate methotrexate. Answered by Kathrine Liskovec 1 year ago.

Is Methotrexate Safe Answered by Millicent Day 1 year ago.

Personally, I would say it isn't very safe. Opiates would be a lot safer. Its a shame how some doctors are so afraid of giving people pain killers that they would resort to using these poisons rather than treating your pain. I would ask your doctor to refer you to a pain specialist. Answered by Lorri Lauzier 1 year ago.

I know methotrexate was a death sentence for me. I told my doctor cancer ran in my family big time. 6 months later I had nodules on my lungs, ild, ctd, and cancer. I don t even trust my doctors now because I can t get a straight answer Answered by Yolanda Roura 1 year ago.


What is the major of chemotherapy agents in anti-cancer drugs ?
Asked by Gregg Campagnini 1 year ago.

There are many different chemotherapy agents. Different drugs work for different cancers, and they are frequently used in combination. You need to be more specific. Here is a list of chemo drugs: 13-cis-Retinoic Acid 2-CdA 2-Chlorodeoxyadenosine 5-Fluorouracil 5-FU 6-Mercaptopurine 6-MP 6-TG 6-Thioguanine Abraxane Accutane ® Actinomycin-D Adriamycin ® Adrucil ® Agrylin ® Ala-Cort ® Aldesleukin Alemtuzumab ALIMTA Alitretinoin Alkaban-AQ ® Alkeran ® All-transretinoic acid Alpha interferon Altretamine Amethopterin Amifostine Aminoglutethimide Anagrelide Anandron ® Anastrozole Arabinosylcytosine Ara-C Aranesp ® Aredia ® Arimidex ® Aromasin ® Arranon ® Arsenic trioxide Asparaginase ATRA Avastin ® Azacitidine BCG BCNU Bevacizumab Bexarotene BEXXAR ® Bicalutamide BiCNU Blenoxane ® Bleomycin Bortezomib Busulfan Busulfex ® C225 Calcium Leucovorin Campath ® Camptosar ® Camptothecin-11 Capecitabine Carac ™ Carboplatin Carmustine Carmustine wafer Casodex ® CC-5013 CCNU CDDP CeeNU Cerubidine ® Cetuximab Chlorambucil Cisplatin Citrovorum Factor Cladribine Cortisone Cosmegen ® CPT-11 Cyclophosphamide Cytadren ® Cytarabine Cytarabine liposomal Cytosar-U ® Cytoxan ® Dacarbazine Dacogen Dactinomycin Darbepoetin alfa Daunomycin Daunorubicin Daunorubicin hydrochloride Daunorubicin liposomal DaunoXome ® Decadron Decitabine Delta-Cortef ® Deltasone ® Denileukin diftitox DepoCyt ™ Dexamethasone Dexamethasone acetate Dexamethasone Sodium Phosphate Dexasone Dexrazoxane DHAD DIC Diodex Docetaxel Doxil ® Doxorubicin Doxorubicin liposomal Droxia ™ DTIC DTIC-Dome ® Duralone ® Efudex ® Eligard ™ Ellence ™ Eloxatin ™ Elspar ® Emcyt ® Epirubicin Epoetin alfa Erbitux ™ Erlotinib Erwinia L-asparaginase Estramustine Ethyol Etopophos ® Etoposide Etoposide Phosphate Eulexin ® Evista ® Exemestane Fareston ® Faslodex ® Femara ® Filgrastim Floxuridine Fludara ® Fludarabine Fluoroplex ® Fluorouracil Fluorouracil (cream) Fluoxymesterone Flutamide Folinic Acid FUDR ® Fulvestrant G-CSF Gefitinib Gemcitabine Gemtuzumab ozogamicin Gemzar ® GleevecTM Gliadel wafer (t) GM-CSF Goserelin granulocyte - colony stimulating factor (t) Granulocyte macrophage colony stimulating factor (o) Halotestin (t) Herceptin (t) Hexadrol (t) Hexalen (t) Hexamethylmelamine (t) HMM (t) Hycamtin (t) Hydrea (t) Hydrocort Acetate (t) Hydrocortisone Hydrocortisone sodium phosphate Hydrocortisone sodium succinate Hydrocortone phosphate (t) Hydroxyurea Ibritumomab Ibritumomab Tiuxetan Idamycin ® Idarubicin Ifex ® IFN-alpha Ifosfamide IL-11 IL-2 Imatinib mesylate Imidazole Carboxamide Interferon alfa Interferon Alfa-2b (PEG conjugate) (o) Interleukin - 2 (t) Interleukin-11 (o) Intron A® (interferon alfa-2b) Iressa ® Irinotecan Isotretinoin Kidrolase (t) Lanacort (t) L-asparaginase (t) LCR (o) Lenalidomide Letrozole Leucovorin Leukeran (t) Leukine (t) Leuprolide Leurocristine (o) Leustatin (t) Liposomal Ara-C (t) Liquid Pred (t) Lomustine L-PAM (o) L-Sarcolysin (o) Lupron (t) Lupron Depot ® Matulane (t) Maxidex (t) Mechlorethamine Mechlorethamine Hydrochloride Medralone (t) Medrol ® Megace (t) Megestrol Megestrol Acetate (o) Melphalan Mercaptopurine Mesna Mesnex (t) Methotrexate Methotrexate Sodium (o) Methylprednisolone Meticorten (t) Mitomycin Mitomycin-C (o) Mitoxantrone M-Prednisol (t) MTC (o) MTX (o) Mustargen (t) Mustine Mutamycin (t) Myleran (t) Mylocel (t) Mylotarg (t) Navelbine ® Nelarabine Neosar (t) Neulasta (t) Neumega (t) Neupogen ® Nexavar ® Nilandron (t) Nilutamide Nipent ® Nitrogen Mustard (o) Novaldex (t) Novantrone (t) Octreotide Octreotide acetate (o) Oncospar (t) Oncovin (t) Ontak (t) Onxal (t) Oprevelkin Orapred (t) Orasone (t) Oxaliplatin Paclitaxel Paclitaxel Protein-bound Pamidronate Panretin (t) Paraplatin (t) Pediapred (t) PEG Interferon Pegaspargase Pegfilgrastim PEG-INTRON (t) PEG-L-asparaginase PEMETREXED Pentostatin Phenylalanine Mustard (o) Platinol (t) Platinol-AQ (t) Prednisolone Prednisone Prelone (t) Procarbazine PROCRIT ® Proleukin (t) Prolifeprospan 20 with Carmustine implant (t) Purinethol ® Raloxifene Revlimid ® Rheumatrex (t) Rituxan (t) Rituximab Roferon-A® (interferon alfa-2a) Rubex (t) Rubidomycin hydrochloride (t) Sandostatin ® Sandostatin LAR (t) Sargramostim Solu-Cortef (t) Solu-Medrol (t) Sorafenib STI-571 Streptozocin SU11248 Sunitinib Sutent ® Tamoxifen Tarceva ® Targretin (t) Taxol ® Taxotere ® Temodar ® Temozolomide Teniposide TESPA (o) Thalidomide Thalomid ® TheraCys (t) Thioguanine Thioguanine Tabloid ® Thiophosphoamide (o) Thioplex (t) Thiotepa TICE ® Toposar (t) Topotecan Toremifene Tositumomab Trastuzumab Tretinoin Trexall (t) Trisenox (t) TSPA (o) VCR (o) Velban (t) Velcade ® VePesid (t) Vesanoid (t) Viadur (t) Vidaza (t) Vinblastine Vinblastine Sulfate (o) Vincasar Pfs (t) Vincristine Vinorelbine Vinorelbine tartrate (o) VLB (o) VM-26 (o) VP-16 (t) Vumon (t) Xeloda ® Zanosar (t) Zevalin TM Zinecard (t) Zoladex ® Zoledronic acid Zometa ® See? There's a lot of them. Answered by Buck Murphey 1 year ago.

antineoplastics, monoclonal antibodies, Answered by Patrina Tadesse 1 year ago.

Please see the webpages for more details on Chemotherapy. Answered by Charise Troyer 1 year ago.


Can you list antidotes to the ff substances/drugs?
Anti cholinesterase (cholinergics) Cyanide Narcotics/opioid overdose Thrombolytics Iron Acetaminophen Anti depressants Methotrexate Digoxin Benzodiazepines Lead Warfarin Heparin Asked by Ebony Mobilio 1 year ago.

I believe yahoo answers should be the last resort a responsible student must consider in answering questions like this. Anyway, PEACE.... Anti cholinesterase (cholinergics) - atropine Cyanide - sodium thiosulfate Narcotics/opioid overdose - naloxone (Narcan) Thrombolytics - aminocaproic acid (Amicar) Iron - deferoxamine Acetaminophen - acetylcystein Anti depressants - phentolamine Methotrexate - leucovorin Digoxin - Digibind Benzodiazepines - flumenazil Lead - calcium EDTA Warfarin - vit. K Heparin - protamine sulfate Answered by Ethelyn Bubolz 1 year ago.


Can someone that has had chemotherapy for colon cancer (maybe stage 3) help me...?
Someone very dear to me has just had a foot of their colon removed with a large tumor and 15 of 18 of the surrounding lymphs showed positive for cancer from the pathology report, now the suggested treatment is 6 months of chemo, 3 days in a row (port surgically implanted) every other week. I have no idea what... Asked by Charmaine Coello 1 year ago.

Someone very dear to me has just had a foot of their colon removed with a large tumor and 15 of 18 of the surrounding lymphs showed positive for cancer from the pathology report, now the suggested treatment is 6 months of chemo, 3 days in a row (port surgically implanted) every other week. I have no idea what other kinds of treatments there are, i am just so worried about this regiment, and how hard it is going to be, has anyone gone through this that can help me? I want to know more about the subject so that i can help my loved one through this and help make sure this is the right decision on the chemo. Does chemo make you extremely ill? ANY insight will be much appreciated.... Answered by Melida Forgrave 1 year ago.

I just finished chemo for stage 3 colon cancer at the end of April, and I was lucky. I never got sick, and my oncologist said there wasn't any reason anybody should with all the anti-nausea medicines that are available now. I got two different types of anti-nausea medicines during chemo, and they gave me pills to take in case I needed them for the few days after treatment (I never did). The chemo will consist of 3 different medications: oxaliplatin, leucovorin, and 5-FU (Flouracil). 5-FU has been in use since the 1950's, and has a very good success rate. Leucovorin is a vitamin that helps the 5-FU work better, and oxaliplatin (Eloxatin) is a newer drug. The chemo usually takes about 4-6 hours. She should be given at least two anti-nausea medicines during treatment. I received an anti-nausea medicine first, then a second one at the same time as the Leucovorin and oxaliplatin, then the 5-FU, then calcium and potassium, which also helped prevent nausea. The worst symptom I had from the chemo was my hands hurt if they got cold, even from drinking cold drinks (many people wear cotton gloves when they have to do things like open the refrigerator). Other people also get mouth sores, but they can give you a medicine to gargle with, or you can just use salt water. You can lose you hair on rare occasions, but it only happens in about 5% of cases, and about 25% of people have thinning hair. Mine started thinning at the very end, but only because it stopped growing, and wasn't replacing itself. Make sure your friend goes to a good cancer center. I went to the Simon Cancer Center in Indianapolis, which is one of the best (Lance Armstrong went there when he had prostate cancer, even though he lives nowhere near Indy). If you go there, I would strongly recommend my oncologist, Dr. Paul Helft. He is an ethicist, which means he believes in including the patient and his family in every stage of treatment. He spent 3 hours with me and my family the first meeting, and met with me before every treatment, which my cousin, an oncology nurse, said was unheard of. Good luck to you and your friend. Answered by Rosalee Tellinghuisen 1 year ago.

Chemo affects cells that multiply rapidly: cancer cells and cells that are lining your stomach. So that is why chemo patients often have a lack of appetite and feel like throwing up. Chemo makes the person very fatigued, lose their hair, and have altered taste buds. The best way to help get through chemo and help your dear friend is to STAY/ BE POSITIVE, be helpful by helping them with things (only if they want...some are very sensitive to the fact that they have chemo and actually need help...depends on the person, so just be careful and sensitive), and making sure that they eat and get proper nutrition, and that they take their medication on time and as prescribed. Also allowing them to talk out their problems. I don't recommend being sad along with them. Just be attentive and let them spill their guts. Also try to provide hope, and a positive atmosphere as much as you can. Thanks Answered by Tamatha Swirczek 1 year ago.

Chemo is important in the treatment of colon cancer. I think it is called F4. It doesn't usually cause nasea or hair loss. Without it the cancer will run riot. It will cause fatigue. Just go with it. Cancer treatments can save lives. Answered by Ruthanne Fults 1 year ago.

People react differently to chemo and a lot depends on what drugs they are on. Yes it can make you very ill, but so does cancer. If you really want to help them make the right decision then you really should be with them when this is discussed with their oncologist. Answered by Andy Iles 1 year ago.


Cancer of the pancrous?
Asked by Marry Peasnall 1 year ago.

The pancreas is a gland, which is located in the back of the abdomen, lying almost on the spine. It produces Insulin, the hormone that controls the blood sugar, as well as many enzymes that are needed for digestion of food. Cancer of pancreas is now the fourth most common cause of cancer-related death in United States. The 5-year relative survival rate of patients with this cancer is only 3 to 5%. Roughly 28,000 new cases are diagnosed each year in the United States. This type of cancer is found most frequently in men and African-Americans. The average age at the time of diagnosis being 65 years. Unfortunately, most patients are diagnosed in advanced stages when cure is not possible. Cause: The actual cause of pancreas cancer is unknown. However, some environmental factors, especially cigarette smoking, play a role in the development of this cancer. Signs and symptoms: Cancer of the pancreas can grow for a long time without causing any problems. Most patients are diagnosed in advanced stages and present with any of the following signs: Abdominal pain Weight loss Nausea, vomiting Jaundice, as a result of obstruction of bile ducts Anemia Back pain due to invasion of nerves Diagnosis: When suspected, CT scan or Ultrasound examination of the abdomen may establish the diagnosis. A Fine needle aspiration of the pancreas may confirm the existence of the cancer. This cancer can also be detected by an endoscopy-assisted study of the pancreas, which allows taking a biopsy at the same time. Staging: Endoscopic ultrasound is a very sensitive study that should be done to determine the depth of invasion of the cancer into the tissues around the pancreas, as well as evaluation of the local lymph glands. CT scan of abdomen, as well as bone scans, may have to be done to complete the staging workup Treatment: Surgery: Management of this disease relies on surgery in an attempt to remove most or all of the Pancreas and to reconstruct the continuity of the bowels. This is a rather difficult procedure and carries a very high risk, even in the best hands. Indications for surgery are limited to younger patients with very small size tumors. Chemotherapy: Is appropriate for patients in whom the disease is not cured with surgery. Gemcitabine, VP-16, Cisplatinum, Mitomycin, Taxol, Taxotere, 5-FU and Leucovorin are among the most commonly used drugs for Pancreas cancer. These drugs are used in combination and can have moderate to severe toxic effects. A newer drug that has now become available is Radiation: For the most part, it is used to control the symptoms of the advanced disease. Radiation at the time of surgery, referred to as intra-operative radiation, has not proven to be more effective than external radiation, which can also be combined with chemotherapy. Pattern of Spread: If left untreated, or if it fails to respond to treatment, Pancreas cancer can spread to the liver, lymph glands in the abdomen, lungs and almost anywhere else. Prognosis: In most Americans, this cancer carries a very poor prognosis, which is due to the advanced stage of the illness at the time of diagnosis, and in such cases, survival is short. The disease can be cured only if it is caught very early. Special Situations Patients with advanced pancreas cancer may develop any of the following complications. Pleural effusion Bone metastasis Paraneoplastic syndromes High calcium level Blood clots in the legs and other organs Pain: Most patients with this cancer experience substantial pain, which can be debilitating. Control of pain is central to care of patients with this illness. Neurolytic Celiac Plexus Block can control the pain in great majority of such patients. Survival: Survival of patients with this cancer depends on the type and extent of the cancer at the time of initial diagnosis. One-third of patients with early stages may be cured with surgery alone. In the majority of patients in whom cure is not possible, survival could vary from months to years, depending on the extent of cancer, overall condition of the patient, as well as response to treatment and duration of the response Follow-up After completion of treatment, and in any combination that might have taken place, the patient needs to remain under surveillance for the possibility of recurrence of cancer. Follow-up should be scheduled on a regular basis (initially every one to three months for one to two years). The frequency of follow-up will depend on the condition of the patient and his disease. In each follow-up visit, the patient is examined and, normally, a CT scan of the abdomen is obtained at intervals. Treatment of advanced or recurrent disease will depend on the stage and extent of the recurring disease. Most patients are then treated with chemotherapy using the same agents mentioned above. Radiation therapy may be helpful in managing painful or symptomatic areas to which the cancer has spread. If patients experience pain, different pain medications may be used to alleviate the pain. For patients with advanced disease, where most treatments have failed, one could consider assistance from hospice. Answered by Landon Gavel 1 year ago.


The order is for Leucovorin 20mg by mouth 6 hours after administration of the cancer drug methotrexate to prev?
The order is for Leucovorin 20mg by mouth 6 hours after administration of the cancer drug methotrexate to prevent toxicity. The child weights 70lb today and is 4ft 2in tall. The safe dose for this medication is 10mg/m2 . On hand you have 5mg Leucovorin Calcium tablets. If safe, how many tablets will you give? Asked by Shanika Turck 1 year ago.

You can use the Du Bois formula for body surface area (BSA): W = Weight and H = Height BSA = 0.007184 x W^0.425 x H^0.725 W = 70lb x 0.453 = 31.7 kg H = 50" x 2.54 = 127 cm BSA = 0.007184 x 31.7^0.425 x 127^0.725 BSA = 0.007184 x 4.34 x 33.51 BSA = 1.04 (~ 1.0) Alternatively, the pediatric formula can be used: [4Wkg+7]/[90+Wkg] [(4 x 31.7) + 7]/[90 + 31.7] 133.8/121.7 = 1.1 So, we'll say for argument's sake that the child's BSA is 1.0 m^2 The safe dose is 10 mg/m^2. Therefore, the dose to give the child is 10 mg. You have 5mg tablets, so the child will get 2 tablets. Answered by Leda Yauger 1 year ago.

I don't forget myself 2 be verbally endowed, and attempt 2 apply so much 4thought 2 what comes out of my mouth prior 2 itz doing so. For this reason that occurs lovely rattling sometimes! Timothy :o) Answered by Jeffry Dunshie 1 year ago.


Can toxoplasma b cured.. ?
i had abortion few mnths ago... test report showd toxoplasma positive... I had been tkin medicine fr 6 mnths bt still its positive.. Doc askd me to cntinu 4 mnths mor...I hv no child til nw... Is there ny1 who had been suffrd by this disease..??M tkin rovamycin forte... 21 days 2 tyms per day den 15 days gap... Asked by Joann Jaksic 1 year ago.

i had abortion few mnths ago... test report showd toxoplasma positive... I had been tkin medicine fr 6 mnths bt still its positive.. Doc askd me to cntinu 4 mnths mor... I hv no child til nw... Is there ny1 who had been suffrd by this disease..?? M tkin rovamycin forte... 21 days 2 tyms per day den 15 days gap then again 21 days nd again 15 days gap nd so on.... lyk dis i had cmpletd 6 tyms nd its still positiv nd goin to cntinu 4 mnths mor... Answered by Jodee Puca 1 year ago.

Toxoplasmosis can be treated (not completely) with combinations of pyrimethamine with either trisulfapyrimidines or sulfadiazine, plus folinic acid in the form of leucovorin calcium to protect the bone marrow from the toxic effects of pyrimethamine. If this treatment causes hypersensitivity reaction, then pyrimethamine and clindamycin can be used instead. If these drugs are not available, then a combination of sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim can be used. Pregnant women and babies can be treated but Toxoplasma gondii cannot be eliminated completely. The parasites can remain within tissue cells in a less active stage (cyst) in locations difficult for the medication to get to. A drug called spiramycin is recommended during the first four months whereas sulfadizaine/pyrimethamine and folinic acid for women that have been pregnant for more than four months. PCR (a method to discover parasite DNA) is often performed on the amniotic fluid to find out if the infant is infected. If the infant is likely to be infected, then treatment is done with drugs such as sulfadizaine, pyrimethamine and folinic acid. Congenitally infected babies are treated with sulfonamide and pyrimethamine. Treatment for persons with ocular disease depends on the size of the eye lesion, the characteristics (acute or chronic) and the location of the lesion. Persons with compromised immune systems (such as AIDS patients) need to be treated until their health improves significantly. Answered by Letty Moger 1 year ago.


How safe is methotrexate for rheumatoid arthritis?
Asked by Elene Odome 1 year ago.

Hi, I also take methotrexate for RA and I've been taking it for a little longer than a year now. I know when I first starting taking it, it would upset my stomach and sometimes throw up. I also got blister on my tongue. And i only started with 3 pills once a week because I have low white blood cells and Methotrexate lowers your blood count. But after a few months my body got used to it and my doctor gave me Folic Acid to help with my blood count and other side effects as well as Leucovorin Calcium. Now I'm up to 5 pills of Methotrexate and I take blood test every month to monitor my blood cells. I did have pain in every joint even my jaw but after taking this drug, i was able to move again and be myself. I'm doing very well and I even take care of my 3 year old daughter by myself but it does get hard because of all the fatigue and lack of energy. But overall I haven't experienced anything too bad from this drug and it helps me be normal as well as being able to take care of my daughter. :) But everyone is different and their bodies or condition may not be the same so its really up to you if you want to try it. I think if you do start it, maybe you should start with a few pills and see how your body reacts to it. I hope this helps you and I know how u feel but I needed to live my life and raise my kid so I just to took it :) Answered by Eugenio Knackstedt 1 year ago.

Hi.Well,I'm going to take a guess and say that your rheumatologist has given you a couple of other immune suppressant medications,and they didn't show much if any improvement(remission is the goal) in your RA.So,your rheumatologist has now put you on methotrexate hoping this medication(stronger immune suppressant) will get the results your doctor wants.As for how safe this specific medication is? It's basically the same as any other immune suppressant drug,and it will lower your immune system,which will make you susceptible to several contagious strains of colds,flu,etc.And,also may cause stomach upset,nausea,and ulcers.So,you should also be taking a prescribed(OTC) medication to help prevent any damage to your stomach,and also a calcium and vitamin D supplement as well.I suggest that you speak to your rheumatologist about any/all potential risks associated with this drug,and any other drug/medication you are taking for your RA.It's very important that you and your doctor both are well informed about any/all medication/s your currently taking whether it be prescription or over the counter(OTC).You should use caution when taking opiate pain killers for RA.Most times opiates don't offer much pain relief for RA,and can be habit forming over a long period of time.Best to take your doctors regime,and advice when it comes to your health.Take care. Answered by Rob Moure 1 year ago.

Imagine for a moment your arthritis completely vanishing right now. If, in a moment, your pain and stiffness melted away. And your joints all of a sudden functioned like a well-oiled machine. Like a magic wand was waived, you'd be able to jump up from your chair and run around the room like a kid. And imagine that you'd never have to suffer as much as a pinch of arthritis stiffness or pain ever again. I know this sounds impossible right now, but bear with me, because sometimes miracles happen. It was a gift from a woman on the other side of the world. From the kindness of her heart, she took pity on my suffering and taught me how to completely reverse my arthritis. Today, I want to do the same for you! Answered by Chas Cheevers 1 year ago.

Minocycline has been great for me for 16 years, no side effects to speak of. But now suddenly I am very sick with pericarditis, an inflammation around the sac of the heart. And tetracyclines can cause this, So I am grieving that my wonderful minocycline may have led to this, and have no idea what to switch to, and don t want to switch to anything. I am thinking plaquanil again, I was on it for many years with no ill effects. All the biologics say leukemia and lymphoma as side effects, so no way would I ever try them. I have had this since age 24 and will be 60 in 2015. so have had it for 35 years. Take the least dangerous ones, to live a long life with RA. Answered by Jeannine Seeton 1 year ago.

I was diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis in 1993, at the age of 55. My rheumatologist started me on methotrexate at that time, with 3x2.5 mg tablets per week. Since that time, I've taken a total of 12,355 mg (I keep track of all the medications I take). Every three months, I have a liver panel and CBC to monitor the effects of methotrexate. I've been chronically anemic all during this time. In April 2006, I started taking Enbrel. Four years later, I suffered congestive heart failure (CHF) and stopped taking Enbrel. Enbrel really kept the arthritic pains down but CHF was thought to have been caused by it. Now I take 7x2.5 mg per week of methotrexate. I was also taking hydrocodone/acetaminophen (Vicodin) starting in 2006, to control pain, but have now stopped owing to the FDA restrictions on dispensing this medicine. My liver function is normal. I have always been able to tolerate methotrexate. Answered by Sharan Gundy 1 year ago.

Is Methotrexate Safe Answered by Hattie Schmittou 1 year ago.

Personally, I would say it isn't very safe. Opiates would be a lot safer. Its a shame how some doctors are so afraid of giving people pain killers that they would resort to using these poisons rather than treating your pain. I would ask your doctor to refer you to a pain specialist. Answered by Kim Napierala 1 year ago.

I know methotrexate was a death sentence for me. I told my doctor cancer ran in my family big time. 6 months later I had nodules on my lungs, ild, ctd, and cancer. I don t even trust my doctors now because I can t get a straight answer Answered by Valeria Blowers 1 year ago.


What is the major of chemotherapy agents in anti-cancer drugs ?
Asked by Alexandria Grudem 1 year ago.

There are many different chemotherapy agents. Different drugs work for different cancers, and they are frequently used in combination. You need to be more specific. Here is a list of chemo drugs: 13-cis-Retinoic Acid 2-CdA 2-Chlorodeoxyadenosine 5-Fluorouracil 5-FU 6-Mercaptopurine 6-MP 6-TG 6-Thioguanine Abraxane Accutane ® Actinomycin-D Adriamycin ® Adrucil ® Agrylin ® Ala-Cort ® Aldesleukin Alemtuzumab ALIMTA Alitretinoin Alkaban-AQ ® Alkeran ® All-transretinoic acid Alpha interferon Altretamine Amethopterin Amifostine Aminoglutethimide Anagrelide Anandron ® Anastrozole Arabinosylcytosine Ara-C Aranesp ® Aredia ® Arimidex ® Aromasin ® Arranon ® Arsenic trioxide Asparaginase ATRA Avastin ® Azacitidine BCG BCNU Bevacizumab Bexarotene BEXXAR ® Bicalutamide BiCNU Blenoxane ® Bleomycin Bortezomib Busulfan Busulfex ® C225 Calcium Leucovorin Campath ® Camptosar ® Camptothecin-11 Capecitabine Carac ™ Carboplatin Carmustine Carmustine wafer Casodex ® CC-5013 CCNU CDDP CeeNU Cerubidine ® Cetuximab Chlorambucil Cisplatin Citrovorum Factor Cladribine Cortisone Cosmegen ® CPT-11 Cyclophosphamide Cytadren ® Cytarabine Cytarabine liposomal Cytosar-U ® Cytoxan ® Dacarbazine Dacogen Dactinomycin Darbepoetin alfa Daunomycin Daunorubicin Daunorubicin hydrochloride Daunorubicin liposomal DaunoXome ® Decadron Decitabine Delta-Cortef ® Deltasone ® Denileukin diftitox DepoCyt ™ Dexamethasone Dexamethasone acetate Dexamethasone Sodium Phosphate Dexasone Dexrazoxane DHAD DIC Diodex Docetaxel Doxil ® Doxorubicin Doxorubicin liposomal Droxia ™ DTIC DTIC-Dome ® Duralone ® Efudex ® Eligard ™ Ellence ™ Eloxatin ™ Elspar ® Emcyt ® Epirubicin Epoetin alfa Erbitux ™ Erlotinib Erwinia L-asparaginase Estramustine Ethyol Etopophos ® Etoposide Etoposide Phosphate Eulexin ® Evista ® Exemestane Fareston ® Faslodex ® Femara ® Filgrastim Floxuridine Fludara ® Fludarabine Fluoroplex ® Fluorouracil Fluorouracil (cream) Fluoxymesterone Flutamide Folinic Acid FUDR ® Fulvestrant G-CSF Gefitinib Gemcitabine Gemtuzumab ozogamicin Gemzar ® GleevecTM Gliadel wafer (t) GM-CSF Goserelin granulocyte - colony stimulating factor (t) Granulocyte macrophage colony stimulating factor (o) Halotestin (t) Herceptin (t) Hexadrol (t) Hexalen (t) Hexamethylmelamine (t) HMM (t) Hycamtin (t) Hydrea (t) Hydrocort Acetate (t) Hydrocortisone Hydrocortisone sodium phosphate Hydrocortisone sodium succinate Hydrocortone phosphate (t) Hydroxyurea Ibritumomab Ibritumomab Tiuxetan Idamycin ® Idarubicin Ifex ® IFN-alpha Ifosfamide IL-11 IL-2 Imatinib mesylate Imidazole Carboxamide Interferon alfa Interferon Alfa-2b (PEG conjugate) (o) Interleukin - 2 (t) Interleukin-11 (o) Intron A® (interferon alfa-2b) Iressa ® Irinotecan Isotretinoin Kidrolase (t) Lanacort (t) L-asparaginase (t) LCR (o) Lenalidomide Letrozole Leucovorin Leukeran (t) Leukine (t) Leuprolide Leurocristine (o) Leustatin (t) Liposomal Ara-C (t) Liquid Pred (t) Lomustine L-PAM (o) L-Sarcolysin (o) Lupron (t) Lupron Depot ® Matulane (t) Maxidex (t) Mechlorethamine Mechlorethamine Hydrochloride Medralone (t) Medrol ® Megace (t) Megestrol Megestrol Acetate (o) Melphalan Mercaptopurine Mesna Mesnex (t) Methotrexate Methotrexate Sodium (o) Methylprednisolone Meticorten (t) Mitomycin Mitomycin-C (o) Mitoxantrone M-Prednisol (t) MTC (o) MTX (o) Mustargen (t) Mustine Mutamycin (t) Myleran (t) Mylocel (t) Mylotarg (t) Navelbine ® Nelarabine Neosar (t) Neulasta (t) Neumega (t) Neupogen ® Nexavar ® Nilandron (t) Nilutamide Nipent ® Nitrogen Mustard (o) Novaldex (t) Novantrone (t) Octreotide Octreotide acetate (o) Oncospar (t) Oncovin (t) Ontak (t) Onxal (t) Oprevelkin Orapred (t) Orasone (t) Oxaliplatin Paclitaxel Paclitaxel Protein-bound Pamidronate Panretin (t) Paraplatin (t) Pediapred (t) PEG Interferon Pegaspargase Pegfilgrastim PEG-INTRON (t) PEG-L-asparaginase PEMETREXED Pentostatin Phenylalanine Mustard (o) Platinol (t) Platinol-AQ (t) Prednisolone Prednisone Prelone (t) Procarbazine PROCRIT ® Proleukin (t) Prolifeprospan 20 with Carmustine implant (t) Purinethol ® Raloxifene Revlimid ® Rheumatrex (t) Rituxan (t) Rituximab Roferon-A® (interferon alfa-2a) Rubex (t) Rubidomycin hydrochloride (t) Sandostatin ® Sandostatin LAR (t) Sargramostim Solu-Cortef (t) Solu-Medrol (t) Sorafenib STI-571 Streptozocin SU11248 Sunitinib Sutent ® Tamoxifen Tarceva ® Targretin (t) Taxol ® Taxotere ® Temodar ® Temozolomide Teniposide TESPA (o) Thalidomide Thalomid ® TheraCys (t) Thioguanine Thioguanine Tabloid ® Thiophosphoamide (o) Thioplex (t) Thiotepa TICE ® Toposar (t) Topotecan Toremifene Tositumomab Trastuzumab Tretinoin Trexall (t) Trisenox (t) TSPA (o) VCR (o) Velban (t) Velcade ® VePesid (t) Vesanoid (t) Viadur (t) Vidaza (t) Vinblastine Vinblastine Sulfate (o) Vincasar Pfs (t) Vincristine Vinorelbine Vinorelbine tartrate (o) VLB (o) VM-26 (o) VP-16 (t) Vumon (t) Xeloda ® Zanosar (t) Zevalin TM Zinecard (t) Zoladex ® Zoledronic acid Zometa ® See? There's a lot of them. Answered by Justin Brar 1 year ago.

antineoplastics, monoclonal antibodies, Answered by Yajaira Horridge 1 year ago.

Please see the webpages for more details on Chemotherapy. Answered by Thomas Damboise 1 year ago.


Can you list antidotes to the ff substances/drugs?
Anti cholinesterase (cholinergics) Cyanide Narcotics/opioid overdose Thrombolytics Iron Acetaminophen Anti depressants Methotrexate Digoxin Benzodiazepines Lead Warfarin Heparin Asked by Lauren Muterspaw 1 year ago.

I believe yahoo answers should be the last resort a responsible student must consider in answering questions like this. Anyway, PEACE.... Anti cholinesterase (cholinergics) - atropine Cyanide - sodium thiosulfate Narcotics/opioid overdose - naloxone (Narcan) Thrombolytics - aminocaproic acid (Amicar) Iron - deferoxamine Acetaminophen - acetylcystein Anti depressants - phentolamine Methotrexate - leucovorin Digoxin - Digibind Benzodiazepines - flumenazil Lead - calcium EDTA Warfarin - vit. K Heparin - protamine sulfate Answered by Jerrod Scarritt 1 year ago.


Can someone that has had chemotherapy for colon cancer (maybe stage 3) help me...?
Someone very dear to me has just had a foot of their colon removed with a large tumor and 15 of 18 of the surrounding lymphs showed positive for cancer from the pathology report, now the suggested treatment is 6 months of chemo, 3 days in a row (port surgically implanted) every other week. I have no idea what... Asked by Ricardo Dalaq 1 year ago.

Someone very dear to me has just had a foot of their colon removed with a large tumor and 15 of 18 of the surrounding lymphs showed positive for cancer from the pathology report, now the suggested treatment is 6 months of chemo, 3 days in a row (port surgically implanted) every other week. I have no idea what other kinds of treatments there are, i am just so worried about this regiment, and how hard it is going to be, has anyone gone through this that can help me? I want to know more about the subject so that i can help my loved one through this and help make sure this is the right decision on the chemo. Does chemo make you extremely ill? ANY insight will be much appreciated.... Answered by Margrett Abrell 1 year ago.

I just finished chemo for stage 3 colon cancer at the end of April, and I was lucky. I never got sick, and my oncologist said there wasn't any reason anybody should with all the anti-nausea medicines that are available now. I got two different types of anti-nausea medicines during chemo, and they gave me pills to take in case I needed them for the few days after treatment (I never did). The chemo will consist of 3 different medications: oxaliplatin, leucovorin, and 5-FU (Flouracil). 5-FU has been in use since the 1950's, and has a very good success rate. Leucovorin is a vitamin that helps the 5-FU work better, and oxaliplatin (Eloxatin) is a newer drug. The chemo usually takes about 4-6 hours. She should be given at least two anti-nausea medicines during treatment. I received an anti-nausea medicine first, then a second one at the same time as the Leucovorin and oxaliplatin, then the 5-FU, then calcium and potassium, which also helped prevent nausea. The worst symptom I had from the chemo was my hands hurt if they got cold, even from drinking cold drinks (many people wear cotton gloves when they have to do things like open the refrigerator). Other people also get mouth sores, but they can give you a medicine to gargle with, or you can just use salt water. You can lose you hair on rare occasions, but it only happens in about 5% of cases, and about 25% of people have thinning hair. Mine started thinning at the very end, but only because it stopped growing, and wasn't replacing itself. Make sure your friend goes to a good cancer center. I went to the Simon Cancer Center in Indianapolis, which is one of the best (Lance Armstrong went there when he had prostate cancer, even though he lives nowhere near Indy). If you go there, I would strongly recommend my oncologist, Dr. Paul Helft. He is an ethicist, which means he believes in including the patient and his family in every stage of treatment. He spent 3 hours with me and my family the first meeting, and met with me before every treatment, which my cousin, an oncology nurse, said was unheard of. Good luck to you and your friend. Answered by Wan Leimberger 1 year ago.

Chemo affects cells that multiply rapidly: cancer cells and cells that are lining your stomach. So that is why chemo patients often have a lack of appetite and feel like throwing up. Chemo makes the person very fatigued, lose their hair, and have altered taste buds. The best way to help get through chemo and help your dear friend is to STAY/ BE POSITIVE, be helpful by helping them with things (only if they want...some are very sensitive to the fact that they have chemo and actually need help...depends on the person, so just be careful and sensitive), and making sure that they eat and get proper nutrition, and that they take their medication on time and as prescribed. Also allowing them to talk out their problems. I don't recommend being sad along with them. Just be attentive and let them spill their guts. Also try to provide hope, and a positive atmosphere as much as you can. Thanks Answered by Deidra Kirchoff 1 year ago.

Chemo is important in the treatment of colon cancer. I think it is called F4. It doesn't usually cause nasea or hair loss. Without it the cancer will run riot. It will cause fatigue. Just go with it. Cancer treatments can save lives. Answered by Cris Rehak 1 year ago.

People react differently to chemo and a lot depends on what drugs they are on. Yes it can make you very ill, but so does cancer. If you really want to help them make the right decision then you really should be with them when this is discussed with their oncologist. Answered by Rebekah Delegado 1 year ago.


Cancer of the pancrous?
Asked by Hana Canupp 1 year ago.

The pancreas is a gland, which is located in the back of the abdomen, lying almost on the spine. It produces Insulin, the hormone that controls the blood sugar, as well as many enzymes that are needed for digestion of food. Cancer of pancreas is now the fourth most common cause of cancer-related death in United States. The 5-year relative survival rate of patients with this cancer is only 3 to 5%. Roughly 28,000 new cases are diagnosed each year in the United States. This type of cancer is found most frequently in men and African-Americans. The average age at the time of diagnosis being 65 years. Unfortunately, most patients are diagnosed in advanced stages when cure is not possible. Cause: The actual cause of pancreas cancer is unknown. However, some environmental factors, especially cigarette smoking, play a role in the development of this cancer. Signs and symptoms: Cancer of the pancreas can grow for a long time without causing any problems. Most patients are diagnosed in advanced stages and present with any of the following signs: Abdominal pain Weight loss Nausea, vomiting Jaundice, as a result of obstruction of bile ducts Anemia Back pain due to invasion of nerves Diagnosis: When suspected, CT scan or Ultrasound examination of the abdomen may establish the diagnosis. A Fine needle aspiration of the pancreas may confirm the existence of the cancer. This cancer can also be detected by an endoscopy-assisted study of the pancreas, which allows taking a biopsy at the same time. Staging: Endoscopic ultrasound is a very sensitive study that should be done to determine the depth of invasion of the cancer into the tissues around the pancreas, as well as evaluation of the local lymph glands. CT scan of abdomen, as well as bone scans, may have to be done to complete the staging workup Treatment: Surgery: Management of this disease relies on surgery in an attempt to remove most or all of the Pancreas and to reconstruct the continuity of the bowels. This is a rather difficult procedure and carries a very high risk, even in the best hands. Indications for surgery are limited to younger patients with very small size tumors. Chemotherapy: Is appropriate for patients in whom the disease is not cured with surgery. Gemcitabine, VP-16, Cisplatinum, Mitomycin, Taxol, Taxotere, 5-FU and Leucovorin are among the most commonly used drugs for Pancreas cancer. These drugs are used in combination and can have moderate to severe toxic effects. A newer drug that has now become available is Radiation: For the most part, it is used to control the symptoms of the advanced disease. Radiation at the time of surgery, referred to as intra-operative radiation, has not proven to be more effective than external radiation, which can also be combined with chemotherapy. Pattern of Spread: If left untreated, or if it fails to respond to treatment, Pancreas cancer can spread to the liver, lymph glands in the abdomen, lungs and almost anywhere else. Prognosis: In most Americans, this cancer carries a very poor prognosis, which is due to the advanced stage of the illness at the time of diagnosis, and in such cases, survival is short. The disease can be cured only if it is caught very early. Special Situations Patients with advanced pancreas cancer may develop any of the following complications. Pleural effusion Bone metastasis Paraneoplastic syndromes High calcium level Blood clots in the legs and other organs Pain: Most patients with this cancer experience substantial pain, which can be debilitating. Control of pain is central to care of patients with this illness. Neurolytic Celiac Plexus Block can control the pain in great majority of such patients. Survival: Survival of patients with this cancer depends on the type and extent of the cancer at the time of initial diagnosis. One-third of patients with early stages may be cured with surgery alone. In the majority of patients in whom cure is not possible, survival could vary from months to years, depending on the extent of cancer, overall condition of the patient, as well as response to treatment and duration of the response Follow-up After completion of treatment, and in any combination that might have taken place, the patient needs to remain under surveillance for the possibility of recurrence of cancer. Follow-up should be scheduled on a regular basis (initially every one to three months for one to two years). The frequency of follow-up will depend on the condition of the patient and his disease. In each follow-up visit, the patient is examined and, normally, a CT scan of the abdomen is obtained at intervals. Treatment of advanced or recurrent disease will depend on the stage and extent of the recurring disease. Most patients are then treated with chemotherapy using the same agents mentioned above. Radiation therapy may be helpful in managing painful or symptomatic areas to which the cancer has spread. If patients experience pain, different pain medications may be used to alleviate the pain. For patients with advanced disease, where most treatments have failed, one could consider assistance from hospice. Answered by Edgardo Brydon 1 year ago.


The order is for Leucovorin 20mg by mouth 6 hours after administration of the cancer drug methotrexate to prev?
The order is for Leucovorin 20mg by mouth 6 hours after administration of the cancer drug methotrexate to prevent toxicity. The child weights 70lb today and is 4ft 2in tall. The safe dose for this medication is 10mg/m2 . On hand you have 5mg Leucovorin Calcium tablets. If safe, how many tablets will you give? Asked by Genoveva Gregori 1 year ago.

You can use the Du Bois formula for body surface area (BSA): W = Weight and H = Height BSA = 0.007184 x W^0.425 x H^0.725 W = 70lb x 0.453 = 31.7 kg H = 50" x 2.54 = 127 cm BSA = 0.007184 x 31.7^0.425 x 127^0.725 BSA = 0.007184 x 4.34 x 33.51 BSA = 1.04 (~ 1.0) Alternatively, the pediatric formula can be used: [4Wkg+7]/[90+Wkg] [(4 x 31.7) + 7]/[90 + 31.7] 133.8/121.7 = 1.1 So, we'll say for argument's sake that the child's BSA is 1.0 m^2 The safe dose is 10 mg/m^2. Therefore, the dose to give the child is 10 mg. You have 5mg tablets, so the child will get 2 tablets. Answered by Cameron Denoncourt 1 year ago.

I don't forget myself 2 be verbally endowed, and attempt 2 apply so much 4thought 2 what comes out of my mouth prior 2 itz doing so. For this reason that occurs lovely rattling sometimes! Timothy :o) Answered by Jannet Furukawa 1 year ago.


Can toxoplasma b cured.. ?
i had abortion few mnths ago... test report showd toxoplasma positive... I had been tkin medicine fr 6 mnths bt still its positive.. Doc askd me to cntinu 4 mnths mor...I hv no child til nw... Is there ny1 who had been suffrd by this disease..??M tkin rovamycin forte... 21 days 2 tyms per day den 15 days gap... Asked by Suzanna Gulla 1 year ago.

i had abortion few mnths ago... test report showd toxoplasma positive... I had been tkin medicine fr 6 mnths bt still its positive.. Doc askd me to cntinu 4 mnths mor... I hv no child til nw... Is there ny1 who had been suffrd by this disease..?? M tkin rovamycin forte... 21 days 2 tyms per day den 15 days gap then again 21 days nd again 15 days gap nd so on.... lyk dis i had cmpletd 6 tyms nd its still positiv nd goin to cntinu 4 mnths mor... Answered by Brittny Luecht 1 year ago.

Toxoplasmosis can be treated (not completely) with combinations of pyrimethamine with either trisulfapyrimidines or sulfadiazine, plus folinic acid in the form of leucovorin calcium to protect the bone marrow from the toxic effects of pyrimethamine. If this treatment causes hypersensitivity reaction, then pyrimethamine and clindamycin can be used instead. If these drugs are not available, then a combination of sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim can be used. Pregnant women and babies can be treated but Toxoplasma gondii cannot be eliminated completely. The parasites can remain within tissue cells in a less active stage (cyst) in locations difficult for the medication to get to. A drug called spiramycin is recommended during the first four months whereas sulfadizaine/pyrimethamine and folinic acid for women that have been pregnant for more than four months. PCR (a method to discover parasite DNA) is often performed on the amniotic fluid to find out if the infant is infected. If the infant is likely to be infected, then treatment is done with drugs such as sulfadizaine, pyrimethamine and folinic acid. Congenitally infected babies are treated with sulfonamide and pyrimethamine. Treatment for persons with ocular disease depends on the size of the eye lesion, the characteristics (acute or chronic) and the location of the lesion. Persons with compromised immune systems (such as AIDS patients) need to be treated until their health improves significantly. Answered by Odell Schnoke 1 year ago.


How safe is methotrexate for rheumatoid arthritis?
Asked by Frederick Overholser 1 year ago.

Hi, I also take methotrexate for RA and I've been taking it for a little longer than a year now. I know when I first starting taking it, it would upset my stomach and sometimes throw up. I also got blister on my tongue. And i only started with 3 pills once a week because I have low white blood cells and Methotrexate lowers your blood count. But after a few months my body got used to it and my doctor gave me Folic Acid to help with my blood count and other side effects as well as Leucovorin Calcium. Now I'm up to 5 pills of Methotrexate and I take blood test every month to monitor my blood cells. I did have pain in every joint even my jaw but after taking this drug, i was able to move again and be myself. I'm doing very well and I even take care of my 3 year old daughter by myself but it does get hard because of all the fatigue and lack of energy. But overall I haven't experienced anything too bad from this drug and it helps me be normal as well as being able to take care of my daughter. :) But everyone is different and their bodies or condition may not be the same so its really up to you if you want to try it. I think if you do start it, maybe you should start with a few pills and see how your body reacts to it. I hope this helps you and I know how u feel but I needed to live my life and raise my kid so I just to took it :) Answered by Jann Poitevin 1 year ago.

Hi.Well,I'm going to take a guess and say that your rheumatologist has given you a couple of other immune suppressant medications,and they didn't show much if any improvement(remission is the goal) in your RA.So,your rheumatologist has now put you on methotrexate hoping this medication(stronger immune suppressant) will get the results your doctor wants.As for how safe this specific medication is? It's basically the same as any other immune suppressant drug,and it will lower your immune system,which will make you susceptible to several contagious strains of colds,flu,etc.And,also may cause stomach upset,nausea,and ulcers.So,you should also be taking a prescribed(OTC) medication to help prevent any damage to your stomach,and also a calcium and vitamin D supplement as well.I suggest that you speak to your rheumatologist about any/all potential risks associated with this drug,and any other drug/medication you are taking for your RA.It's very important that you and your doctor both are well informed about any/all medication/s your currently taking whether it be prescription or over the counter(OTC).You should use caution when taking opiate pain killers for RA.Most times opiates don't offer much pain relief for RA,and can be habit forming over a long period of time.Best to take your doctors regime,and advice when it comes to your health.Take care. Answered by Marquetta Seewald 1 year ago.

Imagine for a moment your arthritis completely vanishing right now. If, in a moment, your pain and stiffness melted away. And your joints all of a sudden functioned like a well-oiled machine. Like a magic wand was waived, you'd be able to jump up from your chair and run around the room like a kid. And imagine that you'd never have to suffer as much as a pinch of arthritis stiffness or pain ever again. I know this sounds impossible right now, but bear with me, because sometimes miracles happen. It was a gift from a woman on the other side of the world. From the kindness of her heart, she took pity on my suffering and taught me how to completely reverse my arthritis. Today, I want to do the same for you! Answered by Cindi Freire 1 year ago.

Minocycline has been great for me for 16 years, no side effects to speak of. But now suddenly I am very sick with pericarditis, an inflammation around the sac of the heart. And tetracyclines can cause this, So I am grieving that my wonderful minocycline may have led to this, and have no idea what to switch to, and don t want to switch to anything. I am thinking plaquanil again, I was on it for many years with no ill effects. All the biologics say leukemia and lymphoma as side effects, so no way would I ever try them. I have had this since age 24 and will be 60 in 2015. so have had it for 35 years. Take the least dangerous ones, to live a long life with RA. Answered by Eusebia Victorino 1 year ago.

I was diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis in 1993, at the age of 55. My rheumatologist started me on methotrexate at that time, with 3x2.5 mg tablets per week. Since that time, I've taken a total of 12,355 mg (I keep track of all the medications I take). Every three months, I have a liver panel and CBC to monitor the effects of methotrexate. I've been chronically anemic all during this time. In April 2006, I started taking Enbrel. Four years later, I suffered congestive heart failure (CHF) and stopped taking Enbrel. Enbrel really kept the arthritic pains down but CHF was thought to have been caused by it. Now I take 7x2.5 mg per week of methotrexate. I was also taking hydrocodone/acetaminophen (Vicodin) starting in 2006, to control pain, but have now stopped owing to the FDA restrictions on dispensing this medicine. My liver function is normal. I have always been able to tolerate methotrexate. Answered by Ellan Bebeau 1 year ago.

Is Methotrexate Safe Answered by Albertha Krapfl 1 year ago.

Personally, I would say it isn't very safe. Opiates would be a lot safer. Its a shame how some doctors are so afraid of giving people pain killers that they would resort to using these poisons rather than treating your pain. I would ask your doctor to refer you to a pain specialist. Answered by Laura Silano 1 year ago.

I know methotrexate was a death sentence for me. I told my doctor cancer ran in my family big time. 6 months later I had nodules on my lungs, ild, ctd, and cancer. I don t even trust my doctors now because I can t get a straight answer Answered by Carlton Verbridge 1 year ago.


What is the major of chemotherapy agents in anti-cancer drugs ?
Asked by Torie Schrawder 1 year ago.

There are many different chemotherapy agents. Different drugs work for different cancers, and they are frequently used in combination. You need to be more specific. Here is a list of chemo drugs: 13-cis-Retinoic Acid 2-CdA 2-Chlorodeoxyadenosine 5-Fluorouracil 5-FU 6-Mercaptopurine 6-MP 6-TG 6-Thioguanine Abraxane Accutane ® Actinomycin-D Adriamycin ® Adrucil ® Agrylin ® Ala-Cort ® Aldesleukin Alemtuzumab ALIMTA Alitretinoin Alkaban-AQ ® Alkeran ® All-transretinoic acid Alpha interferon Altretamine Amethopterin Amifostine Aminoglutethimide Anagrelide Anandron ® Anastrozole Arabinosylcytosine Ara-C Aranesp ® Aredia ® Arimidex ® Aromasin ® Arranon ® Arsenic trioxide Asparaginase ATRA Avastin ® Azacitidine BCG BCNU Bevacizumab Bexarotene BEXXAR ® Bicalutamide BiCNU Blenoxane ® Bleomycin Bortezomib Busulfan Busulfex ® C225 Calcium Leucovorin Campath ® Camptosar ® Camptothecin-11 Capecitabine Carac ™ Carboplatin Carmustine Carmustine wafer Casodex ® CC-5013 CCNU CDDP CeeNU Cerubidine ® Cetuximab Chlorambucil Cisplatin Citrovorum Factor Cladribine Cortisone Cosmegen ® CPT-11 Cyclophosphamide Cytadren ® Cytarabine Cytarabine liposomal Cytosar-U ® Cytoxan ® Dacarbazine Dacogen Dactinomycin Darbepoetin alfa Daunomycin Daunorubicin Daunorubicin hydrochloride Daunorubicin liposomal DaunoXome ® Decadron Decitabine Delta-Cortef ® Deltasone ® Denileukin diftitox DepoCyt ™ Dexamethasone Dexamethasone acetate Dexamethasone Sodium Phosphate Dexasone Dexrazoxane DHAD DIC Diodex Docetaxel Doxil ® Doxorubicin Doxorubicin liposomal Droxia ™ DTIC DTIC-Dome ® Duralone ® Efudex ® Eligard ™ Ellence ™ Eloxatin ™ Elspar ® Emcyt ® Epirubicin Epoetin alfa Erbitux ™ Erlotinib Erwinia L-asparaginase Estramustine Ethyol Etopophos ® Etoposide Etoposide Phosphate Eulexin ® Evista ® Exemestane Fareston ® Faslodex ® Femara ® Filgrastim Floxuridine Fludara ® Fludarabine Fluoroplex ® Fluorouracil Fluorouracil (cream) Fluoxymesterone Flutamide Folinic Acid FUDR ® Fulvestrant G-CSF Gefitinib Gemcitabine Gemtuzumab ozogamicin Gemzar ® GleevecTM Gliadel wafer (t) GM-CSF Goserelin granulocyte - colony stimulating factor (t) Granulocyte macrophage colony stimulating factor (o) Halotestin (t) Herceptin (t) Hexadrol (t) Hexalen (t) Hexamethylmelamine (t) HMM (t) Hycamtin (t) Hydrea (t) Hydrocort Acetate (t) Hydrocortisone Hydrocortisone sodium phosphate Hydrocortisone sodium succinate Hydrocortone phosphate (t) Hydroxyurea Ibritumomab Ibritumomab Tiuxetan Idamycin ® Idarubicin Ifex ® IFN-alpha Ifosfamide IL-11 IL-2 Imatinib mesylate Imidazole Carboxamide Interferon alfa Interferon Alfa-2b (PEG conjugate) (o) Interleukin - 2 (t) Interleukin-11 (o) Intron A® (interferon alfa-2b) Iressa ® Irinotecan Isotretinoin Kidrolase (t) Lanacort (t) L-asparaginase (t) LCR (o) Lenalidomide Letrozole Leucovorin Leukeran (t) Leukine (t) Leuprolide Leurocristine (o) Leustatin (t) Liposomal Ara-C (t) Liquid Pred (t) Lomustine L-PAM (o) L-Sarcolysin (o) Lupron (t) Lupron Depot ® Matulane (t) Maxidex (t) Mechlorethamine Mechlorethamine Hydrochloride Medralone (t) Medrol ® Megace (t) Megestrol Megestrol Acetate (o) Melphalan Mercaptopurine Mesna Mesnex (t) Methotrexate Methotrexate Sodium (o) Methylprednisolone Meticorten (t) Mitomycin Mitomycin-C (o) Mitoxantrone M-Prednisol (t) MTC (o) MTX (o) Mustargen (t) Mustine Mutamycin (t) Myleran (t) Mylocel (t) Mylotarg (t) Navelbine ® Nelarabine Neosar (t) Neulasta (t) Neumega (t) Neupogen ® Nexavar ® Nilandron (t) Nilutamide Nipent ® Nitrogen Mustard (o) Novaldex (t) Novantrone (t) Octreotide Octreotide acetate (o) Oncospar (t) Oncovin (t) Ontak (t) Onxal (t) Oprevelkin Orapred (t) Orasone (t) Oxaliplatin Paclitaxel Paclitaxel Protein-bound Pamidronate Panretin (t) Paraplatin (t) Pediapred (t) PEG Interferon Pegaspargase Pegfilgrastim PEG-INTRON (t) PEG-L-asparaginase PEMETREXED Pentostatin Phenylalanine Mustard (o) Platinol (t) Platinol-AQ (t) Prednisolone Prednisone Prelone (t) Procarbazine PROCRIT ® Proleukin (t) Prolifeprospan 20 with Carmustine implant (t) Purinethol ® Raloxifene Revlimid ® Rheumatrex (t) Rituxan (t) Rituximab Roferon-A® (interferon alfa-2a) Rubex (t) Rubidomycin hydrochloride (t) Sandostatin ® Sandostatin LAR (t) Sargramostim Solu-Cortef (t) Solu-Medrol (t) Sorafenib STI-571 Streptozocin SU11248 Sunitinib Sutent ® Tamoxifen Tarceva ® Targretin (t) Taxol ® Taxotere ® Temodar ® Temozolomide Teniposide TESPA (o) Thalidomide Thalomid ® TheraCys (t) Thioguanine Thioguanine Tabloid ® Thiophosphoamide (o) Thioplex (t) Thiotepa TICE ® Toposar (t) Topotecan Toremifene Tositumomab Trastuzumab Tretinoin Trexall (t) Trisenox (t) TSPA (o) VCR (o) Velban (t) Velcade ® VePesid (t) Vesanoid (t) Viadur (t) Vidaza (t) Vinblastine Vinblastine Sulfate (o) Vincasar Pfs (t) Vincristine Vinorelbine Vinorelbine tartrate (o) VLB (o) VM-26 (o) VP-16 (t) Vumon (t) Xeloda ® Zanosar (t) Zevalin TM Zinecard (t) Zoladex ® Zoledronic acid Zometa ® See? There's a lot of them. Answered by Beryl Maltbia 1 year ago.

antineoplastics, monoclonal antibodies, Answered by Jolynn Wonsik 1 year ago.

Please see the webpages for more details on Chemotherapy. Answered by Yung Mulroney 1 year ago.


Can you list antidotes to the ff substances/drugs?
Anti cholinesterase (cholinergics) Cyanide Narcotics/opioid overdose Thrombolytics Iron Acetaminophen Anti depressants Methotrexate Digoxin Benzodiazepines Lead Warfarin Heparin Asked by Tami Heibult 1 year ago.

I believe yahoo answers should be the last resort a responsible student must consider in answering questions like this. Anyway, PEACE.... Anti cholinesterase (cholinergics) - atropine Cyanide - sodium thiosulfate Narcotics/opioid overdose - naloxone (Narcan) Thrombolytics - aminocaproic acid (Amicar) Iron - deferoxamine Acetaminophen - acetylcystein Anti depressants - phentolamine Methotrexate - leucovorin Digoxin - Digibind Benzodiazepines - flumenazil Lead - calcium EDTA Warfarin - vit. K Heparin - protamine sulfate Answered by Celine Brandow 1 year ago.


Can someone that has had chemotherapy for colon cancer (maybe stage 3) help me...?
Someone very dear to me has just had a foot of their colon removed with a large tumor and 15 of 18 of the surrounding lymphs showed positive for cancer from the pathology report, now the suggested treatment is 6 months of chemo, 3 days in a row (port surgically implanted) every other week. I have no idea what... Asked by Deanna Waltersdorf 1 year ago.

Someone very dear to me has just had a foot of their colon removed with a large tumor and 15 of 18 of the surrounding lymphs showed positive for cancer from the pathology report, now the suggested treatment is 6 months of chemo, 3 days in a row (port surgically implanted) every other week. I have no idea what other kinds of treatments there are, i am just so worried about this regiment, and how hard it is going to be, has anyone gone through this that can help me? I want to know more about the subject so that i can help my loved one through this and help make sure this is the right decision on the chemo. Does chemo make you extremely ill? ANY insight will be much appreciated.... Answered by Shoshana Hinajosa 1 year ago.

I just finished chemo for stage 3 colon cancer at the end of April, and I was lucky. I never got sick, and my oncologist said there wasn't any reason anybody should with all the anti-nausea medicines that are available now. I got two different types of anti-nausea medicines during chemo, and they gave me pills to take in case I needed them for the few days after treatment (I never did). The chemo will consist of 3 different medications: oxaliplatin, leucovorin, and 5-FU (Flouracil). 5-FU has been in use since the 1950's, and has a very good success rate. Leucovorin is a vitamin that helps the 5-FU work better, and oxaliplatin (Eloxatin) is a newer drug. The chemo usually takes about 4-6 hours. She should be given at least two anti-nausea medicines during treatment. I received an anti-nausea medicine first, then a second one at the same time as the Leucovorin and oxaliplatin, then the 5-FU, then calcium and potassium, which also helped prevent nausea. The worst symptom I had from the chemo was my hands hurt if they got cold, even from drinking cold drinks (many people wear cotton gloves when they have to do things like open the refrigerator). Other people also get mouth sores, but they can give you a medicine to gargle with, or you can just use salt water. You can lose you hair on rare occasions, but it only happens in about 5% of cases, and about 25% of people have thinning hair. Mine started thinning at the very end, but only because it stopped growing, and wasn't replacing itself. Make sure your friend goes to a good cancer center. I went to the Simon Cancer Center in Indianapolis, which is one of the best (Lance Armstrong went there when he had prostate cancer, even though he lives nowhere near Indy). If you go there, I would strongly recommend my oncologist, Dr. Paul Helft. He is an ethicist, which means he believes in including the patient and his family in every stage of treatment. He spent 3 hours with me and my family the first meeting, and met with me before every treatment, which my cousin, an oncology nurse, said was unheard of. Good luck to you and your friend. Answered by Cecile Vinning 1 year ago.

Chemo affects cells that multiply rapidly: cancer cells and cells that are lining your stomach. So that is why chemo patients often have a lack of appetite and feel like throwing up. Chemo makes the person very fatigued, lose their hair, and have altered taste buds. The best way to help get through chemo and help your dear friend is to STAY/ BE POSITIVE, be helpful by helping them with things (only if they want...some are very sensitive to the fact that they have chemo and actually need help...depends on the person, so just be careful and sensitive), and making sure that they eat and get proper nutrition, and that they take their medication on time and as prescribed. Also allowing them to talk out their problems. I don't recommend being sad along with them. Just be attentive and let them spill their guts. Also try to provide hope, and a positive atmosphere as much as you can. Thanks Answered by Raquel Berrio 1 year ago.

Chemo is important in the treatment of colon cancer. I think it is called F4. It doesn't usually cause nasea or hair loss. Without it the cancer will run riot. It will cause fatigue. Just go with it. Cancer treatments can save lives. Answered by Trey Hoelzel 1 year ago.

People react differently to chemo and a lot depends on what drugs they are on. Yes it can make you very ill, but so does cancer. If you really want to help them make the right decision then you really should be with them when this is discussed with their oncologist. Answered by Tamra Labat 1 year ago.


Cancer of the pancrous?
Asked by Augustine Swartz 1 year ago.

The pancreas is a gland, which is located in the back of the abdomen, lying almost on the spine. It produces Insulin, the hormone that controls the blood sugar, as well as many enzymes that are needed for digestion of food. Cancer of pancreas is now the fourth most common cause of cancer-related death in United States. The 5-year relative survival rate of patients with this cancer is only 3 to 5%. Roughly 28,000 new cases are diagnosed each year in the United States. This type of cancer is found most frequently in men and African-Americans. The average age at the time of diagnosis being 65 years. Unfortunately, most patients are diagnosed in advanced stages when cure is not possible. Cause: The actual cause of pancreas cancer is unknown. However, some environmental factors, especially cigarette smoking, play a role in the development of this cancer. Signs and symptoms: Cancer of the pancreas can grow for a long time without causing any problems. Most patients are diagnosed in advanced stages and present with any of the following signs: Abdominal pain Weight loss Nausea, vomiting Jaundice, as a result of obstruction of bile ducts Anemia Back pain due to invasion of nerves Diagnosis: When suspected, CT scan or Ultrasound examination of the abdomen may establish the diagnosis. A Fine needle aspiration of the pancreas may confirm the existence of the cancer. This cancer can also be detected by an endoscopy-assisted study of the pancreas, which allows taking a biopsy at the same time. Staging: Endoscopic ultrasound is a very sensitive study that should be done to determine the depth of invasion of the cancer into the tissues around the pancreas, as well as evaluation of the local lymph glands. CT scan of abdomen, as well as bone scans, may have to be done to complete the staging workup Treatment: Surgery: Management of this disease relies on surgery in an attempt to remove most or all of the Pancreas and to reconstruct the continuity of the bowels. This is a rather difficult procedure and carries a very high risk, even in the best hands. Indications for surgery are limited to younger patients with very small size tumors. Chemotherapy: Is appropriate for patients in whom the disease is not cured with surgery. Gemcitabine, VP-16, Cisplatinum, Mitomycin, Taxol, Taxotere, 5-FU and Leucovorin are among the most commonly used drugs for Pancreas cancer. These drugs are used in combination and can have moderate to severe toxic effects. A newer drug that has now become available is Radiation: For the most part, it is used to control the symptoms of the advanced disease. Radiation at the time of surgery, referred to as intra-operative radiation, has not proven to be more effective than external radiation, which can also be combined with chemotherapy. Pattern of Spread: If left untreated, or if it fails to respond to treatment, Pancreas cancer can spread to the liver, lymph glands in the abdomen, lungs and almost anywhere else. Prognosis: In most Americans, this cancer carries a very poor prognosis, which is due to the advanced stage of the illness at the time of diagnosis, and in such cases, survival is short. The disease can be cured only if it is caught very early. Special Situations Patients with advanced pancreas cancer may develop any of the following complications. Pleural effusion Bone metastasis Paraneoplastic syndromes High calcium level Blood clots in the legs and other organs Pain: Most patients with this cancer experience substantial pain, which can be debilitating. Control of pain is central to care of patients with this illness. Neurolytic Celiac Plexus Block can control the pain in great majority of such patients. Survival: Survival of patients with this cancer depends on the type and extent of the cancer at the time of initial diagnosis. One-third of patients with early stages may be cured with surgery alone. In the majority of patients in whom cure is not possible, survival could vary from months to years, depending on the extent of cancer, overall condition of the patient, as well as response to treatment and duration of the response Follow-up After completion of treatment, and in any combination that might have taken place, the patient needs to remain under surveillance for the possibility of recurrence of cancer. Follow-up should be scheduled on a regular basis (initially every one to three months for one to two years). The frequency of follow-up will depend on the condition of the patient and his disease. In each follow-up visit, the patient is examined and, normally, a CT scan of the abdomen is obtained at intervals. Treatment of advanced or recurrent disease will depend on the stage and extent of the recurring disease. Most patients are then treated with chemotherapy using the same agents mentioned above. Radiation therapy may be helpful in managing painful or symptomatic areas to which the cancer has spread. If patients experience pain, different pain medications may be used to alleviate the pain. For patients with advanced disease, where most treatments have failed, one could consider assistance from hospice. Answered by Dirk Vogland 1 year ago.


The order is for Leucovorin 20mg by mouth 6 hours after administration of the cancer drug methotrexate to prev?
The order is for Leucovorin 20mg by mouth 6 hours after administration of the cancer drug methotrexate to prevent toxicity. The child weights 70lb today and is 4ft 2in tall. The safe dose for this medication is 10mg/m2 . On hand you have 5mg Leucovorin Calcium tablets. If safe, how many tablets will you give? Asked by Irma Savini 1 year ago.

You can use the Du Bois formula for body surface area (BSA): W = Weight and H = Height BSA = 0.007184 x W^0.425 x H^0.725 W = 70lb x 0.453 = 31.7 kg H = 50" x 2.54 = 127 cm BSA = 0.007184 x 31.7^0.425 x 127^0.725 BSA = 0.007184 x 4.34 x 33.51 BSA = 1.04 (~ 1.0) Alternatively, the pediatric formula can be used: [4Wkg+7]/[90+Wkg] [(4 x 31.7) + 7]/[90 + 31.7] 133.8/121.7 = 1.1 So, we'll say for argument's sake that the child's BSA is 1.0 m^2 The safe dose is 10 mg/m^2. Therefore, the dose to give the child is 10 mg. You have 5mg tablets, so the child will get 2 tablets. Answered by Dan Anness 1 year ago.

I don't forget myself 2 be verbally endowed, and attempt 2 apply so much 4thought 2 what comes out of my mouth prior 2 itz doing so. For this reason that occurs lovely rattling sometimes! Timothy :o) Answered by Eldora Tyo 1 year ago.


Can toxoplasma b cured.. ?
i had abortion few mnths ago... test report showd toxoplasma positive... I had been tkin medicine fr 6 mnths bt still its positive.. Doc askd me to cntinu 4 mnths mor...I hv no child til nw... Is there ny1 who had been suffrd by this disease..??M tkin rovamycin forte... 21 days 2 tyms per day den 15 days gap... Asked by Rosie Nazelrod 1 year ago.

i had abortion few mnths ago... test report showd toxoplasma positive... I had been tkin medicine fr 6 mnths bt still its positive.. Doc askd me to cntinu 4 mnths mor... I hv no child til nw... Is there ny1 who had been suffrd by this disease..?? M tkin rovamycin forte... 21 days 2 tyms per day den 15 days gap then again 21 days nd again 15 days gap nd so on.... lyk dis i had cmpletd 6 tyms nd its still positiv nd goin to cntinu 4 mnths mor... Answered by Adrianne Vanderwerff 1 year ago.

Toxoplasmosis can be treated (not completely) with combinations of pyrimethamine with either trisulfapyrimidines or sulfadiazine, plus folinic acid in the form of leucovorin calcium to protect the bone marrow from the toxic effects of pyrimethamine. If this treatment causes hypersensitivity reaction, then pyrimethamine and clindamycin can be used instead. If these drugs are not available, then a combination of sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim can be used. Pregnant women and babies can be treated but Toxoplasma gondii cannot be eliminated completely. The parasites can remain within tissue cells in a less active stage (cyst) in locations difficult for the medication to get to. A drug called spiramycin is recommended during the first four months whereas sulfadizaine/pyrimethamine and folinic acid for women that have been pregnant for more than four months. PCR (a method to discover parasite DNA) is often performed on the amniotic fluid to find out if the infant is infected. If the infant is likely to be infected, then treatment is done with drugs such as sulfadizaine, pyrimethamine and folinic acid. Congenitally infected babies are treated with sulfonamide and pyrimethamine. Treatment for persons with ocular disease depends on the size of the eye lesion, the characteristics (acute or chronic) and the location of the lesion. Persons with compromised immune systems (such as AIDS patients) need to be treated until their health improves significantly. Answered by Jeremy Piner 1 year ago.


How safe is methotrexate for rheumatoid arthritis?
Asked by Johnetta Henniger 1 year ago.

Hi, I also take methotrexate for RA and I've been taking it for a little longer than a year now. I know when I first starting taking it, it would upset my stomach and sometimes throw up. I also got blister on my tongue. And i only started with 3 pills once a week because I have low white blood cells and Methotrexate lowers your blood count. But after a few months my body got used to it and my doctor gave me Folic Acid to help with my blood count and other side effects as well as Leucovorin Calcium. Now I'm up to 5 pills of Methotrexate and I take blood test every month to monitor my blood cells. I did have pain in every joint even my jaw but after taking this drug, i was able to move again and be myself. I'm doing very well and I even take care of my 3 year old daughter by myself but it does get hard because of all the fatigue and lack of energy. But overall I haven't experienced anything too bad from this drug and it helps me be normal as well as being able to take care of my daughter. :) But everyone is different and their bodies or condition may not be the same so its really up to you if you want to try it. I think if you do start it, maybe you should start with a few pills and see how your body reacts to it. I hope this helps you and I know how u feel but I needed to live my life and raise my kid so I just to took it :) Answered by Shaquana Lor 1 year ago.

Hi.Well,I'm going to take a guess and say that your rheumatologist has given you a couple of other immune suppressant medications,and they didn't show much if any improvement(remission is the goal) in your RA.So,your rheumatologist has now put you on methotrexate hoping this medication(stronger immune suppressant) will get the results your doctor wants.As for how safe this specific medication is? It's basically the same as any other immune suppressant drug,and it will lower your immune system,which will make you susceptible to several contagious strains of colds,flu,etc.And,also may cause stomach upset,nausea,and ulcers.So,you should also be taking a prescribed(OTC) medication to help prevent any damage to your stomach,and also a calcium and vitamin D supplement as well.I suggest that you speak to your rheumatologist about any/all potential risks associated with this drug,and any other drug/medication you are taking for your RA.It's very important that you and your doctor both are well informed about any/all medication/s your currently taking whether it be prescription or over the counter(OTC).You should use caution when taking opiate pain killers for RA.Most times opiates don't offer much pain relief for RA,and can be habit forming over a long period of time.Best to take your doctors regime,and advice when it comes to your health.Take care. Answered by Jeffry Rodefer 1 year ago.

Imagine for a moment your arthritis completely vanishing right now. If, in a moment, your pain and stiffness melted away. And your joints all of a sudden functioned like a well-oiled machine. Like a magic wand was waived, you'd be able to jump up from your chair and run around the room like a kid. And imagine that you'd never have to suffer as much as a pinch of arthritis stiffness or pain ever again. I know this sounds impossible right now, but bear with me, because sometimes miracles happen. It was a gift from a woman on the other side of the world. From the kindness of her heart, she took pity on my suffering and taught me how to completely reverse my arthritis. Today, I want to do the same for you! Answered by Adan Zingaro 1 year ago.

Minocycline has been great for me for 16 years, no side effects to speak of. But now suddenly I am very sick with pericarditis, an inflammation around the sac of the heart. And tetracyclines can cause this, So I am grieving that my wonderful minocycline may have led to this, and have no idea what to switch to, and don t want to switch to anything. I am thinking plaquanil again, I was on it for many years with no ill effects. All the biologics say leukemia and lymphoma as side effects, so no way would I ever try them. I have had this since age 24 and will be 60 in 2015. so have had it for 35 years. Take the least dangerous ones, to live a long life with RA. Answered by Dagny Berky 1 year ago.

I was diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis in 1993, at the age of 55. My rheumatologist started me on methotrexate at that time, with 3x2.5 mg tablets per week. Since that time, I've taken a total of 12,355 mg (I keep track of all the medications I take). Every three months, I have a liver panel and CBC to monitor the effects of methotrexate. I've been chronically anemic all during this time. In April 2006, I started taking Enbrel. Four years later, I suffered congestive heart failure (CHF) and stopped taking Enbrel. Enbrel really kept the arthritic pains down but CHF was thought to have been caused by it. Now I take 7x2.5 mg per week of methotrexate. I was also taking hydrocodone/acetaminophen (Vicodin) starting in 2006, to control pain, but have now stopped owing to the FDA restrictions on dispensing this medicine. My liver function is normal. I have always been able to tolerate methotrexate. Answered by Cornell Eurich 1 year ago.

Is Methotrexate Safe Answered by Eloy Lusane 1 year ago.

Personally, I would say it isn't very safe. Opiates would be a lot safer. Its a shame how some doctors are so afraid of giving people pain killers that they would resort to using these poisons rather than treating your pain. I would ask your doctor to refer you to a pain specialist. Answered by Quinn Viscosi 1 year ago.

I know methotrexate was a death sentence for me. I told my doctor cancer ran in my family big time. 6 months later I had nodules on my lungs, ild, ctd, and cancer. I don t even trust my doctors now because I can t get a straight answer Answered by Mariette Waldrop 1 year ago.


What is the major of chemotherapy agents in anti-cancer drugs ?
Asked by Catina Korzenski 1 year ago.

There are many different chemotherapy agents. Different drugs work for different cancers, and they are frequently used in combination. You need to be more specific. Here is a list of chemo drugs: 13-cis-Retinoic Acid 2-CdA 2-Chlorodeoxyadenosine 5-Fluorouracil 5-FU 6-Mercaptopurine 6-MP 6-TG 6-Thioguanine Abraxane Accutane ® Actinomycin-D Adriamycin ® Adrucil ® Agrylin ® Ala-Cort ® Aldesleukin Alemtuzumab ALIMTA Alitretinoin Alkaban-AQ ® Alkeran ® All-transretinoic acid Alpha interferon Altretamine Amethopterin Amifostine Aminoglutethimide Anagrelide Anandron ® Anastrozole Arabinosylcytosine Ara-C Aranesp ® Aredia ® Arimidex ® Aromasin ® Arranon ® Arsenic trioxide Asparaginase ATRA Avastin ® Azacitidine BCG BCNU Bevacizumab Bexarotene BEXXAR ® Bicalutamide BiCNU Blenoxane ® Bleomycin Bortezomib Busulfan Busulfex ® C225 Calcium Leucovorin Campath ® Camptosar ® Camptothecin-11 Capecitabine Carac ™ Carboplatin Carmustine Carmustine wafer Casodex ® CC-5013 CCNU CDDP CeeNU Cerubidine ® Cetuximab Chlorambucil Cisplatin Citrovorum Factor Cladribine Cortisone Cosmegen ® CPT-11 Cyclophosphamide Cytadren ® Cytarabine Cytarabine liposomal Cytosar-U ® Cytoxan ® Dacarbazine Dacogen Dactinomycin Darbepoetin alfa Daunomycin Daunorubicin Daunorubicin hydrochloride Daunorubicin liposomal DaunoXome ® Decadron Decitabine Delta-Cortef ® Deltasone ® Denileukin diftitox DepoCyt ™ Dexamethasone Dexamethasone acetate Dexamethasone Sodium Phosphate Dexasone Dexrazoxane DHAD DIC Diodex Docetaxel Doxil ® Doxorubicin Doxorubicin liposomal Droxia ™ DTIC DTIC-Dome ® Duralone ® Efudex ® Eligard ™ Ellence ™ Eloxatin ™ Elspar ® Emcyt ® Epirubicin Epoetin alfa Erbitux ™ Erlotinib Erwinia L-asparaginase Estramustine Ethyol Etopophos ® Etoposide Etoposide Phosphate Eulexin ® Evista ® Exemestane Fareston ® Faslodex ® Femara ® Filgrastim Floxuridine Fludara ® Fludarabine Fluoroplex ® Fluorouracil Fluorouracil (cream) Fluoxymesterone Flutamide Folinic Acid FUDR ® Fulvestrant G-CSF Gefitinib Gemcitabine Gemtuzumab ozogamicin Gemzar ® GleevecTM Gliadel wafer (t) GM-CSF Goserelin granulocyte - colony stimulating factor (t) Granulocyte macrophage colony stimulating factor (o) Halotestin (t) Herceptin (t) Hexadrol (t) Hexalen (t) Hexamethylmelamine (t) HMM (t) Hycamtin (t) Hydrea (t) Hydrocort Acetate (t) Hydrocortisone Hydrocortisone sodium phosphate Hydrocortisone sodium succinate Hydrocortone phosphate (t) Hydroxyurea Ibritumomab Ibritumomab Tiuxetan Idamycin ® Idarubicin Ifex ® IFN-alpha Ifosfamide IL-11 IL-2 Imatinib mesylate Imidazole Carboxamide Interferon alfa Interferon Alfa-2b (PEG conjugate) (o) Interleukin - 2 (t) Interleukin-11 (o) Intron A® (interferon alfa-2b) Iressa ® Irinotecan Isotretinoin Kidrolase (t) Lanacort (t) L-asparaginase (t) LCR (o) Lenalidomide Letrozole Leucovorin Leukeran (t) Leukine (t) Leuprolide Leurocristine (o) Leustatin (t) Liposomal Ara-C (t) Liquid Pred (t) Lomustine L-PAM (o) L-Sarcolysin (o) Lupron (t) Lupron Depot ® Matulane (t) Maxidex (t) Mechlorethamine Mechlorethamine Hydrochloride Medralone (t) Medrol ® Megace (t) Megestrol Megestrol Acetate (o) Melphalan Mercaptopurine Mesna Mesnex (t) Methotrexate Methotrexate Sodium (o) Methylprednisolone Meticorten (t) Mitomycin Mitomycin-C (o) Mitoxantrone M-Prednisol (t) MTC (o) MTX (o) Mustargen (t) Mustine Mutamycin (t) Myleran (t) Mylocel (t) Mylotarg (t) Navelbine ® Nelarabine Neosar (t) Neulasta (t) Neumega (t) Neupogen ® Nexavar ® Nilandron (t) Nilutamide Nipent ® Nitrogen Mustard (o) Novaldex (t) Novantrone (t) Octreotide Octreotide acetate (o) Oncospar (t) Oncovin (t) Ontak (t) Onxal (t) Oprevelkin Orapred (t) Orasone (t) Oxaliplatin Paclitaxel Paclitaxel Protein-bound Pamidronate Panretin (t) Paraplatin (t) Pediapred (t) PEG Interferon Pegaspargase Pegfilgrastim PEG-INTRON (t) PEG-L-asparaginase PEMETREXED Pentostatin Phenylalanine Mustard (o) Platinol (t) Platinol-AQ (t) Prednisolone Prednisone Prelone (t) Procarbazine PROCRIT ® Proleukin (t) Prolifeprospan 20 with Carmustine implant (t) Purinethol ® Raloxifene Revlimid ® Rheumatrex (t) Rituxan (t) Rituximab Roferon-A® (interferon alfa-2a) Rubex (t) Rubidomycin hydrochloride (t) Sandostatin ® Sandostatin LAR (t) Sargramostim Solu-Cortef (t) Solu-Medrol (t) Sorafenib STI-571 Streptozocin SU11248 Sunitinib Sutent ® Tamoxifen Tarceva ® Targretin (t) Taxol ® Taxotere ® Temodar ® Temozolomide Teniposide TESPA (o) Thalidomide Thalomid ® TheraCys (t) Thioguanine Thioguanine Tabloid ® Thiophosphoamide (o) Thioplex (t) Thiotepa TICE ® Toposar (t) Topotecan Toremifene Tositumomab Trastuzumab Tretinoin Trexall (t) Trisenox (t) TSPA (o) VCR (o) Velban (t) Velcade ® VePesid (t) Vesanoid (t) Viadur (t) Vidaza (t) Vinblastine Vinblastine Sulfate (o) Vincasar Pfs (t) Vincristine Vinorelbine Vinorelbine tartrate (o) VLB (o) VM-26 (o) VP-16 (t) Vumon (t) Xeloda ® Zanosar (t) Zevalin TM Zinecard (t) Zoladex ® Zoledronic acid Zometa ® See? There's a lot of them. Answered by Genevive Dadd 1 year ago.

antineoplastics, monoclonal antibodies, Answered by Margart Bahde 1 year ago.

Please see the webpages for more details on Chemotherapy. Answered by Jacquie Kolm 1 year ago.


Can you list antidotes to the ff substances/drugs?
Anti cholinesterase (cholinergics) Cyanide Narcotics/opioid overdose Thrombolytics Iron Acetaminophen Anti depressants Methotrexate Digoxin Benzodiazepines Lead Warfarin Heparin Asked by Hal Streff 1 year ago.

I believe yahoo answers should be the last resort a responsible student must consider in answering questions like this. Anyway, PEACE.... Anti cholinesterase (cholinergics) - atropine Cyanide - sodium thiosulfate Narcotics/opioid overdose - naloxone (Narcan) Thrombolytics - aminocaproic acid (Amicar) Iron - deferoxamine Acetaminophen - acetylcystein Anti depressants - phentolamine Methotrexate - leucovorin Digoxin - Digibind Benzodiazepines - flumenazil Lead - calcium EDTA Warfarin - vit. K Heparin - protamine sulfate Answered by Ruthe Parnin 1 year ago.


Can someone that has had chemotherapy for colon cancer (maybe stage 3) help me...?
Someone very dear to me has just had a foot of their colon removed with a large tumor and 15 of 18 of the surrounding lymphs showed positive for cancer from the pathology report, now the suggested treatment is 6 months of chemo, 3 days in a row (port surgically implanted) every other week. I have no idea what... Asked by Genevive Wygand 1 year ago.

Someone very dear to me has just had a foot of their colon removed with a large tumor and 15 of 18 of the surrounding lymphs showed positive for cancer from the pathology report, now the suggested treatment is 6 months of chemo, 3 days in a row (port surgically implanted) every other week. I have no idea what other kinds of treatments there are, i am just so worried about this regiment, and how hard it is going to be, has anyone gone through this that can help me? I want to know more about the subject so that i can help my loved one through this and help make sure this is the right decision on the chemo. Does chemo make you extremely ill? ANY insight will be much appreciated.... Answered by Trish Cerrone 1 year ago.

I just finished chemo for stage 3 colon cancer at the end of April, and I was lucky. I never got sick, and my oncologist said there wasn't any reason anybody should with all the anti-nausea medicines that are available now. I got two different types of anti-nausea medicines during chemo, and they gave me pills to take in case I needed them for the few days after treatment (I never did). The chemo will consist of 3 different medications: oxaliplatin, leucovorin, and 5-FU (Flouracil). 5-FU has been in use since the 1950's, and has a very good success rate. Leucovorin is a vitamin that helps the 5-FU work better, and oxaliplatin (Eloxatin) is a newer drug. The chemo usually takes about 4-6 hours. She should be given at least two anti-nausea medicines during treatment. I received an anti-nausea medicine first, then a second one at the same time as the Leucovorin and oxaliplatin, then the 5-FU, then calcium and potassium, which also helped prevent nausea. The worst symptom I had from the chemo was my hands hurt if they got cold, even from drinking cold drinks (many people wear cotton gloves when they have to do things like open the refrigerator). Other people also get mouth sores, but they can give you a medicine to gargle with, or you can just use salt water. You can lose you hair on rare occasions, but it only happens in about 5% of cases, and about 25% of people have thinning hair. Mine started thinning at the very end, but only because it stopped growing, and wasn't replacing itself. Make sure your friend goes to a good cancer center. I went to the Simon Cancer Center in Indianapolis, which is one of the best (Lance Armstrong went there when he had prostate cancer, even though he lives nowhere near Indy). If you go there, I would strongly recommend my oncologist, Dr. Paul Helft. He is an ethicist, which means he believes in including the patient and his family in every stage of treatment. He spent 3 hours with me and my family the first meeting, and met with me before every treatment, which my cousin, an oncology nurse, said was unheard of. Good luck to you and your friend. Answered by Jeane Tsinnie 1 year ago.

Chemo affects cells that multiply rapidly: cancer cells and cells that are lining your stomach. So that is why chemo patients often have a lack of appetite and feel like throwing up. Chemo makes the person very fatigued, lose their hair, and have altered taste buds. The best way to help get through chemo and help your dear friend is to STAY/ BE POSITIVE, be helpful by helping them with things (only if they want...some are very sensitive to the fact that they have chemo and actually need help...depends on the person, so just be careful and sensitive), and making sure that they eat and get proper nutrition, and that they take their medication on time and as prescribed. Also allowing them to talk out their problems. I don't recommend being sad along with them. Just be attentive and let them spill their guts. Also try to provide hope, and a positive atmosphere as much as you can. Thanks Answered by Nakia Majchrzak 1 year ago.

Chemo is important in the treatment of colon cancer. I think it is called F4. It doesn't usually cause nasea or hair loss. Without it the cancer will run riot. It will cause fatigue. Just go with it. Cancer treatments can save lives. Answered by Tegan Akoni 1 year ago.

People react differently to chemo and a lot depends on what drugs they are on. Yes it can make you very ill, but so does cancer. If you really want to help them make the right decision then you really should be with them when this is discussed with their oncologist. Answered by Rosemary Grigorov 1 year ago.


Cancer of the pancrous?
Asked by Devin Loretz 1 year ago.

The pancreas is a gland, which is located in the back of the abdomen, lying almost on the spine. It produces Insulin, the hormone that controls the blood sugar, as well as many enzymes that are needed for digestion of food. Cancer of pancreas is now the fourth most common cause of cancer-related death in United States. The 5-year relative survival rate of patients with this cancer is only 3 to 5%. Roughly 28,000 new cases are diagnosed each year in the United States. This type of cancer is found most frequently in men and African-Americans. The average age at the time of diagnosis being 65 years. Unfortunately, most patients are diagnosed in advanced stages when cure is not possible. Cause: The actual cause of pancreas cancer is unknown. However, some environmental factors, especially cigarette smoking, play a role in the development of this cancer. Signs and symptoms: Cancer of the pancreas can grow for a long time without causing any problems. Most patients are diagnosed in advanced stages and present with any of the following signs: Abdominal pain Weight loss Nausea, vomiting Jaundice, as a result of obstruction of bile ducts Anemia Back pain due to invasion of nerves Diagnosis: When suspected, CT scan or Ultrasound examination of the abdomen may establish the diagnosis. A Fine needle aspiration of the pancreas may confirm the existence of the cancer. This cancer can also be detected by an endoscopy-assisted study of the pancreas, which allows taking a biopsy at the same time. Staging: Endoscopic ultrasound is a very sensitive study that should be done to determine the depth of invasion of the cancer into the tissues around the pancreas, as well as evaluation of the local lymph glands. CT scan of abdomen, as well as bone scans, may have to be done to complete the staging workup Treatment: Surgery: Management of this disease relies on surgery in an attempt to remove most or all of the Pancreas and to reconstruct the continuity of the bowels. This is a rather difficult procedure and carries a very high risk, even in the best hands. Indications for surgery are limited to younger patients with very small size tumors. Chemotherapy: Is appropriate for patients in whom the disease is not cured with surgery. Gemcitabine, VP-16, Cisplatinum, Mitomycin, Taxol, Taxotere, 5-FU and Leucovorin are among the most commonly used drugs for Pancreas cancer. These drugs are used in combination and can have moderate to severe toxic effects. A newer drug that has now become available is Radiation: For the most part, it is used to control the symptoms of the advanced disease. Radiation at the time of surgery, referred to as intra-operative radiation, has not proven to be more effective than external radiation, which can also be combined with chemotherapy. Pattern of Spread: If left untreated, or if it fails to respond to treatment, Pancreas cancer can spread to the liver, lymph glands in the abdomen, lungs and almost anywhere else. Prognosis: In most Americans, this cancer carries a very poor prognosis, which is due to the advanced stage of the illness at the time of diagnosis, and in such cases, survival is short. The disease can be cured only if it is caught very early. Special Situations Patients with advanced pancreas cancer may develop any of the following complications. Pleural effusion Bone metastasis Paraneoplastic syndromes High calcium level Blood clots in the legs and other organs Pain: Most patients with this cancer experience substantial pain, which can be debilitating. Control of pain is central to care of patients with this illness. Neurolytic Celiac Plexus Block can control the pain in great majority of such patients. Survival: Survival of patients with this cancer depends on the type and extent of the cancer at the time of initial diagnosis. One-third of patients with early stages may be cured with surgery alone. In the majority of patients in whom cure is not possible, survival could vary from months to years, depending on the extent of cancer, overall condition of the patient, as well as response to treatment and duration of the response Follow-up After completion of treatment, and in any combination that might have taken place, the patient needs to remain under surveillance for the possibility of recurrence of cancer. Follow-up should be scheduled on a regular basis (initially every one to three months for one to two years). The frequency of follow-up will depend on the condition of the patient and his disease. In each follow-up visit, the patient is examined and, normally, a CT scan of the abdomen is obtained at intervals. Treatment of advanced or recurrent disease will depend on the stage and extent of the recurring disease. Most patients are then treated with chemotherapy using the same agents mentioned above. Radiation therapy may be helpful in managing painful or symptomatic areas to which the cancer has spread. If patients experience pain, different pain medications may be used to alleviate the pain. For patients with advanced disease, where most treatments have failed, one could consider assistance from hospice. Answered by Jaimee Heuangvilay 1 year ago.


The order is for Leucovorin 20mg by mouth 6 hours after administration of the cancer drug methotrexate to prev?
The order is for Leucovorin 20mg by mouth 6 hours after administration of the cancer drug methotrexate to prevent toxicity. The child weights 70lb today and is 4ft 2in tall. The safe dose for this medication is 10mg/m2 . On hand you have 5mg Leucovorin Calcium tablets. If safe, how many tablets will you give? Asked by Richard Despres 1 year ago.

You can use the Du Bois formula for body surface area (BSA): W = Weight and H = Height BSA = 0.007184 x W^0.425 x H^0.725 W = 70lb x 0.453 = 31.7 kg H = 50" x 2.54 = 127 cm BSA = 0.007184 x 31.7^0.425 x 127^0.725 BSA = 0.007184 x 4.34 x 33.51 BSA = 1.04 (~ 1.0) Alternatively, the pediatric formula can be used: [4Wkg+7]/[90+Wkg] [(4 x 31.7) + 7]/[90 + 31.7] 133.8/121.7 = 1.1 So, we'll say for argument's sake that the child's BSA is 1.0 m^2 The safe dose is 10 mg/m^2. Therefore, the dose to give the child is 10 mg. You have 5mg tablets, so the child will get 2 tablets. Answered by Beatrice Hannon 1 year ago.

I don't forget myself 2 be verbally endowed, and attempt 2 apply so much 4thought 2 what comes out of my mouth prior 2 itz doing so. For this reason that occurs lovely rattling sometimes! Timothy :o) Answered by Corina Deppe 1 year ago.


Can toxoplasma b cured.. ?
i had abortion few mnths ago... test report showd toxoplasma positive... I had been tkin medicine fr 6 mnths bt still its positive.. Doc askd me to cntinu 4 mnths mor...I hv no child til nw... Is there ny1 who had been suffrd by this disease..??M tkin rovamycin forte... 21 days 2 tyms per day den 15 days gap... Asked by Dinah Logwood 1 year ago.

i had abortion few mnths ago... test report showd toxoplasma positive... I had been tkin medicine fr 6 mnths bt still its positive.. Doc askd me to cntinu 4 mnths mor... I hv no child til nw... Is there ny1 who had been suffrd by this disease..?? M tkin rovamycin forte... 21 days 2 tyms per day den 15 days gap then again 21 days nd again 15 days gap nd so on.... lyk dis i had cmpletd 6 tyms nd its still positiv nd goin to cntinu 4 mnths mor... Answered by Suzy Cius 1 year ago.

Toxoplasmosis can be treated (not completely) with combinations of pyrimethamine with either trisulfapyrimidines or sulfadiazine, plus folinic acid in the form of leucovorin calcium to protect the bone marrow from the toxic effects of pyrimethamine. If this treatment causes hypersensitivity reaction, then pyrimethamine and clindamycin can be used instead. If these drugs are not available, then a combination of sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim can be used. Pregnant women and babies can be treated but Toxoplasma gondii cannot be eliminated completely. The parasites can remain within tissue cells in a less active stage (cyst) in locations difficult for the medication to get to. A drug called spiramycin is recommended during the first four months whereas sulfadizaine/pyrimethamine and folinic acid for women that have been pregnant for more than four months. PCR (a method to discover parasite DNA) is often performed on the amniotic fluid to find out if the infant is infected. If the infant is likely to be infected, then treatment is done with drugs such as sulfadizaine, pyrimethamine and folinic acid. Congenitally infected babies are treated with sulfonamide and pyrimethamine. Treatment for persons with ocular disease depends on the size of the eye lesion, the characteristics (acute or chronic) and the location of the lesion. Persons with compromised immune systems (such as AIDS patients) need to be treated until their health improves significantly. Answered by Adriane Mcspirit 1 year ago.


How safe is methotrexate for rheumatoid arthritis?
Asked by Sharri Passineau 1 year ago.

Hi, I also take methotrexate for RA and I've been taking it for a little longer than a year now. I know when I first starting taking it, it would upset my stomach and sometimes throw up. I also got blister on my tongue. And i only started with 3 pills once a week because I have low white blood cells and Methotrexate lowers your blood count. But after a few months my body got used to it and my doctor gave me Folic Acid to help with my blood count and other side effects as well as Leucovorin Calcium. Now I'm up to 5 pills of Methotrexate and I take blood test every month to monitor my blood cells. I did have pain in every joint even my jaw but after taking this drug, i was able to move again and be myself. I'm doing very well and I even take care of my 3 year old daughter by myself but it does get hard because of all the fatigue and lack of energy. But overall I haven't experienced anything too bad from this drug and it helps me be normal as well as being able to take care of my daughter. :) But everyone is different and their bodies or condition may not be the same so its really up to you if you want to try it. I think if you do start it, maybe you should start with a few pills and see how your body reacts to it. I hope this helps you and I know how u feel but I needed to live my life and raise my kid so I just to took it :) Answered by Neoma Nuding 1 year ago.

Hi.Well,I'm going to take a guess and say that your rheumatologist has given you a couple of other immune suppressant medications,and they didn't show much if any improvement(remission is the goal) in your RA.So,your rheumatologist has now put you on methotrexate hoping this medication(stronger immune suppressant) will get the results your doctor wants.As for how safe this specific medication is? It's basically the same as any other immune suppressant drug,and it will lower your immune system,which will make you susceptible to several contagious strains of colds,flu,etc.And,also may cause stomach upset,nausea,and ulcers.So,you should also be taking a prescribed(OTC) medication to help prevent any damage to your stomach,and also a calcium and vitamin D supplement as well.I suggest that you speak to your rheumatologist about any/all potential risks associated with this drug,and any other drug/medication you are taking for your RA.It's very important that you and your doctor both are well informed about any/all medication/s your currently taking whether it be prescription or over the counter(OTC).You should use caution when taking opiate pain killers for RA.Most times opiates don't offer much pain relief for RA,and can be habit forming over a long period of time.Best to take your doctors regime,and advice when it comes to your health.Take care. Answered by Cammie Wisnosky 1 year ago.

Imagine for a moment your arthritis completely vanishing right now. If, in a moment, your pain and stiffness melted away. And your joints all of a sudden functioned like a well-oiled machine. Like a magic wand was waived, you'd be able to jump up from your chair and run around the room like a kid. And imagine that you'd never have to suffer as much as a pinch of arthritis stiffness or pain ever again. I know this sounds impossible right now, but bear with me, because sometimes miracles happen. It was a gift from a woman on the other side of the world. From the kindness of her heart, she took pity on my suffering and taught me how to completely reverse my arthritis. Today, I want to do the same for you! Answered by Doug Sasseen 1 year ago.

Minocycline has been great for me for 16 years, no side effects to speak of. But now suddenly I am very sick with pericarditis, an inflammation around the sac of the heart. And tetracyclines can cause this, So I am grieving that my wonderful minocycline may have led to this, and have no idea what to switch to, and don t want to switch to anything. I am thinking plaquanil again, I was on it for many years with no ill effects. All the biologics say leukemia and lymphoma as side effects, so no way would I ever try them. I have had this since age 24 and will be 60 in 2015. so have had it for 35 years. Take the least dangerous ones, to live a long life with RA. Answered by Shelton Ragasa 1 year ago.

I was diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis in 1993, at the age of 55. My rheumatologist started me on methotrexate at that time, with 3x2.5 mg tablets per week. Since that time, I've taken a total of 12,355 mg (I keep track of all the medications I take). Every three months, I have a liver panel and CBC to monitor the effects of methotrexate. I've been chronically anemic all during this time. In April 2006, I started taking Enbrel. Four years later, I suffered congestive heart failure (CHF) and stopped taking Enbrel. Enbrel really kept the arthritic pains down but CHF was thought to have been caused by it. Now I take 7x2.5 mg per week of methotrexate. I was also taking hydrocodone/acetaminophen (Vicodin) starting in 2006, to control pain, but have now stopped owing to the FDA restrictions on dispensing this medicine. My liver function is normal. I have always been able to tolerate methotrexate. Answered by Denyse Selfridge 1 year ago.

Is Methotrexate Safe Answered by Vi Zepka 1 year ago.

Personally, I would say it isn't very safe. Opiates would be a lot safer. Its a shame how some doctors are so afraid of giving people pain killers that they would resort to using these poisons rather than treating your pain. I would ask your doctor to refer you to a pain specialist. Answered by Marcus Saporito 1 year ago.

I know methotrexate was a death sentence for me. I told my doctor cancer ran in my family big time. 6 months later I had nodules on my lungs, ild, ctd, and cancer. I don t even trust my doctors now because I can t get a straight answer Answered by Lavonna Pall 1 year ago.


What is the major of chemotherapy agents in anti-cancer drugs ?
Asked by Leandra Albair 1 year ago.

There are many different chemotherapy agents. Different drugs work for different cancers, and they are frequently used in combination. You need to be more specific. Here is a list of chemo drugs: 13-cis-Retinoic Acid 2-CdA 2-Chlorodeoxyadenosine 5-Fluorouracil 5-FU 6-Mercaptopurine 6-MP 6-TG 6-Thioguanine Abraxane Accutane ® Actinomycin-D Adriamycin ® Adrucil ® Agrylin ® Ala-Cort ® Aldesleukin Alemtuzumab ALIMTA Alitretinoin Alkaban-AQ ® Alkeran ® All-transretinoic acid Alpha interferon Altretamine Amethopterin Amifostine Aminoglutethimide Anagrelide Anandron ® Anastrozole Arabinosylcytosine Ara-C Aranesp ® Aredia ® Arimidex ® Aromasin ® Arranon ® Arsenic trioxide Asparaginase ATRA Avastin ® Azacitidine BCG BCNU Bevacizumab Bexarotene BEXXAR ® Bicalutamide BiCNU Blenoxane ® Bleomycin Bortezomib Busulfan Busulfex ® C225 Calcium Leucovorin Campath ® Camptosar ® Camptothecin-11 Capecitabine Carac ™ Carboplatin Carmustine Carmustine wafer Casodex ® CC-5013 CCNU CDDP CeeNU Cerubidine ® Cetuximab Chlorambucil Cisplatin Citrovorum Factor Cladribine Cortisone Cosmegen ® CPT-11 Cyclophosphamide Cytadren ® Cytarabine Cytarabine liposomal Cytosar-U ® Cytoxan ® Dacarbazine Dacogen Dactinomycin Darbepoetin alfa Daunomycin Daunorubicin Daunorubicin hydrochloride Daunorubicin liposomal DaunoXome ® Decadron Decitabine Delta-Cortef ® Deltasone ® Denileukin diftitox DepoCyt ™ Dexamethasone Dexamethasone acetate Dexamethasone Sodium Phosphate Dexasone Dexrazoxane DHAD DIC Diodex Docetaxel Doxil ® Doxorubicin Doxorubicin liposomal Droxia ™ DTIC DTIC-Dome ® Duralone ® Efudex ® Eligard ™ Ellence ™ Eloxatin ™ Elspar ® Emcyt ® Epirubicin Epoetin alfa Erbitux ™ Erlotinib Erwinia L-asparaginase Estramustine Ethyol Etopophos ® Etoposide Etoposide Phosphate Eulexin ® Evista ® Exemestane Fareston ® Faslodex ® Femara ® Filgrastim Floxuridine Fludara ® Fludarabine Fluoroplex ® Fluorouracil Fluorouracil (cream) Fluoxymesterone Flutamide Folinic Acid FUDR ® Fulvestrant G-CSF Gefitinib Gemcitabine Gemtuzumab ozogamicin Gemzar ® GleevecTM Gliadel wafer (t) GM-CSF Goserelin granulocyte - colony stimulating factor (t) Granulocyte macrophage colony stimulating factor (o) Halotestin (t) Herceptin (t) Hexadrol (t) Hexalen (t) Hexamethylmelamine (t) HMM (t) Hycamtin (t) Hydrea (t) Hydrocort Acetate (t) Hydrocortisone Hydrocortisone sodium phosphate Hydrocortisone sodium succinate Hydrocortone phosphate (t) Hydroxyurea Ibritumomab Ibritumomab Tiuxetan Idamycin ® Idarubicin Ifex ® IFN-alpha Ifosfamide IL-11 IL-2 Imatinib mesylate Imidazole Carboxamide Interferon alfa Interferon Alfa-2b (PEG conjugate) (o) Interleukin - 2 (t) Interleukin-11 (o) Intron A® (interferon alfa-2b) Iressa ® Irinotecan Isotretinoin Kidrolase (t) Lanacort (t) L-asparaginase (t) LCR (o) Lenalidomide Letrozole Leucovorin Leukeran (t) Leukine (t) Leuprolide Leurocristine (o) Leustatin (t) Liposomal Ara-C (t) Liquid Pred (t) Lomustine L-PAM (o) L-Sarcolysin (o) Lupron (t) Lupron Depot ® Matulane (t) Maxidex (t) Mechlorethamine Mechlorethamine Hydrochloride Medralone (t) Medrol ® Megace (t) Megestrol Megestrol Acetate (o) Melphalan Mercaptopurine Mesna Mesnex (t) Methotrexate Methotrexate Sodium (o) Methylprednisolone Meticorten (t) Mitomycin Mitomycin-C (o) Mitoxantrone M-Prednisol (t) MTC (o) MTX (o) Mustargen (t) Mustine Mutamycin (t) Myleran (t) Mylocel (t) Mylotarg (t) Navelbine ® Nelarabine Neosar (t) Neulasta (t) Neumega (t) Neupogen ® Nexavar ® Nilandron (t) Nilutamide Nipent ® Nitrogen Mustard (o) Novaldex (t) Novantrone (t) Octreotide Octreotide acetate (o) Oncospar (t) Oncovin (t) Ontak (t) Onxal (t) Oprevelkin Orapred (t) Orasone (t) Oxaliplatin Paclitaxel Paclitaxel Protein-bound Pamidronate Panretin (t) Paraplatin (t) Pediapred (t) PEG Interferon Pegaspargase Pegfilgrastim PEG-INTRON (t) PEG-L-asparaginase PEMETREXED Pentostatin Phenylalanine Mustard (o) Platinol (t) Platinol-AQ (t) Prednisolone Prednisone Prelone (t) Procarbazine PROCRIT ® Proleukin (t) Prolifeprospan 20 with Carmustine implant (t) Purinethol ® Raloxifene Revlimid ® Rheumatrex (t) Rituxan (t) Rituximab Roferon-A® (interferon alfa-2a) Rubex (t) Rubidomycin hydrochloride (t) Sandostatin ® Sandostatin LAR (t) Sargramostim Solu-Cortef (t) Solu-Medrol (t) Sorafenib STI-571 Streptozocin SU11248 Sunitinib Sutent ® Tamoxifen Tarceva ® Targretin (t) Taxol ® Taxotere ® Temodar ® Temozolomide Teniposide TESPA (o) Thalidomide Thalomid ® TheraCys (t) Thioguanine Thioguanine Tabloid ® Thiophosphoamide (o) Thioplex (t) Thiotepa TICE ® Toposar (t) Topotecan Toremifene Tositumomab Trastuzumab Tretinoin Trexall (t) Trisenox (t) TSPA (o) VCR (o) Velban (t) Velcade ® VePesid (t) Vesanoid (t) Viadur (t) Vidaza (t) Vinblastine Vinblastine Sulfate (o) Vincasar Pfs (t) Vincristine Vinorelbine Vinorelbine tartrate (o) VLB (o) VM-26 (o) VP-16 (t) Vumon (t) Xeloda ® Zanosar (t) Zevalin TM Zinecard (t) Zoladex ® Zoledronic acid Zometa ® See? There's a lot of them. Answered by Vergie Uhlir 1 year ago.

antineoplastics, monoclonal antibodies, Answered by Kris Namisnak 1 year ago.

Please see the webpages for more details on Chemotherapy. Answered by Veda Rocray 1 year ago.


Can you list antidotes to the ff substances/drugs?
Anti cholinesterase (cholinergics) Cyanide Narcotics/opioid overdose Thrombolytics Iron Acetaminophen Anti depressants Methotrexate Digoxin Benzodiazepines Lead Warfarin Heparin Asked by Luvenia Bounthapanya 1 year ago.

I believe yahoo answers should be the last resort a responsible student must consider in answering questions like this. Anyway, PEACE.... Anti cholinesterase (cholinergics) - atropine Cyanide - sodium thiosulfate Narcotics/opioid overdose - naloxone (Narcan) Thrombolytics - aminocaproic acid (Amicar) Iron - deferoxamine Acetaminophen - acetylcystein Anti depressants - phentolamine Methotrexate - leucovorin Digoxin - Digibind Benzodiazepines - flumenazil Lead - calcium EDTA Warfarin - vit. K Heparin - protamine sulfate Answered by Sheree Strack 1 year ago.


Can someone that has had chemotherapy for colon cancer (maybe stage 3) help me...?
Someone very dear to me has just had a foot of their colon removed with a large tumor and 15 of 18 of the surrounding lymphs showed positive for cancer from the pathology report, now the suggested treatment is 6 months of chemo, 3 days in a row (port surgically implanted) every other week. I have no idea what... Asked by Kermit Manter 1 year ago.

Someone very dear to me has just had a foot of their colon removed with a large tumor and 15 of 18 of the surrounding lymphs showed positive for cancer from the pathology report, now the suggested treatment is 6 months of chemo, 3 days in a row (port surgically implanted) every other week. I have no idea what other kinds of treatments there are, i am just so worried about this regiment, and how hard it is going to be, has anyone gone through this that can help me? I want to know more about the subject so that i can help my loved one through this and help make sure this is the right decision on the chemo. Does chemo make you extremely ill? ANY insight will be much appreciated.... Answered by Nohemi Beckton 1 year ago.

I just finished chemo for stage 3 colon cancer at the end of April, and I was lucky. I never got sick, and my oncologist said there wasn't any reason anybody should with all the anti-nausea medicines that are available now. I got two different types of anti-nausea medicines during chemo, and they gave me pills to take in case I needed them for the few days after treatment (I never did). The chemo will consist of 3 different medications: oxaliplatin, leucovorin, and 5-FU (Flouracil). 5-FU has been in use since the 1950's, and has a very good success rate. Leucovorin is a vitamin that helps the 5-FU work better, and oxaliplatin (Eloxatin) is a newer drug. The chemo usually takes about 4-6 hours. She should be given at least two anti-nausea medicines during treatment. I received an anti-nausea medicine first, then a second one at the same time as the Leucovorin and oxaliplatin, then the 5-FU, then calcium and potassium, which also helped prevent nausea. The worst symptom I had from the chemo was my hands hurt if they got cold, even from drinking cold drinks (many people wear cotton gloves when they have to do things like open the refrigerator). Other people also get mouth sores, but they can give you a medicine to gargle with, or you can just use salt water. You can lose you hair on rare occasions, but it only happens in about 5% of cases, and about 25% of people have thinning hair. Mine started thinning at the very end, but only because it stopped growing, and wasn't replacing itself. Make sure your friend goes to a good cancer center. I went to the Simon Cancer Center in Indianapolis, which is one of the best (Lance Armstrong went there when he had prostate cancer, even though he lives nowhere near Indy). If you go there, I would strongly recommend my oncologist, Dr. Paul Helft. He is an ethicist, which means he believes in including the patient and his family in every stage of treatment. He spent 3 hours with me and my family the first meeting, and met with me before every treatment, which my cousin, an oncology nurse, said was unheard of. Good luck to you and your friend. Answered by Arnetta Pereyra 1 year ago.

Chemo affects cells that multiply rapidly: cancer cells and cells that are lining your stomach. So that is why chemo patients often have a lack of appetite and feel like throwing up. Chemo makes the person very fatigued, lose their hair, and have altered taste buds. The best way to help get through chemo and help your dear friend is to STAY/ BE POSITIVE, be helpful by helping them with things (only if they want...some are very sensitive to the fact that they have chemo and actually need help...depends on the person, so just be careful and sensitive), and making sure that they eat and get proper nutrition, and that they take their medication on time and as prescribed. Also allowing them to talk out their problems. I don't recommend being sad along with them. Just be attentive and let them spill their guts. Also try to provide hope, and a positive atmosphere as much as you can. Thanks Answered by Manual Dopico 1 year ago.

Chemo is important in the treatment of colon cancer. I think it is called F4. It doesn't usually cause nasea or hair loss. Without it the cancer will run riot. It will cause fatigue. Just go with it. Cancer treatments can save lives. Answered by Geraldine Blott 1 year ago.

People react differently to chemo and a lot depends on what drugs they are on. Yes it can make you very ill, but so does cancer. If you really want to help them make the right decision then you really should be with them when this is discussed with their oncologist. Answered by Maxwell Baillie 1 year ago.


Cancer of the pancrous?
Asked by Junita Benneth 1 year ago.

The pancreas is a gland, which is located in the back of the abdomen, lying almost on the spine. It produces Insulin, the hormone that controls the blood sugar, as well as many enzymes that are needed for digestion of food. Cancer of pancreas is now the fourth most common cause of cancer-related death in United States. The 5-year relative survival rate of patients with this cancer is only 3 to 5%. Roughly 28,000 new cases are diagnosed each year in the United States. This type of cancer is found most frequently in men and African-Americans. The average age at the time of diagnosis being 65 years. Unfortunately, most patients are diagnosed in advanced stages when cure is not possible. Cause: The actual cause of pancreas cancer is unknown. However, some environmental factors, especially cigarette smoking, play a role in the development of this cancer. Signs and symptoms: Cancer of the pancreas can grow for a long time without causing any problems. Most patients are diagnosed in advanced stages and present with any of the following signs: Abdominal pain Weight loss Nausea, vomiting Jaundice, as a result of obstruction of bile ducts Anemia Back pain due to invasion of nerves Diagnosis: When suspected, CT scan or Ultrasound examination of the abdomen may establish the diagnosis. A Fine needle aspiration of the pancreas may confirm the existence of the cancer. This cancer can also be detected by an endoscopy-assisted study of the pancreas, which allows taking a biopsy at the same time. Staging: Endoscopic ultrasound is a very sensitive study that should be done to determine the depth of invasion of the cancer into the tissues around the pancreas, as well as evaluation of the local lymph glands. CT scan of abdomen, as well as bone scans, may have to be done to complete the staging workup Treatment: Surgery: Management of this disease relies on surgery in an attempt to remove most or all of the Pancreas and to reconstruct the continuity of the bowels. This is a rather difficult procedure and carries a very high risk, even in the best hands. Indications for surgery are limited to younger patients with very small size tumors. Chemotherapy: Is appropriate for patients in whom the disease is not cured with surgery. Gemcitabine, VP-16, Cisplatinum, Mitomycin, Taxol, Taxotere, 5-FU and Leucovorin are among the most commonly used drugs for Pancreas cancer. These drugs are used in combination and can have moderate to severe toxic effects. A newer drug that has now become available is Radiation: For the most part, it is used to control the symptoms of the advanced disease. Radiation at the time of surgery, referred to as intra-operative radiation, has not proven to be more effective than external radiation, which can also be combined with chemotherapy. Pattern of Spread: If left untreated, or if it fails to respond to treatment, Pancreas cancer can spread to the liver, lymph glands in the abdomen, lungs and almost anywhere else. Prognosis: In most Americans, this cancer carries a very poor prognosis, which is due to the advanced stage of the illness at the time of diagnosis, and in such cases, survival is short. The disease can be cured only if it is caught very early. Special Situations Patients with advanced pancreas cancer may develop any of the following complications. Pleural effusion Bone metastasis Paraneoplastic syndromes High calcium level Blood clots in the legs and other organs Pain: Most patients with this cancer experience substantial pain, which can be debilitating. Control of pain is central to care of patients with this illness. Neurolytic Celiac Plexus Block can control the pain in great majority of such patients. Survival: Survival of patients with this cancer depends on the type and extent of the cancer at the time of initial diagnosis. One-third of patients with early stages may be cured with surgery alone. In the majority of patients in whom cure is not possible, survival could vary from months to years, depending on the extent of cancer, overall condition of the patient, as well as response to treatment and duration of the response Follow-up After completion of treatment, and in any combination that might have taken place, the patient needs to remain under surveillance for the possibility of recurrence of cancer. Follow-up should be scheduled on a regular basis (initially every one to three months for one to two years). The frequency of follow-up will depend on the condition of the patient and his disease. In each follow-up visit, the patient is examined and, normally, a CT scan of the abdomen is obtained at intervals. Treatment of advanced or recurrent disease will depend on the stage and extent of the recurring disease. Most patients are then treated with chemotherapy using the same agents mentioned above. Radiation therapy may be helpful in managing painful or symptomatic areas to which the cancer has spread. If patients experience pain, different pain medications may be used to alleviate the pain. For patients with advanced disease, where most treatments have failed, one could consider assistance from hospice. Answered by Adele Leehan 1 year ago.


The order is for Leucovorin 20mg by mouth 6 hours after administration of the cancer drug methotrexate to prev?
The order is for Leucovorin 20mg by mouth 6 hours after administration of the cancer drug methotrexate to prevent toxicity. The child weights 70lb today and is 4ft 2in tall. The safe dose for this medication is 10mg/m2 . On hand you have 5mg Leucovorin Calcium tablets. If safe, how many tablets will you give? Asked by Phyliss Nole 1 year ago.

You can use the Du Bois formula for body surface area (BSA): W = Weight and H = Height BSA = 0.007184 x W^0.425 x H^0.725 W = 70lb x 0.453 = 31.7 kg H = 50" x 2.54 = 127 cm BSA = 0.007184 x 31.7^0.425 x 127^0.725 BSA = 0.007184 x 4.34 x 33.51 BSA = 1.04 (~ 1.0) Alternatively, the pediatric formula can be used: [4Wkg+7]/[90+Wkg] [(4 x 31.7) + 7]/[90 + 31.7] 133.8/121.7 = 1.1 So, we'll say for argument's sake that the child's BSA is 1.0 m^2 The safe dose is 10 mg/m^2. Therefore, the dose to give the child is 10 mg. You have 5mg tablets, so the child will get 2 tablets. Answered by Jim Balbas 1 year ago.

I don't forget myself 2 be verbally endowed, and attempt 2 apply so much 4thought 2 what comes out of my mouth prior 2 itz doing so. For this reason that occurs lovely rattling sometimes! Timothy :o) Answered by Pok Alferez 1 year ago.


Can toxoplasma b cured.. ?
i had abortion few mnths ago... test report showd toxoplasma positive... I had been tkin medicine fr 6 mnths bt still its positive.. Doc askd me to cntinu 4 mnths mor...I hv no child til nw... Is there ny1 who had been suffrd by this disease..??M tkin rovamycin forte... 21 days 2 tyms per day den 15 days gap... Asked by Summer Harkley 1 year ago.

i had abortion few mnths ago... test report showd toxoplasma positive... I had been tkin medicine fr 6 mnths bt still its positive.. Doc askd me to cntinu 4 mnths mor... I hv no child til nw... Is there ny1 who had been suffrd by this disease..?? M tkin rovamycin forte... 21 days 2 tyms per day den 15 days gap then again 21 days nd again 15 days gap nd so on.... lyk dis i had cmpletd 6 tyms nd its still positiv nd goin to cntinu 4 mnths mor... Answered by Argentina Sedberry 1 year ago.

Toxoplasmosis can be treated (not completely) with combinations of pyrimethamine with either trisulfapyrimidines or sulfadiazine, plus folinic acid in the form of leucovorin calcium to protect the bone marrow from the toxic effects of pyrimethamine. If this treatment causes hypersensitivity reaction, then pyrimethamine and clindamycin can be used instead. If these drugs are not available, then a combination of sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim can be used. Pregnant women and babies can be treated but Toxoplasma gondii cannot be eliminated completely. The parasites can remain within tissue cells in a less active stage (cyst) in locations difficult for the medication to get to. A drug called spiramycin is recommended during the first four months whereas sulfadizaine/pyrimethamine and folinic acid for women that have been pregnant for more than four months. PCR (a method to discover parasite DNA) is often performed on the amniotic fluid to find out if the infant is infected. If the infant is likely to be infected, then treatment is done with drugs such as sulfadizaine, pyrimethamine and folinic acid. Congenitally infected babies are treated with sulfonamide and pyrimethamine. Treatment for persons with ocular disease depends on the size of the eye lesion, the characteristics (acute or chronic) and the location of the lesion. Persons with compromised immune systems (such as AIDS patients) need to be treated until their health improves significantly. Answered by Beata Gudroe 1 year ago.


How safe is methotrexate for rheumatoid arthritis?
Asked by Marilyn Odwyer 1 year ago.

Hi, I also take methotrexate for RA and I've been taking it for a little longer than a year now. I know when I first starting taking it, it would upset my stomach and sometimes throw up. I also got blister on my tongue. And i only started with 3 pills once a week because I have low white blood cells and Methotrexate lowers your blood count. But after a few months my body got used to it and my doctor gave me Folic Acid to help with my blood count and other side effects as well as Leucovorin Calcium. Now I'm up to 5 pills of Methotrexate and I take blood test every month to monitor my blood cells. I did have pain in every joint even my jaw but after taking this drug, i was able to move again and be myself. I'm doing very well and I even take care of my 3 year old daughter by myself but it does get hard because of all the fatigue and lack of energy. But overall I haven't experienced anything too bad from this drug and it helps me be normal as well as being able to take care of my daughter. :) But everyone is different and their bodies or condition may not be the same so its really up to you if you want to try it. I think if you do start it, maybe you should start with a few pills and see how your body reacts to it. I hope this helps you and I know how u feel but I needed to live my life and raise my kid so I just to took it :) Answered by Dennise Ruhling 1 year ago.

Hi.Well,I'm going to take a guess and say that your rheumatologist has given you a couple of other immune suppressant medications,and they didn't show much if any improvement(remission is the goal) in your RA.So,your rheumatologist has now put you on methotrexate hoping this medication(stronger immune suppressant) will get the results your doctor wants.As for how safe this specific medication is? It's basically the same as any other immune suppressant drug,and it will lower your immune system,which will make you susceptible to several contagious strains of colds,flu,etc.And,also may cause stomach upset,nausea,and ulcers.So,you should also be taking a prescribed(OTC) medication to help prevent any damage to your stomach,and also a calcium and vitamin D supplement as well.I suggest that you speak to your rheumatologist about any/all potential risks associated with this drug,and any other drug/medication you are taking for your RA.It's very important that you and your doctor both are well informed about any/all medication/s your currently taking whether it be prescription or over the counter(OTC).You should use caution when taking opiate pain killers for RA.Most times opiates don't offer much pain relief for RA,and can be habit forming over a long period of time.Best to take your doctors regime,and advice when it comes to your health.Take care. Answered by Tamisha Fernatt 1 year ago.

Imagine for a moment your arthritis completely vanishing right now. If, in a moment, your pain and stiffness melted away. And your joints all of a sudden functioned like a well-oiled machine. Like a magic wand was waived, you'd be able to jump up from your chair and run around the room like a kid. And imagine that you'd never have to suffer as much as a pinch of arthritis stiffness or pain ever again. I know this sounds impossible right now, but bear with me, because sometimes miracles happen. It was a gift from a woman on the other side of the world. From the kindness of her heart, she took pity on my suffering and taught me how to completely reverse my arthritis. Today, I want to do the same for you! Answered by Tammera Rhinehardt 1 year ago.

Minocycline has been great for me for 16 years, no side effects to speak of. But now suddenly I am very sick with pericarditis, an inflammation around the sac of the heart. And tetracyclines can cause this, So I am grieving that my wonderful minocycline may have led to this, and have no idea what to switch to, and don t want to switch to anything. I am thinking plaquanil again, I was on it for many years with no ill effects. All the biologics say leukemia and lymphoma as side effects, so no way would I ever try them. I have had this since age 24 and will be 60 in 2015. so have had it for 35 years. Take the least dangerous ones, to live a long life with RA. Answered by Shira Maixner 1 year ago.

I was diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis in 1993, at the age of 55. My rheumatologist started me on methotrexate at that time, with 3x2.5 mg tablets per week. Since that time, I've taken a total of 12,355 mg (I keep track of all the medications I take). Every three months, I have a liver panel and CBC to monitor the effects of methotrexate. I've been chronically anemic all during this time. In April 2006, I started taking Enbrel. Four years later, I suffered congestive heart failure (CHF) and stopped taking Enbrel. Enbrel really kept the arthritic pains down but CHF was thought to have been caused by it. Now I take 7x2.5 mg per week of methotrexate. I was also taking hydrocodone/acetaminophen (Vicodin) starting in 2006, to control pain, but have now stopped owing to the FDA restrictions on dispensing this medicine. My liver function is normal. I have always been able to tolerate methotrexate. Answered by Stephani Aaland 1 year ago.

Is Methotrexate Safe Answered by Otto Rosal 1 year ago.

Personally, I would say it isn't very safe. Opiates would be a lot safer. Its a shame how some doctors are so afraid of giving people pain killers that they would resort to using these poisons rather than treating your pain. I would ask your doctor to refer you to a pain specialist. Answered by Yvone Len 1 year ago.

I know methotrexate was a death sentence for me. I told my doctor cancer ran in my family big time. 6 months later I had nodules on my lungs, ild, ctd, and cancer. I don t even trust my doctors now because I can t get a straight answer Answered by Kenya Mayne 1 year ago.


What is the major of chemotherapy agents in anti-cancer drugs ?
Asked by Warner Masten 1 year ago.

There are many different chemotherapy agents. Different drugs work for different cancers, and they are frequently used in combination. You need to be more specific. Here is a list of chemo drugs: 13-cis-Retinoic Acid 2-CdA 2-Chlorodeoxyadenosine 5-Fluorouracil 5-FU 6-Mercaptopurine 6-MP 6-TG 6-Thioguanine Abraxane Accutane ® Actinomycin-D Adriamycin ® Adrucil ® Agrylin ® Ala-Cort ® Aldesleukin Alemtuzumab ALIMTA Alitretinoin Alkaban-AQ ® Alkeran ® All-transretinoic acid Alpha interferon Altretamine Amethopterin Amifostine Aminoglutethimide Anagrelide Anandron ® Anastrozole Arabinosylcytosine Ara-C Aranesp ® Aredia ® Arimidex ® Aromasin ® Arranon ® Arsenic trioxide Asparaginase ATRA Avastin ® Azacitidine BCG BCNU Bevacizumab Bexarotene BEXXAR ® Bicalutamide BiCNU Blenoxane ® Bleomycin Bortezomib Busulfan Busulfex ® C225 Calcium Leucovorin Campath ® Camptosar ® Camptothecin-11 Capecitabine Carac ™ Carboplatin Carmustine Carmustine wafer Casodex ® CC-5013 CCNU CDDP CeeNU Cerubidine ® Cetuximab Chlorambucil Cisplatin Citrovorum Factor Cladribine Cortisone Cosmegen ® CPT-11 Cyclophosphamide Cytadren ® Cytarabine Cytarabine liposomal Cytosar-U ® Cytoxan ® Dacarbazine Dacogen Dactinomycin Darbepoetin alfa Daunomycin Daunorubicin Daunorubicin hydrochloride Daunorubicin liposomal DaunoXome ® Decadron Decitabine Delta-Cortef ® Deltasone ® Denileukin diftitox DepoCyt ™ Dexamethasone Dexamethasone acetate Dexamethasone Sodium Phosphate Dexasone Dexrazoxane DHAD DIC Diodex Docetaxel Doxil ® Doxorubicin Doxorubicin liposomal Droxia ™ DTIC DTIC-Dome ® Duralone ® Efudex ® Eligard ™ Ellence ™ Eloxatin ™ Elspar ® Emcyt ® Epirubicin Epoetin alfa Erbitux ™ Erlotinib Erwinia L-asparaginase Estramustine Ethyol Etopophos ® Etoposide Etoposide Phosphate Eulexin ® Evista ® Exemestane Fareston ® Faslodex ® Femara ® Filgrastim Floxuridine Fludara ® Fludarabine Fluoroplex ® Fluorouracil Fluorouracil (cream) Fluoxymesterone Flutamide Folinic Acid FUDR ® Fulvestrant G-CSF Gefitinib Gemcitabine Gemtuzumab ozogamicin Gemzar ® GleevecTM Gliadel wafer (t) GM-CSF Goserelin granulocyte - colony stimulating factor (t) Granulocyte macrophage colony stimulating factor (o) Halotestin (t) Herceptin (t) Hexadrol (t) Hexalen (t) Hexamethylmelamine (t) HMM (t) Hycamtin (t) Hydrea (t) Hydrocort Acetate (t) Hydrocortisone Hydrocortisone sodium phosphate Hydrocortisone sodium succinate Hydrocortone phosphate (t) Hydroxyurea Ibritumomab Ibritumomab Tiuxetan Idamycin ® Idarubicin Ifex ® IFN-alpha Ifosfamide IL-11 IL-2 Imatinib mesylate Imidazole Carboxamide Interferon alfa Interferon Alfa-2b (PEG conjugate) (o) Interleukin - 2 (t) Interleukin-11 (o) Intron A® (interferon alfa-2b) Iressa ® Irinotecan Isotretinoin Kidrolase (t) Lanacort (t) L-asparaginase (t) LCR (o) Lenalidomide Letrozole Leucovorin Leukeran (t) Leukine (t) Leuprolide Leurocristine (o) Leustatin (t) Liposomal Ara-C (t) Liquid Pred (t) Lomustine L-PAM (o) L-Sarcolysin (o) Lupron (t) Lupron Depot ® Matulane (t) Maxidex (t) Mechlorethamine Mechlorethamine Hydrochloride Medralone (t) Medrol ® Megace (t) Megestrol Megestrol Acetate (o) Melphalan Mercaptopurine Mesna Mesnex (t) Methotrexate Methotrexate Sodium (o) Methylprednisolone Meticorten (t) Mitomycin Mitomycin-C (o) Mitoxantrone M-Prednisol (t) MTC (o) MTX (o) Mustargen (t) Mustine Mutamycin (t) Myleran (t) Mylocel (t) Mylotarg (t) Navelbine ® Nelarabine Neosar (t) Neulasta (t) Neumega (t) Neupogen ® Nexavar ® Nilandron (t) Nilutamide Nipent ® Nitrogen Mustard (o) Novaldex (t) Novantrone (t) Octreotide Octreotide acetate (o) Oncospar (t) Oncovin (t) Ontak (t) Onxal (t) Oprevelkin Orapred (t) Orasone (t) Oxaliplatin Paclitaxel Paclitaxel Protein-bound Pamidronate Panretin (t) Paraplatin (t) Pediapred (t) PEG Interferon Pegaspargase Pegfilgrastim PEG-INTRON (t) PEG-L-asparaginase PEMETREXED Pentostatin Phenylalanine Mustard (o) Platinol (t) Platinol-AQ (t) Prednisolone Prednisone Prelone (t) Procarbazine PROCRIT ® Proleukin (t) Prolifeprospan 20 with Carmustine implant (t) Purinethol ® Raloxifene Revlimid ® Rheumatrex (t) Rituxan (t) Rituximab Roferon-A® (interferon alfa-2a) Rubex (t) Rubidomycin hydrochloride (t) Sandostatin ® Sandostatin LAR (t) Sargramostim Solu-Cortef (t) Solu-Medrol (t) Sorafenib STI-571 Streptozocin SU11248 Sunitinib Sutent ® Tamoxifen Tarceva ® Targretin (t) Taxol ® Taxotere ® Temodar ® Temozolomide Teniposide TESPA (o) Thalidomide Thalomid ® TheraCys (t) Thioguanine Thioguanine Tabloid ® Thiophosphoamide (o) Thioplex (t) Thiotepa TICE ® Toposar (t) Topotecan Toremifene Tositumomab Trastuzumab Tretinoin Trexall (t) Trisenox (t) TSPA (o) VCR (o) Velban (t) Velcade ® VePesid (t) Vesanoid (t) Viadur (t) Vidaza (t) Vinblastine Vinblastine Sulfate (o) Vincasar Pfs (t) Vincristine Vinorelbine Vinorelbine tartrate (o) VLB (o) VM-26 (o) VP-16 (t) Vumon (t) Xeloda ® Zanosar (t) Zevalin TM Zinecard (t) Zoladex ® Zoledronic acid Zometa ® See? There's a lot of them. Answered by Natasha Lucky 1 year ago.

antineoplastics, monoclonal antibodies, Answered by Jamie Sahara 1 year ago.

Please see the webpages for more details on Chemotherapy. Answered by Miriam Palladino 1 year ago.


Can you list antidotes to the ff substances/drugs?
Anti cholinesterase (cholinergics) Cyanide Narcotics/opioid overdose Thrombolytics Iron Acetaminophen Anti depressants Methotrexate Digoxin Benzodiazepines Lead Warfarin Heparin Asked by Tiana Gallegly 1 year ago.

I believe yahoo answers should be the last resort a responsible student must consider in answering questions like this. Anyway, PEACE.... Anti cholinesterase (cholinergics) - atropine Cyanide - sodium thiosulfate Narcotics/opioid overdose - naloxone (Narcan) Thrombolytics - aminocaproic acid (Amicar) Iron - deferoxamine Acetaminophen - acetylcystein Anti depressants - phentolamine Methotrexate - leucovorin Digoxin - Digibind Benzodiazepines - flumenazil Lead - calcium EDTA Warfarin - vit. K Heparin - protamine sulfate Answered by Yong Jaussen 1 year ago.


Can someone that has had chemotherapy for colon cancer (maybe stage 3) help me...?
Someone very dear to me has just had a foot of their colon removed with a large tumor and 15 of 18 of the surrounding lymphs showed positive for cancer from the pathology report, now the suggested treatment is 6 months of chemo, 3 days in a row (port surgically implanted) every other week. I have no idea what... Asked by Sumiko Garwood 1 year ago.

Someone very dear to me has just had a foot of their colon removed with a large tumor and 15 of 18 of the surrounding lymphs showed positive for cancer from the pathology report, now the suggested treatment is 6 months of chemo, 3 days in a row (port surgically implanted) every other week. I have no idea what other kinds of treatments there are, i am just so worried about this regiment, and how hard it is going to be, has anyone gone through this that can help me? I want to know more about the subject so that i can help my loved one through this and help make sure this is the right decision on the chemo. Does chemo make you extremely ill? ANY insight will be much appreciated.... Answered by Sylvie Bastow 1 year ago.

I just finished chemo for stage 3 colon cancer at the end of April, and I was lucky. I never got sick, and my oncologist said there wasn't any reason anybody should with all the anti-nausea medicines that are available now. I got two different types of anti-nausea medicines during chemo, and they gave me pills to take in case I needed them for the few days after treatment (I never did). The chemo will consist of 3 different medications: oxaliplatin, leucovorin, and 5-FU (Flouracil). 5-FU has been in use since the 1950's, and has a very good success rate. Leucovorin is a vitamin that helps the 5-FU work better, and oxaliplatin (Eloxatin) is a newer drug. The chemo usually takes about 4-6 hours. She should be given at least two anti-nausea medicines during treatment. I received an anti-nausea medicine first, then a second one at the same time as the Leucovorin and oxaliplatin, then the 5-FU, then calcium and potassium, which also helped prevent nausea. The worst symptom I had from the chemo was my hands hurt if they got cold, even from drinking cold drinks (many people wear cotton gloves when they have to do things like open the refrigerator). Other people also get mouth sores, but they can give you a medicine to gargle with, or you can just use salt water. You can lose you hair on rare occasions, but it only happens in about 5% of cases, and about 25% of people have thinning hair. Mine started thinning at the very end, but only because it stopped growing, and wasn't replacing itself. Make sure your friend goes to a good cancer center. I went to the Simon Cancer Center in Indianapolis, which is one of the best (Lance Armstrong went there when he had prostate cancer, even though he lives nowhere near Indy). If you go there, I would strongly recommend my oncologist, Dr. Paul Helft. He is an ethicist, which means he believes in including the patient and his family in every stage of treatment. He spent 3 hours with me and my family the first meeting, and met with me before every treatment, which my cousin, an oncology nurse, said was unheard of. Good luck to you and your friend. Answered by Soo Barbur 1 year ago.

Chemo affects cells that multiply rapidly: cancer cells and cells that are lining your stomach. So that is why chemo patients often have a lack of appetite and feel like throwing up. Chemo makes the person very fatigued, lose their hair, and have altered taste buds. The best way to help get through chemo and help your dear friend is to STAY/ BE POSITIVE, be helpful by helping them with things (only if they want...some are very sensitive to the fact that they have chemo and actually need help...depends on the person, so just be careful and sensitive), and making sure that they eat and get proper nutrition, and that they take their medication on time and as prescribed. Also allowing them to talk out their problems. I don't recommend being sad along with them. Just be attentive and let them spill their guts. Also try to provide hope, and a positive atmosphere as much as you can. Thanks Answered by Ken Malafronte 1 year ago.

Chemo is important in the treatment of colon cancer. I think it is called F4. It doesn't usually cause nasea or hair loss. Without it the cancer will run riot. It will cause fatigue. Just go with it. Cancer treatments can save lives. Answered by Travis Cumbo 1 year ago.

People react differently to chemo and a lot depends on what drugs they are on. Yes it can make you very ill, but so does cancer. If you really want to help them make the right decision then you really should be with them when this is discussed with their oncologist. Answered by Noel Tolston 1 year ago.


Cancer of the pancrous?
Asked by Allan Woodfolk 1 year ago.

The pancreas is a gland, which is located in the back of the abdomen, lying almost on the spine. It produces Insulin, the hormone that controls the blood sugar, as well as many enzymes that are needed for digestion of food. Cancer of pancreas is now the fourth most common cause of cancer-related death in United States. The 5-year relative survival rate of patients with this cancer is only 3 to 5%. Roughly 28,000 new cases are diagnosed each year in the United States. This type of cancer is found most frequently in men and African-Americans. The average age at the time of diagnosis being 65 years. Unfortunately, most patients are diagnosed in advanced stages when cure is not possible. Cause: The actual cause of pancreas cancer is unknown. However, some environmental factors, especially cigarette smoking, play a role in the development of this cancer. Signs and symptoms: Cancer of the pancreas can grow for a long time without causing any problems. Most patients are diagnosed in advanced stages and present with any of the following signs: Abdominal pain Weight loss Nausea, vomiting Jaundice, as a result of obstruction of bile ducts Anemia Back pain due to invasion of nerves Diagnosis: When suspected, CT scan or Ultrasound examination of the abdomen may establish the diagnosis. A Fine needle aspiration of the pancreas may confirm the existence of the cancer. This cancer can also be detected by an endoscopy-assisted study of the pancreas, which allows taking a biopsy at the same time. Staging: Endoscopic ultrasound is a very sensitive study that should be done to determine the depth of invasion of the cancer into the tissues around the pancreas, as well as evaluation of the local lymph glands. CT scan of abdomen, as well as bone scans, may have to be done to complete the staging workup Treatment: Surgery: Management of this disease relies on surgery in an attempt to remove most or all of the Pancreas and to reconstruct the continuity of the bowels. This is a rather difficult procedure and carries a very high risk, even in the best hands. Indications for surgery are limited to younger patients with very small size tumors. Chemotherapy: Is appropriate for patients in whom the disease is not cured with surgery. Gemcitabine, VP-16, Cisplatinum, Mitomycin, Taxol, Taxotere, 5-FU and Leucovorin are among the most commonly used drugs for Pancreas cancer. These drugs are used in combination and can have moderate to severe toxic effects. A newer drug that has now become available is Radiation: For the most part, it is used to control the symptoms of the advanced disease. Radiation at the time of surgery, referred to as intra-operative radiation, has not proven to be more effective than external radiation, which can also be combined with chemotherapy. Pattern of Spread: If left untreated, or if it fails to respond to treatment, Pancreas cancer can spread to the liver, lymph glands in the abdomen, lungs and almost anywhere else. Prognosis: In most Americans, this cancer carries a very poor prognosis, which is due to the advanced stage of the illness at the time of diagnosis, and in such cases, survival is short. The disease can be cured only if it is caught very early. Special Situations Patients with advanced pancreas cancer may develop any of the following complications. Pleural effusion Bone metastasis Paraneoplastic syndromes High calcium level Blood clots in the legs and other organs Pain: Most patients with this cancer experience substantial pain, which can be debilitating. Control of pain is central to care of patients with this illness. Neurolytic Celiac Plexus Block can control the pain in great majority of such patients. Survival: Survival of patients with this cancer depends on the type and extent of the cancer at the time of initial diagnosis. One-third of patients with early stages may be cured with surgery alone. In the majority of patients in whom cure is not possible, survival could vary from months to years, depending on the extent of cancer, overall condition of the patient, as well as response to treatment and duration of the response Follow-up After completion of treatment, and in any combination that might have taken place, the patient needs to remain under surveillance for the possibility of recurrence of cancer. Follow-up should be scheduled on a regular basis (initially every one to three months for one to two years). The frequency of follow-up will depend on the condition of the patient and his disease. In each follow-up visit, the patient is examined and, normally, a CT scan of the abdomen is obtained at intervals. Treatment of advanced or recurrent disease will depend on the stage and extent of the recurring disease. Most patients are then treated with chemotherapy using the same agents mentioned above. Radiation therapy may be helpful in managing painful or symptomatic areas to which the cancer has spread. If patients experience pain, different pain medications may be used to alleviate the pain. For patients with advanced disease, where most treatments have failed, one could consider assistance from hospice. Answered by Rudolph Aimone 1 year ago.


The order is for Leucovorin 20mg by mouth 6 hours after administration of the cancer drug methotrexate to prev?
The order is for Leucovorin 20mg by mouth 6 hours after administration of the cancer drug methotrexate to prevent toxicity. The child weights 70lb today and is 4ft 2in tall. The safe dose for this medication is 10mg/m2 . On hand you have 5mg Leucovorin Calcium tablets. If safe, how many tablets will you give? Asked by Zella Sar 1 year ago.

You can use the Du Bois formula for body surface area (BSA): W = Weight and H = Height BSA = 0.007184 x W^0.425 x H^0.725 W = 70lb x 0.453 = 31.7 kg H = 50" x 2.54 = 127 cm BSA = 0.007184 x 31.7^0.425 x 127^0.725 BSA = 0.007184 x 4.34 x 33.51 BSA = 1.04 (~ 1.0) Alternatively, the pediatric formula can be used: [4Wkg+7]/[90+Wkg] [(4 x 31.7) + 7]/[90 + 31.7] 133.8/121.7 = 1.1 So, we'll say for argument's sake that the child's BSA is 1.0 m^2 The safe dose is 10 mg/m^2. Therefore, the dose to give the child is 10 mg. You have 5mg tablets, so the child will get 2 tablets. Answered by Willow Wildermuth 1 year ago.

I don't forget myself 2 be verbally endowed, and attempt 2 apply so much 4thought 2 what comes out of my mouth prior 2 itz doing so. For this reason that occurs lovely rattling sometimes! Timothy :o) Answered by Kasey Teodoro 1 year ago.


Can toxoplasma b cured.. ?
i had abortion few mnths ago... test report showd toxoplasma positive... I had been tkin medicine fr 6 mnths bt still its positive.. Doc askd me to cntinu 4 mnths mor...I hv no child til nw... Is there ny1 who had been suffrd by this disease..??M tkin rovamycin forte... 21 days 2 tyms per day den 15 days gap... Asked by Isela Borgelt 1 year ago.

i had abortion few mnths ago... test report showd toxoplasma positive... I had been tkin medicine fr 6 mnths bt still its positive.. Doc askd me to cntinu 4 mnths mor... I hv no child til nw... Is there ny1 who had been suffrd by this disease..?? M tkin rovamycin forte... 21 days 2 tyms per day den 15 days gap then again 21 days nd again 15 days gap nd so on.... lyk dis i had cmpletd 6 tyms nd its still positiv nd goin to cntinu 4 mnths mor... Answered by Easter Ogles 1 year ago.

Toxoplasmosis can be treated (not completely) with combinations of pyrimethamine with either trisulfapyrimidines or sulfadiazine, plus folinic acid in the form of leucovorin calcium to protect the bone marrow from the toxic effects of pyrimethamine. If this treatment causes hypersensitivity reaction, then pyrimethamine and clindamycin can be used instead. If these drugs are not available, then a combination of sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim can be used. Pregnant women and babies can be treated but Toxoplasma gondii cannot be eliminated completely. The parasites can remain within tissue cells in a less active stage (cyst) in locations difficult for the medication to get to. A drug called spiramycin is recommended during the first four months whereas sulfadizaine/pyrimethamine and folinic acid for women that have been pregnant for more than four months. PCR (a method to discover parasite DNA) is often performed on the amniotic fluid to find out if the infant is infected. If the infant is likely to be infected, then treatment is done with drugs such as sulfadizaine, pyrimethamine and folinic acid. Congenitally infected babies are treated with sulfonamide and pyrimethamine. Treatment for persons with ocular disease depends on the size of the eye lesion, the characteristics (acute or chronic) and the location of the lesion. Persons with compromised immune systems (such as AIDS patients) need to be treated until their health improves significantly. Answered by Anissa Chiotti 1 year ago.


How safe is methotrexate for rheumatoid arthritis?
Asked by Terra Garhart 1 year ago.

Hi, I also take methotrexate for RA and I've been taking it for a little longer than a year now. I know when I first starting taking it, it would upset my stomach and sometimes throw up. I also got blister on my tongue. And i only started with 3 pills once a week because I have low white blood cells and Methotrexate lowers your blood count. But after a few months my body got used to it and my doctor gave me Folic Acid to help with my blood count and other side effects as well as Leucovorin Calcium. Now I'm up to 5 pills of Methotrexate and I take blood test every month to monitor my blood cells. I did have pain in every joint even my jaw but after taking this drug, i was able to move again and be myself. I'm doing very well and I even take care of my 3 year old daughter by myself but it does get hard because of all the fatigue and lack of energy. But overall I haven't experienced anything too bad from this drug and it helps me be normal as well as being able to take care of my daughter. :) But everyone is different and their bodies or condition may not be the same so its really up to you if you want to try it. I think if you do start it, maybe you should start with a few pills and see how your body reacts to it. I hope this helps you and I know how u feel but I needed to live my life and raise my kid so I just to took it :) Answered by Jae Shippey 1 year ago.

Hi.Well,I'm going to take a guess and say that your rheumatologist has given you a couple of other immune suppressant medications,and they didn't show much if any improvement(remission is the goal) in your RA.So,your rheumatologist has now put you on methotrexate hoping this medication(stronger immune suppressant) will get the results your doctor wants.As for how safe this specific medication is? It's basically the same as any other immune suppressant drug,and it will lower your immune system,which will make you susceptible to several contagious strains of colds,flu,etc.And,also may cause stomach upset,nausea,and ulcers.So,you should also be taking a prescribed(OTC) medication to help prevent any damage to your stomach,and also a calcium and vitamin D supplement as well.I suggest that you speak to your rheumatologist about any/all potential risks associated with this drug,and any other drug/medication you are taking for your RA.It's very important that you and your doctor both are well informed about any/all medication/s your currently taking whether it be prescription or over the counter(OTC).You should use caution when taking opiate pain killers for RA.Most times opiates don't offer much pain relief for RA,and can be habit forming over a long period of time.Best to take your doctors regime,and advice when it comes to your health.Take care. Answered by Vilma Poellot 1 year ago.

Imagine for a moment your arthritis completely vanishing right now. If, in a moment, your pain and stiffness melted away. And your joints all of a sudden functioned like a well-oiled machine. Like a magic wand was waived, you'd be able to jump up from your chair and run around the room like a kid. And imagine that you'd never have to suffer as much as a pinch of arthritis stiffness or pain ever again. I know this sounds impossible right now, but bear with me, because sometimes miracles happen. It was a gift from a woman on the other side of the world. From the kindness of her heart, she took pity on my suffering and taught me how to completely reverse my arthritis. Today, I want to do the same for you! Answered by Elva Lepak 1 year ago.

Minocycline has been great for me for 16 years, no side effects to speak of. But now suddenly I am very sick with pericarditis, an inflammation around the sac of the heart. And tetracyclines can cause this, So I am grieving that my wonderful minocycline may have led to this, and have no idea what to switch to, and don t want to switch to anything. I am thinking plaquanil again, I was on it for many years with no ill effects. All the biologics say leukemia and lymphoma as side effects, so no way would I ever try them. I have had this since age 24 and will be 60 in 2015. so have had it for 35 years. Take the least dangerous ones, to live a long life with RA. Answered by Ellamae Lupold 1 year ago.

I was diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis in 1993, at the age of 55. My rheumatologist started me on methotrexate at that time, with 3x2.5 mg tablets per week. Since that time, I've taken a total of 12,355 mg (I keep track of all the medications I take). Every three months, I have a liver panel and CBC to monitor the effects of methotrexate. I've been chronically anemic all during this time. In April 2006, I started taking Enbrel. Four years later, I suffered congestive heart failure (CHF) and stopped taking Enbrel. Enbrel really kept the arthritic pains down but CHF was thought to have been caused by it. Now I take 7x2.5 mg per week of methotrexate. I was also taking hydrocodone/acetaminophen (Vicodin) starting in 2006, to control pain, but have now stopped owing to the FDA restrictions on dispensing this medicine. My liver function is normal. I have always been able to tolerate methotrexate. Answered by Shaquita Liff 1 year ago.

Is Methotrexate Safe Answered by Shanae Algire 1 year ago.

Personally, I would say it isn't very safe. Opiates would be a lot safer. Its a shame how some doctors are so afraid of giving people pain killers that they would resort to using these poisons rather than treating your pain. I would ask your doctor to refer you to a pain specialist. Answered by Celestina Airington 1 year ago.

I know methotrexate was a death sentence for me. I told my doctor cancer ran in my family big time. 6 months later I had nodules on my lungs, ild, ctd, and cancer. I don t even trust my doctors now because I can t get a straight answer Answered by Keneth Eugley 1 year ago.


What is the major of chemotherapy agents in anti-cancer drugs ?
Asked by Joelle Hayashi 1 year ago.

There are many different chemotherapy agents. Different drugs work for different cancers, and they are frequently used in combination. You need to be more specific. Here is a list of chemo drugs: 13-cis-Retinoic Acid 2-CdA 2-Chlorodeoxyadenosine 5-Fluorouracil 5-FU 6-Mercaptopurine 6-MP 6-TG 6-Thioguanine Abraxane Accutane ® Actinomycin-D Adriamycin ® Adrucil ® Agrylin ® Ala-Cort ® Aldesleukin Alemtuzumab ALIMTA Alitretinoin Alkaban-AQ ® Alkeran ® All-transretinoic acid Alpha interferon Altretamine Amethopterin Amifostine Aminoglutethimide Anagrelide Anandron ® Anastrozole Arabinosylcytosine Ara-C Aranesp ® Aredia ® Arimidex ® Aromasin ® Arranon ® Arsenic trioxide Asparaginase ATRA Avastin ® Azacitidine BCG BCNU Bevacizumab Bexarotene BEXXAR ® Bicalutamide BiCNU Blenoxane ® Bleomycin Bortezomib Busulfan Busulfex ® C225 Calcium Leucovorin Campath ® Camptosar ® Camptothecin-11 Capecitabine Carac ™ Carboplatin Carmustine Carmustine wafer Casodex ® CC-5013 CCNU CDDP CeeNU Cerubidine ® Cetuximab Chlorambucil Cisplatin Citrovorum Factor Cladribine Cortisone Cosmegen ® CPT-11 Cyclophosphamide Cytadren ® Cytarabine Cytarabine liposomal Cytosar-U ® Cytoxan ® Dacarbazine Dacogen Dactinomycin Darbepoetin alfa Daunomycin Daunorubicin Daunorubicin hydrochloride Daunorubicin liposomal DaunoXome ® Decadron Decitabine Delta-Cortef ® Deltasone ® Denileukin diftitox DepoCyt ™ Dexamethasone Dexamethasone acetate Dexamethasone Sodium Phosphate Dexasone Dexrazoxane DHAD DIC Diodex Docetaxel Doxil ® Doxorubicin Doxorubicin liposomal Droxia ™ DTIC DTIC-Dome ® Duralone ® Efudex ® Eligard ™ Ellence ™ Eloxatin ™ Elspar ® Emcyt ® Epirubicin Epoetin alfa Erbitux ™ Erlotinib Erwinia L-asparaginase Estramustine Ethyol Etopophos ® Etoposide Etoposide Phosphate Eulexin ® Evista ® Exemestane Fareston ® Faslodex ® Femara ® Filgrastim Floxuridine Fludara ® Fludarabine Fluoroplex ® Fluorouracil Fluorouracil (cream) Fluoxymesterone Flutamide Folinic Acid FUDR ® Fulvestrant G-CSF Gefitinib Gemcitabine Gemtuzumab ozogamicin Gemzar ® GleevecTM Gliadel wafer (t) GM-CSF Goserelin granulocyte - colony stimulating factor (t) Granulocyte macrophage colony stimulating factor (o) Halotestin (t) Herceptin (t) Hexadrol (t) Hexalen (t) Hexamethylmelamine (t) HMM (t) Hycamtin (t) Hydrea (t) Hydrocort Acetate (t) Hydrocortisone Hydrocortisone sodium phosphate Hydrocortisone sodium succinate Hydrocortone phosphate (t) Hydroxyurea Ibritumomab Ibritumomab Tiuxetan Idamycin ® Idarubicin Ifex ® IFN-alpha Ifosfamide IL-11 IL-2 Imatinib mesylate Imidazole Carboxamide Interferon alfa Interferon Alfa-2b (PEG conjugate) (o) Interleukin - 2 (t) Interleukin-11 (o) Intron A® (interferon alfa-2b) Iressa ® Irinotecan Isotretinoin Kidrolase (t) Lanacort (t) L-asparaginase (t) LCR (o) Lenalidomide Letrozole Leucovorin Leukeran (t) Leukine (t) Leuprolide Leurocristine (o) Leustatin (t) Liposomal Ara-C (t) Liquid Pred (t) Lomustine L-PAM (o) L-Sarcolysin (o) Lupron (t) Lupron Depot ® Matulane (t) Maxidex (t) Mechlorethamine Mechlorethamine Hydrochloride Medralone (t) Medrol ® Megace (t) Megestrol Megestrol Acetate (o) Melphalan Mercaptopurine Mesna Mesnex (t) Methotrexate Methotrexate Sodium (o) Methylprednisolone Meticorten (t) Mitomycin Mitomycin-C (o) Mitoxantrone M-Prednisol (t) MTC (o) MTX (o) Mustargen (t) Mustine Mutamycin (t) Myleran (t) Mylocel (t) Mylotarg (t) Navelbine ® Nelarabine Neosar (t) Neulasta (t) Neumega (t) Neupogen ® Nexavar ® Nilandron (t) Nilutamide Nipent ® Nitrogen Mustard (o) Novaldex (t) Novantrone (t) Octreotide Octreotide acetate (o) Oncospar (t) Oncovin (t) Ontak (t) Onxal (t) Oprevelkin Orapred (t) Orasone (t) Oxaliplatin Paclitaxel Paclitaxel Protein-bound Pamidronate Panretin (t) Paraplatin (t) Pediapred (t) PEG Interferon Pegaspargase Pegfilgrastim PEG-INTRON (t) PEG-L-asparaginase PEMETREXED Pentostatin Phenylalanine Mustard (o) Platinol (t) Platinol-AQ (t) Prednisolone Prednisone Prelone (t) Procarbazine PROCRIT ® Proleukin (t) Prolifeprospan 20 with Carmustine implant (t) Purinethol ® Raloxifene Revlimid ® Rheumatrex (t) Rituxan (t) Rituximab Roferon-A® (interferon alfa-2a) Rubex (t) Rubidomycin hydrochloride (t) Sandostatin ® Sandostatin LAR (t) Sargramostim Solu-Cortef (t) Solu-Medrol (t) Sorafenib STI-571 Streptozocin SU11248 Sunitinib Sutent ® Tamoxifen Tarceva ® Targretin (t) Taxol ® Taxotere ® Temodar ® Temozolomide Teniposide TESPA (o) Thalidomide Thalomid ® TheraCys (t) Thioguanine Thioguanine Tabloid ® Thiophosphoamide (o) Thioplex (t) Thiotepa TICE ® Toposar (t) Topotecan Toremifene Tositumomab Trastuzumab Tretinoin Trexall (t) Trisenox (t) TSPA (o) VCR (o) Velban (t) Velcade ® VePesid (t) Vesanoid (t) Viadur (t) Vidaza (t) Vinblastine Vinblastine Sulfate (o) Vincasar Pfs (t) Vincristine Vinorelbine Vinorelbine tartrate (o) VLB (o) VM-26 (o) VP-16 (t) Vumon (t) Xeloda ® Zanosar (t) Zevalin TM Zinecard (t) Zoladex ® Zoledronic acid Zometa ® See? There's a lot of them. Answered by Solange Pullman 1 year ago.

antineoplastics, monoclonal antibodies, Answered by Alla Cahoon 1 year ago.

Please see the webpages for more details on Chemotherapy. Answered by Beata Boot 1 year ago.


Can you list antidotes to the ff substances/drugs?
Anti cholinesterase (cholinergics) Cyanide Narcotics/opioid overdose Thrombolytics Iron Acetaminophen Anti depressants Methotrexate Digoxin Benzodiazepines Lead Warfarin Heparin Asked by Crista Laroe 1 year ago.

I believe yahoo answers should be the last resort a responsible student must consider in answering questions like this. Anyway, PEACE.... Anti cholinesterase (cholinergics) - atropine Cyanide - sodium thiosulfate Narcotics/opioid overdose - naloxone (Narcan) Thrombolytics - aminocaproic acid (Amicar) Iron - deferoxamine Acetaminophen - acetylcystein Anti depressants - phentolamine Methotrexate - leucovorin Digoxin - Digibind Benzodiazepines - flumenazil Lead - calcium EDTA Warfarin - vit. K Heparin - protamine sulfate Answered by Serena Onstead 1 year ago.


Can someone that has had chemotherapy for colon cancer (maybe stage 3) help me...?
Someone very dear to me has just had a foot of their colon removed with a large tumor and 15 of 18 of the surrounding lymphs showed positive for cancer from the pathology report, now the suggested treatment is 6 months of chemo, 3 days in a row (port surgically implanted) every other week. I have no idea what... Asked by Buck Schwingel 1 year ago.

Someone very dear to me has just had a foot of their colon removed with a large tumor and 15 of 18 of the surrounding lymphs showed positive for cancer from the pathology report, now the suggested treatment is 6 months of chemo, 3 days in a row (port surgically implanted) every other week. I have no idea what other kinds of treatments there are, i am just so worried about this regiment, and how hard it is going to be, has anyone gone through this that can help me? I want to know more about the subject so that i can help my loved one through this and help make sure this is the right decision on the chemo. Does chemo make you extremely ill? ANY insight will be much appreciated.... Answered by Kristy Goodnoe 1 year ago.

I just finished chemo for stage 3 colon cancer at the end of April, and I was lucky. I never got sick, and my oncologist said there wasn't any reason anybody should with all the anti-nausea medicines that are available now. I got two different types of anti-nausea medicines during chemo, and they gave me pills to take in case I needed them for the few days after treatment (I never did). The chemo will consist of 3 different medications: oxaliplatin, leucovorin, and 5-FU (Flouracil). 5-FU has been in use since the 1950's, and has a very good success rate. Leucovorin is a vitamin that helps the 5-FU work better, and oxaliplatin (Eloxatin) is a newer drug. The chemo usually takes about 4-6 hours. She should be given at least two anti-nausea medicines during treatment. I received an anti-nausea medicine first, then a second one at the same time as the Leucovorin and oxaliplatin, then the 5-FU, then calcium and potassium, which also helped prevent nausea. The worst symptom I had from the chemo was my hands hurt if they got cold, even from drinking cold drinks (many people wear cotton gloves when they have to do things like open the refrigerator). Other people also get mouth sores, but they can give you a medicine to gargle with, or you can just use salt water. You can lose you hair on rare occasions, but it only happens in about 5% of cases, and about 25% of people have thinning hair. Mine started thinning at the very end, but only because it stopped growing, and wasn't replacing itself. Make sure your friend goes to a good cancer center. I went to the Simon Cancer Center in Indianapolis, which is one of the best (Lance Armstrong went there when he had prostate cancer, even though he lives nowhere near Indy). If you go there, I would strongly recommend my oncologist, Dr. Paul Helft. He is an ethicist, which means he believes in including the patient and his family in every stage of treatment. He spent 3 hours with me and my family the first meeting, and met with me before every treatment, which my cousin, an oncology nurse, said was unheard of. Good luck to you and your friend. Answered by Owen Kubish 1 year ago.

Chemo affects cells that multiply rapidly: cancer cells and cells that are lining your stomach. So that is why chemo patients often have a lack of appetite and feel like throwing up. Chemo makes the person very fatigued, lose their hair, and have altered taste buds. The best way to help get through chemo and help your dear friend is to STAY/ BE POSITIVE, be helpful by helping them with things (only if they want...some are very sensitive to the fact that they have chemo and actually need help...depends on the person, so just be careful and sensitive), and making sure that they eat and get proper nutrition, and that they take their medication on time and as prescribed. Also allowing them to talk out their problems. I don't recommend being sad along with them. Just be attentive and let them spill their guts. Also try to provide hope, and a positive atmosphere as much as you can. Thanks Answered by Otha Zalusky 1 year ago.

Chemo is important in the treatment of colon cancer. I think it is called F4. It doesn't usually cause nasea or hair loss. Without it the cancer will run riot. It will cause fatigue. Just go with it. Cancer treatments can save lives. Answered by Ima Tomshack 1 year ago.

People react differently to chemo and a lot depends on what drugs they are on. Yes it can make you very ill, but so does cancer. If you really want to help them make the right decision then you really should be with them when this is discussed with their oncologist. Answered by Dannie Salata 1 year ago.


Cancer of the pancrous?
Asked by Ehtel Giusti 1 year ago.

The pancreas is a gland, which is located in the back of the abdomen, lying almost on the spine. It produces Insulin, the hormone that controls the blood sugar, as well as many enzymes that are needed for digestion of food. Cancer of pancreas is now the fourth most common cause of cancer-related death in United States. The 5-year relative survival rate of patients with this cancer is only 3 to 5%. Roughly 28,000 new cases are diagnosed each year in the United States. This type of cancer is found most frequently in men and African-Americans. The average age at the time of diagnosis being 65 years. Unfortunately, most patients are diagnosed in advanced stages when cure is not possible. Cause: The actual cause of pancreas cancer is unknown. However, some environmental factors, especially cigarette smoking, play a role in the development of this cancer. Signs and symptoms: Cancer of the pancreas can grow for a long time without causing any problems. Most patients are diagnosed in advanced stages and present with any of the following signs: Abdominal pain Weight loss Nausea, vomiting Jaundice, as a result of obstruction of bile ducts Anemia Back pain due to invasion of nerves Diagnosis: When suspected, CT scan or Ultrasound examination of the abdomen may establish the diagnosis. A Fine needle aspiration of the pancreas may confirm the existence of the cancer. This cancer can also be detected by an endoscopy-assisted study of the pancreas, which allows taking a biopsy at the same time. Staging: Endoscopic ultrasound is a very sensitive study that should be done to determine the depth of invasion of the cancer into the tissues around the pancreas, as well as evaluation of the local lymph glands. CT scan of abdomen, as well as bone scans, may have to be done to complete the staging workup Treatment: Surgery: Management of this disease relies on surgery in an attempt to remove most or all of the Pancreas and to reconstruct the continuity of the bowels. This is a rather difficult procedure and carries a very high risk, even in the best hands. Indications for surgery are limited to younger patients with very small size tumors. Chemotherapy: Is appropriate for patients in whom the disease is not cured with surgery. Gemcitabine, VP-16, Cisplatinum, Mitomycin, Taxol, Taxotere, 5-FU and Leucovorin are among the most commonly used drugs for Pancreas cancer. These drugs are used in combination and can have moderate to severe toxic effects. A newer drug that has now become available is Radiation: For the most part, it is used to control the symptoms of the advanced disease. Radiation at the time of surgery, referred to as intra-operative radiation, has not proven to be more effective than external radiation, which can also be combined with chemotherapy. Pattern of Spread: If left untreated, or if it fails to respond to treatment, Pancreas cancer can spread to the liver, lymph glands in the abdomen, lungs and almost anywhere else. Prognosis: In most Americans, this cancer carries a very poor prognosis, which is due to the advanced stage of the illness at the time of diagnosis, and in such cases, survival is short. The disease can be cured only if it is caught very early. Special Situations Patients with advanced pancreas cancer may develop any of the following complications. Pleural effusion Bone metastasis Paraneoplastic syndromes High calcium level Blood clots in the legs and other organs Pain: Most patients with this cancer experience substantial pain, which can be debilitating. Control of pain is central to care of patients with this illness. Neurolytic Celiac Plexus Block can control the pain in great majority of such patients. Survival: Survival of patients with this cancer depends on the type and extent of the cancer at the time of initial diagnosis. One-third of patients with early stages may be cured with surgery alone. In the majority of patients in whom cure is not possible, survival could vary from months to years, depending on the extent of cancer, overall condition of the patient, as well as response to treatment and duration of the response Follow-up After completion of treatment, and in any combination that might have taken place, the patient needs to remain under surveillance for the possibility of recurrence of cancer. Follow-up should be scheduled on a regular basis (initially every one to three months for one to two years). The frequency of follow-up will depend on the condition of the patient and his disease. In each follow-up visit, the patient is examined and, normally, a CT scan of the abdomen is obtained at intervals. Treatment of advanced or recurrent disease will depend on the stage and extent of the recurring disease. Most patients are then treated with chemotherapy using the same agents mentioned above. Radiation therapy may be helpful in managing painful or symptomatic areas to which the cancer has spread. If patients experience pain, different pain medications may be used to alleviate the pain. For patients with advanced disease, where most treatments have failed, one could consider assistance from hospice. Answered by Shanice Szwed 1 year ago.


The order is for Leucovorin 20mg by mouth 6 hours after administration of the cancer drug methotrexate to prev?
The order is for Leucovorin 20mg by mouth 6 hours after administration of the cancer drug methotrexate to prevent toxicity. The child weights 70lb today and is 4ft 2in tall. The safe dose for this medication is 10mg/m2 . On hand you have 5mg Leucovorin Calcium tablets. If safe, how many tablets will you give? Asked by Nicky Tamiya 1 year ago.

You can use the Du Bois formula for body surface area (BSA): W = Weight and H = Height BSA = 0.007184 x W^0.425 x H^0.725 W = 70lb x 0.453 = 31.7 kg H = 50" x 2.54 = 127 cm BSA = 0.007184 x 31.7^0.425 x 127^0.725 BSA = 0.007184 x 4.34 x 33.51 BSA = 1.04 (~ 1.0) Alternatively, the pediatric formula can be used: [4Wkg+7]/[90+Wkg] [(4 x 31.7) + 7]/[90 + 31.7] 133.8/121.7 = 1.1 So, we'll say for argument's sake that the child's BSA is 1.0 m^2 The safe dose is 10 mg/m^2. Therefore, the dose to give the child is 10 mg. You have 5mg tablets, so the child will get 2 tablets. Answered by Dawna Clingerman 1 year ago.

I don't forget myself 2 be verbally endowed, and attempt 2 apply so much 4thought 2 what comes out of my mouth prior 2 itz doing so. For this reason that occurs lovely rattling sometimes! Timothy :o) Answered by Nanci Gustin 1 year ago.


Can toxoplasma b cured.. ?
i had abortion few mnths ago... test report showd toxoplasma positive... I had been tkin medicine fr 6 mnths bt still its positive.. Doc askd me to cntinu 4 mnths mor...I hv no child til nw... Is there ny1 who had been suffrd by this disease..??M tkin rovamycin forte... 21 days 2 tyms per day den 15 days gap... Asked by Barbera Ronco 1 year ago.

i had abortion few mnths ago... test report showd toxoplasma positive... I had been tkin medicine fr 6 mnths bt still its positive.. Doc askd me to cntinu 4 mnths mor... I hv no child til nw... Is there ny1 who had been suffrd by this disease..?? M tkin rovamycin forte... 21 days 2 tyms per day den 15 days gap then again 21 days nd again 15 days gap nd so on.... lyk dis i had cmpletd 6 tyms nd its still positiv nd goin to cntinu 4 mnths mor... Answered by Pam Mowry 1 year ago.

Toxoplasmosis can be treated (not completely) with combinations of pyrimethamine with either trisulfapyrimidines or sulfadiazine, plus folinic acid in the form of leucovorin calcium to protect the bone marrow from the toxic effects of pyrimethamine. If this treatment causes hypersensitivity reaction, then pyrimethamine and clindamycin can be used instead. If these drugs are not available, then a combination of sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim can be used. Pregnant women and babies can be treated but Toxoplasma gondii cannot be eliminated completely. The parasites can remain within tissue cells in a less active stage (cyst) in locations difficult for the medication to get to. A drug called spiramycin is recommended during the first four months whereas sulfadizaine/pyrimethamine and folinic acid for women that have been pregnant for more than four months. PCR (a method to discover parasite DNA) is often performed on the amniotic fluid to find out if the infant is infected. If the infant is likely to be infected, then treatment is done with drugs such as sulfadizaine, pyrimethamine and folinic acid. Congenitally infected babies are treated with sulfonamide and pyrimethamine. Treatment for persons with ocular disease depends on the size of the eye lesion, the characteristics (acute or chronic) and the location of the lesion. Persons with compromised immune systems (such as AIDS patients) need to be treated until their health improves significantly. Answered by Rebecka Haeder 1 year ago.


How safe is methotrexate for rheumatoid arthritis?
Asked by Bernadine Granizo 1 year ago.

Hi, I also take methotrexate for RA and I've been taking it for a little longer than a year now. I know when I first starting taking it, it would upset my stomach and sometimes throw up. I also got blister on my tongue. And i only started with 3 pills once a week because I have low white blood cells and Methotrexate lowers your blood count. But after a few months my body got used to it and my doctor gave me Folic Acid to help with my blood count and other side effects as well as Leucovorin Calcium. Now I'm up to 5 pills of Methotrexate and I take blood test every month to monitor my blood cells. I did have pain in every joint even my jaw but after taking this drug, i was able to move again and be myself. I'm doing very well and I even take care of my 3 year old daughter by myself but it does get hard because of all the fatigue and lack of energy. But overall I haven't experienced anything too bad from this drug and it helps me be normal as well as being able to take care of my daughter. :) But everyone is different and their bodies or condition may not be the same so its really up to you if you want to try it. I think if you do start it, maybe you should start with a few pills and see how your body reacts to it. I hope this helps you and I know how u feel but I needed to live my life and raise my kid so I just to took it :) Answered by Morgan Whitesell 1 year ago.

Hi.Well,I'm going to take a guess and say that your rheumatologist has given you a couple of other immune suppressant medications,and they didn't show much if any improvement(remission is the goal) in your RA.So,your rheumatologist has now put you on methotrexate hoping this medication(stronger immune suppressant) will get the results your doctor wants.As for how safe this specific medication is? It's basically the same as any other immune suppressant drug,and it will lower your immune system,which will make you susceptible to several contagious strains of colds,flu,etc.And,also may cause stomach upset,nausea,and ulcers.So,you should also be taking a prescribed(OTC) medication to help prevent any damage to your stomach,and also a calcium and vitamin D supplement as well.I suggest that you speak to your rheumatologist about any/all potential risks associated with this drug,and any other drug/medication you are taking for your RA.It's very important that you and your doctor both are well informed about any/all medication/s your currently taking whether it be prescription or over the counter(OTC).You should use caution when taking opiate pain killers for RA.Most times opiates don't offer much pain relief for RA,and can be habit forming over a long period of time.Best to take your doctors regime,and advice when it comes to your health.Take care. Answered by Ami Bitto 1 year ago.

Imagine for a moment your arthritis completely vanishing right now. If, in a moment, your pain and stiffness melted away. And your joints all of a sudden functioned like a well-oiled machine. Like a magic wand was waived, you'd be able to jump up from your chair and run around the room like a kid. And imagine that you'd never have to suffer as much as a pinch of arthritis stiffness or pain ever again. I know this sounds impossible right now, but bear with me, because sometimes miracles happen. It was a gift from a woman on the other side of the world. From the kindness of her heart, she took pity on my suffering and taught me how to completely reverse my arthritis. Today, I want to do the same for you! Answered by Kelsi Uihlein 1 year ago.

Minocycline has been great for me for 16 years, no side effects to speak of. But now suddenly I am very sick with pericarditis, an inflammation around the sac of the heart. And tetracyclines can cause this, So I am grieving that my wonderful minocycline may have led to this, and have no idea what to switch to, and don t want to switch to anything. I am thinking plaquanil again, I was on it for many years with no ill effects. All the biologics say leukemia and lymphoma as side effects, so no way would I ever try them. I have had this since age 24 and will be 60 in 2015. so have had it for 35 years. Take the least dangerous ones, to live a long life with RA. Answered by Aron Crnkovich 1 year ago.

I was diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis in 1993, at the age of 55. My rheumatologist started me on methotrexate at that time, with 3x2.5 mg tablets per week. Since that time, I've taken a total of 12,355 mg (I keep track of all the medications I take). Every three months, I have a liver panel and CBC to monitor the effects of methotrexate. I've been chronically anemic all during this time. In April 2006, I started taking Enbrel. Four years later, I suffered congestive heart failure (CHF) and stopped taking Enbrel. Enbrel really kept the arthritic pains down but CHF was thought to have been caused by it. Now I take 7x2.5 mg per week of methotrexate. I was also taking hydrocodone/acetaminophen (Vicodin) starting in 2006, to control pain, but have now stopped owing to the FDA restrictions on dispensing this medicine. My liver function is normal. I have always been able to tolerate methotrexate. Answered by Adelle Holliman 1 year ago.

Is Methotrexate Safe Answered by Lydia Briston 1 year ago.

Personally, I would say it isn't very safe. Opiates would be a lot safer. Its a shame how some doctors are so afraid of giving people pain killers that they would resort to using these poisons rather than treating your pain. I would ask your doctor to refer you to a pain specialist. Answered by Neal Sitosky 1 year ago.

I know methotrexate was a death sentence for me. I told my doctor cancer ran in my family big time. 6 months later I had nodules on my lungs, ild, ctd, and cancer. I don t even trust my doctors now because I can t get a straight answer Answered by Chasidy Matturro 1 year ago.


What is the major of chemotherapy agents in anti-cancer drugs ?
Asked by Sarina Onitsuka 1 year ago.

There are many different chemotherapy agents. Different drugs work for different cancers, and they are frequently used in combination. You need to be more specific. Here is a list of chemo drugs: 13-cis-Retinoic Acid 2-CdA 2-Chlorodeoxyadenosine 5-Fluorouracil 5-FU 6-Mercaptopurine 6-MP 6-TG 6-Thioguanine Abraxane Accutane ® Actinomycin-D Adriamycin ® Adrucil ® Agrylin ® Ala-Cort ® Aldesleukin Alemtuzumab ALIMTA Alitretinoin Alkaban-AQ ® Alkeran ® All-transretinoic acid Alpha interferon Altretamine Amethopterin Amifostine Aminoglutethimide Anagrelide Anandron ® Anastrozole Arabinosylcytosine Ara-C Aranesp ® Aredia ® Arimidex ® Aromasin ® Arranon ® Arsenic trioxide Asparaginase ATRA Avastin ® Azacitidine BCG BCNU Bevacizumab Bexarotene BEXXAR ® Bicalutamide BiCNU Blenoxane ® Bleomycin Bortezomib Busulfan Busulfex ® C225 Calcium Leucovorin Campath ® Camptosar ® Camptothecin-11 Capecitabine Carac ™ Carboplatin Carmustine Carmustine wafer Casodex ® CC-5013 CCNU CDDP CeeNU Cerubidine ® Cetuximab Chlorambucil Cisplatin Citrovorum Factor Cladribine Cortisone Cosmegen ® CPT-11 Cyclophosphamide Cytadren ® Cytarabine Cytarabine liposomal Cytosar-U ® Cytoxan ® Dacarbazine Dacogen Dactinomycin Darbepoetin alfa Daunomycin Daunorubicin Daunorubicin hydrochloride Daunorubicin liposomal DaunoXome ® Decadron Decitabine Delta-Cortef ® Deltasone ® Denileukin diftitox DepoCyt ™ Dexamethasone Dexamethasone acetate Dexamethasone Sodium Phosphate Dexasone Dexrazoxane DHAD DIC Diodex Docetaxel Doxil ® Doxorubicin Doxorubicin liposomal Droxia ™ DTIC DTIC-Dome ® Duralone ® Efudex ® Eligard ™ Ellence ™ Eloxatin ™ Elspar ® Emcyt ® Epirubicin Epoetin alfa Erbitux ™ Erlotinib Erwinia L-asparaginase Estramustine Ethyol Etopophos ® Etoposide Etoposide Phosphate Eulexin ® Evista ® Exemestane Fareston ® Faslodex ® Femara ® Filgrastim Floxuridine Fludara ® Fludarabine Fluoroplex ® Fluorouracil Fluorouracil (cream) Fluoxymesterone Flutamide Folinic Acid FUDR ® Fulvestrant G-CSF Gefitinib Gemcitabine Gemtuzumab ozogamicin Gemzar ® GleevecTM Gliadel wafer (t) GM-CSF Goserelin granulocyte - colony stimulating factor (t) Granulocyte macrophage colony stimulating factor (o) Halotestin (t) Herceptin (t) Hexadrol (t) Hexalen (t) Hexamethylmelamine (t) HMM (t) Hycamtin (t) Hydrea (t) Hydrocort Acetate (t) Hydrocortisone Hydrocortisone sodium phosphate Hydrocortisone sodium succinate Hydrocortone phosphate (t) Hydroxyurea Ibritumomab Ibritumomab Tiuxetan Idamycin ® Idarubicin Ifex ® IFN-alpha Ifosfamide IL-11 IL-2 Imatinib mesylate Imidazole Carboxamide Interferon alfa Interferon Alfa-2b (PEG conjugate) (o) Interleukin - 2 (t) Interleukin-11 (o) Intron A® (interferon alfa-2b) Iressa ® Irinotecan Isotretinoin Kidrolase (t) Lanacort (t) L-asparaginase (t) LCR (o) Lenalidomide Letrozole Leucovorin Leukeran (t) Leukine (t) Leuprolide Leurocristine (o) Leustatin (t) Liposomal Ara-C (t) Liquid Pred (t) Lomustine L-PAM (o) L-Sarcolysin (o) Lupron (t) Lupron Depot ® Matulane (t) Maxidex (t) Mechlorethamine Mechlorethamine Hydrochloride Medralone (t) Medrol ® Megace (t) Megestrol Megestrol Acetate (o) Melphalan Mercaptopurine Mesna Mesnex (t) Methotrexate Methotrexate Sodium (o) Methylprednisolone Meticorten (t) Mitomycin Mitomycin-C (o) Mitoxantrone M-Prednisol (t) MTC (o) MTX (o) Mustargen (t) Mustine Mutamycin (t) Myleran (t) Mylocel (t) Mylotarg (t) Navelbine ® Nelarabine Neosar (t) Neulasta (t) Neumega (t) Neupogen ® Nexavar ® Nilandron (t) Nilutamide Nipent ® Nitrogen Mustard (o) Novaldex (t) Novantrone (t) Octreotide Octreotide acetate (o) Oncospar (t) Oncovin (t) Ontak (t) Onxal (t) Oprevelkin Orapred (t) Orasone (t) Oxaliplatin Paclitaxel Paclitaxel Protein-bound Pamidronate Panretin (t) Paraplatin (t) Pediapred (t) PEG Interferon Pegaspargase Pegfilgrastim PEG-INTRON (t) PEG-L-asparaginase PEMETREXED Pentostatin Phenylalanine Mustard (o) Platinol (t) Platinol-AQ (t) Prednisolone Prednisone Prelone (t) Procarbazine PROCRIT ® Proleukin (t) Prolifeprospan 20 with Carmustine implant (t) Purinethol ® Raloxifene Revlimid ® Rheumatrex (t) Rituxan (t) Rituximab Roferon-A® (interferon alfa-2a) Rubex (t) Rubidomycin hydrochloride (t) Sandostatin ® Sandostatin LAR (t) Sargramostim Solu-Cortef (t) Solu-Medrol (t) Sorafenib STI-571 Streptozocin SU11248 Sunitinib Sutent ® Tamoxifen Tarceva ® Targretin (t) Taxol ® Taxotere ® Temodar ® Temozolomide Teniposide TESPA (o) Thalidomide Thalomid ® TheraCys (t) Thioguanine Thioguanine Tabloid ® Thiophosphoamide (o) Thioplex (t) Thiotepa TICE ® Toposar (t) Topotecan Toremifene Tositumomab Trastuzumab Tretinoin Trexall (t) Trisenox (t) TSPA (o) VCR (o) Velban (t) Velcade ® VePesid (t) Vesanoid (t) Viadur (t) Vidaza (t) Vinblastine Vinblastine Sulfate (o) Vincasar Pfs (t) Vincristine Vinorelbine Vinorelbine tartrate (o) VLB (o) VM-26 (o) VP-16 (t) Vumon (t) Xeloda ® Zanosar (t) Zevalin TM Zinecard (t) Zoladex ® Zoledronic acid Zometa ® See? There's a lot of them. Answered by Afton Irigoyen 1 year ago.

antineoplastics, monoclonal antibodies, Answered by See Burbach 1 year ago.

Please see the webpages for more details on Chemotherapy. Answered by Jeanette Chevalier 1 year ago.


Can you list antidotes to the ff substances/drugs?
Anti cholinesterase (cholinergics) Cyanide Narcotics/opioid overdose Thrombolytics Iron Acetaminophen Anti depressants Methotrexate Digoxin Benzodiazepines Lead Warfarin Heparin Asked by Ngan Ransberger 1 year ago.

I believe yahoo answers should be the last resort a responsible student must consider in answering questions like this. Anyway, PEACE.... Anti cholinesterase (cholinergics) - atropine Cyanide - sodium thiosulfate Narcotics/opioid overdose - naloxone (Narcan) Thrombolytics - aminocaproic acid (Amicar) Iron - deferoxamine Acetaminophen - acetylcystein Anti depressants - phentolamine Methotrexate - leucovorin Digoxin - Digibind Benzodiazepines - flumenazil Lead - calcium EDTA Warfarin - vit. K Heparin - protamine sulfate Answered by Brenna Radakovich 1 year ago.


Can someone that has had chemotherapy for colon cancer (maybe stage 3) help me...?
Someone very dear to me has just had a foot of their colon removed with a large tumor and 15 of 18 of the surrounding lymphs showed positive for cancer from the pathology report, now the suggested treatment is 6 months of chemo, 3 days in a row (port surgically implanted) every other week. I have no idea what... Asked by Asley Bushweller 1 year ago.

Someone very dear to me has just had a foot of their colon removed with a large tumor and 15 of 18 of the surrounding lymphs showed positive for cancer from the pathology report, now the suggested treatment is 6 months of chemo, 3 days in a row (port surgically implanted) every other week. I have no idea what other kinds of treatments there are, i am just so worried about this regiment, and how hard it is going to be, has anyone gone through this that can help me? I want to know more about the subject so that i can help my loved one through this and help make sure this is the right decision on the chemo. Does chemo make you extremely ill? ANY insight will be much appreciated.... Answered by Kathleen Glinka 1 year ago.

I just finished chemo for stage 3 colon cancer at the end of April, and I was lucky. I never got sick, and my oncologist said there wasn't any reason anybody should with all the anti-nausea medicines that are available now. I got two different types of anti-nausea medicines during chemo, and they gave me pills to take in case I needed them for the few days after treatment (I never did). The chemo will consist of 3 different medications: oxaliplatin, leucovorin, and 5-FU (Flouracil). 5-FU has been in use since the 1950's, and has a very good success rate. Leucovorin is a vitamin that helps the 5-FU work better, and oxaliplatin (Eloxatin) is a newer drug. The chemo usually takes about 4-6 hours. She should be given at least two anti-nausea medicines during treatment. I received an anti-nausea medicine first, then a second one at the same time as the Leucovorin and oxaliplatin, then the 5-FU, then calcium and potassium, which also helped prevent nausea. The worst symptom I had from the chemo was my hands hurt if they got cold, even from drinking cold drinks (many people wear cotton gloves when they have to do things like open the refrigerator). Other people also get mouth sores, but they can give you a medicine to gargle with, or you can just use salt water. You can lose you hair on rare occasions, but it only happens in about 5% of cases, and about 25% of people have thinning hair. Mine started thinning at the very end, but only because it stopped growing, and wasn't replacing itself. Make sure your friend goes to a good cancer center. I went to the Simon Cancer Center in Indianapolis, which is one of the best (Lance Armstrong went there when he had prostate cancer, even though he lives nowhere near Indy). If you go there, I would strongly recommend my oncologist, Dr. Paul Helft. He is an ethicist, which means he believes in including the patient and his family in every stage of treatment. He spent 3 hours with me and my family the first meeting, and met with me before every treatment, which my cousin, an oncology nurse, said was unheard of. Good luck to you and your friend. Answered by Margarito Banerji 1 year ago.

Chemo affects cells that multiply rapidly: cancer cells and cells that are lining your stomach. So that is why chemo patients often have a lack of appetite and feel like throwing up. Chemo makes the person very fatigued, lose their hair, and have altered taste buds. The best way to help get through chemo and help your dear friend is to STAY/ BE POSITIVE, be helpful by helping them with things (only if they want...some are very sensitive to the fact that they have chemo and actually need help...depends on the person, so just be careful and sensitive), and making sure that they eat and get proper nutrition, and that they take their medication on time and as prescribed. Also allowing them to talk out their problems. I don't recommend being sad along with them. Just be attentive and let them spill their guts. Also try to provide hope, and a positive atmosphere as much as you can. Thanks Answered by Marvella Dan 1 year ago.

Chemo is important in the treatment of colon cancer. I think it is called F4. It doesn't usually cause nasea or hair loss. Without it the cancer will run riot. It will cause fatigue. Just go with it. Cancer treatments can save lives. Answered by Erasmo Fick 1 year ago.

People react differently to chemo and a lot depends on what drugs they are on. Yes it can make you very ill, but so does cancer. If you really want to help them make the right decision then you really should be with them when this is discussed with their oncologist. Answered by Etha Fluetsch 1 year ago.


Cancer of the pancrous?
Asked by Lynne Heinemeyer 1 year ago.

The pancreas is a gland, which is located in the back of the abdomen, lying almost on the spine. It produces Insulin, the hormone that controls the blood sugar, as well as many enzymes that are needed for digestion of food. Cancer of pancreas is now the fourth most common cause of cancer-related death in United States. The 5-year relative survival rate of patients with this cancer is only 3 to 5%. Roughly 28,000 new cases are diagnosed each year in the United States. This type of cancer is found most frequently in men and African-Americans. The average age at the time of diagnosis being 65 years. Unfortunately, most patients are diagnosed in advanced stages when cure is not possible. Cause: The actual cause of pancreas cancer is unknown. However, some environmental factors, especially cigarette smoking, play a role in the development of this cancer. Signs and symptoms: Cancer of the pancreas can grow for a long time without causing any problems. Most patients are diagnosed in advanced stages and present with any of the following signs: Abdominal pain Weight loss Nausea, vomiting Jaundice, as a result of obstruction of bile ducts Anemia Back pain due to invasion of nerves Diagnosis: When suspected, CT scan or Ultrasound examination of the abdomen may establish the diagnosis. A Fine needle aspiration of the pancreas may confirm the existence of the cancer. This cancer can also be detected by an endoscopy-assisted study of the pancreas, which allows taking a biopsy at the same time. Staging: Endoscopic ultrasound is a very sensitive study that should be done to determine the depth of invasion of the cancer into the tissues around the pancreas, as well as evaluation of the local lymph glands. CT scan of abdomen, as well as bone scans, may have to be done to complete the staging workup Treatment: Surgery: Management of this disease relies on surgery in an attempt to remove most or all of the Pancreas and to reconstruct the continuity of the bowels. This is a rather difficult procedure and carries a very high risk, even in the best hands. Indications for surgery are limited to younger patients with very small size tumors. Chemotherapy: Is appropriate for patients in whom the disease is not cured with surgery. Gemcitabine, VP-16, Cisplatinum, Mitomycin, Taxol, Taxotere, 5-FU and Leucovorin are among the most commonly used drugs for Pancreas cancer. These drugs are used in combination and can have moderate to severe toxic effects. A newer drug that has now become available is Radiation: For the most part, it is used to control the symptoms of the advanced disease. Radiation at the time of surgery, referred to as intra-operative radiation, has not proven to be more effective than external radiation, which can also be combined with chemotherapy. Pattern of Spread: If left untreated, or if it fails to respond to treatment, Pancreas cancer can spread to the liver, lymph glands in the abdomen, lungs and almost anywhere else. Prognosis: In most Americans, this cancer carries a very poor prognosis, which is due to the advanced stage of the illness at the time of diagnosis, and in such cases, survival is short. The disease can be cured only if it is caught very early. Special Situations Patients with advanced pancreas cancer may develop any of the following complications. Pleural effusion Bone metastasis Paraneoplastic syndromes High calcium level Blood clots in the legs and other organs Pain: Most patients with this cancer experience substantial pain, which can be debilitating. Control of pain is central to care of patients with this illness. Neurolytic Celiac Plexus Block can control the pain in great majority of such patients. Survival: Survival of patients with this cancer depends on the type and extent of the cancer at the time of initial diagnosis. One-third of patients with early stages may be cured with surgery alone. In the majority of patients in whom cure is not possible, survival could vary from months to years, depending on the extent of cancer, overall condition of the patient, as well as response to treatment and duration of the response Follow-up After completion of treatment, and in any combination that might have taken place, the patient needs to remain under surveillance for the possibility of recurrence of cancer. Follow-up should be scheduled on a regular basis (initially every one to three months for one to two years). The frequency of follow-up will depend on the condition of the patient and his disease. In each follow-up visit, the patient is examined and, normally, a CT scan of the abdomen is obtained at intervals. Treatment of advanced or recurrent disease will depend on the stage and extent of the recurring disease. Most patients are then treated with chemotherapy using the same agents mentioned above. Radiation therapy may be helpful in managing painful or symptomatic areas to which the cancer has spread. If patients experience pain, different pain medications may be used to alleviate the pain. For patients with advanced disease, where most treatments have failed, one could consider assistance from hospice. Answered by Ronda Mancell 1 year ago.


The order is for Leucovorin 20mg by mouth 6 hours after administration of the cancer drug methotrexate to prev?
The order is for Leucovorin 20mg by mouth 6 hours after administration of the cancer drug methotrexate to prevent toxicity. The child weights 70lb today and is 4ft 2in tall. The safe dose for this medication is 10mg/m2 . On hand you have 5mg Leucovorin Calcium tablets. If safe, how many tablets will you give? Asked by Lisha Pion 1 year ago.

You can use the Du Bois formula for body surface area (BSA): W = Weight and H = Height BSA = 0.007184 x W^0.425 x H^0.725 W = 70lb x 0.453 = 31.7 kg H = 50" x 2.54 = 127 cm BSA = 0.007184 x 31.7^0.425 x 127^0.725 BSA = 0.007184 x 4.34 x 33.51 BSA = 1.04 (~ 1.0) Alternatively, the pediatric formula can be used: [4Wkg+7]/[90+Wkg] [(4 x 31.7) + 7]/[90 + 31.7] 133.8/121.7 = 1.1 So, we'll say for argument's sake that the child's BSA is 1.0 m^2 The safe dose is 10 mg/m^2. Therefore, the dose to give the child is 10 mg. You have 5mg tablets, so the child will get 2 tablets. Answered by Gaston Kusner 1 year ago.

I don't forget myself 2 be verbally endowed, and attempt 2 apply so much 4thought 2 what comes out of my mouth prior 2 itz doing so. For this reason that occurs lovely rattling sometimes! Timothy :o) Answered by Dreama Deaver 1 year ago.


Can toxoplasma b cured.. ?
i had abortion few mnths ago... test report showd toxoplasma positive... I had been tkin medicine fr 6 mnths bt still its positive.. Doc askd me to cntinu 4 mnths mor...I hv no child til nw... Is there ny1 who had been suffrd by this disease..??M tkin rovamycin forte... 21 days 2 tyms per day den 15 days gap... Asked by Brock Faraco 1 year ago.

i had abortion few mnths ago... test report showd toxoplasma positive... I had been tkin medicine fr 6 mnths bt still its positive.. Doc askd me to cntinu 4 mnths mor... I hv no child til nw... Is there ny1 who had been suffrd by this disease..?? M tkin rovamycin forte... 21 days 2 tyms per day den 15 days gap then again 21 days nd again 15 days gap nd so on.... lyk dis i had cmpletd 6 tyms nd its still positiv nd goin to cntinu 4 mnths mor... Answered by Albertine Gilcrease 1 year ago.

Toxoplasmosis can be treated (not completely) with combinations of pyrimethamine with either trisulfapyrimidines or sulfadiazine, plus folinic acid in the form of leucovorin calcium to protect the bone marrow from the toxic effects of pyrimethamine. If this treatment causes hypersensitivity reaction, then pyrimethamine and clindamycin can be used instead. If these drugs are not available, then a combination of sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim can be used. Pregnant women and babies can be treated but Toxoplasma gondii cannot be eliminated completely. The parasites can remain within tissue cells in a less active stage (cyst) in locations difficult for the medication to get to. A drug called spiramycin is recommended during the first four months whereas sulfadizaine/pyrimethamine and folinic acid for women that have been pregnant for more than four months. PCR (a method to discover parasite DNA) is often performed on the amniotic fluid to find out if the infant is infected. If the infant is likely to be infected, then treatment is done with drugs such as sulfadizaine, pyrimethamine and folinic acid. Congenitally infected babies are treated with sulfonamide and pyrimethamine. Treatment for persons with ocular disease depends on the size of the eye lesion, the characteristics (acute or chronic) and the location of the lesion. Persons with compromised immune systems (such as AIDS patients) need to be treated until their health improves significantly. Answered by Elina Wragg 1 year ago.


How safe is methotrexate for rheumatoid arthritis?
Asked by America Liebherr 1 year ago.

Hi, I also take methotrexate for RA and I've been taking it for a little longer than a year now. I know when I first starting taking it, it would upset my stomach and sometimes throw up. I also got blister on my tongue. And i only started with 3 pills once a week because I have low white blood cells and Methotrexate lowers your blood count. But after a few months my body got used to it and my doctor gave me Folic Acid to help with my blood count and other side effects as well as Leucovorin Calcium. Now I'm up to 5 pills of Methotrexate and I take blood test every month to monitor my blood cells. I did have pain in every joint even my jaw but after taking this drug, i was able to move again and be myself. I'm doing very well and I even take care of my 3 year old daughter by myself but it does get hard because of all the fatigue and lack of energy. But overall I haven't experienced anything too bad from this drug and it helps me be normal as well as being able to take care of my daughter. :) But everyone is different and their bodies or condition may not be the same so its really up to you if you want to try it. I think if you do start it, maybe you should start with a few pills and see how your body reacts to it. I hope this helps you and I know how u feel but I needed to live my life and raise my kid so I just to took it :) Answered by Emmy Mccoubrey 1 year ago.

Hi.Well,I'm going to take a guess and say that your rheumatologist has given you a couple of other immune suppressant medications,and they didn't show much if any improvement(remission is the goal) in your RA.So,your rheumatologist has now put you on methotrexate hoping this medication(stronger immune suppressant) will get the results your doctor wants.As for how safe this specific medication is? It's basically the same as any other immune suppressant drug,and it will lower your immune system,which will make you susceptible to several contagious strains of colds,flu,etc.And,also may cause stomach upset,nausea,and ulcers.So,you should also be taking a prescribed(OTC) medication to help prevent any damage to your stomach,and also a calcium and vitamin D supplement as well.I suggest that you speak to your rheumatologist about any/all potential risks associated with this drug,and any other drug/medication you are taking for your RA.It's very important that you and your doctor both are well informed about any/all medication/s your currently taking whether it be prescription or over the counter(OTC).You should use caution when taking opiate pain killers for RA.Most times opiates don't offer much pain relief for RA,and can be habit forming over a long period of time.Best to take your doctors regime,and advice when it comes to your health.Take care. Answered by Tana Noren 1 year ago.

Imagine for a moment your arthritis completely vanishing right now. If, in a moment, your pain and stiffness melted away. And your joints all of a sudden functioned like a well-oiled machine. Like a magic wand was waived, you'd be able to jump up from your chair and run around the room like a kid. And imagine that you'd never have to suffer as much as a pinch of arthritis stiffness or pain ever again. I know this sounds impossible right now, but bear with me, because sometimes miracles happen. It was a gift from a woman on the other side of the world. From the kindness of her heart, she took pity on my suffering and taught me how to completely reverse my arthritis. Today, I want to do the same for you! Answered by Marchelle Karmo 1 year ago.

Minocycline has been great for me for 16 years, no side effects to speak of. But now suddenly I am very sick with pericarditis, an inflammation around the sac of the heart. And tetracyclines can cause this, So I am grieving that my wonderful minocycline may have led to this, and have no idea what to switch to, and don t want to switch to anything. I am thinking plaquanil again, I was on it for many years with no ill effects. All the biologics say leukemia and lymphoma as side effects, so no way would I ever try them. I have had this since age 24 and will be 60 in 2015. so have had it for 35 years. Take the least dangerous ones, to live a long life with RA. Answered by Kimberlee Baxtor 1 year ago.

I was diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis in 1993, at the age of 55. My rheumatologist started me on methotrexate at that time, with 3x2.5 mg tablets per week. Since that time, I've taken a total of 12,355 mg (I keep track of all the medications I take). Every three months, I have a liver panel and CBC to monitor the effects of methotrexate. I've been chronically anemic all during this time. In April 2006, I started taking Enbrel. Four years later, I suffered congestive heart failure (CHF) and stopped taking Enbrel. Enbrel really kept the arthritic pains down but CHF was thought to have been caused by it. Now I take 7x2.5 mg per week of methotrexate. I was also taking hydrocodone/acetaminophen (Vicodin) starting in 2006, to control pain, but have now stopped owing to the FDA restrictions on dispensing this medicine. My liver function is normal. I have always been able to tolerate methotrexate. Answered by Argelia Heyd 1 year ago.

Is Methotrexate Safe Answered by Frances Nutley 1 year ago.

Personally, I would say it isn't very safe. Opiates would be a lot safer. Its a shame how some doctors are so afraid of giving people pain killers that they would resort to using these poisons rather than treating your pain. I would ask your doctor to refer you to a pain specialist. Answered by Florine Disbrow 1 year ago.

I know methotrexate was a death sentence for me. I told my doctor cancer ran in my family big time. 6 months later I had nodules on my lungs, ild, ctd, and cancer. I don t even trust my doctors now because I can t get a straight answer Answered by Mathilde Duellman 1 year ago.


What is the major of chemotherapy agents in anti-cancer drugs ?
Asked by Therese Kendzierski 1 year ago.

There are many different chemotherapy agents. Different drugs work for different cancers, and they are frequently used in combination. You need to be more specific. Here is a list of chemo drugs: 13-cis-Retinoic Acid 2-CdA 2-Chlorodeoxyadenosine 5-Fluorouracil 5-FU 6-Mercaptopurine 6-MP 6-TG 6-Thioguanine Abraxane Accutane ® Actinomycin-D Adriamycin ® Adrucil ® Agrylin ® Ala-Cort ® Aldesleukin Alemtuzumab ALIMTA Alitretinoin Alkaban-AQ ® Alkeran ® All-transretinoic acid Alpha interferon Altretamine Amethopterin Amifostine Aminoglutethimide Anagrelide Anandron ® Anastrozole Arabinosylcytosine Ara-C Aranesp ® Aredia ® Arimidex ® Aromasin ® Arranon ® Arsenic trioxide Asparaginase ATRA Avastin ® Azacitidine BCG BCNU Bevacizumab Bexarotene BEXXAR ® Bicalutamide BiCNU Blenoxane ® Bleomycin Bortezomib Busulfan Busulfex ® C225 Calcium Leucovorin Campath ® Camptosar ® Camptothecin-11 Capecitabine Carac ™ Carboplatin Carmustine Carmustine wafer Casodex ® CC-5013 CCNU CDDP CeeNU Cerubidine ® Cetuximab Chlorambucil Cisplatin Citrovorum Factor Cladribine Cortisone Cosmegen ® CPT-11 Cyclophosphamide Cytadren ® Cytarabine Cytarabine liposomal Cytosar-U ® Cytoxan ® Dacarbazine Dacogen Dactinomycin Darbepoetin alfa Daunomycin Daunorubicin Daunorubicin hydrochloride Daunorubicin liposomal DaunoXome ® Decadron Decitabine Delta-Cortef ® Deltasone ® Denileukin diftitox DepoCyt ™ Dexamethasone Dexamethasone acetate Dexamethasone Sodium Phosphate Dexasone Dexrazoxane DHAD DIC Diodex Docetaxel Doxil ® Doxorubicin Doxorubicin liposomal Droxia ™ DTIC DTIC-Dome ® Duralone ® Efudex ® Eligard ™ Ellence ™ Eloxatin ™ Elspar ® Emcyt ® Epirubicin Epoetin alfa Erbitux ™ Erlotinib Erwinia L-asparaginase Estramustine Ethyol Etopophos ® Etoposide Etoposide Phosphate Eulexin ® Evista ® Exemestane Fareston ® Faslodex ® Femara ® Filgrastim Floxuridine Fludara ® Fludarabine Fluoroplex ® Fluorouracil Fluorouracil (cream) Fluoxymesterone Flutamide Folinic Acid FUDR ® Fulvestrant G-CSF Gefitinib Gemcitabine Gemtuzumab ozogamicin Gemzar ® GleevecTM Gliadel wafer (t) GM-CSF Goserelin granulocyte - colony stimulating factor (t) Granulocyte macrophage colony stimulating factor (o) Halotestin (t) Herceptin (t) Hexadrol (t) Hexalen (t) Hexamethylmelamine (t) HMM (t) Hycamtin (t) Hydrea (t) Hydrocort Acetate (t) Hydrocortisone Hydrocortisone sodium phosphate Hydrocortisone sodium succinate Hydrocortone phosphate (t) Hydroxyurea Ibritumomab Ibritumomab Tiuxetan Idamycin ® Idarubicin Ifex ® IFN-alpha Ifosfamide IL-11 IL-2 Imatinib mesylate Imidazole Carboxamide Interferon alfa Interferon Alfa-2b (PEG conjugate) (o) Interleukin - 2 (t) Interleukin-11 (o) Intron A® (interferon alfa-2b) Iressa ® Irinotecan Isotretinoin Kidrolase (t) Lanacort (t) L-asparaginase (t) LCR (o) Lenalidomide Letrozole Leucovorin Leukeran (t) Leukine (t) Leuprolide Leurocristine (o) Leustatin (t) Liposomal Ara-C (t) Liquid Pred (t) Lomustine L-PAM (o) L-Sarcolysin (o) Lupron (t) Lupron Depot ® Matulane (t) Maxidex (t) Mechlorethamine Mechlorethamine Hydrochloride Medralone (t) Medrol ® Megace (t) Megestrol Megestrol Acetate (o) Melphalan Mercaptopurine Mesna Mesnex (t) Methotrexate Methotrexate Sodium (o) Methylprednisolone Meticorten (t) Mitomycin Mitomycin-C (o) Mitoxantrone M-Prednisol (t) MTC (o) MTX (o) Mustargen (t) Mustine Mutamycin (t) Myleran (t) Mylocel (t) Mylotarg (t) Navelbine ® Nelarabine Neosar (t) Neulasta (t) Neumega (t) Neupogen ® Nexavar ® Nilandron (t) Nilutamide Nipent ® Nitrogen Mustard (o) Novaldex (t) Novantrone (t) Octreotide Octreotide acetate (o) Oncospar (t) Oncovin (t) Ontak (t) Onxal (t) Oprevelkin Orapred (t) Orasone (t) Oxaliplatin Paclitaxel Paclitaxel Protein-bound Pamidronate Panretin (t) Paraplatin (t) Pediapred (t) PEG Interferon Pegaspargase Pegfilgrastim PEG-INTRON (t) PEG-L-asparaginase PEMETREXED Pentostatin Phenylalanine Mustard (o) Platinol (t) Platinol-AQ (t) Prednisolone Prednisone Prelone (t) Procarbazine PROCRIT ® Proleukin (t) Prolifeprospan 20 with Carmustine implant (t) Purinethol ® Raloxifene Revlimid ® Rheumatrex (t) Rituxan (t) Rituximab Roferon-A® (interferon alfa-2a) Rubex (t) Rubidomycin hydrochloride (t) Sandostatin ® Sandostatin LAR (t) Sargramostim Solu-Cortef (t) Solu-Medrol (t) Sorafenib STI-571 Streptozocin SU11248 Sunitinib Sutent ® Tamoxifen Tarceva ® Targretin (t) Taxol ® Taxotere ® Temodar ® Temozolomide Teniposide TESPA (o) Thalidomide Thalomid ® TheraCys (t) Thioguanine Thioguanine Tabloid ® Thiophosphoamide (o) Thioplex (t) Thiotepa TICE ® Toposar (t) Topotecan Toremifene Tositumomab Trastuzumab Tretinoin Trexall (t) Trisenox (t) TSPA (o) VCR (o) Velban (t) Velcade ® VePesid (t) Vesanoid (t) Viadur (t) Vidaza (t) Vinblastine Vinblastine Sulfate (o) Vincasar Pfs (t) Vincristine Vinorelbine Vinorelbine tartrate (o) VLB (o) VM-26 (o) VP-16 (t) Vumon (t) Xeloda ® Zanosar (t) Zevalin TM Zinecard (t) Zoladex ® Zoledronic acid Zometa ® See? There's a lot of them. Answered by Madelaine Nassar 1 year ago.

antineoplastics, monoclonal antibodies, Answered by Justin Vanderlaan 1 year ago.

Please see the webpages for more details on Chemotherapy. Answered by Margret Simoes 1 year ago.


Can you list antidotes to the ff substances/drugs?
Anti cholinesterase (cholinergics) Cyanide Narcotics/opioid overdose Thrombolytics Iron Acetaminophen Anti depressants Methotrexate Digoxin Benzodiazepines Lead Warfarin Heparin Asked by Windy Apuzzo 1 year ago.

I believe yahoo answers should be the last resort a responsible student must consider in answering questions like this. Anyway, PEACE.... Anti cholinesterase (cholinergics) - atropine Cyanide - sodium thiosulfate Narcotics/opioid overdose - naloxone (Narcan) Thrombolytics - aminocaproic acid (Amicar) Iron - deferoxamine Acetaminophen - acetylcystein Anti depressants - phentolamine Methotrexate - leucovorin Digoxin - Digibind Benzodiazepines - flumenazil Lead - calcium EDTA Warfarin - vit. K Heparin - protamine sulfate Answered by Phylis Wichern 1 year ago.


Can someone that has had chemotherapy for colon cancer (maybe stage 3) help me...?
Someone very dear to me has just had a foot of their colon removed with a large tumor and 15 of 18 of the surrounding lymphs showed positive for cancer from the pathology report, now the suggested treatment is 6 months of chemo, 3 days in a row (port surgically implanted) every other week. I have no idea what... Asked by Felton Keovongxay 1 year ago.

Someone very dear to me has just had a foot of their colon removed with a large tumor and 15 of 18 of the surrounding lymphs showed positive for cancer from the pathology report, now the suggested treatment is 6 months of chemo, 3 days in a row (port surgically implanted) every other week. I have no idea what other kinds of treatments there are, i am just so worried about this regiment, and how hard it is going to be, has anyone gone through this that can help me? I want to know more about the subject so that i can help my loved one through this and help make sure this is the right decision on the chemo. Does chemo make you extremely ill? ANY insight will be much appreciated.... Answered by Monique Griebling 1 year ago.

I just finished chemo for stage 3 colon cancer at the end of April, and I was lucky. I never got sick, and my oncologist said there wasn't any reason anybody should with all the anti-nausea medicines that are available now. I got two different types of anti-nausea medicines during chemo, and they gave me pills to take in case I needed them for the few days after treatment (I never did). The chemo will consist of 3 different medications: oxaliplatin, leucovorin, and 5-FU (Flouracil). 5-FU has been in use since the 1950's, and has a very good success rate. Leucovorin is a vitamin that helps the 5-FU work better, and oxaliplatin (Eloxatin) is a newer drug. The chemo usually takes about 4-6 hours. She should be given at least two anti-nausea medicines during treatment. I received an anti-nausea medicine first, then a second one at the same time as the Leucovorin and oxaliplatin, then the 5-FU, then calcium and potassium, which also helped prevent nausea. The worst symptom I had from the chemo was my hands hurt if they got cold, even from drinking cold drinks (many people wear cotton gloves when they have to do things like open the refrigerator). Other people also get mouth sores, but they can give you a medicine to gargle with, or you can just use salt water. You can lose you hair on rare occasions, but it only happens in about 5% of cases, and about 25% of people have thinning hair. Mine started thinning at the very end, but only because it stopped growing, and wasn't replacing itself. Make sure your friend goes to a good cancer center. I went to the Simon Cancer Center in Indianapolis, which is one of the best (Lance Armstrong went there when he had prostate cancer, even though he lives nowhere near Indy). If you go there, I would strongly recommend my oncologist, Dr. Paul Helft. He is an ethicist, which means he believes in including the patient and his family in every stage of treatment. He spent 3 hours with me and my family the first meeting, and met with me before every treatment, which my cousin, an oncology nurse, said was unheard of. Good luck to you and your friend. Answered by Magdalene Pargman 1 year ago.

Chemo affects cells that multiply rapidly: cancer cells and cells that are lining your stomach. So that is why chemo patients often have a lack of appetite and feel like throwing up. Chemo makes the person very fatigued, lose their hair, and have altered taste buds. The best way to help get through chemo and help your dear friend is to STAY/ BE POSITIVE, be helpful by helping them with things (only if they want...some are very sensitive to the fact that they have chemo and actually need help...depends on the person, so just be careful and sensitive), and making sure that they eat and get proper nutrition, and that they take their medication on time and as prescribed. Also allowing them to talk out their problems. I don't recommend being sad along with them. Just be attentive and let them spill their guts. Also try to provide hope, and a positive atmosphere as much as you can. Thanks Answered by Derrick Giovino 1 year ago.

Chemo is important in the treatment of colon cancer. I think it is called F4. It doesn't usually cause nasea or hair loss. Without it the cancer will run riot. It will cause fatigue. Just go with it. Cancer treatments can save lives. Answered by Colton Hallin 1 year ago.

People react differently to chemo and a lot depends on what drugs they are on. Yes it can make you very ill, but so does cancer. If you really want to help them make the right decision then you really should be with them when this is discussed with their oncologist. Answered by Bruna Wooden 1 year ago.


Cancer of the pancrous?
Asked by Laree Adu 1 year ago.

The pancreas is a gland, which is located in the back of the abdomen, lying almost on the spine. It produces Insulin, the hormone that controls the blood sugar, as well as many enzymes that are needed for digestion of food. Cancer of pancreas is now the fourth most common cause of cancer-related death in United States. The 5-year relative survival rate of patients with this cancer is only 3 to 5%. Roughly 28,000 new cases are diagnosed each year in the United States. This type of cancer is found most frequently in men and African-Americans. The average age at the time of diagnosis being 65 years. Unfortunately, most patients are diagnosed in advanced stages when cure is not possible. Cause: The actual cause of pancreas cancer is unknown. However, some environmental factors, especially cigarette smoking, play a role in the development of this cancer. Signs and symptoms: Cancer of the pancreas can grow for a long time without causing any problems. Most patients are diagnosed in advanced stages and present with any of the following signs: Abdominal pain Weight loss Nausea, vomiting Jaundice, as a result of obstruction of bile ducts Anemia Back pain due to invasion of nerves Diagnosis: When suspected, CT scan or Ultrasound examination of the abdomen may establish the diagnosis. A Fine needle aspiration of the pancreas may confirm the existence of the cancer. This cancer can also be detected by an endoscopy-assisted study of the pancreas, which allows taking a biopsy at the same time. Staging: Endoscopic ultrasound is a very sensitive study that should be done to determine the depth of invasion of the cancer into the tissues around the pancreas, as well as evaluation of the local lymph glands. CT scan of abdomen, as well as bone scans, may have to be done to complete the staging workup Treatment: Surgery: Management of this disease relies on surgery in an attempt to remove most or all of the Pancreas and to reconstruct the continuity of the bowels. This is a rather difficult procedure and carries a very high risk, even in the best hands. Indications for surgery are limited to younger patients with very small size tumors. Chemotherapy: Is appropriate for patients in whom the disease is not cured with surgery. Gemcitabine, VP-16, Cisplatinum, Mitomycin, Taxol, Taxotere, 5-FU and Leucovorin are among the most commonly used drugs for Pancreas cancer. These drugs are used in combination and can have moderate to severe toxic effects. A newer drug that has now become available is Radiation: For the most part, it is used to control the symptoms of the advanced disease. Radiation at the time of surgery, referred to as intra-operative radiation, has not proven to be more effective than external radiation, which can also be combined with chemotherapy. Pattern of Spread: If left untreated, or if it fails to respond to treatment, Pancreas cancer can spread to the liver, lymph glands in the abdomen, lungs and almost anywhere else. Prognosis: In most Americans, this cancer carries a very poor prognosis, which is due to the advanced stage of the illness at the time of diagnosis, and in such cases, survival is short. The disease can be cured only if it is caught very early. Special Situations Patients with advanced pancreas cancer may develop any of the following complications. Pleural effusion Bone metastasis Paraneoplastic syndromes High calcium level Blood clots in the legs and other organs Pain: Most patients with this cancer experience substantial pain, which can be debilitating. Control of pain is central to care of patients with this illness. Neurolytic Celiac Plexus Block can control the pain in great majority of such patients. Survival: Survival of patients with this cancer depends on the type and extent of the cancer at the time of initial diagnosis. One-third of patients with early stages may be cured with surgery alone. In the majority of patients in whom cure is not possible, survival could vary from months to years, depending on the extent of cancer, overall condition of the patient, as well as response to treatment and duration of the response Follow-up After completion of treatment, and in any combination that might have taken place, the patient needs to remain under surveillance for the possibility of recurrence of cancer. Follow-up should be scheduled on a regular basis (initially every one to three months for one to two years). The frequency of follow-up will depend on the condition of the patient and his disease. In each follow-up visit, the patient is examined and, normally, a CT scan of the abdomen is obtained at intervals. Treatment of advanced or recurrent disease will depend on the stage and extent of the recurring disease. Most patients are then treated with chemotherapy using the same agents mentioned above. Radiation therapy may be helpful in managing painful or symptomatic areas to which the cancer has spread. If patients experience pain, different pain medications may be used to alleviate the pain. For patients with advanced disease, where most treatments have failed, one could consider assistance from hospice. Answered by Brandon Bogdanski 1 year ago.


The order is for Leucovorin 20mg by mouth 6 hours after administration of the cancer drug methotrexate to prev?
The order is for Leucovorin 20mg by mouth 6 hours after administration of the cancer drug methotrexate to prevent toxicity. The child weights 70lb today and is 4ft 2in tall. The safe dose for this medication is 10mg/m2 . On hand you have 5mg Leucovorin Calcium tablets. If safe, how many tablets will you give? Asked by Darren Uresti 1 year ago.

You can use the Du Bois formula for body surface area (BSA): W = Weight and H = Height BSA = 0.007184 x W^0.425 x H^0.725 W = 70lb x 0.453 = 31.7 kg H = 50" x 2.54 = 127 cm BSA = 0.007184 x 31.7^0.425 x 127^0.725 BSA = 0.007184 x 4.34 x 33.51 BSA = 1.04 (~ 1.0) Alternatively, the pediatric formula can be used: [4Wkg+7]/[90+Wkg] [(4 x 31.7) + 7]/[90 + 31.7] 133.8/121.7 = 1.1 So, we'll say for argument's sake that the child's BSA is 1.0 m^2 The safe dose is 10 mg/m^2. Therefore, the dose to give the child is 10 mg. You have 5mg tablets, so the child will get 2 tablets. Answered by Karmen Grear 1 year ago.

I don't forget myself 2 be verbally endowed, and attempt 2 apply so much 4thought 2 what comes out of my mouth prior 2 itz doing so. For this reason that occurs lovely rattling sometimes! Timothy :o) Answered by Lorrie Bennink 1 year ago.


Can toxoplasma b cured.. ?
i had abortion few mnths ago... test report showd toxoplasma positive... I had been tkin medicine fr 6 mnths bt still its positive.. Doc askd me to cntinu 4 mnths mor...I hv no child til nw... Is there ny1 who had been suffrd by this disease..??M tkin rovamycin forte... 21 days 2 tyms per day den 15 days gap... Asked by Jannet Vanleuvan 1 year ago.

i had abortion few mnths ago... test report showd toxoplasma positive... I had been tkin medicine fr 6 mnths bt still its positive.. Doc askd me to cntinu 4 mnths mor... I hv no child til nw... Is there ny1 who had been suffrd by this disease..?? M tkin rovamycin forte... 21 days 2 tyms per day den 15 days gap then again 21 days nd again 15 days gap nd so on.... lyk dis i had cmpletd 6 tyms nd its still positiv nd goin to cntinu 4 mnths mor... Answered by Eusebio Brehon 1 year ago.

Toxoplasmosis can be treated (not completely) with combinations of pyrimethamine with either trisulfapyrimidines or sulfadiazine, plus folinic acid in the form of leucovorin calcium to protect the bone marrow from the toxic effects of pyrimethamine. If this treatment causes hypersensitivity reaction, then pyrimethamine and clindamycin can be used instead. If these drugs are not available, then a combination of sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim can be used. Pregnant women and babies can be treated but Toxoplasma gondii cannot be eliminated completely. The parasites can remain within tissue cells in a less active stage (cyst) in locations difficult for the medication to get to. A drug called spiramycin is recommended during the first four months whereas sulfadizaine/pyrimethamine and folinic acid for women that have been pregnant for more than four months. PCR (a method to discover parasite DNA) is often performed on the amniotic fluid to find out if the infant is infected. If the infant is likely to be infected, then treatment is done with drugs such as sulfadizaine, pyrimethamine and folinic acid. Congenitally infected babies are treated with sulfonamide and pyrimethamine. Treatment for persons with ocular disease depends on the size of the eye lesion, the characteristics (acute or chronic) and the location of the lesion. Persons with compromised immune systems (such as AIDS patients) need to be treated until their health improves significantly. Answered by Corinne Lathrop 1 year ago.


How safe is methotrexate for rheumatoid arthritis?
Asked by Trey Browder 1 year ago.

Hi, I also take methotrexate for RA and I've been taking it for a little longer than a year now. I know when I first starting taking it, it would upset my stomach and sometimes throw up. I also got blister on my tongue. And i only started with 3 pills once a week because I have low white blood cells and Methotrexate lowers your blood count. But after a few months my body got used to it and my doctor gave me Folic Acid to help with my blood count and other side effects as well as Leucovorin Calcium. Now I'm up to 5 pills of Methotrexate and I take blood test every month to monitor my blood cells. I did have pain in every joint even my jaw but after taking this drug, i was able to move again and be myself. I'm doing very well and I even take care of my 3 year old daughter by myself but it does get hard because of all the fatigue and lack of energy. But overall I haven't experienced anything too bad from this drug and it helps me be normal as well as being able to take care of my daughter. :) But everyone is different and their bodies or condition may not be the same so its really up to you if you want to try it. I think if you do start it, maybe you should start with a few pills and see how your body reacts to it. I hope this helps you and I know how u feel but I needed to live my life and raise my kid so I just to took it :) Answered by Lilliana Craghead 1 year ago.

Hi.Well,I'm going to take a guess and say that your rheumatologist has given you a couple of other immune suppressant medications,and they didn't show much if any improvement(remission is the goal) in your RA.So,your rheumatologist has now put you on methotrexate hoping this medication(stronger immune suppressant) will get the results your doctor wants.As for how safe this specific medication is? It's basically the same as any other immune suppressant drug,and it will lower your immune system,which will make you susceptible to several contagious strains of colds,flu,etc.And,also may cause stomach upset,nausea,and ulcers.So,you should also be taking a prescribed(OTC) medication to help prevent any damage to your stomach,and also a calcium and vitamin D supplement as well.I suggest that you speak to your rheumatologist about any/all potential risks associated with this drug,and any other drug/medication you are taking for your RA.It's very important that you and your doctor both are well informed about any/all medication/s your currently taking whether it be prescription or over the counter(OTC).You should use caution when taking opiate pain killers for RA.Most times opiates don't offer much pain relief for RA,and can be habit forming over a long period of time.Best to take your doctors regime,and advice when it comes to your health.Take care. Answered by Tommy Presson 1 year ago.

Imagine for a moment your arthritis completely vanishing right now. If, in a moment, your pain and stiffness melted away. And your joints all of a sudden functioned like a well-oiled machine. Like a magic wand was waived, you'd be able to jump up from your chair and run around the room like a kid. And imagine that you'd never have to suffer as much as a pinch of arthritis stiffness or pain ever again. I know this sounds impossible right now, but bear with me, because sometimes miracles happen. It was a gift from a woman on the other side of the world. From the kindness of her heart, she took pity on my suffering and taught me how to completely reverse my arthritis. Today, I want to do the same for you! Answered by Alvaro Kilner 1 year ago.

Minocycline has been great for me for 16 years, no side effects to speak of. But now suddenly I am very sick with pericarditis, an inflammation around the sac of the heart. And tetracyclines can cause this, So I am grieving that my wonderful minocycline may have led to this, and have no idea what to switch to, and don t want to switch to anything. I am thinking plaquanil again, I was on it for many years with no ill effects. All the biologics say leukemia and lymphoma as side effects, so no way would I ever try them. I have had this since age 24 and will be 60 in 2015. so have had it for 35 years. Take the least dangerous ones, to live a long life with RA. Answered by Maire Gerstenkorn 1 year ago.

I was diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis in 1993, at the age of 55. My rheumatologist started me on methotrexate at that time, with 3x2.5 mg tablets per week. Since that time, I've taken a total of 12,355 mg (I keep track of all the medications I take). Every three months, I have a liver panel and CBC to monitor the effects of methotrexate. I've been chronically anemic all during this time. In April 2006, I started taking Enbrel. Four years later, I suffered congestive heart failure (CHF) and stopped taking Enbrel. Enbrel really kept the arthritic pains down but CHF was thought to have been caused by it. Now I take 7x2.5 mg per week of methotrexate. I was also taking hydrocodone/acetaminophen (Vicodin) starting in 2006, to control pain, but have now stopped owing to the FDA restrictions on dispensing this medicine. My liver function is normal. I have always been able to tolerate methotrexate. Answered by Dayna Shafran 1 year ago.

Is Methotrexate Safe Answered by Lucien Holan 1 year ago.

Personally, I would say it isn't very safe. Opiates would be a lot safer. Its a shame how some doctors are so afraid of giving people pain killers that they would resort to using these poisons rather than treating your pain. I would ask your doctor to refer you to a pain specialist. Answered by Camie Montgonery 1 year ago.

I know methotrexate was a death sentence for me. I told my doctor cancer ran in my family big time. 6 months later I had nodules on my lungs, ild, ctd, and cancer. I don t even trust my doctors now because I can t get a straight answer Answered by Zaida Valenstein 1 year ago.


What is the major of chemotherapy agents in anti-cancer drugs ?
Asked by Harmony Besner 1 year ago.

There are many different chemotherapy agents. Different drugs work for different cancers, and they are frequently used in combination. You need to be more specific. Here is a list of chemo drugs: 13-cis-Retinoic Acid 2-CdA 2-Chlorodeoxyadenosine 5-Fluorouracil 5-FU 6-Mercaptopurine 6-MP 6-TG 6-Thioguanine Abraxane Accutane ® Actinomycin-D Adriamycin ® Adrucil ® Agrylin ® Ala-Cort ® Aldesleukin Alemtuzumab ALIMTA Alitretinoin Alkaban-AQ ® Alkeran ® All-transretinoic acid Alpha interferon Altretamine Amethopterin Amifostine Aminoglutethimide Anagrelide Anandron ® Anastrozole Arabinosylcytosine Ara-C Aranesp ® Aredia ® Arimidex ® Aromasin ® Arranon ® Arsenic trioxide Asparaginase ATRA Avastin ® Azacitidine BCG BCNU Bevacizumab Bexarotene BEXXAR ® Bicalutamide BiCNU Blenoxane ® Bleomycin Bortezomib Busulfan Busulfex ® C225 Calcium Leucovorin Campath ® Camptosar ® Camptothecin-11 Capecitabine Carac ™ Carboplatin Carmustine Carmustine wafer Casodex ® CC-5013 CCNU CDDP CeeNU Cerubidine ® Cetuximab Chlorambucil Cisplatin Citrovorum Factor Cladribine Cortisone Cosmegen ® CPT-11 Cyclophosphamide Cytadren ® Cytarabine Cytarabine liposomal Cytosar-U ® Cytoxan ® Dacarbazine Dacogen Dactinomycin Darbepoetin alfa Daunomycin Daunorubicin Daunorubicin hydrochloride Daunorubicin liposomal DaunoXome ® Decadron Decitabine Delta-Cortef ® Deltasone ® Denileukin diftitox DepoCyt ™ Dexamethasone Dexamethasone acetate Dexamethasone Sodium Phosphate Dexasone Dexrazoxane DHAD DIC Diodex Docetaxel Doxil ® Doxorubicin Doxorubicin liposomal Droxia ™ DTIC DTIC-Dome ® Duralone ® Efudex ® Eligard ™ Ellence ™ Eloxatin ™ Elspar ® Emcyt ® Epirubicin Epoetin alfa Erbitux ™ Erlotinib Erwinia L-asparaginase Estramustine Ethyol Etopophos ® Etoposide Etoposide Phosphate Eulexin ® Evista ® Exemestane Fareston ® Faslodex ® Femara ® Filgrastim Floxuridine Fludara ® Fludarabine Fluoroplex ® Fluorouracil Fluorouracil (cream) Fluoxymesterone Flutamide Folinic Acid FUDR ® Fulvestrant G-CSF Gefitinib Gemcitabine Gemtuzumab ozogamicin Gemzar ® GleevecTM Gliadel wafer (t) GM-CSF Goserelin granulocyte - colony stimulating factor (t) Granulocyte macrophage colony stimulating factor (o) Halotestin (t) Herceptin (t) Hexadrol (t) Hexalen (t) Hexamethylmelamine (t) HMM (t) Hycamtin (t) Hydrea (t) Hydrocort Acetate (t) Hydrocortisone Hydrocortisone sodium phosphate Hydrocortisone sodium succinate Hydrocortone phosphate (t) Hydroxyurea Ibritumomab Ibritumomab Tiuxetan Idamycin ® Idarubicin Ifex ® IFN-alpha Ifosfamide IL-11 IL-2 Imatinib mesylate Imidazole Carboxamide Interferon alfa Interferon Alfa-2b (PEG conjugate) (o) Interleukin - 2 (t) Interleukin-11 (o) Intron A® (interferon alfa-2b) Iressa ® Irinotecan Isotretinoin Kidrolase (t) Lanacort (t) L-asparaginase (t) LCR (o) Lenalidomide Letrozole Leucovorin Leukeran (t) Leukine (t) Leuprolide Leurocristine (o) Leustatin (t) Liposomal Ara-C (t) Liquid Pred (t) Lomustine L-PAM (o) L-Sarcolysin (o) Lupron (t) Lupron Depot ® Matulane (t) Maxidex (t) Mechlorethamine Mechlorethamine Hydrochloride Medralone (t) Medrol ® Megace (t) Megestrol Megestrol Acetate (o) Melphalan Mercaptopurine Mesna Mesnex (t) Methotrexate Methotrexate Sodium (o) Methylprednisolone Meticorten (t) Mitomycin Mitomycin-C (o) Mitoxantrone M-Prednisol (t) MTC (o) MTX (o) Mustargen (t) Mustine Mutamycin (t) Myleran (t) Mylocel (t) Mylotarg (t) Navelbine ® Nelarabine Neosar (t) Neulasta (t) Neumega (t) Neupogen ® Nexavar ® Nilandron (t) Nilutamide Nipent ® Nitrogen Mustard (o) Novaldex (t) Novantrone (t) Octreotide Octreotide acetate (o) Oncospar (t) Oncovin (t) Ontak (t) Onxal (t) Oprevelkin Orapred (t) Orasone (t) Oxaliplatin Paclitaxel Paclitaxel Protein-bound Pamidronate Panretin (t) Paraplatin (t) Pediapred (t) PEG Interferon Pegaspargase Pegfilgrastim PEG-INTRON (t) PEG-L-asparaginase PEMETREXED Pentostatin Phenylalanine Mustard (o) Platinol (t) Platinol-AQ (t) Prednisolone Prednisone Prelone (t) Procarbazine PROCRIT ® Proleukin (t) Prolifeprospan 20 with Carmustine implant (t) Purinethol ® Raloxifene Revlimid ® Rheumatrex (t) Rituxan (t) Rituximab Roferon-A® (interferon alfa-2a) Rubex (t) Rubidomycin hydrochloride (t) Sandostatin ® Sandostatin LAR (t) Sargramostim Solu-Cortef (t) Solu-Medrol (t) Sorafenib STI-571 Streptozocin SU11248 Sunitinib Sutent ® Tamoxifen Tarceva ® Targretin (t) Taxol ® Taxotere ® Temodar ® Temozolomide Teniposide TESPA (o) Thalidomide Thalomid ® TheraCys (t) Thioguanine Thioguanine Tabloid ® Thiophosphoamide (o) Thioplex (t) Thiotepa TICE ® Toposar (t) Topotecan Toremifene Tositumomab Trastuzumab Tretinoin Trexall (t) Trisenox (t) TSPA (o) VCR (o) Velban (t) Velcade ® VePesid (t) Vesanoid (t) Viadur (t) Vidaza (t) Vinblastine Vinblastine Sulfate (o) Vincasar Pfs (t) Vincristine Vinorelbine Vinorelbine tartrate (o) VLB (o) VM-26 (o) VP-16 (t) Vumon (t) Xeloda ® Zanosar (t) Zevalin TM Zinecard (t) Zoladex ® Zoledronic acid Zometa ® See? There's a lot of them. Answered by Inger Lourenco 1 year ago.

antineoplastics, monoclonal antibodies, Answered by Geoffrey Brodsho 1 year ago.

Please see the webpages for more details on Chemotherapy. Answered by Natisha Baim 1 year ago.


Can you list antidotes to the ff substances/drugs?
Anti cholinesterase (cholinergics) Cyanide Narcotics/opioid overdose Thrombolytics Iron Acetaminophen Anti depressants Methotrexate Digoxin Benzodiazepines Lead Warfarin Heparin Asked by Frank Toulouse 1 year ago.

I believe yahoo answers should be the last resort a responsible student must consider in answering questions like this. Anyway, PEACE.... Anti cholinesterase (cholinergics) - atropine Cyanide - sodium thiosulfate Narcotics/opioid overdose - naloxone (Narcan) Thrombolytics - aminocaproic acid (Amicar) Iron - deferoxamine Acetaminophen - acetylcystein Anti depressants - phentolamine Methotrexate - leucovorin Digoxin - Digibind Benzodiazepines - flumenazil Lead - calcium EDTA Warfarin - vit. K Heparin - protamine sulfate Answered by Yanira Perun 1 year ago.


Can someone that has had chemotherapy for colon cancer (maybe stage 3) help me...?
Someone very dear to me has just had a foot of their colon removed with a large tumor and 15 of 18 of the surrounding lymphs showed positive for cancer from the pathology report, now the suggested treatment is 6 months of chemo, 3 days in a row (port surgically implanted) every other week. I have no idea what... Asked by Patricia Fortini 1 year ago.

Someone very dear to me has just had a foot of their colon removed with a large tumor and 15 of 18 of the surrounding lymphs showed positive for cancer from the pathology report, now the suggested treatment is 6 months of chemo, 3 days in a row (port surgically implanted) every other week. I have no idea what other kinds of treatments there are, i am just so worried about this regiment, and how hard it is going to be, has anyone gone through this that can help me? I want to know more about the subject so that i can help my loved one through this and help make sure this is the right decision on the chemo. Does chemo make you extremely ill? ANY insight will be much appreciated.... Answered by Alexandra Lasure 1 year ago.

I just finished chemo for stage 3 colon cancer at the end of April, and I was lucky. I never got sick, and my oncologist said there wasn't any reason anybody should with all the anti-nausea medicines that are available now. I got two different types of anti-nausea medicines during chemo, and they gave me pills to take in case I needed them for the few days after treatment (I never did). The chemo will consist of 3 different medications: oxaliplatin, leucovorin, and 5-FU (Flouracil). 5-FU has been in use since the 1950's, and has a very good success rate. Leucovorin is a vitamin that helps the 5-FU work better, and oxaliplatin (Eloxatin) is a newer drug. The chemo usually takes about 4-6 hours. She should be given at least two anti-nausea medicines during treatment. I received an anti-nausea medicine first, then a second one at the same time as the Leucovorin and oxaliplatin, then the 5-FU, then calcium and potassium, which also helped prevent nausea. The worst symptom I had from the chemo was my hands hurt if they got cold, even from drinking cold drinks (many people wear cotton gloves when they have to do things like open the refrigerator). Other people also get mouth sores, but they can give you a medicine to gargle with, or you can just use salt water. You can lose you hair on rare occasions, but it only happens in about 5% of cases, and about 25% of people have thinning hair. Mine started thinning at the very end, but only because it stopped growing, and wasn't replacing itself. Make sure your friend goes to a good cancer center. I went to the Simon Cancer Center in Indianapolis, which is one of the best (Lance Armstrong went there when he had prostate cancer, even though he lives nowhere near Indy). If you go there, I would strongly recommend my oncologist, Dr. Paul Helft. He is an ethicist, which means he believes in including the patient and his family in every stage of treatment. He spent 3 hours with me and my family the first meeting, and met with me before every treatment, which my cousin, an oncology nurse, said was unheard of. Good luck to you and your friend. Answered by Refugio Mu 1 year ago.

Chemo affects cells that multiply rapidly: cancer cells and cells that are lining your stomach. So that is why chemo patients often have a lack of appetite and feel like throwing up. Chemo makes the person very fatigued, lose their hair, and have altered taste buds. The best way to help get through chemo and help your dear friend is to STAY/ BE POSITIVE, be helpful by helping them with things (only if they want...some are very sensitive to the fact that they have chemo and actually need help...depends on the person, so just be careful and sensitive), and making sure that they eat and get proper nutrition, and that they take their medication on time and as prescribed. Also allowing them to talk out their problems. I don't recommend being sad along with them. Just be attentive and let them spill their guts. Also try to provide hope, and a positive atmosphere as much as you can. Thanks Answered by Joey Morgano 1 year ago.

Chemo is important in the treatment of colon cancer. I think it is called F4. It doesn't usually cause nasea or hair loss. Without it the cancer will run riot. It will cause fatigue. Just go with it. Cancer treatments can save lives. Answered by Dia Manetta 1 year ago.

People react differently to chemo and a lot depends on what drugs they are on. Yes it can make you very ill, but so does cancer. If you really want to help them make the right decision then you really should be with them when this is discussed with their oncologist. Answered by Lady Waskom 1 year ago.


Cancer of the pancrous?
Asked by Edythe Hatada 1 year ago.

The pancreas is a gland, which is located in the back of the abdomen, lying almost on the spine. It produces Insulin, the hormone that controls the blood sugar, as well as many enzymes that are needed for digestion of food. Cancer of pancreas is now the fourth most common cause of cancer-related death in United States. The 5-year relative survival rate of patients with this cancer is only 3 to 5%. Roughly 28,000 new cases are diagnosed each year in the United States. This type of cancer is found most frequently in men and African-Americans. The average age at the time of diagnosis being 65 years. Unfortunately, most patients are diagnosed in advanced stages when cure is not possible. Cause: The actual cause of pancreas cancer is unknown. However, some environmental factors, especially cigarette smoking, play a role in the development of this cancer. Signs and symptoms: Cancer of the pancreas can grow for a long time without causing any problems. Most patients are diagnosed in advanced stages and present with any of the following signs: Abdominal pain Weight loss Nausea, vomiting Jaundice, as a result of obstruction of bile ducts Anemia Back pain due to invasion of nerves Diagnosis: When suspected, CT scan or Ultrasound examination of the abdomen may establish the diagnosis. A Fine needle aspiration of the pancreas may confirm the existence of the cancer. This cancer can also be detected by an endoscopy-assisted study of the pancreas, which allows taking a biopsy at the same time. Staging: Endoscopic ultrasound is a very sensitive study that should be done to determine the depth of invasion of the cancer into the tissues around the pancreas, as well as evaluation of the local lymph glands. CT scan of abdomen, as well as bone scans, may have to be done to complete the staging workup Treatment: Surgery: Management of this disease relies on surgery in an attempt to remove most or all of the Pancreas and to reconstruct the continuity of the bowels. This is a rather difficult procedure and carries a very high risk, even in the best hands. Indications for surgery are limited to younger patients with very small size tumors. Chemotherapy: Is appropriate for patients in whom the disease is not cured with surgery. Gemcitabine, VP-16, Cisplatinum, Mitomycin, Taxol, Taxotere, 5-FU and Leucovorin are among the most commonly used drugs for Pancreas cancer. These drugs are used in combination and can have moderate to severe toxic effects. A newer drug that has now become available is Radiation: For the most part, it is used to control the symptoms of the advanced disease. Radiation at the time of surgery, referred to as intra-operative radiation, has not proven to be more effective than external radiation, which can also be combined with chemotherapy. Pattern of Spread: If left untreated, or if it fails to respond to treatment, Pancreas cancer can spread to the liver, lymph glands in the abdomen, lungs and almost anywhere else. Prognosis: In most Americans, this cancer carries a very poor prognosis, which is due to the advanced stage of the illness at the time of diagnosis, and in such cases, survival is short. The disease can be cured only if it is caught very early. Special Situations Patients with advanced pancreas cancer may develop any of the following complications. Pleural effusion Bone metastasis Paraneoplastic syndromes High calcium level Blood clots in the legs and other organs Pain: Most patients with this cancer experience substantial pain, which can be debilitating. Control of pain is central to care of patients with this illness. Neurolytic Celiac Plexus Block can control the pain in great majority of such patients. Survival: Survival of patients with this cancer depends on the type and extent of the cancer at the time of initial diagnosis. One-third of patients with early stages may be cured with surgery alone. In the majority of patients in whom cure is not possible, survival could vary from months to years, depending on the extent of cancer, overall condition of the patient, as well as response to treatment and duration of the response Follow-up After completion of treatment, and in any combination that might have taken place, the patient needs to remain under surveillance for the possibility of recurrence of cancer. Follow-up should be scheduled on a regular basis (initially every one to three months for one to two years). The frequency of follow-up will depend on the condition of the patient and his disease. In each follow-up visit, the patient is examined and, normally, a CT scan of the abdomen is obtained at intervals. Treatment of advanced or recurrent disease will depend on the stage and extent of the recurring disease. Most patients are then treated with chemotherapy using the same agents mentioned above. Radiation therapy may be helpful in managing painful or symptomatic areas to which the cancer has spread. If patients experience pain, different pain medications may be used to alleviate the pain. For patients with advanced disease, where most treatments have failed, one could consider assistance from hospice. Answered by Charleen Ahn 1 year ago.


The order is for Leucovorin 20mg by mouth 6 hours after administration of the cancer drug methotrexate to prev?
The order is for Leucovorin 20mg by mouth 6 hours after administration of the cancer drug methotrexate to prevent toxicity. The child weights 70lb today and is 4ft 2in tall. The safe dose for this medication is 10mg/m2 . On hand you have 5mg Leucovorin Calcium tablets. If safe, how many tablets will you give? Asked by Jordan Prestage 1 year ago.

You can use the Du Bois formula for body surface area (BSA): W = Weight and H = Height BSA = 0.007184 x W^0.425 x H^0.725 W = 70lb x 0.453 = 31.7 kg H = 50" x 2.54 = 127 cm BSA = 0.007184 x 31.7^0.425 x 127^0.725 BSA = 0.007184 x 4.34 x 33.51 BSA = 1.04 (~ 1.0) Alternatively, the pediatric formula can be used: [4Wkg+7]/[90+Wkg] [(4 x 31.7) + 7]/[90 + 31.7] 133.8/121.7 = 1.1 So, we'll say for argument's sake that the child's BSA is 1.0 m^2 The safe dose is 10 mg/m^2. Therefore, the dose to give the child is 10 mg. You have 5mg tablets, so the child will get 2 tablets. Answered by Sharita Hafford 1 year ago.

I don't forget myself 2 be verbally endowed, and attempt 2 apply so much 4thought 2 what comes out of my mouth prior 2 itz doing so. For this reason that occurs lovely rattling sometimes! Timothy :o) Answered by Patti Pheonix 1 year ago.


Can toxoplasma b cured.. ?
i had abortion few mnths ago... test report showd toxoplasma positive... I had been tkin medicine fr 6 mnths bt still its positive.. Doc askd me to cntinu 4 mnths mor...I hv no child til nw... Is there ny1 who had been suffrd by this disease..??M tkin rovamycin forte... 21 days 2 tyms per day den 15 days gap... Asked by Wesley Costella 1 year ago.

i had abortion few mnths ago... test report showd toxoplasma positive... I had been tkin medicine fr 6 mnths bt still its positive.. Doc askd me to cntinu 4 mnths mor... I hv no child til nw... Is there ny1 who had been suffrd by this disease..?? M tkin rovamycin forte... 21 days 2 tyms per day den 15 days gap then again 21 days nd again 15 days gap nd so on.... lyk dis i had cmpletd 6 tyms nd its still positiv nd goin to cntinu 4 mnths mor... Answered by Lise Kunzie 1 year ago.

Toxoplasmosis can be treated (not completely) with combinations of pyrimethamine with either trisulfapyrimidines or sulfadiazine, plus folinic acid in the form of leucovorin calcium to protect the bone marrow from the toxic effects of pyrimethamine. If this treatment causes hypersensitivity reaction, then pyrimethamine and clindamycin can be used instead. If these drugs are not available, then a combination of sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim can be used. Pregnant women and babies can be treated but Toxoplasma gondii cannot be eliminated completely. The parasites can remain within tissue cells in a less active stage (cyst) in locations difficult for the medication to get to. A drug called spiramycin is recommended during the first four months whereas sulfadizaine/pyrimethamine and folinic acid for women that have been pregnant for more than four months. PCR (a method to discover parasite DNA) is often performed on the amniotic fluid to find out if the infant is infected. If the infant is likely to be infected, then treatment is done with drugs such as sulfadizaine, pyrimethamine and folinic acid. Congenitally infected babies are treated with sulfonamide and pyrimethamine. Treatment for persons with ocular disease depends on the size of the eye lesion, the characteristics (acute or chronic) and the location of the lesion. Persons with compromised immune systems (such as AIDS patients) need to be treated until their health improves significantly. Answered by Faustino Vivier 1 year ago.


How safe is methotrexate for rheumatoid arthritis?
Asked by Nichelle Sirois 1 year ago.

Hi, I also take methotrexate for RA and I've been taking it for a little longer than a year now. I know when I first starting taking it, it would upset my stomach and sometimes throw up. I also got blister on my tongue. And i only started with 3 pills once a week because I have low white blood cells and Methotrexate lowers your blood count. But after a few months my body got used to it and my doctor gave me Folic Acid to help with my blood count and other side effects as well as Leucovorin Calcium. Now I'm up to 5 pills of Methotrexate and I take blood test every month to monitor my blood cells. I did have pain in every joint even my jaw but after taking this drug, i was able to move again and be myself. I'm doing very well and I even take care of my 3 year old daughter by myself but it does get hard because of all the fatigue and lack of energy. But overall I haven't experienced anything too bad from this drug and it helps me be normal as well as being able to take care of my daughter. :) But everyone is different and their bodies or condition may not be the same so its really up to you if you want to try it. I think if you do start it, maybe you should start with a few pills and see how your body reacts to it. I hope this helps you and I know how u feel but I needed to live my life and raise my kid so I just to took it :) Answered by Patrick Poullard 1 year ago.

Hi.Well,I'm going to take a guess and say that your rheumatologist has given you a couple of other immune suppressant medications,and they didn't show much if any improvement(remission is the goal) in your RA.So,your rheumatologist has now put you on methotrexate hoping this medication(stronger immune suppressant) will get the results your doctor wants.As for how safe this specific medication is? It's basically the same as any other immune suppressant drug,and it will lower your immune system,which will make you susceptible to several contagious strains of colds,flu,etc.And,also may cause stomach upset,nausea,and ulcers.So,you should also be taking a prescribed(OTC) medication to help prevent any damage to your stomach,and also a calcium and vitamin D supplement as well.I suggest that you speak to your rheumatologist about any/all potential risks associated with this drug,and any other drug/medication you are taking for your RA.It's very important that you and your doctor both are well informed about any/all medication/s your currently taking whether it be prescription or over the counter(OTC).You should use caution when taking opiate pain killers for RA.Most times opiates don't offer much pain relief for RA,and can be habit forming over a long period of time.Best to take your doctors regime,and advice when it comes to your health.Take care. Answered by Argelia Khamo 1 year ago.

Imagine for a moment your arthritis completely vanishing right now. If, in a moment, your pain and stiffness melted away. And your joints all of a sudden functioned like a well-oiled machine. Like a magic wand was waived, you'd be able to jump up from your chair and run around the room like a kid. And imagine that you'd never have to suffer as much as a pinch of arthritis stiffness or pain ever again. I know this sounds impossible right now, but bear with me, because sometimes miracles happen. It was a gift from a woman on the other side of the world. From the kindness of her heart, she took pity on my suffering and taught me how to completely reverse my arthritis. Today, I want to do the same for you! Answered by Kamala Miravalle 1 year ago.

Minocycline has been great for me for 16 years, no side effects to speak of. But now suddenly I am very sick with pericarditis, an inflammation around the sac of the heart. And tetracyclines can cause this, So I am grieving that my wonderful minocycline may have led to this, and have no idea what to switch to, and don t want to switch to anything. I am thinking plaquanil again, I was on it for many years with no ill effects. All the biologics say leukemia and lymphoma as side effects, so no way would I ever try them. I have had this since age 24 and will be 60 in 2015. so have had it for 35 years. Take the least dangerous ones, to live a long life with RA. Answered by Twila Swilling 1 year ago.

I was diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis in 1993, at the age of 55. My rheumatologist started me on methotrexate at that time, with 3x2.5 mg tablets per week. Since that time, I've taken a total of 12,355 mg (I keep track of all the medications I take). Every three months, I have a liver panel and CBC to monitor the effects of methotrexate. I've been chronically anemic all during this time. In April 2006, I started taking Enbrel. Four years later, I suffered congestive heart failure (CHF) and stopped taking Enbrel. Enbrel really kept the arthritic pains down but CHF was thought to have been caused by it. Now I take 7x2.5 mg per week of methotrexate. I was also taking hydrocodone/acetaminophen (Vicodin) starting in 2006, to control pain, but have now stopped owing to the FDA restrictions on dispensing this medicine. My liver function is normal. I have always been able to tolerate methotrexate. Answered by Justina Raatz 1 year ago.

Is Methotrexate Safe Answered by Mozell Kober 1 year ago.

Personally, I would say it isn't very safe. Opiates would be a lot safer. Its a shame how some doctors are so afraid of giving people pain killers that they would resort to using these poisons rather than treating your pain. I would ask your doctor to refer you to a pain specialist. Answered by Santos Vaughn 1 year ago.

I know methotrexate was a death sentence for me. I told my doctor cancer ran in my family big time. 6 months later I had nodules on my lungs, ild, ctd, and cancer. I don t even trust my doctors now because I can t get a straight answer Answered by Jon Lehman 1 year ago.


What is the major of chemotherapy agents in anti-cancer drugs ?
Asked by Bong Boecker 1 year ago.

There are many different chemotherapy agents. Different drugs work for different cancers, and they are frequently used in combination. You need to be more specific. Here is a list of chemo drugs: 13-cis-Retinoic Acid 2-CdA 2-Chlorodeoxyadenosine 5-Fluorouracil 5-FU 6-Mercaptopurine 6-MP 6-TG 6-Thioguanine Abraxane Accutane ® Actinomycin-D Adriamycin ® Adrucil ® Agrylin ® Ala-Cort ® Aldesleukin Alemtuzumab ALIMTA Alitretinoin Alkaban-AQ ® Alkeran ® All-transretinoic acid Alpha interferon Altretamine Amethopterin Amifostine Aminoglutethimide Anagrelide Anandron ® Anastrozole Arabinosylcytosine Ara-C Aranesp ® Aredia ® Arimidex ® Aromasin ® Arranon ® Arsenic trioxide Asparaginase ATRA Avastin ® Azacitidine BCG BCNU Bevacizumab Bexarotene BEXXAR ® Bicalutamide BiCNU Blenoxane ® Bleomycin Bortezomib Busulfan Busulfex ® C225 Calcium Leucovorin Campath ® Camptosar ® Camptothecin-11 Capecitabine Carac ™ Carboplatin Carmustine Carmustine wafer Casodex ® CC-5013 CCNU CDDP CeeNU Cerubidine ® Cetuximab Chlorambucil Cisplatin Citrovorum Factor Cladribine Cortisone Cosmegen ® CPT-11 Cyclophosphamide Cytadren ® Cytarabine Cytarabine liposomal Cytosar-U ® Cytoxan ® Dacarbazine Dacogen Dactinomycin Darbepoetin alfa Daunomycin Daunorubicin Daunorubicin hydrochloride Daunorubicin liposomal DaunoXome ® Decadron Decitabine Delta-Cortef ® Deltasone ® Denileukin diftitox DepoCyt ™ Dexamethasone Dexamethasone acetate Dexamethasone Sodium Phosphate Dexasone Dexrazoxane DHAD DIC Diodex Docetaxel Doxil ® Doxorubicin Doxorubicin liposomal Droxia ™ DTIC DTIC-Dome ® Duralone ® Efudex ® Eligard ™ Ellence ™ Eloxatin ™ Elspar ® Emcyt ® Epirubicin Epoetin alfa Erbitux ™ Erlotinib Erwinia L-asparaginase Estramustine Ethyol Etopophos ® Etoposide Etoposide Phosphate Eulexin ® Evista ® Exemestane Fareston ® Faslodex ® Femara ® Filgrastim Floxuridine Fludara ® Fludarabine Fluoroplex ® Fluorouracil Fluorouracil (cream) Fluoxymesterone Flutamide Folinic Acid FUDR ® Fulvestrant G-CSF Gefitinib Gemcitabine Gemtuzumab ozogamicin Gemzar ® GleevecTM Gliadel wafer (t) GM-CSF Goserelin granulocyte - colony stimulating factor (t) Granulocyte macrophage colony stimulating factor (o) Halotestin (t) Herceptin (t) Hexadrol (t) Hexalen (t) Hexamethylmelamine (t) HMM (t) Hycamtin (t) Hydrea (t) Hydrocort Acetate (t) Hydrocortisone Hydrocortisone sodium phosphate Hydrocortisone sodium succinate Hydrocortone phosphate (t) Hydroxyurea Ibritumomab Ibritumomab Tiuxetan Idamycin ® Idarubicin Ifex ® IFN-alpha Ifosfamide IL-11 IL-2 Imatinib mesylate Imidazole Carboxamide Interferon alfa Interferon Alfa-2b (PEG conjugate) (o) Interleukin - 2 (t) Interleukin-11 (o) Intron A® (interferon alfa-2b) Iressa ® Irinotecan Isotretinoin Kidrolase (t) Lanacort (t) L-asparaginase (t) LCR (o) Lenalidomide Letrozole Leucovorin Leukeran (t) Leukine (t) Leuprolide Leurocristine (o) Leustatin (t) Liposomal Ara-C (t) Liquid Pred (t) Lomustine L-PAM (o) L-Sarcolysin (o) Lupron (t) Lupron Depot ® Matulane (t) Maxidex (t) Mechlorethamine Mechlorethamine Hydrochloride Medralone (t) Medrol ® Megace (t) Megestrol Megestrol Acetate (o) Melphalan Mercaptopurine Mesna Mesnex (t) Methotrexate Methotrexate Sodium (o) Methylprednisolone Meticorten (t) Mitomycin Mitomycin-C (o) Mitoxantrone M-Prednisol (t) MTC (o) MTX (o) Mustargen (t) Mustine Mutamycin (t) Myleran (t) Mylocel (t) Mylotarg (t) Navelbine ® Nelarabine Neosar (t) Neulasta (t) Neumega (t) Neupogen ® Nexavar ® Nilandron (t) Nilutamide Nipent ® Nitrogen Mustard (o) Novaldex (t) Novantrone (t) Octreotide Octreotide acetate (o) Oncospar (t) Oncovin (t) Ontak (t) Onxal (t) Oprevelkin Orapred (t) Orasone (t) Oxaliplatin Paclitaxel Paclitaxel Protein-bound Pamidronate Panretin (t) Paraplatin (t) Pediapred (t) PEG Interferon Pegaspargase Pegfilgrastim PEG-INTRON (t) PEG-L-asparaginase PEMETREXED Pentostatin Phenylalanine Mustard (o) Platinol (t) Platinol-AQ (t) Prednisolone Prednisone Prelone (t) Procarbazine PROCRIT ® Proleukin (t) Prolifeprospan 20 with Carmustine implant (t) Purinethol ® Raloxifene Revlimid ® Rheumatrex (t) Rituxan (t) Rituximab Roferon-A® (interferon alfa-2a) Rubex (t) Rubidomycin hydrochloride (t) Sandostatin ® Sandostatin LAR (t) Sargramostim Solu-Cortef (t) Solu-Medrol (t) Sorafenib STI-571 Streptozocin SU11248 Sunitinib Sutent ® Tamoxifen Tarceva ® Targretin (t) Taxol ® Taxotere ® Temodar ® Temozolomide Teniposide TESPA (o) Thalidomide Thalomid ® TheraCys (t) Thioguanine Thioguanine Tabloid ® Thiophosphoamide (o) Thioplex (t) Thiotepa TICE ® Toposar (t) Topotecan Toremifene Tositumomab Trastuzumab Tretinoin Trexall (t) Trisenox (t) TSPA (o) VCR (o) Velban (t) Velcade ® VePesid (t) Vesanoid (t) Viadur (t) Vidaza (t) Vinblastine Vinblastine Sulfate (o) Vincasar Pfs (t) Vincristine Vinorelbine Vinorelbine tartrate (o) VLB (o) VM-26 (o) VP-16 (t) Vumon (t) Xeloda ® Zanosar (t) Zevalin TM Zinecard (t) Zoladex ® Zoledronic acid Zometa ® See? There's a lot of them. Answered by Lou Sebastian 1 year ago.

antineoplastics, monoclonal antibodies, Answered by Allie Magda 1 year ago.

Please see the webpages for more details on Chemotherapy. Answered by Jamal Mingle 1 year ago.


Can you list antidotes to the ff substances/drugs?
Anti cholinesterase (cholinergics) Cyanide Narcotics/opioid overdose Thrombolytics Iron Acetaminophen Anti depressants Methotrexate Digoxin Benzodiazepines Lead Warfarin Heparin Asked by Sheryl Lau 1 year ago.

I believe yahoo answers should be the last resort a responsible student must consider in answering questions like this. Anyway, PEACE.... Anti cholinesterase (cholinergics) - atropine Cyanide - sodium thiosulfate Narcotics/opioid overdose - naloxone (Narcan) Thrombolytics - aminocaproic acid (Amicar) Iron - deferoxamine Acetaminophen - acetylcystein Anti depressants - phentolamine Methotrexate - leucovorin Digoxin - Digibind Benzodiazepines - flumenazil Lead - calcium EDTA Warfarin - vit. K Heparin - protamine sulfate Answered by Roberto Arroyd 1 year ago.


Can someone that has had chemotherapy for colon cancer (maybe stage 3) help me...?
Someone very dear to me has just had a foot of their colon removed with a large tumor and 15 of 18 of the surrounding lymphs showed positive for cancer from the pathology report, now the suggested treatment is 6 months of chemo, 3 days in a row (port surgically implanted) every other week. I have no idea what... Asked by Fabian Singerman 1 year ago.

Someone very dear to me has just had a foot of their colon removed with a large tumor and 15 of 18 of the surrounding lymphs showed positive for cancer from the pathology report, now the suggested treatment is 6 months of chemo, 3 days in a row (port surgically implanted) every other week. I have no idea what other kinds of treatments there are, i am just so worried about this regiment, and how hard it is going to be, has anyone gone through this that can help me? I want to know more about the subject so that i can help my loved one through this and help make sure this is the right decision on the chemo. Does chemo make you extremely ill? ANY insight will be much appreciated.... Answered by Epifania Daw 1 year ago.

I just finished chemo for stage 3 colon cancer at the end of April, and I was lucky. I never got sick, and my oncologist said there wasn't any reason anybody should with all the anti-nausea medicines that are available now. I got two different types of anti-nausea medicines during chemo, and they gave me pills to take in case I needed them for the few days after treatment (I never did). The chemo will consist of 3 different medications: oxaliplatin, leucovorin, and 5-FU (Flouracil). 5-FU has been in use since the 1950's, and has a very good success rate. Leucovorin is a vitamin that helps the 5-FU work better, and oxaliplatin (Eloxatin) is a newer drug. The chemo usually takes about 4-6 hours. She should be given at least two anti-nausea medicines during treatment. I received an anti-nausea medicine first, then a second one at the same time as the Leucovorin and oxaliplatin, then the 5-FU, then calcium and potassium, which also helped prevent nausea. The worst symptom I had from the chemo was my hands hurt if they got cold, even from drinking cold drinks (many people wear cotton gloves when they have to do things like open the refrigerator). Other people also get mouth sores, but they can give you a medicine to gargle with, or you can just use salt water. You can lose you hair on rare occasions, but it only happens in about 5% of cases, and about 25% of people have thinning hair. Mine started thinning at the very end, but only because it stopped growing, and wasn't replacing itself. Make sure your friend goes to a good cancer center. I went to the Simon Cancer Center in Indianapolis, which is one of the best (Lance Armstrong went there when he had prostate cancer, even though he lives nowhere near Indy). If you go there, I would strongly recommend my oncologist, Dr. Paul Helft. He is an ethicist, which means he believes in including the patient and his family in every stage of treatment. He spent 3 hours with me and my family the first meeting, and met with me before every treatment, which my cousin, an oncology nurse, said was unheard of. Good luck to you and your friend. Answered by Janie Ashwood 1 year ago.

Chemo affects cells that multiply rapidly: cancer cells and cells that are lining your stomach. So that is why chemo patients often have a lack of appetite and feel like throwing up. Chemo makes the person very fatigued, lose their hair, and have altered taste buds. The best way to help get through chemo and help your dear friend is to STAY/ BE POSITIVE, be helpful by helping them with things (only if they want...some are very sensitive to the fact that they have chemo and actually need help...depends on the person, so just be careful and sensitive), and making sure that they eat and get proper nutrition, and that they take their medication on time and as prescribed. Also allowing them to talk out their problems. I don't recommend being sad along with them. Just be attentive and let them spill their guts. Also try to provide hope, and a positive atmosphere as much as you can. Thanks Answered by Dylan Kwiatkowski 1 year ago.

Chemo is important in the treatment of colon cancer. I think it is called F4. It doesn't usually cause nasea or hair loss. Without it the cancer will run riot. It will cause fatigue. Just go with it. Cancer treatments can save lives. Answered by Lorenzo Deckert 1 year ago.

People react differently to chemo and a lot depends on what drugs they are on. Yes it can make you very ill, but so does cancer. If you really want to help them make the right decision then you really should be with them when this is discussed with their oncologist. Answered by Sherrell Scordo 1 year ago.


Cancer of the pancrous?
Asked by Birgit Goodmon 1 year ago.

The pancreas is a gland, which is located in the back of the abdomen, lying almost on the spine. It produces Insulin, the hormone that controls the blood sugar, as well as many enzymes that are needed for digestion of food. Cancer of pancreas is now the fourth most common cause of cancer-related death in United States. The 5-year relative survival rate of patients with this cancer is only 3 to 5%. Roughly 28,000 new cases are diagnosed each year in the United States. This type of cancer is found most frequently in men and African-Americans. The average age at the time of diagnosis being 65 years. Unfortunately, most patients are diagnosed in advanced stages when cure is not possible. Cause: The actual cause of pancreas cancer is unknown. However, some environmental factors, especially cigarette smoking, play a role in the development of this cancer. Signs and symptoms: Cancer of the pancreas can grow for a long time without causing any problems. Most patients are diagnosed in advanced stages and present with any of the following signs: Abdominal pain Weight loss Nausea, vomiting Jaundice, as a result of obstruction of bile ducts Anemia Back pain due to invasion of nerves Diagnosis: When suspected, CT scan or Ultrasound examination of the abdomen may establish the diagnosis. A Fine needle aspiration of the pancreas may confirm the existence of the cancer. This cancer can also be detected by an endoscopy-assisted study of the pancreas, which allows taking a biopsy at the same time. Staging: Endoscopic ultrasound is a very sensitive study that should be done to determine the depth of invasion of the cancer into the tissues around the pancreas, as well as evaluation of the local lymph glands. CT scan of abdomen, as well as bone scans, may have to be done to complete the staging workup Treatment: Surgery: Management of this disease relies on surgery in an attempt to remove most or all of the Pancreas and to reconstruct the continuity of the bowels. This is a rather difficult procedure and carries a very high risk, even in the best hands. Indications for surgery are limited to younger patients with very small size tumors. Chemotherapy: Is appropriate for patients in whom the disease is not cured with surgery. Gemcitabine, VP-16, Cisplatinum, Mitomycin, Taxol, Taxotere, 5-FU and Leucovorin are among the most commonly used drugs for Pancreas cancer. These drugs are used in combination and can have moderate to severe toxic effects. A newer drug that has now become available is Radiation: For the most part, it is used to control the symptoms of the advanced disease. Radiation at the time of surgery, referred to as intra-operative radiation, has not proven to be more effective than external radiation, which can also be combined with chemotherapy. Pattern of Spread: If left untreated, or if it fails to respond to treatment, Pancreas cancer can spread to the liver, lymph glands in the abdomen, lungs and almost anywhere else. Prognosis: In most Americans, this cancer carries a very poor prognosis, which is due to the advanced stage of the illness at the time of diagnosis, and in such cases, survival is short. The disease can be cured only if it is caught very early. Special Situations Patients with advanced pancreas cancer may develop any of the following complications. Pleural effusion Bone metastasis Paraneoplastic syndromes High calcium level Blood clots in the legs and other organs Pain: Most patients with this cancer experience substantial pain, which can be debilitating. Control of pain is central to care of patients with this illness. Neurolytic Celiac Plexus Block can control the pain in great majority of such patients. Survival: Survival of patients with this cancer depends on the type and extent of the cancer at the time of initial diagnosis. One-third of patients with early stages may be cured with surgery alone. In the majority of patients in whom cure is not possible, survival could vary from months to years, depending on the extent of cancer, overall condition of the patient, as well as response to treatment and duration of the response Follow-up After completion of treatment, and in any combination that might have taken place, the patient needs to remain under surveillance for the possibility of recurrence of cancer. Follow-up should be scheduled on a regular basis (initially every one to three months for one to two years). The frequency of follow-up will depend on the condition of the patient and his disease. In each follow-up visit, the patient is examined and, normally, a CT scan of the abdomen is obtained at intervals. Treatment of advanced or recurrent disease will depend on the stage and extent of the recurring disease. Most patients are then treated with chemotherapy using the same agents mentioned above. Radiation therapy may be helpful in managing painful or symptomatic areas to which the cancer has spread. If patients experience pain, different pain medications may be used to alleviate the pain. For patients with advanced disease, where most treatments have failed, one could consider assistance from hospice. Answered by Junko Drape 1 year ago.


The order is for Leucovorin 20mg by mouth 6 hours after administration of the cancer drug methotrexate to prev?
The order is for Leucovorin 20mg by mouth 6 hours after administration of the cancer drug methotrexate to prevent toxicity. The child weights 70lb today and is 4ft 2in tall. The safe dose for this medication is 10mg/m2 . On hand you have 5mg Leucovorin Calcium tablets. If safe, how many tablets will you give? Asked by Raguel Piirto 1 year ago.

You can use the Du Bois formula for body surface area (BSA): W = Weight and H = Height BSA = 0.007184 x W^0.425 x H^0.725 W = 70lb x 0.453 = 31.7 kg H = 50" x 2.54 = 127 cm BSA = 0.007184 x 31.7^0.425 x 127^0.725 BSA = 0.007184 x 4.34 x 33.51 BSA = 1.04 (~ 1.0) Alternatively, the pediatric formula can be used: [4Wkg+7]/[90+Wkg] [(4 x 31.7) + 7]/[90 + 31.7] 133.8/121.7 = 1.1 So, we'll say for argument's sake that the child's BSA is 1.0 m^2 The safe dose is 10 mg/m^2. Therefore, the dose to give the child is 10 mg. You have 5mg tablets, so the child will get 2 tablets. Answered by Cheryle Poles 1 year ago.

I don't forget myself 2 be verbally endowed, and attempt 2 apply so much 4thought 2 what comes out of my mouth prior 2 itz doing so. For this reason that occurs lovely rattling sometimes! Timothy :o) Answered by Melita Camak 1 year ago.


Can toxoplasma b cured.. ?
i had abortion few mnths ago... test report showd toxoplasma positive... I had been tkin medicine fr 6 mnths bt still its positive.. Doc askd me to cntinu 4 mnths mor...I hv no child til nw... Is there ny1 who had been suffrd by this disease..??M tkin rovamycin forte... 21 days 2 tyms per day den 15 days gap... Asked by Ryan Binkowski 1 year ago.

i had abortion few mnths ago... test report showd toxoplasma positive... I had been tkin medicine fr 6 mnths bt still its positive.. Doc askd me to cntinu 4 mnths mor... I hv no child til nw... Is there ny1 who had been suffrd by this disease..?? M tkin rovamycin forte... 21 days 2 tyms per day den 15 days gap then again 21 days nd again 15 days gap nd so on.... lyk dis i had cmpletd 6 tyms nd its still positiv nd goin to cntinu 4 mnths mor... Answered by Lexie Maisonet 1 year ago.

Toxoplasmosis can be treated (not completely) with combinations of pyrimethamine with either trisulfapyrimidines or sulfadiazine, plus folinic acid in the form of leucovorin calcium to protect the bone marrow from the toxic effects of pyrimethamine. If this treatment causes hypersensitivity reaction, then pyrimethamine and clindamycin can be used instead. If these drugs are not available, then a combination of sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim can be used. Pregnant women and babies can be treated but Toxoplasma gondii cannot be eliminated completely. The parasites can remain within tissue cells in a less active stage (cyst) in locations difficult for the medication to get to. A drug called spiramycin is recommended during the first four months whereas sulfadizaine/pyrimethamine and folinic acid for women that have been pregnant for more than four months. PCR (a method to discover parasite DNA) is often performed on the amniotic fluid to find out if the infant is infected. If the infant is likely to be infected, then treatment is done with drugs such as sulfadizaine, pyrimethamine and folinic acid. Congenitally infected babies are treated with sulfonamide and pyrimethamine. Treatment for persons with ocular disease depends on the size of the eye lesion, the characteristics (acute or chronic) and the location of the lesion. Persons with compromised immune systems (such as AIDS patients) need to be treated until their health improves significantly. Answered by Stacie Bisio 1 year ago.


How safe is methotrexate for rheumatoid arthritis?
Asked by Queen Bush 1 year ago.

Hi, I also take methotrexate for RA and I've been taking it for a little longer than a year now. I know when I first starting taking it, it would upset my stomach and sometimes throw up. I also got blister on my tongue. And i only started with 3 pills once a week because I have low white blood cells and Methotrexate lowers your blood count. But after a few months my body got used to it and my doctor gave me Folic Acid to help with my blood count and other side effects as well as Leucovorin Calcium. Now I'm up to 5 pills of Methotrexate and I take blood test every month to monitor my blood cells. I did have pain in every joint even my jaw but after taking this drug, i was able to move again and be myself. I'm doing very well and I even take care of my 3 year old daughter by myself but it does get hard because of all the fatigue and lack of energy. But overall I haven't experienced anything too bad from this drug and it helps me be normal as well as being able to take care of my daughter. :) But everyone is different and their bodies or condition may not be the same so its really up to you if you want to try it. I think if you do start it, maybe you should start with a few pills and see how your body reacts to it. I hope this helps you and I know how u feel but I needed to live my life and raise my kid so I just to took it :) Answered by Jena Chilvers 1 year ago.

Hi.Well,I'm going to take a guess and say that your rheumatologist has given you a couple of other immune suppressant medications,and they didn't show much if any improvement(remission is the goal) in your RA.So,your rheumatologist has now put you on methotrexate hoping this medication(stronger immune suppressant) will get the results your doctor wants.As for how safe this specific medication is? It's basically the same as any other immune suppressant drug,and it will lower your immune system,which will make you susceptible to several contagious strains of colds,flu,etc.And,also may cause stomach upset,nausea,and ulcers.So,you should also be taking a prescribed(OTC) medication to help prevent any damage to your stomach,and also a calcium and vitamin D supplement as well.I suggest that you speak to your rheumatologist about any/all potential risks associated with this drug,and any other drug/medication you are taking for your RA.It's very important that you and your doctor both are well informed about any/all medication/s your currently taking whether it be prescription or over the counter(OTC).You should use caution when taking opiate pain killers for RA.Most times opiates don't offer much pain relief for RA,and can be habit forming over a long period of time.Best to take your doctors regime,and advice when it comes to your health.Take care. Answered by Akiko Folden 1 year ago.

Imagine for a moment your arthritis completely vanishing right now. If, in a moment, your pain and stiffness melted away. And your joints all of a sudden functioned like a well-oiled machine. Like a magic wand was waived, you'd be able to jump up from your chair and run around the room like a kid. And imagine that you'd never have to suffer as much as a pinch of arthritis stiffness or pain ever again. I know this sounds impossible right now, but bear with me, because sometimes miracles happen. It was a gift from a woman on the other side of the world. From the kindness of her heart, she took pity on my suffering and taught me how to completely reverse my arthritis. Today, I want to do the same for you! Answered by Belinda Isidore 1 year ago.

Minocycline has been great for me for 16 years, no side effects to speak of. But now suddenly I am very sick with pericarditis, an inflammation around the sac of the heart. And tetracyclines can cause this, So I am grieving that my wonderful minocycline may have led to this, and have no idea what to switch to, and don t want to switch to anything. I am thinking plaquanil again, I was on it for many years with no ill effects. All the biologics say leukemia and lymphoma as side effects, so no way would I ever try them. I have had this since age 24 and will be 60 in 2015. so have had it for 35 years. Take the least dangerous ones, to live a long life with RA. Answered by Donny Blohm 1 year ago.

I was diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis in 1993, at the age of 55. My rheumatologist started me on methotrexate at that time, with 3x2.5 mg tablets per week. Since that time, I've taken a total of 12,355 mg (I keep track of all the medications I take). Every three months, I have a liver panel and CBC to monitor the effects of methotrexate. I've been chronically anemic all during this time. In April 2006, I started taking Enbrel. Four years later, I suffered congestive heart failure (CHF) and stopped taking Enbrel. Enbrel really kept the arthritic pains down but CHF was thought to have been caused by it. Now I take 7x2.5 mg per week of methotrexate. I was also taking hydrocodone/acetaminophen (Vicodin) starting in 2006, to control pain, but have now stopped owing to the FDA restrictions on dispensing this medicine. My liver function is normal. I have always been able to tolerate methotrexate. Answered by Romona Dryer 1 year ago.

Is Methotrexate Safe Answered by Jon Trucchi 1 year ago.

Personally, I would say it isn't very safe. Opiates would be a lot safer. Its a shame how some doctors are so afraid of giving people pain killers that they would resort to using these poisons rather than treating your pain. I would ask your doctor to refer you to a pain specialist. Answered by Elnora Patriquin 1 year ago.

I know methotrexate was a death sentence for me. I told my doctor cancer ran in my family big time. 6 months later I had nodules on my lungs, ild, ctd, and cancer. I don t even trust my doctors now because I can t get a straight answer Answered by Dan Dupuy 1 year ago.


What is the major of chemotherapy agents in anti-cancer drugs ?
Asked by Walter Kobs 1 year ago.

There are many different chemotherapy agents. Different drugs work for different cancers, and they are frequently used in combination. You need to be more specific. Here is a list of chemo drugs: 13-cis-Retinoic Acid 2-CdA 2-Chlorodeoxyadenosine 5-Fluorouracil 5-FU 6-Mercaptopurine 6-MP 6-TG 6-Thioguanine Abraxane Accutane ® Actinomycin-D Adriamycin ® Adrucil ® Agrylin ® Ala-Cort ® Aldesleukin Alemtuzumab ALIMTA Alitretinoin Alkaban-AQ ® Alkeran ® All-transretinoic acid Alpha interferon Altretamine Amethopterin Amifostine Aminoglutethimide Anagrelide Anandron ® Anastrozole Arabinosylcytosine Ara-C Aranesp ® Aredia ® Arimidex ® Aromasin ® Arranon ® Arsenic trioxide Asparaginase ATRA Avastin ® Azacitidine BCG BCNU Bevacizumab Bexarotene BEXXAR ® Bicalutamide BiCNU Blenoxane ® Bleomycin Bortezomib Busulfan Busulfex ® C225 Calcium Leucovorin Campath ® Camptosar ® Camptothecin-11 Capecitabine Carac ™ Carboplatin Carmustine Carmustine wafer Casodex ® CC-5013 CCNU CDDP CeeNU Cerubidine ® Cetuximab Chlorambucil Cisplatin Citrovorum Factor Cladribine Cortisone Cosmegen ® CPT-11 Cyclophosphamide Cytadren ® Cytarabine Cytarabine liposomal Cytosar-U ® Cytoxan ® Dacarbazine Dacogen Dactinomycin Darbepoetin alfa Daunomycin Daunorubicin Daunorubicin hydrochloride Daunorubicin liposomal DaunoXome ® Decadron Decitabine Delta-Cortef ® Deltasone ® Denileukin diftitox DepoCyt ™ Dexamethasone Dexamethasone acetate Dexamethasone Sodium Phosphate Dexasone Dexrazoxane DHAD DIC Diodex Docetaxel Doxil ® Doxorubicin Doxorubicin liposomal Droxia ™ DTIC DTIC-Dome ® Duralone ® Efudex ® Eligard ™ Ellence ™ Eloxatin ™ Elspar ® Emcyt ® Epirubicin Epoetin alfa Erbitux ™ Erlotinib Erwinia L-asparaginase Estramustine Ethyol Etopophos ® Etoposide Etoposide Phosphate Eulexin ® Evista ® Exemestane Fareston ® Faslodex ® Femara ® Filgrastim Floxuridine Fludara ® Fludarabine Fluoroplex ® Fluorouracil Fluorouracil (cream) Fluoxymesterone Flutamide Folinic Acid FUDR ® Fulvestrant G-CSF Gefitinib Gemcitabine Gemtuzumab ozogamicin Gemzar ® GleevecTM Gliadel wafer (t) GM-CSF Goserelin granulocyte - colony stimulating factor (t) Granulocyte macrophage colony stimulating factor (o) Halotestin (t) Herceptin (t) Hexadrol (t) Hexalen (t) Hexamethylmelamine (t) HMM (t) Hycamtin (t) Hydrea (t) Hydrocort Acetate (t) Hydrocortisone Hydrocortisone sodium phosphate Hydrocortisone sodium succinate Hydrocortone phosphate (t) Hydroxyurea Ibritumomab Ibritumomab Tiuxetan Idamycin ® Idarubicin Ifex ® IFN-alpha Ifosfamide IL-11 IL-2 Imatinib mesylate Imidazole Carboxamide Interferon alfa Interferon Alfa-2b (PEG conjugate) (o) Interleukin - 2 (t) Interleukin-11 (o) Intron A® (interferon alfa-2b) Iressa ® Irinotecan Isotretinoin Kidrolase (t) Lanacort (t) L-asparaginase (t) LCR (o) Lenalidomide Letrozole Leucovorin Leukeran (t) Leukine (t) Leuprolide Leurocristine (o) Leustatin (t) Liposomal Ara-C (t) Liquid Pred (t) Lomustine L-PAM (o) L-Sarcolysin (o) Lupron (t) Lupron Depot ® Matulane (t) Maxidex (t) Mechlorethamine Mechlorethamine Hydrochloride Medralone (t) Medrol ® Megace (t) Megestrol Megestrol Acetate (o) Melphalan Mercaptopurine Mesna Mesnex (t) Methotrexate Methotrexate Sodium (o) Methylprednisolone Meticorten (t) Mitomycin Mitomycin-C (o) Mitoxantrone M-Prednisol (t) MTC (o) MTX (o) Mustargen (t) Mustine Mutamycin (t) Myleran (t) Mylocel (t) Mylotarg (t) Navelbine ® Nelarabine Neosar (t) Neulasta (t) Neumega (t) Neupogen ® Nexavar ® Nilandron (t) Nilutamide Nipent ® Nitrogen Mustard (o) Novaldex (t) Novantrone (t) Octreotide Octreotide acetate (o) Oncospar (t) Oncovin (t) Ontak (t) Onxal (t) Oprevelkin Orapred (t) Orasone (t) Oxaliplatin Paclitaxel Paclitaxel Protein-bound Pamidronate Panretin (t) Paraplatin (t) Pediapred (t) PEG Interferon Pegaspargase Pegfilgrastim PEG-INTRON (t) PEG-L-asparaginase PEMETREXED Pentostatin Phenylalanine Mustard (o) Platinol (t) Platinol-AQ (t) Prednisolone Prednisone Prelone (t) Procarbazine PROCRIT ® Proleukin (t) Prolifeprospan 20 with Carmustine implant (t) Purinethol ® Raloxifene Revlimid ® Rheumatrex (t) Rituxan (t) Rituximab Roferon-A® (interferon alfa-2a) Rubex (t) Rubidomycin hydrochloride (t) Sandostatin ® Sandostatin LAR (t) Sargramostim Solu-Cortef (t) Solu-Medrol (t) Sorafenib STI-571 Streptozocin SU11248 Sunitinib Sutent ® Tamoxifen Tarceva ® Targretin (t) Taxol ® Taxotere ® Temodar ® Temozolomide Teniposide TESPA (o) Thalidomide Thalomid ® TheraCys (t) Thioguanine Thioguanine Tabloid ® Thiophosphoamide (o) Thioplex (t) Thiotepa TICE ® Toposar (t) Topotecan Toremifene Tositumomab Trastuzumab Tretinoin Trexall (t) Trisenox (t) TSPA (o) VCR (o) Velban (t) Velcade ® VePesid (t) Vesanoid (t) Viadur (t) Vidaza (t) Vinblastine Vinblastine Sulfate (o) Vincasar Pfs (t) Vincristine Vinorelbine Vinorelbine tartrate (o) VLB (o) VM-26 (o) VP-16 (t) Vumon (t) Xeloda ® Zanosar (t) Zevalin TM Zinecard (t) Zoladex ® Zoledronic acid Zometa ® See? There's a lot of them. Answered by Eric Vitro 1 year ago.

antineoplastics, monoclonal antibodies, Answered by Holli Hassett 1 year ago.

Please see the webpages for more details on Chemotherapy. Answered by Cinda Henfling 1 year ago.


Can you list antidotes to the ff substances/drugs?
Anti cholinesterase (cholinergics) Cyanide Narcotics/opioid overdose Thrombolytics Iron Acetaminophen Anti depressants Methotrexate Digoxin Benzodiazepines Lead Warfarin Heparin Asked by Fred Letlow 1 year ago.

I believe yahoo answers should be the last resort a responsible student must consider in answering questions like this. Anyway, PEACE.... Anti cholinesterase (cholinergics) - atropine Cyanide - sodium thiosulfate Narcotics/opioid overdose - naloxone (Narcan) Thrombolytics - aminocaproic acid (Amicar) Iron - deferoxamine Acetaminophen - acetylcystein Anti depressants - phentolamine Methotrexate - leucovorin Digoxin - Digibind Benzodiazepines - flumenazil Lead - calcium EDTA Warfarin - vit. K Heparin - protamine sulfate Answered by Hortencia Quelette 1 year ago.


Can someone that has had chemotherapy for colon cancer (maybe stage 3) help me...?
Someone very dear to me has just had a foot of their colon removed with a large tumor and 15 of 18 of the surrounding lymphs showed positive for cancer from the pathology report, now the suggested treatment is 6 months of chemo, 3 days in a row (port surgically implanted) every other week. I have no idea what... Asked by Lina Traber 1 year ago.

Someone very dear to me has just had a foot of their colon removed with a large tumor and 15 of 18 of the surrounding lymphs showed positive for cancer from the pathology report, now the suggested treatment is 6 months of chemo, 3 days in a row (port surgically implanted) every other week. I have no idea what other kinds of treatments there are, i am just so worried about this regiment, and how hard it is going to be, has anyone gone through this that can help me? I want to know more about the subject so that i can help my loved one through this and help make sure this is the right decision on the chemo. Does chemo make you extremely ill? ANY insight will be much appreciated.... Answered by Willow Woodburn 1 year ago.

I just finished chemo for stage 3 colon cancer at the end of April, and I was lucky. I never got sick, and my oncologist said there wasn't any reason anybody should with all the anti-nausea medicines that are available now. I got two different types of anti-nausea medicines during chemo, and they gave me pills to take in case I needed them for the few days after treatment (I never did). The chemo will consist of 3 different medications: oxaliplatin, leucovorin, and 5-FU (Flouracil). 5-FU has been in use since the 1950's, and has a very good success rate. Leucovorin is a vitamin that helps the 5-FU work better, and oxaliplatin (Eloxatin) is a newer drug. The chemo usually takes about 4-6 hours. She should be given at least two anti-nausea medicines during treatment. I received an anti-nausea medicine first, then a second one at the same time as the Leucovorin and oxaliplatin, then the 5-FU, then calcium and potassium, which also helped prevent nausea. The worst symptom I had from the chemo was my hands hurt if they got cold, even from drinking cold drinks (many people wear cotton gloves when they have to do things like open the refrigerator). Other people also get mouth sores, but they can give you a medicine to gargle with, or you can just use salt water. You can lose you hair on rare occasions, but it only happens in about 5% of cases, and about 25% of people have thinning hair. Mine started thinning at the very end, but only because it stopped growing, and wasn't replacing itself. Make sure your friend goes to a good cancer center. I went to the Simon Cancer Center in Indianapolis, which is one of the best (Lance Armstrong went there when he had prostate cancer, even though he lives nowhere near Indy). If you go there, I would strongly recommend my oncologist, Dr. Paul Helft. He is an ethicist, which means he believes in including the patient and his family in every stage of treatment. He spent 3 hours with me and my family the first meeting, and met with me before every treatment, which my cousin, an oncology nurse, said was unheard of. Good luck to you and your friend. Answered by Quinton Embleton 1 year ago.

Chemo affects cells that multiply rapidly: cancer cells and cells that are lining your stomach. So that is why chemo patients often have a lack of appetite and feel like throwing up. Chemo makes the person very fatigued, lose their hair, and have altered taste buds. The best way to help get through chemo and help your dear friend is to STAY/ BE POSITIVE, be helpful by helping them with things (only if they want...some are very sensitive to the fact that they have chemo and actually need help...depends on the person, so just be careful and sensitive), and making sure that they eat and get proper nutrition, and that they take their medication on time and as prescribed. Also allowing them to talk out their problems. I don't recommend being sad along with them. Just be attentive and let them spill their guts. Also try to provide hope, and a positive atmosphere as much as you can. Thanks Answered by Dirk Klages 1 year ago.

Chemo is important in the treatment of colon cancer. I think it is called F4. It doesn't usually cause nasea or hair loss. Without it the cancer will run riot. It will cause fatigue. Just go with it. Cancer treatments can save lives. Answered by Elia Dierking 1 year ago.

People react differently to chemo and a lot depends on what drugs they are on. Yes it can make you very ill, but so does cancer. If you really want to help them make the right decision then you really should be with them when this is discussed with their oncologist. Answered by Hoyt Liebsch 1 year ago.


Cancer of the pancrous?
Asked by Leontine Bantz 1 year ago.

The pancreas is a gland, which is located in the back of the abdomen, lying almost on the spine. It produces Insulin, the hormone that controls the blood sugar, as well as many enzymes that are needed for digestion of food. Cancer of pancreas is now the fourth most common cause of cancer-related death in United States. The 5-year relative survival rate of patients with this cancer is only 3 to 5%. Roughly 28,000 new cases are diagnosed each year in the United States. This type of cancer is found most frequently in men and African-Americans. The average age at the time of diagnosis being 65 years. Unfortunately, most patients are diagnosed in advanced stages when cure is not possible. Cause: The actual cause of pancreas cancer is unknown. However, some environmental factors, especially cigarette smoking, play a role in the development of this cancer. Signs and symptoms: Cancer of the pancreas can grow for a long time without causing any problems. Most patients are diagnosed in advanced stages and present with any of the following signs: Abdominal pain Weight loss Nausea, vomiting Jaundice, as a result of obstruction of bile ducts Anemia Back pain due to invasion of nerves Diagnosis: When suspected, CT scan or Ultrasound examination of the abdomen may establish the diagnosis. A Fine needle aspiration of the pancreas may confirm the existence of the cancer. This cancer can also be detected by an endoscopy-assisted study of the pancreas, which allows taking a biopsy at the same time. Staging: Endoscopic ultrasound is a very sensitive study that should be done to determine the depth of invasion of the cancer into the tissues around the pancreas, as well as evaluation of the local lymph glands. CT scan of abdomen, as well as bone scans, may have to be done to complete the staging workup Treatment: Surgery: Management of this disease relies on surgery in an attempt to remove most or all of the Pancreas and to reconstruct the continuity of the bowels. This is a rather difficult procedure and carries a very high risk, even in the best hands. Indications for surgery are limited to younger patients with very small size tumors. Chemotherapy: Is appropriate for patients in whom the disease is not cured with surgery. Gemcitabine, VP-16, Cisplatinum, Mitomycin, Taxol, Taxotere, 5-FU and Leucovorin are among the most commonly used drugs for Pancreas cancer. These drugs are used in combination and can have moderate to severe toxic effects. A newer drug that has now become available is Radiation: For the most part, it is used to control the symptoms of the advanced disease. Radiation at the time of surgery, referred to as intra-operative radiation, has not proven to be more effective than external radiation, which can also be combined with chemotherapy. Pattern of Spread: If left untreated, or if it fails to respond to treatment, Pancreas cancer can spread to the liver, lymph glands in the abdomen, lungs and almost anywhere else. Prognosis: In most Americans, this cancer carries a very poor prognosis, which is due to the advanced stage of the illness at the time of diagnosis, and in such cases, survival is short. The disease can be cured only if it is caught very early. Special Situations Patients with advanced pancreas cancer may develop any of the following complications. Pleural effusion Bone metastasis Paraneoplastic syndromes High calcium level Blood clots in the legs and other organs Pain: Most patients with this cancer experience substantial pain, which can be debilitating. Control of pain is central to care of patients with this illness. Neurolytic Celiac Plexus Block can control the pain in great majority of such patients. Survival: Survival of patients with this cancer depends on the type and extent of the cancer at the time of initial diagnosis. One-third of patients with early stages may be cured with surgery alone. In the majority of patients in whom cure is not possible, survival could vary from months to years, depending on the extent of cancer, overall condition of the patient, as well as response to treatment and duration of the response Follow-up After completion of treatment, and in any combination that might have taken place, the patient needs to remain under surveillance for the possibility of recurrence of cancer. Follow-up should be scheduled on a regular basis (initially every one to three months for one to two years). The frequency of follow-up will depend on the condition of the patient and his disease. In each follow-up visit, the patient is examined and, normally, a CT scan of the abdomen is obtained at intervals. Treatment of advanced or recurrent disease will depend on the stage and extent of the recurring disease. Most patients are then treated with chemotherapy using the same agents mentioned above. Radiation therapy may be helpful in managing painful or symptomatic areas to which the cancer has spread. If patients experience pain, different pain medications may be used to alleviate the pain. For patients with advanced disease, where most treatments have failed, one could consider assistance from hospice. Answered by Tim Biggio 1 year ago.


The order is for Leucovorin 20mg by mouth 6 hours after administration of the cancer drug methotrexate to prev?
The order is for Leucovorin 20mg by mouth 6 hours after administration of the cancer drug methotrexate to prevent toxicity. The child weights 70lb today and is 4ft 2in tall. The safe dose for this medication is 10mg/m2 . On hand you have 5mg Leucovorin Calcium tablets. If safe, how many tablets will you give? Asked by Clora Revelli 1 year ago.

You can use the Du Bois formula for body surface area (BSA): W = Weight and H = Height BSA = 0.007184 x W^0.425 x H^0.725 W = 70lb x 0.453 = 31.7 kg H = 50" x 2.54 = 127 cm BSA = 0.007184 x 31.7^0.425 x 127^0.725 BSA = 0.007184 x 4.34 x 33.51 BSA = 1.04 (~ 1.0) Alternatively, the pediatric formula can be used: [4Wkg+7]/[90+Wkg] [(4 x 31.7) + 7]/[90 + 31.7] 133.8/121.7 = 1.1 So, we'll say for argument's sake that the child's BSA is 1.0 m^2 The safe dose is 10 mg/m^2. Therefore, the dose to give the child is 10 mg. You have 5mg tablets, so the child will get 2 tablets. Answered by Margit Jastremski 1 year ago.

I don't forget myself 2 be verbally endowed, and attempt 2 apply so much 4thought 2 what comes out of my mouth prior 2 itz doing so. For this reason that occurs lovely rattling sometimes! Timothy :o) Answered by Rhea Rouff 1 year ago.


Can toxoplasma b cured.. ?
i had abortion few mnths ago... test report showd toxoplasma positive... I had been tkin medicine fr 6 mnths bt still its positive.. Doc askd me to cntinu 4 mnths mor...I hv no child til nw... Is there ny1 who had been suffrd by this disease..??M tkin rovamycin forte... 21 days 2 tyms per day den 15 days gap... Asked by Natosha Aran 1 year ago.

i had abortion few mnths ago... test report showd toxoplasma positive... I had been tkin medicine fr 6 mnths bt still its positive.. Doc askd me to cntinu 4 mnths mor... I hv no child til nw... Is there ny1 who had been suffrd by this disease..?? M tkin rovamycin forte... 21 days 2 tyms per day den 15 days gap then again 21 days nd again 15 days gap nd so on.... lyk dis i had cmpletd 6 tyms nd its still positiv nd goin to cntinu 4 mnths mor... Answered by Karry Laube 1 year ago.

Toxoplasmosis can be treated (not completely) with combinations of pyrimethamine with either trisulfapyrimidines or sulfadiazine, plus folinic acid in the form of leucovorin calcium to protect the bone marrow from the toxic effects of pyrimethamine. If this treatment causes hypersensitivity reaction, then pyrimethamine and clindamycin can be used instead. If these drugs are not available, then a combination of sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim can be used. Pregnant women and babies can be treated but Toxoplasma gondii cannot be eliminated completely. The parasites can remain within tissue cells in a less active stage (cyst) in locations difficult for the medication to get to. A drug called spiramycin is recommended during the first four months whereas sulfadizaine/pyrimethamine and folinic acid for women that have been pregnant for more than four months. PCR (a method to discover parasite DNA) is often performed on the amniotic fluid to find out if the infant is infected. If the infant is likely to be infected, then treatment is done with drugs such as sulfadizaine, pyrimethamine and folinic acid. Congenitally infected babies are treated with sulfonamide and pyrimethamine. Treatment for persons with ocular disease depends on the size of the eye lesion, the characteristics (acute or chronic) and the location of the lesion. Persons with compromised immune systems (such as AIDS patients) need to be treated until their health improves significantly. Answered by Julissa Rion 1 year ago.


How safe is methotrexate for rheumatoid arthritis?
Asked by Katheleen Auber 1 year ago.

Hi, I also take methotrexate for RA and I've been taking it for a little longer than a year now. I know when I first starting taking it, it would upset my stomach and sometimes throw up. I also got blister on my tongue. And i only started with 3 pills once a week because I have low white blood cells and Methotrexate lowers your blood count. But after a few months my body got used to it and my doctor gave me Folic Acid to help with my blood count and other side effects as well as Leucovorin Calcium. Now I'm up to 5 pills of Methotrexate and I take blood test every month to monitor my blood cells. I did have pain in every joint even my jaw but after taking this drug, i was able to move again and be myself. I'm doing very well and I even take care of my 3 year old daughter by myself but it does get hard because of all the fatigue and lack of energy. But overall I haven't experienced anything too bad from this drug and it helps me be normal as well as being able to take care of my daughter. :) But everyone is different and their bodies or condition may not be the same so its really up to you if you want to try it. I think if you do start it, maybe you should start with a few pills and see how your body reacts to it. I hope this helps you and I know how u feel but I needed to live my life and raise my kid so I just to took it :) Answered by Augustina Houpe 1 year ago.

Hi.Well,I'm going to take a guess and say that your rheumatologist has given you a couple of other immune suppressant medications,and they didn't show much if any improvement(remission is the goal) in your RA.So,your rheumatologist has now put you on methotrexate hoping this medication(stronger immune suppressant) will get the results your doctor wants.As for how safe this specific medication is? It's basically the same as any other immune suppressant drug,and it will lower your immune system,which will make you susceptible to several contagious strains of colds,flu,etc.And,also may cause stomach upset,nausea,and ulcers.So,you should also be taking a prescribed(OTC) medication to help prevent any damage to your stomach,and also a calcium and vitamin D supplement as well.I suggest that you speak to your rheumatologist about any/all potential risks associated with this drug,and any other drug/medication you are taking for your RA.It's very important that you and your doctor both are well informed about any/all medication/s your currently taking whether it be prescription or over the counter(OTC).You should use caution when taking opiate pain killers for RA.Most times opiates don't offer much pain relief for RA,and can be habit forming over a long period of time.Best to take your doctors regime,and advice when it comes to your health.Take care. Answered by Helena Yongue 1 year ago.

Imagine for a moment your arthritis completely vanishing right now. If, in a moment, your pain and stiffness melted away. And your joints all of a sudden functioned like a well-oiled machine. Like a magic wand was waived, you'd be able to jump up from your chair and run around the room like a kid. And imagine that you'd never have to suffer as much as a pinch of arthritis stiffness or pain ever again. I know this sounds impossible right now, but bear with me, because sometimes miracles happen. It was a gift from a woman on the other side of the world. From the kindness of her heart, she took pity on my suffering and taught me how to completely reverse my arthritis. Today, I want to do the same for you! Answered by Arden Trim 1 year ago.

Minocycline has been great for me for 16 years, no side effects to speak of. But now suddenly I am very sick with pericarditis, an inflammation around the sac of the heart. And tetracyclines can cause this, So I am grieving that my wonderful minocycline may have led to this, and have no idea what to switch to, and don t want to switch to anything. I am thinking plaquanil again, I was on it for many years with no ill effects. All the biologics say leukemia and lymphoma as side effects, so no way would I ever try them. I have had this since age 24 and will be 60 in 2015. so have had it for 35 years. Take the least dangerous ones, to live a long life with RA. Answered by Carli Koon 1 year ago.

I was diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis in 1993, at the age of 55. My rheumatologist started me on methotrexate at that time, with 3x2.5 mg tablets per week. Since that time, I've taken a total of 12,355 mg (I keep track of all the medications I take). Every three months, I have a liver panel and CBC to monitor the effects of methotrexate. I've been chronically anemic all during this time. In April 2006, I started taking Enbrel. Four years later, I suffered congestive heart failure (CHF) and stopped taking Enbrel. Enbrel really kept the arthritic pains down but CHF was thought to have been caused by it. Now I take 7x2.5 mg per week of methotrexate. I was also taking hydrocodone/acetaminophen (Vicodin) starting in 2006, to control pain, but have now stopped owing to the FDA restrictions on dispensing this medicine. My liver function is normal. I have always been able to tolerate methotrexate. Answered by Melda Breunig 1 year ago.

Is Methotrexate Safe Answered by Tona Thane 1 year ago.

Personally, I would say it isn't very safe. Opiates would be a lot safer. Its a shame how some doctors are so afraid of giving people pain killers that they would resort to using these poisons rather than treating your pain. I would ask your doctor to refer you to a pain specialist. Answered by Natosha Bethell 1 year ago.

I know methotrexate was a death sentence for me. I told my doctor cancer ran in my family big time. 6 months later I had nodules on my lungs, ild, ctd, and cancer. I don t even trust my doctors now because I can t get a straight answer Answered by Judie Manser 1 year ago.


What is the major of chemotherapy agents in anti-cancer drugs ?
Asked by Aura Duley 1 year ago.

There are many different chemotherapy agents. Different drugs work for different cancers, and they are frequently used in combination. You need to be more specific. Here is a list of chemo drugs: 13-cis-Retinoic Acid 2-CdA 2-Chlorodeoxyadenosine 5-Fluorouracil 5-FU 6-Mercaptopurine 6-MP 6-TG 6-Thioguanine Abraxane Accutane ® Actinomycin-D Adriamycin ® Adrucil ® Agrylin ® Ala-Cort ® Aldesleukin Alemtuzumab ALIMTA Alitretinoin Alkaban-AQ ® Alkeran ® All-transretinoic acid Alpha interferon Altretamine Amethopterin Amifostine Aminoglutethimide Anagrelide Anandron ® Anastrozole Arabinosylcytosine Ara-C Aranesp ® Aredia ® Arimidex ® Aromasin ® Arranon ® Arsenic trioxide Asparaginase ATRA Avastin ® Azacitidine BCG BCNU Bevacizumab Bexarotene BEXXAR ® Bicalutamide BiCNU Blenoxane ® Bleomycin Bortezomib Busulfan Busulfex ® C225 Calcium Leucovorin Campath ® Camptosar ® Camptothecin-11 Capecitabine Carac ™ Carboplatin Carmustine Carmustine wafer Casodex ® CC-5013 CCNU CDDP CeeNU Cerubidine ® Cetuximab Chlorambucil Cisplatin Citrovorum Factor Cladribine Cortisone Cosmegen ® CPT-11 Cyclophosphamide Cytadren ® Cytarabine Cytarabine liposomal Cytosar-U ® Cytoxan ® Dacarbazine Dacogen Dactinomycin Darbepoetin alfa Daunomycin Daunorubicin Daunorubicin hydrochloride Daunorubicin liposomal DaunoXome ® Decadron Decitabine Delta-Cortef ® Deltasone ® Denileukin diftitox DepoCyt ™ Dexamethasone Dexamethasone acetate Dexamethasone Sodium Phosphate Dexasone Dexrazoxane DHAD DIC Diodex Docetaxel Doxil ® Doxorubicin Doxorubicin liposomal Droxia ™ DTIC DTIC-Dome ® Duralone ® Efudex ® Eligard ™ Ellence ™ Eloxatin ™ Elspar ® Emcyt ® Epirubicin Epoetin alfa Erbitux ™ Erlotinib Erwinia L-asparaginase Estramustine Ethyol Etopophos ® Etoposide Etoposide Phosphate Eulexin ® Evista ® Exemestane Fareston ® Faslodex ® Femara ® Filgrastim Floxuridine Fludara ® Fludarabine Fluoroplex ® Fluorouracil Fluorouracil (cream) Fluoxymesterone Flutamide Folinic Acid FUDR ® Fulvestrant G-CSF Gefitinib Gemcitabine Gemtuzumab ozogamicin Gemzar ® GleevecTM Gliadel wafer (t) GM-CSF Goserelin granulocyte - colony stimulating factor (t) Granulocyte macrophage colony stimulating factor (o) Halotestin (t) Herceptin (t) Hexadrol (t) Hexalen (t) Hexamethylmelamine (t) HMM (t) Hycamtin (t) Hydrea (t) Hydrocort Acetate (t) Hydrocortisone Hydrocortisone sodium phosphate Hydrocortisone sodium succinate Hydrocortone phosphate (t) Hydroxyurea Ibritumomab Ibritumomab Tiuxetan Idamycin ® Idarubicin Ifex ® IFN-alpha Ifosfamide IL-11 IL-2 Imatinib mesylate Imidazole Carboxamide Interferon alfa Interferon Alfa-2b (PEG conjugate) (o) Interleukin - 2 (t) Interleukin-11 (o) Intron A® (interferon alfa-2b) Iressa ® Irinotecan Isotretinoin Kidrolase (t) Lanacort (t) L-asparaginase (t) LCR (o) Lenalidomide Letrozole Leucovorin Leukeran (t) Leukine (t) Leuprolide Leurocristine (o) Leustatin (t) Liposomal Ara-C (t) Liquid Pred (t) Lomustine L-PAM (o) L-Sarcolysin (o) Lupron (t) Lupron Depot ® Matulane (t) Maxidex (t) Mechlorethamine Mechlorethamine Hydrochloride Medralone (t) Medrol ® Megace (t) Megestrol Megestrol Acetate (o) Melphalan Mercaptopurine Mesna Mesnex (t) Methotrexate Methotrexate Sodium (o) Methylprednisolone Meticorten (t) Mitomycin Mitomycin-C (o) Mitoxantrone M-Prednisol (t) MTC (o) MTX (o) Mustargen (t) Mustine Mutamycin (t) Myleran (t) Mylocel (t) Mylotarg (t) Navelbine ® Nelarabine Neosar (t) Neulasta (t) Neumega (t) Neupogen ® Nexavar ® Nilandron (t) Nilutamide Nipent ® Nitrogen Mustard (o) Novaldex (t) Novantrone (t) Octreotide Octreotide acetate (o) Oncospar (t) Oncovin (t) Ontak (t) Onxal (t) Oprevelkin Orapred (t) Orasone (t) Oxaliplatin Paclitaxel Paclitaxel Protein-bound Pamidronate Panretin (t) Paraplatin (t) Pediapred (t) PEG Interferon Pegaspargase Pegfilgrastim PEG-INTRON (t) PEG-L-asparaginase PEMETREXED Pentostatin Phenylalanine Mustard (o) Platinol (t) Platinol-AQ (t) Prednisolone Prednisone Prelone (t) Procarbazine PROCRIT ® Proleukin (t) Prolifeprospan 20 with Carmustine implant (t) Purinethol ® Raloxifene Revlimid ® Rheumatrex (t) Rituxan (t) Rituximab Roferon-A® (interferon alfa-2a) Rubex (t) Rubidomycin hydrochloride (t) Sandostatin ® Sandostatin LAR (t) Sargramostim Solu-Cortef (t) Solu-Medrol (t) Sorafenib STI-571 Streptozocin SU11248 Sunitinib Sutent ® Tamoxifen Tarceva ® Targretin (t) Taxol ® Taxotere ® Temodar ® Temozolomide Teniposide TESPA (o) Thalidomide Thalomid ® TheraCys (t) Thioguanine Thioguanine Tabloid ® Thiophosphoamide (o) Thioplex (t) Thiotepa TICE ® Toposar (t) Topotecan Toremifene Tositumomab Trastuzumab Tretinoin Trexall (t) Trisenox (t) TSPA (o) VCR (o) Velban (t) Velcade ® VePesid (t) Vesanoid (t) Viadur (t) Vidaza (t) Vinblastine Vinblastine Sulfate (o) Vincasar Pfs (t) Vincristine Vinorelbine Vinorelbine tartrate (o) VLB (o) VM-26 (o) VP-16 (t) Vumon (t) Xeloda ® Zanosar (t) Zevalin TM Zinecard (t) Zoladex ® Zoledronic acid Zometa ® See? There's a lot of them. Answered by Willette Reznik 1 year ago.

antineoplastics, monoclonal antibodies, Answered by Mitsue Sheen 1 year ago.

Please see the webpages for more details on Chemotherapy. Answered by Tona Crossan 1 year ago.


Can you list antidotes to the ff substances/drugs?
Anti cholinesterase (cholinergics) Cyanide Narcotics/opioid overdose Thrombolytics Iron Acetaminophen Anti depressants Methotrexate Digoxin Benzodiazepines Lead Warfarin Heparin Asked by Lee Bains 1 year ago.

I believe yahoo answers should be the last resort a responsible student must consider in answering questions like this. Anyway, PEACE.... Anti cholinesterase (cholinergics) - atropine Cyanide - sodium thiosulfate Narcotics/opioid overdose - naloxone (Narcan) Thrombolytics - aminocaproic acid (Amicar) Iron - deferoxamine Acetaminophen - acetylcystein Anti depressants - phentolamine Methotrexate - leucovorin Digoxin - Digibind Benzodiazepines - flumenazil Lead - calcium EDTA Warfarin - vit. K Heparin - protamine sulfate Answered by Emilia Harlee 1 year ago.


Can someone that has had chemotherapy for colon cancer (maybe stage 3) help me...?
Someone very dear to me has just had a foot of their colon removed with a large tumor and 15 of 18 of the surrounding lymphs showed positive for cancer from the pathology report, now the suggested treatment is 6 months of chemo, 3 days in a row (port surgically implanted) every other week. I have no idea what... Asked by Lavern Galardo 1 year ago.

Someone very dear to me has just had a foot of their colon removed with a large tumor and 15 of 18 of the surrounding lymphs showed positive for cancer from the pathology report, now the suggested treatment is 6 months of chemo, 3 days in a row (port surgically implanted) every other week. I have no idea what other kinds of treatments there are, i am just so worried about this regiment, and how hard it is going to be, has anyone gone through this that can help me? I want to know more about the subject so that i can help my loved one through this and help make sure this is the right decision on the chemo. Does chemo make you extremely ill? ANY insight will be much appreciated.... Answered by Doreatha Wilhelmy 1 year ago.

I just finished chemo for stage 3 colon cancer at the end of April, and I was lucky. I never got sick, and my oncologist said there wasn't any reason anybody should with all the anti-nausea medicines that are available now. I got two different types of anti-nausea medicines during chemo, and they gave me pills to take in case I needed them for the few days after treatment (I never did). The chemo will consist of 3 different medications: oxaliplatin, leucovorin, and 5-FU (Flouracil). 5-FU has been in use since the 1950's, and has a very good success rate. Leucovorin is a vitamin that helps the 5-FU work better, and oxaliplatin (Eloxatin) is a newer drug. The chemo usually takes about 4-6 hours. She should be given at least two anti-nausea medicines during treatment. I received an anti-nausea medicine first, then a second one at the same time as the Leucovorin and oxaliplatin, then the 5-FU, then calcium and potassium, which also helped prevent nausea. The worst symptom I had from the chemo was my hands hurt if they got cold, even from drinking cold drinks (many people wear cotton gloves when they have to do things like open the refrigerator). Other people also get mouth sores, but they can give you a medicine to gargle with, or you can just use salt water. You can lose you hair on rare occasions, but it only happens in about 5% of cases, and about 25% of people have thinning hair. Mine started thinning at the very end, but only because it stopped growing, and wasn't replacing itself. Make sure your friend goes to a good cancer center. I went to the Simon Cancer Center in Indianapolis, which is one of the best (Lance Armstrong went there when he had prostate cancer, even though he lives nowhere near Indy). If you go there, I would strongly recommend my oncologist, Dr. Paul Helft. He is an ethicist, which means he believes in including the patient and his family in every stage of treatment. He spent 3 hours with me and my family the first meeting, and met with me before every treatment, which my cousin, an oncology nurse, said was unheard of. Good luck to you and your friend. Answered by Nathanael Paulshock 1 year ago.

Chemo affects cells that multiply rapidly: cancer cells and cells that are lining your stomach. So that is why chemo patients often have a lack of appetite and feel like throwing up. Chemo makes the person very fatigued, lose their hair, and have altered taste buds. The best way to help get through chemo and help your dear friend is to STAY/ BE POSITIVE, be helpful by helping them with things (only if they want...some are very sensitive to the fact that they have chemo and actually need help...depends on the person, so just be careful and sensitive), and making sure that they eat and get proper nutrition, and that they take their medication on time and as prescribed. Also allowing them to talk out their problems. I don't recommend being sad along with them. Just be attentive and let them spill their guts. Also try to provide hope, and a positive atmosphere as much as you can. Thanks Answered by Teofila Ceasar 1 year ago.

Chemo is important in the treatment of colon cancer. I think it is called F4. It doesn't usually cause nasea or hair loss. Without it the cancer will run riot. It will cause fatigue. Just go with it. Cancer treatments can save lives. Answered by Magali Newgent 1 year ago.

People react differently to chemo and a lot depends on what drugs they are on. Yes it can make you very ill, but so does cancer. If you really want to help them make the right decision then you really should be with them when this is discussed with their oncologist. Answered by Aubrey Moreau 1 year ago.


Cancer of the pancrous?
Asked by Felica Galletti 1 year ago.

The pancreas is a gland, which is located in the back of the abdomen, lying almost on the spine. It produces Insulin, the hormone that controls the blood sugar, as well as many enzymes that are needed for digestion of food. Cancer of pancreas is now the fourth most common cause of cancer-related death in United States. The 5-year relative survival rate of patients with this cancer is only 3 to 5%. Roughly 28,000 new cases are diagnosed each year in the United States. This type of cancer is found most frequently in men and African-Americans. The average age at the time of diagnosis being 65 years. Unfortunately, most patients are diagnosed in advanced stages when cure is not possible. Cause: The actual cause of pancreas cancer is unknown. However, some environmental factors, especially cigarette smoking, play a role in the development of this cancer. Signs and symptoms: Cancer of the pancreas can grow for a long time without causing any problems. Most patients are diagnosed in advanced stages and present with any of the following signs: Abdominal pain Weight loss Nausea, vomiting Jaundice, as a result of obstruction of bile ducts Anemia Back pain due to invasion of nerves Diagnosis: When suspected, CT scan or Ultrasound examination of the abdomen may establish the diagnosis. A Fine needle aspiration of the pancreas may confirm the existence of the cancer. This cancer can also be detected by an endoscopy-assisted study of the pancreas, which allows taking a biopsy at the same time. Staging: Endoscopic ultrasound is a very sensitive study that should be done to determine the depth of invasion of the cancer into the tissues around the pancreas, as well as evaluation of the local lymph glands. CT scan of abdomen, as well as bone scans, may have to be done to complete the staging workup Treatment: Surgery: Management of this disease relies on surgery in an attempt to remove most or all of the Pancreas and to reconstruct the continuity of the bowels. This is a rather difficult procedure and carries a very high risk, even in the best hands. Indications for surgery are limited to younger patients with very small size tumors. Chemotherapy: Is appropriate for patients in whom the disease is not cured with surgery. Gemcitabine, VP-16, Cisplatinum, Mitomycin, Taxol, Taxotere, 5-FU and Leucovorin are among the most commonly used drugs for Pancreas cancer. These drugs are used in combination and can have moderate to severe toxic effects. A newer drug that has now become available is Radiation: For the most part, it is used to control the symptoms of the advanced disease. Radiation at the time of surgery, referred to as intra-operative radiation, has not proven to be more effective than external radiation, which can also be combined with chemotherapy. Pattern of Spread: If left untreated, or if it fails to respond to treatment, Pancreas cancer can spread to the liver, lymph glands in the abdomen, lungs and almost anywhere else. Prognosis: In most Americans, this cancer carries a very poor prognosis, which is due to the advanced stage of the illness at the time of diagnosis, and in such cases, survival is short. The disease can be cured only if it is caught very early. Special Situations Patients with advanced pancreas cancer may develop any of the following complications. Pleural effusion Bone metastasis Paraneoplastic syndromes High calcium level Blood clots in the legs and other organs Pain: Most patients with this cancer experience substantial pain, which can be debilitating. Control of pain is central to care of patients with this illness. Neurolytic Celiac Plexus Block can control the pain in great majority of such patients. Survival: Survival of patients with this cancer depends on the type and extent of the cancer at the time of initial diagnosis. One-third of patients with early stages may be cured with surgery alone. In the majority of patients in whom cure is not possible, survival could vary from months to years, depending on the extent of cancer, overall condition of the patient, as well as response to treatment and duration of the response Follow-up After completion of treatment, and in any combination that might have taken place, the patient needs to remain under surveillance for the possibility of recurrence of cancer. Follow-up should be scheduled on a regular basis (initially every one to three months for one to two years). The frequency of follow-up will depend on the condition of the patient and his disease. In each follow-up visit, the patient is examined and, normally, a CT scan of the abdomen is obtained at intervals. Treatment of advanced or recurrent disease will depend on the stage and extent of the recurring disease. Most patients are then treated with chemotherapy using the same agents mentioned above. Radiation therapy may be helpful in managing painful or symptomatic areas to which the cancer has spread. If patients experience pain, different pain medications may be used to alleviate the pain. For patients with advanced disease, where most treatments have failed, one could consider assistance from hospice. Answered by Jeraldine Downin 1 year ago.


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