Application Information

This drug has been submitted to the FDA under the reference 040089/001.

Names and composition

"ACETAZOLAMIDE SODIUM" is the commercial name of a drug composed of ACETAZOLAMIDE SODIUM.

Answered questions

Low sodium cause?
my docotor said my sodium level is very low.. from a blood test..she mentioned something like Hypo something... but is there and other cause? Asked by Olin Lasala 4 months ago.

* Low volume. Loss of water is accompanied by loss of sodium. o Excessive sweating o Burns o Vomiting o Diarrhea o Urinary loss + Diuretic drugs (especially thiazides) + Addison's disease + Cerebral salt-wasting syndrome + Other salt-wasting kidney diseases * Hypovolemic hyponatremia develops as sodium and free water are lost and replaced by inappropriately hypotonic fluids, such as tap water, half-normal saline, or dextrose in water. Sodium can be lost through renal or nonrenal routes. Nonrenal routes include GI losses, excessive sweating, third spacing of fluids (eg, ascites, peritonitis, pancreatitis, burns), and cerebral salt-wasting syndrome. * o Excess fluid losses (eg, vomiting, diarrhea, excessive sweating, GI fistulas or drainage tubes, pancreatitis, burns) that have been replaced primarily by hypotonic fluids o o Acute or chronic renal insufficiency, in which the patient may be unable to excrete adequate amounts of free water o o Salt-wasting nephropathy o o Cerebral salt-wasting syndrome seen in patients with traumatic brain injury, aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage, and intracranial surgery (Cerebral salt-wasting must be distinguished from SIADH because both conditions can cause hyponatremia in neurosurgical patients, and yet the pathophysiology and treatment are different.)4 o o Prolonged exercise in a hot environment, especially in patients who hydrate aggressively with hypoosmolar fluids during exertion (Severe symptomatic hyponatremia has been reported in marathon runners and in recreational hikers in the Grand Canyon.) * * Euvolemic hyponatremia implies normal sodium stores and a total body excess of free water. This occurs in patients who take in excess fluids. * o Psychogenic polydipsia, often in psychiatric patients o o Administration of hypotonic intravenous or irrigation fluids in the immediate postoperative period o o In a recent meta-analysis, administration of hypotonic maintenance intravenous fluids to hospitalized children has been associated with an increased incidence of acute hyponatremia compared with administration of isotonic maintenance fluids.5 o o Infants who may have been given inappropriate amounts of free water o o Ingestion of sodium phosphate or sodium picosulfates and magnesium citrate combination as a bowel preparation before colonoscopy or colorectal surgery6 o o SIADH * * Hypervolemic hyponatremia occurs when sodium stores increase inappropriately. * o This may result from renal causes such as acute or chronic renal failure, when dysfunctional kidneys are unable to excrete the ingested sodium load. It also may occur in response to states of decreased effective intravascular volume. o o History of hepatic cirrhosis, congestive heart failure, or nephrotic syndrome, in which patients are subject to insidious increases in total body sodium and free water stores * * Uncorrected hypothyroidism or cortisol deficiency (adrenal insufficiency, hypopituitarism) * * Consumption of large quantities of beer or use of the recreational drug MDMA (ecstasy) * * Hyponatremia can be caused by many medications. Known offenders include acetazolamide, amiloride, amphotericin, aripiprazole, atovaquone, thiazide diuretics, amiodarone, basiliximab, angiotensin II receptor blockers, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, carbamazepine, carboplatin, carvedilol, celecoxib, cyclophosphamide, clofibrate, desmopressin, donepezil, duloxetine, eplerenone, gabapentin, haloperidol, heparin, hydroxyurea, indomethacin, ketorolac, levetiracetam, loop diuretics, mirtazapine, mitoxantrone, nimodipine, oxcarbazepine, opiates, oxytocin, pimozide, propafenone, proton pump inhibitors, quetiapine, sirolimus, ticlopidine, tolterodine, vincristine, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, sulfonylureas, trazodone, tolbutamide, venlafaxine, zalcitabine, and zonisamide. list is endless...if ur doc said which ,he is right..go with it Answered by Hope Maino 4 months ago.

Have you ever mixed amphetamine with sodium bicarbonate?
From Rxlist.comAlkalinizing agents -Gastrointestinal alkalinizing agents (sodium bicarbonate, etc.) increase absorption of amphetamines. Urinary alkalinizing agents (acetazolamide, some thiazides) increase the concentration of the non-ionized species of the amphetamine molecule, thereby decreasing urinary... Asked by Rosamond Carandang 4 months ago.

From Alkalinizing agents -Gastrointestinal alkalinizing agents (sodium bicarbonate, etc.) increase absorption of amphetamines. Urinary alkalinizing agents (acetazolamide, some thiazides) increase the concentration of the non-ionized species of the amphetamine molecule, thereby decreasing urinary excretion. Both groups of agents increase blood levels and therefore potentiate the actions of amphetamines. I'm prescribed adderall xr 30mg and every so often I abuse it, and like it, and i think this little bit of information might be useful. Will you please f***ing tell me what you know about this?? Answered by Leoma Bagnaschi 4 months ago.

you're really wacking out your body and there will be a price to pay Answered by Cheryl Ajello 4 months ago.

No fireworks but you should consult your doctor about your abuse. Answered by Shalonda Williams 4 months ago.

Can the high pitched sound in my ears be caused from certain drugs i.e. phentermine?
Asked by Jay Shae 4 months ago.

That is not listed as a side effect. Possible side effects are overstimulation, headache, euphoria,, dysphoria, dizziness, insomnia, palpitations, tachycardia, increased blood pressure, dry mouth, constipation, diarrhea, unpleasant taste, impotance, altered libido It can interact with Acetazolamide, antacids sodium bicarb, ammonium chloride, insulin, MAO inhibitors caffeine. If you are taking any of those maybe that can explain the ringing. It does not mention it specifically. Call your pharmacist they would know best or your Dr however on a weekend the pharmacist would be the best. Answered by Carri Paladino 4 months ago.

Tinnitus is the medical term for "hearing" noises in your ears when there is no outside source of the sounds. However, tinnitus can be a symptom of almost any ear problem, including ear infections, foreign objects or wax in the ear, and injury from loud noises. Alcohol, caffeine, antibiotics, aspirin, or other drugs can also cause ear noises. Tinnitus may occur with hearing loss. Occasionally, it is a sign of high blood pressure, an allergy, or anemia. Rarely, tinnitus is a sign of a serious problem like a tumor or aneurysm. I have not seen phentermine cited as one of these drugs, but that does not exclude it. If the problem persists, you should, of course, see your physician. Answered by Coralee Lagan 4 months ago.

Yes it can. And although I don't want to scare you .. that can signal the beginning or continuation of hearing loss. No, I am not joking. I'd stop taking the stuff if you think the ringing started with it. Good Luck! :) P.S. If you haven't had your hearing checked in a long time .. set up an appt. with a professional audiologist .. is should be covered by your insurance. :) Answered by Sybil Prevatte 4 months ago.

This medications causes many side effects, but that high pitched is not one of them. But they do say that if you notice any other side effects not listed, to consult your physician just in case. So call him or her and advise the Doctor of this.Feel better.... Answered by Hettie Cahan 4 months ago.

Yes or from excess wax. Time to see a doctor before you may have permanent problems. Answered by Kasie Lemoine 4 months ago.

Unm, I will just say that some drugs can cause what is called oto-toxicity, yes.--to your answer Answered by Lou Durell 4 months ago.

Vestibular migraines?
hey...can anyone give me an info on this? are these constant migraines and do they ever go away? because my symptoms have been going on for three months... how and can they go away with time or weather changes? any info would be great? Asked by Cristine Mleczko 4 months ago.

Vestibular Migraine Migraine headache is one of the more common neurological conditions. In fact it is so common that some people don’t even consider it a disease, but rather a normal variant of the human condition. Although the word migraine conjures up the image of extremely painful headaches, migraine often involves much more than headache. In fact, at times the headache may be minor, or may not even exist. Many people who experience migraine are familiar with visual aura when, just before the headache, one sees flickering light spots sometimes with dark holes inside or zigzagged light flashes like lightening. These visual phenomenon tend to appear about 15 minutes before the headache. Classic Symptoms of Migraine Severe throbbing headache on one side of the head Nausea and vomiting Extreme sensitivity to light and noise The need to go to a dark, quiet room to sleep While these symptoms may seem common to migraine sufferers, many people don’t realize there is also an association between migraine and the inner ear and brain mechanisms that influence hearing and balance. Vestibular Symptoms Vertigo Imbalance Dizziness nsteadiness Extreme sensitivity to motion Hearing Symptoms Muffled hearing Ear fullness Tinnitus or ringing in the ear The hearing symptoms are associated with Otic Migraine, from the word meaning ear, and often occur without headaches. The cause of migraine headaches probably relates to both abnormal discharges in cells within the brain and to the constriction of the walls of the blood vessels in and around the brain. Although we don’t completely understand the causes of migraine, we know that it can be provoked or made worse by a number of factors, including: Hypoglycemia (low blood sugar) Stress and altered sleep patterns Diet Chocolate, red wine Coffee, sodas with caffeine Cheeses, Monosodium glutamate (MSG) Factors Related to Migraine Women are more likely to get migraines than men Symptoms are often worse around menstruation Family history – migraines have a strong tendency to run in families We now recognize that there are many variations of migraine and some produce symptoms associated with inner ear balance and mechanisms. We also know that symptoms of migraines can appear independently of headaches. For example, just as some patients can experience a visual aura without the headache, some patients can have balance and hearing issues without the headache. In some cases, patient may have headaches in the remote past, commonly in teenage and young adult years, and now – while having outgrown the headaches – still continues to have some of the other symptoms related to migraine. While some patients do have headaches, either before or after the vestibular symptoms, many may only have an occasional migraine headache and they may never occur at the same time as their vestibular symptoms. In fact, in the majority of patients who have vestibular migraine, the vestibular symptoms and headaches do not occur at the same time. This is why the onset of dizziness by itself makes a correct diagnosis difficult. Establishing a correct diagnosis requires excluding other conditions that can cause similar symptoms, such as: Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV) Ménierès Disease (also called hydrops) Transient Ischemic Attacks (TIAs) or small strokes Fluid leaks in the inner ear Vestibular nerve irritation Vestibular migraine is treated similarly to other types of migraine. For attacks of dizziness that include nausea, we use drugs such as meclizine to provide relief of symptoms If prevents are incapacitating or frequent, we use medications to prevent the attacks, including: Beta-blocking agents Calcium channel blockers Tricyclic antidepressants Serotonergic agents (SSRIs) Gabapentin or Neurontin Clonazepam or Klonapin Acetazolamide or Diamox Sodium valproate or Depakote Topiramate or Topamax Oxycarbazapine or Trileptal Your doctor is the best person to guide you through the use of these medications. We also rely on more natural preventative treatments, such as: Avoiding particular foods that might trigger migraines, such as chocolate, red wind, chesses, caffeine and monosodium glutamite (MSG). Exercise Stress management When migraines are associated with menstrual periods, taking a water pill or diuretic and restricting salt intake around the time of menstruation may help. As with all chronic or unpredictable vestibular disorders, attention to the psychological consequences of the disorder is necessary with appropriate medications and consultations. For almost all patients, the proper combination of diet, exercise and drug treatment (if necessary) will lead to good relief of symptoms and return of a normal lifestyle Answered by Tia Willow 4 months ago.

My mother has vertigo, and she also has very bad migraines. Vertigo makes you dizzy and blurrs your vision to the point where, sometimes, you cannot get out of bed. Sometimes vertigo is caused by an inballance of the liquid in your ears which causes dizziness. Go to a local pharmacy and ask them for a pill that you can take to balance the fluid. Answered by Kattie Seratt 4 months ago.

Why do mental health experts insist on hiding a patients illness behind meds?
Before taking Adderall, tell your doctor if you are using any of the following drugs: * blood pressure medications; * a diuretic (water pill); * cold or allergy medicines (antihistamines); * acetazolamide (Diamox); * chlorpromazine (Thorazine); * ... Asked by Alyssa Smitherman 4 months ago.

Adderall side effects Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficulty breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat. * fast, pounding, or uneven heartbeats; * feeling light-headed, fainting; * increased blood pressure (severe headache, blurred vision, trouble concentrating, chest pain, numbness, seizure); or * tremor, restlessness, hallucinations, unusual behavior, or motor tics (muscle twitches). Less serious side effects may include: * headache or dizziness; * sleep problems (insomnia); * dry mouth or an unpleasant taste in your mouth; * diarrhea, constipation; * loss of appetite, weight loss; or * loss of interest in sex, impotence, or difficulty having an orgasm. Answered by Phillip Rickerl 4 months ago.

Do not use this medication if you are allergic to amphetamine and dextroamphetamine or if you have: * heart disease or moderate to severe high blood pressure (hypertension); * arteriosclerosis (hardening of the arteries); * overactive thyroid; * glaucoma; * >> severe anxiety, tension, or agitation<< or * if you have a history of drug or alcohol addiction. Answered by Rita Vanwieren 4 months ago.

Before using Adderall, tell your doctor if you are allergic to any drugs, or if you have: * a congenital heart defect; * high blood pressure; * heart failure, heart rhythm disorder, or recent heart attack; >> a personal or family history of mental illness, psychotic disorder, bipolar illness, depression, or suicide attempt<< epilepsy or other seizure disorder; or * tics (muscle twitches) or Tourette's syndrome. Answered by Sharell Shutte 4 months ago.

Before taking Adderall, tell your doctor if you are using any of the following drugs: * blood pressure medications; * a diuretic (water pill); * cold or allergy medicines (antihistamines); * acetazolamide (Diamox); * chlorpromazine (Thorazine); * ethosuximide (Zarontin); * guanethidine (Ismelin); * haloperidol (Haldol); * lithium (Eskalith, Lithobid); * methenamine (Hiprex, Mandelamine, Urex); * phenytoin (Dilantin), phenobarbital (Luminal, Solfoton); * propoxyphene (Darvon, Darvocet); * reserpine; * sodium bicarbonate (Alka-Seltzer); or * antidepressants such as amitriptyline (Elavil), amoxapine (Ascendin), clomipramine (Anafranil), desipramine (Norpramin), imipramine (Tofranil), or nortriptyline (Pamelor). Answered by Roxann Darakjy 4 months ago.

You are right. Psychiatric drugs are very dangerous, and "chemical imbalance" is a fraud. Psychiatrists claim that a person “needs” a drug to combat their “chemical imbalance” in the brain which is causing a person's “mental disorder”. However, the concept that a brain-based, chemical imbalance underlies mental illness is false. While popularized by heavy public marketing, it is simply psychiatric wishful thinking. As with all of psychiatry's disease models, it has been thoroughly discredited by researchers. Diabetes is a biochemical imbalance. However, as Harvard psychiatrist Joseph Glenmullen states, “the definitive test and biochemical imbalance is a high blood sugar balance level. Treatment in severe cases is insulin injections, which restore sugar balance. The symptoms clear and retest shows the blood sugar is normal. Nothing like a sodium imbalance or blood sugar imbalance exists for depression or any other psychiatric syndrome.” In 1996, psychiatrist David Kaiser said, “...modern psychiatry has yet to convincingly prove the genetic/biologic cause of any single mental illness...Patients [have] been diagnosed with ‘chemical imbalances’ despite the fact that no test exists to support such a claim, and...there is no real conception of what a correct chemical balance would look like.” Answered by Fausto Petroski 4 months ago.

While some doctors may not fully understand a persons symptoms and quickly recommend a medication for treatment, they are not trying to hide anything. In fact, by treating a mental illness with a medication they are clearly indicating the presence of an illness and the need for psychotropic medication. Often times, a persons chemical imbalance prevents them from being able to see clearly and any other treatment would be useless. Once the medication has returned the brain to it's chemical balance, other treatment options can be considered. Answered by Hattie Feraco 4 months ago.

Mental disorders are chemical imbalances in the brain. Depending on the medication prescribed, it helps to levels out the chemicals that brain would normally produced on it's own. Experts don't hide the illness. They treat the illness with the necessary formulas of medications over a period of time and therapy is usually also recommended with the use of mental health medications. The eye doctor insists on contacts or glasses with bad eyesight and the physician insists on antibiotics for infections. Mental health is no different and in many cases it is inherited. Answered by Tova Poulton 4 months ago.

It's not hiding an illness, it is treating it. Many mental illnesses are caused by chemical imbalances in the brain and are best dealt with with medication. Therapy is also a recommended treatment for mental illness, it really helps having an unbiased individual to talk to. Answered by Lanie Mutart 4 months ago.

Modern Western psychiatry is quite young compared to ancient wisdom healing traditions and ignores the spiritual and energetic aspects of the human journey. There is always some spiritual element to issues that psychiatry generally labels as 'psychopathology'. 'Transpersonal counselling' and 'energy work' are just two areas of therapy where an holistic perspective combines with new understandings from quantum physics. Answered by Cecil Bushovisky 4 months ago.

Actually, alot of the time the medication is in the person's head. Only think it's working because it's what a doctor gave them. They've been doing this for so long now and truthfully, it works. Answered by Ninfa Gazitano 4 months ago.

not all people have side effects from drugs. ANd most mental health experts recommend other forms of treatment besides drugs or in combination of drugs. Answered by Jermaine Billeaudeau 4 months ago.

to help the person with the illness have easier coping with the outside world instead of being treated any different from anyone else Answered by Sasha Stred 4 months ago.

Because its unsafe to the patient and others to not be medicated with mental disorders. Answered by Neida Pottkotter 4 months ago.

To recover faster! Answered by Euna Levere 4 months ago.

Bipolar and meds combo?
What other meds combos are apart from old stand by lithium? Asked by Verda Titzer 4 months ago.

you don't need combos for bipolar disorder because if you have doesn't work, the dosage can be upped and it'll end up working. Lithium is pretty dangerous considering most medications can affect you and make the lithium not work... * acetazolamide (Diamox); * aminophylline (Truphylline) or theophylline (Elixophyllin, Respbid, Theo-Bid, Theo-Dur, Uniphyl); * sodium bicarbonate (Alka-Seltzer, Bicitra, Polycitra, or baking soda home remedy antacid); * carbamazepine (Carbatrol, Tegretol); * fluoxetine (Prozac); * metronidazole (Flagyl); * potassium iodide thyroid medication (Pima); * an ACE inhibitor such as benazepril (Lotensin), captopril (Capoten), fosinopril (Monopril), enalapril (Vasotec), lisinopril (Prinivil, Zestril), moexipril (Univasc), perindopril (Aceon), quinapril (Accupril), ramipril (Altace), or trandolapril (Mavik); * a calcium channel blocker such as diltiazem (Tiazac, Cartia, Cardizem) or verapamil (Calan, Covera, Isoptin, Verelan); * a diuretic (water pill) such as amiloride (Midamor, Moduretic), bumetanide (Bumex), chlorthalidone (Hygroton, Thalitone), ethacrynic acid (Edecrin), furosemide (Lasix), hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ, HydroDiuril, Hyzaar, Vasoretic,Zestoretic), indapamide (Lozol), metolazone (Mykrox, Zaroxolyn), spironolactone (Aldactazide, Aldactone), triamterene (Dyrenium, Maxzide, Dyazide), torsemide (Demadex), and others; * medicines to treat psychiatric disorders, such as haloperidol (Haldol), aripiprazole (Abilify), chlorpromazine (Thorazine), clozapine (Clozaril, Fazaclo), olanzapine (Zyprexa), quetiapine (Seroquel), pimozide (Orap), risperidone (Risperdal), or ziprasidone (Geodon); or * celecoxib (Celebrex) or an NSAID (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) such as ibuprofen (Motrin, Advil), naproxen (Aleve, Naprosyn), diclofenac (Voltaren), diflunisal (Dolobid), etodolac (Lodine), flurbiprofen (Ansaid), indomethacin (Indocin), ketoprofen (Orudis), ketorolac (Toradol), mefenamic acid (Ponstel), meloxicam (Mobic), nabumetone (Relafen), piroxicam (Feldene), and others. that's all that you couldn't take with Lithium. plus, it's recommended to have your blood drawn every so often while on it. and it causes weight gain....yeah, not good. BUT. Lamictal is probably the newest drug on the market for BP. i take it and have been for 2 years now since i was diagnosed with type II bipolar's a 5 week process, but it's worth the wait. i think it's a miracle drug and doesn't cause all the side effects other drugs have. in rare cases a body rash can happen, to some people. but even with that, it's not even life threatening. i've only had to up my dosage from 100mg [stayed at that for a year and a half] to 150mg. and now...after my struggles with BP for all of high school...i'm a senior and happy 85% of the time. to the point where people wouldn't even figure somethings wrong with me. so my to your doc about switching Lamictal. it doesn't cause weight gain. in my experience, along with my adderall i lost the 30 pounds i gained when i was depressed. back at 160 at 6'2'. research the drug...really it's probably the best. i asked my psych why he didn't put me on lithium, and told me that even though lithium is the most popular drug, he's found in that nearly 2/3 of his bipolar patients of his patients [who was put on that at first or other mood stabilizers didn't work] since the drug came out has worked very well for them. Answered by Burma Woyahn 4 months ago.

Lithium, is by far the best for True Bipolar. You must get your blood tests regular to check your lithium levels, but it is known to work the best. My son took this for many years and he did the best on it. He now refuses and his life is a mess because of it. Answered by Leanne Sesler 4 months ago.

For mood stabilizers, there is Depakote, Topamax, Lamitcal, Abilify... There are more, can't think of them all. Anti-depressants, Prozac, Zoloft, Effexor, Wellbutrin, Cymbalta, Lexapro, etc etc. There are also mixes like Symbyax, which is Prozac with and antipsychotic. There are a whole bunch of things... Answered by Timothy Levites 4 months ago.

There are more choice's in bi-polar meds now, like, depecote, seroquel, limictal, closeril and a host of others, only your health care provider can accurately know which combinations are safe and effective for you, the best to you, Mercee. Answered by Brynn Sinegal 4 months ago.

Oh damn, please ask a doctor or pharmacist on this one. Do not trust Yahoo Answers, or anyone online for that matter, on this question. It's a really bad idea to mix similar medications, usually. Answered by Kenton Stigger 4 months ago.

i take a whole bevy of medication- lithium, lamictal, paxil and wellbutrin........some sleepers if needed.....usually trazadone....... Answered by Lori Cammarano 4 months ago.

How do seizure medications work?
like neurochemically, neuroanatomically, etc.. Asked by Lewis Raymer 4 months ago.

Zonisamide is used in combination with other medications to treat seizures in adults with epilepsy. Zonisamide is in a class of medications called anticonvulsants. It works by decreasing abnormal excitement in the brain. Zonisamide controls epilepsy but does not cure it. The exact mechanism of action is not known for zonisamide. According to Leppik, while zonisamide may be a carbonic anhydrase inhibitor like acetazolamide, this is not one of the primary mechanisms of action, which might be blocking repetitive firing of voltage-gated sodium channels and reduction of T-type calcium channel currents, or by binding allosterically to GABA receptors like the benzodiazepines and muscimol, or increasing the levels of the glutamate transport protein in the brain while decreasing the amount of GABA transport protein, in other words, inhibiting the uptake of the inhibitory neurotransmitter GABA while enhancing the uptake of the excitatory neurotransmitter glutamate. Lamotrigine is used to treat certain types of seizures in patients who have epilepsy or Lennox-Gastaut syndrome (a disorder that causes seizures and often causes developmental delays). Lamotrigine is also used to increase the time between episodes of depression, mania (frenzied or abnormally excited mood), and other abnormal moods in patients with bipolar I disorder (manic-depressive disorder; a disease that causes episodes of depression, episodes of mania, and other abnormal moods). Lamotrigine has not been shown to be effective when people experience the actual episodes of depression or mania, so other medications must be used to help people recover from these episodes. Lamotrigine is in a class of medications called anticonvulsants. It works by decreasing abnormal excitement in the brain. One proposed mechanism of action for lamotrigine involves an effect on sodium channels, although this remains to be established in humans. In vitro pharmacological studies suggest that lamotrigine inhibits voltage-sensitive sodium channels, thereby stabilizing neuronal membranes and consequently modulating presynaptic transmitter release of excitatory amino acids (for example glutamate and aspartate) Clonazepam is used to control seizures. It is also used to relieve anxiety. Clonazepam exerts its action by binding to the benzodiazepine site of the GABA receptors, which causes an enhancement of the electric effect of GABA binding on neurons resulting in an increased influx of chloride ions into the neurons. This results in an inhibition of synaptic transmission across the central nervous system. Benzodiazepines, however, do not have any effect on the levels of GABA in the brain. Clonazepam has no effect on GABA levels and has no effect on gamma-aminobutyric acid transaminase. Clonazepam does however affect glutamate decarboxylase activity. It differs insofar from other anticonvulsant drugs it was compared to in a study. Benzodiazepine receptors are found in the central nervous system but are also found in a wide range of peripheral tissues such as longitudinal smooth muscle-myenteric plexus layer, lung, liver and kidney as well as mast cells, platelets, lymphocytes, heart and numerous neuronal and non-neuronal cell lines Zonisamide (generic name) Zonegran (brand name), Lamotrigine (generic name) Lamictal (brand name) and Clonazepam. Answered by Alycia Wiece 4 months ago.

if you have seizures, seizure medications make them stop. if they don't, that means the medication is not working. if they work, you'll know because you probably aren't having a seizure. Answered by Oretha Fust 4 months ago.

I need a list of medications. What pills are also known as "water pills"?
Thanks, Andrew & Daddyrx, for your answers !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! Asked by Shea Kafer 4 months ago.

I also have some "Why" questions:: 01. Why do 50+ Years of Age people take these pills, if they know that it makes them pee, as often as they do ??????????? I already know that these people have bad health; I have 02 50+ Years of Age people living with me, right now. Please tell me something that I don't know !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! 02. Why does it make them pee like that ?????????????? Answered by Nisha Srinivasan 4 months ago.

They are called diuretics and there are many different kinds. Loop diuretics, ie. furosemide Thiazide diuretics, ie. hydrochlorothiazide Carbonic anhydrase inhibitors, ie. acetazolamide Osmotic diuretics, ie. mannitol Potassium sparing diuretics, aldosterone antagonists ie. spironolactone Potassium sparing diuretics, epithelial sodium channel blockers ie. triamterene EDIT: I'm not going to list all of them, there are simply too many. There are 3 main uses (there are others) for diuretics. a) as an additional line of treatment for high blood pressure, b) in the treatment of congestive heart failure and c) reducing edema. The why is because of the way they work on the different sections of the nephron, the basic filtering unit of the kidney, to reduce the amount of water reabsorption. By decreasing the amount of water being reabsorbed, you increase the amount of urine produced. Answered by Vasiliki Hohnson 4 months ago.

If this is due to a health condition, then your doctor can recommend the appropriate drug, if not, then you could be risking your health because you may become dehydrated. If your goal is to just pee a lot (weight-loss, drug testing, etc.) then just drink a lot of water. It may be the longest route, but it is the safest and healthiest! Answered by Annabell Gewant 4 months ago.

What are some reason that my urinalysis could have an abnormal ph? i take methadone does this have an effect?
I am on probation and this has a huge effect on my freedom,obviously they think i tampered with it,i didnt i have a lot to lose and i also take random urinalysis at 2 other programs and so far the one is having a clear result i have to wait to get the other, but does anyone have any suggestions? Asked by Nakita Labriola 4 months ago.

The normal urine pH values range from 4.6 to 8.0. Certain medical conditions such as urinary infections can alter urine pH, as can various other common conditions. However, many PO's don't understand this and will declare a sample as "tampered" or "abnormal" despite having a pH that falls within the "normal" human physiological range. Your PO should not declare the sample as tampered IF it's just the pH that's out of the "narrower" so-called normal range that PO's use. PO's are NOT physicians, however, and they may not fully understand what "Normal" truly is. I know-- I learned that when I had a test once. I was an as-yet undiagnosed diabetic and that drug screen probably saved my life. However, my PO thought I tampered with the test because of altered pH-- I proved a new diagnosis of diabetes following the results of the UA, and requested a retest with the reserve sample. Once the diabetes was accounted for, I passed with flying colors, and also got my diabetes regulated. But had I been immediately jailed without having seen a doctor, I could have POSSIBLY died from ketoacidosis (see the list). You ought to be able to access the other part of the sample for outside testing if there is a serious question. The lab ought to also test for adulterants as part of a routine screen, as well as specific gravity to ensure that the sample isn't diluted. A high (alkaline) urine pH may be due to: Gastric suction Kidney failure Kidney tubular acidosis Urinary tract infection Vomiting Asthma A low (acidic) urine pH may be due to: Diabetic ketoacidosis Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (such as emphysema) Diarrhea Starvation Fever Heavy alcohol consumption Drugs that increase urine pH include acetazolamide, potassium citrate, and sodium bicarbonate. Drugs that can decrease urine pH include ammonium chloride, certain antacids, chlorothiazide diuretics, and methenamine mandelate. A diet high in citrus fruits, vegetables, or dairy products can increase your urine pH. A diet high in meat products or cranberries can decrease your urine pH. As you can see, many things can affect urine pH, not just tampering. Hope that helps. Answered by Cleo Waffle 4 months ago.

i be attentive to a woman who took methadone the entire being pregnant and her toddler became into interior the well being facility for months after he became into born dealing with withdrawals and now he hits and bites everybody he surely has developmental problems Answered by Garnet Louie 4 months ago.


ApplId/ProductId Drug name Active ingredient Form Strenght

Similar Active Ingredient

ApplId/ProductId Drug name Active ingredient Form Strenght
009388/001 DIAMOX ACETAZOLAMIDE SODIUM INJECTABLE/INJECTION EQ 500MG BASE per VIAL **Federal Register determination that product was not discontinued or withdrawn for safety or efficacy reasons**

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